Internet of Things DC: June 16 Meetup - Digi International

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Digi International slides from June 16, 2014 Internet of Things DC meetup.

Transcript of Internet of Things DC: June 16 Meetup - Digi International

  • Beyond Gadgets:BeyondGadgets: TheIndustrialandCommercial SideoftheInternetofThings Steve Mazur - Digi International, Inc. Internet of Things DCg June 2014
  • Topics TechnologyTrends M2M N t k d P d tM2MNetworksandProducts LEDStreetLightSystem WirelessSecurity 2
  • Internet ConnectivityInternetConnectivity Halftheworldwillhave Internetaccessby2020 UbiquitousInternet movesto1/3 Ubiquitydrives dependency
  • Internet of Everything ElseInternetofEverythingElse InternetofThingstoday driven by consumersdrivenbyconsumers Highadoption LowerASPs EverythingElse Security MobileAssets ConsumptionMonitor Device HealthDeviceHealth
  • Internet of Things / M2MInternetofThings/M2M Targets Commercial Consumer Driven by Driven byDrivenby Businessoutcome TraditionalROI Metrics Drivenby Convenience Entertainment
  • CommercialExamples Companies are ableCompanies are able to grow their business through the technology and use the efficiencies gained to fund that growththat growth
  • NetworkTechnologies&Methods M2MM2M 7
  • M2MWirelessNetworks Satellite Cellular ZigBee WiFi luetooth S C Bl Underlying Standard Proprietary LTE, 802.15.4 802.11 802.15.1 Max Range/Coverage Global 98% of Pop 1.6km 250m 100mMaxRange/Coverage Global 98%ofPop 1.6km 250m 100m Architecture Star, Mesh Star Mesh Star Star TransmitPower(dBm) 18 38 23 33 0 18 3 16 0 20 ReceivePower(mW) 225 975 380 1500 92 148 330 150 MaxBandwidth(bps) 25K 25M 250K 600M 24M ModuleCost $70 $220 $10 $120 $5 $15 $5 $30 $5 $25 Optimizedfor GlobalCoverage Broadband,In Building LowPower Broadband Convenience
  • LicensedBroadbandSpectrum M bil b db d t tl il bl d i th FCC i liMobilebroadbandspectrumcurrentlyavailableandintheFCCpipeline BandName Frequency Current Future Below700MHz 600MHz 70+ 700MHz 700MHz 70 00 00 0 Cellular 800MHz 64 Federal 1700/1800 MHz 15+ PCS 1900MHz 130 10 AWS 2.1GHz 130 30 WCS 2.3GHz 20 BRS/EBS 2.6GHz 194 608 125+ 9
  • UnlicensedBroadbandSpectrum M bil b db d t tl il bl d i th FCC i liMobilebroadbandspectrumcurrentlyavailableandintheFCCpipeline BandName Frequency Current Future TV WhiteSpaces Below 700MHz 0150 + ISM 900MHz 902928MHz 26 U li d PCS 1880 1930 MH 10UnlicensedPCS 18801930MHz 10 ISM 2.5GHz 24002483.5MHz 83.5 WiMax 35503700 MHz 50 100WiMax 3550 3700MHz 50 100 PublicSafety 49404990MHz 50 WAS 5 GHz 51505350& 555WAS 5GHz 54705825MHz 555 WASExtended 53505470& 58505925MHz 195 774.5 924.5 295+ 10
  • HetNet(HeterogeneousNetwork) P f l C bi i f Li d & U li d C ll l & WiFiPowerfulCombinationofLicensed&Unlicensed,Cellular&WiFi FoundationisLicensedSpectrum Bandwidth rich Unlicensed BandwidthrichUnlicensed Spectrumaround5GHzdelivers extraCapacity,usingWiFito seamlessly offload (Hotspot 2 0)seamlesslyoffload(Hotspot2.0) LTEAdvancedinUnlicensed Spectrumharmoniouslycoexists hwithWiFi Typicallycellranges Standardbasestationupto35km Microcellislessthantwokmwide Picocellis200metersorless Femtocellisaround10meters 11
  • M2MProducts&Services GrowthProducts&Services ExampleVertical WirelessGateways RF,ZigBee,Cellular p Energy ARMCoreModules CellularRouters T t tiTransportation ApplicationGateways SmartEnergy,ERT,MBus RFModules Medical TankMonitoring 12
  • XBee Modules & SystemsXBeeModules&Systems XBeeTypes Arduino UNOwithXBeeShield
  • SystemDiagramfor XBee PRO Programmable ModuleXBeePROProgrammableModule XBeePROZBprogrammablemodule XBee-PRO ZB module (S2B) Ember EM250 Freescale MC9S08QE32CPU Programmable Option I/O Interface ADC 10 bit UART DIO Memory FLASH 32KB RAM 2 KB 8-bit HCS08 Up to 50.33 MHz Additional Memory ZB Firmware Power Management Unit Additional I/O Interface I2C PWM RTC UART 1 UART 2 ADC 12 bit External I/O 10 pins External UART Lines RTC SPI ADC 12 bit DIO
  • WhatisDeviceCloud? Cloudservicefordeviceconnectivity,management,integrationandscalability Technology Pillars EndUser Applications Device Management BackOffice Systems DeviceConnectivity TechnologyPillars ApplicationIntegration Performance Scalability Reliability Remote Security Remote / Remote Gateways/ EmbeddedDevices Sensors/Devices 1 5
  • DeviceCloudPlatform Internet Etherios Solutions Firewalls Device Aggregator Cluster Control Center Cluster Private VPN Concentrators Load Balancers Cellular Carriers MS SQL Database Cluster Cassandr a Long Term Terracotta Cluster Storage To mated, duplicate ring 1 6
  • SolutionExample Sensor/ Connector Aggregator/ Transformer Infrastructure ApplicationEquipment Partner DIA APIC ll l Embedded Router DIA APICellular 17
  • MeshSystemy LEDStreetLighting owletowlet i n t e l l i g e n t d i g i t a l s t r e e t l i g h t i n gi n t e l l i g e n t d i g i t a l s t r e e t l i g h t i n g
  • WhatisZigBee?g The wirelessmeshnetworkingstandard for monitoring & controlformonitoring&control BasedonIEEE802.15.4standard Reliable&robust(selfhealing) Interoperable (multiple vendors)Interoperable(multiplevendors) Simple(selfconfiguring) Flexible(meshtopology) Secure(builtinAESEncryption)( yp )
  • Cellular or Fiber
  • owlet i n t e l l i g e n t d i g i t a l s t r e e t l i g h t i n g owlet i n t e l l i g e n t d i g i t a l s t r e e t l i g h t i n g
  • Network Nodes in ZigBee Mesh Luminaire Controller Interface=XBeeModule RouterConfiguration ZigBee at 2 4GHz ZigBeeat2.4GHz Segment Controller = Connectport X WAN to PAN connectivity (Cellular, Ethernet,) Owlet functionality programmed in PythonOwlet functionality programmed in Python
  • 100m poleto pole distance AntennaUp to Antenna &TXPower Options Up to 150Nodes perSeCo
  • Pilot Installation Powerline Solution 54 dB 48 dB 66 dB Noise fluctuates inmixgrids LP 110 LP 116 LP 109 LP 108 LP 107 LP 103 LP 115 LP 114 LP 112 LP 111 LP 113 LP 117 LP 105 48 dB 54 dB 24 dB g LP 106 LP 100 LP 99 LP 97 LP 89LP 83 LP 93LP 87LP 85 LP 104 LP 102 LP 95 LP 101 0 dB 54 dB 54 dB 54 dB 24 dB LP 90 LP 94 LP 96LP 91 LP 89LP 83 LP 82 LP 88 LP 93 LP 86LP 84 LP 87 Attenuation have to be d 72 dB 36 dB54 dB excellent Knowledge about Grid Structure measured 36 dB 54 dB good bad no chance excellent Grid Structure
  • Pilot Installation Proprietary RF Solution LP 110 LP 116 LP 109 LP 108 LP 107 LP 103 LP 115 LP 114 LP 112 LP 111 LP 113 LP 117 LP 105 08 LP 106 LP 100 LP 99 LP 97 LP 89LP 83 LP 93LP 87LP 85 LP 104 LP 102 LP 95 LP 101 LP 90 LP 94 LP 96LP 91 LP 89LP 83 LP 82 LP 88 LP 93 LP 86LP 84 LP 87 Channels li it d Bandwidth is limitedinlow frequency nets Range is important in anonmesh net arelimited,e.g. 868MHz/1Ch.
  • Pilot Installation with a ZigBee mesh network LP 110 LP 116 LP 109 LP 108 LP 107 LP 103 LP 115 LP 114 LP 112 LP 111 LP 113 LP 117 LP 105 08 LP 106 LP 100 LP 99 LP 97 LP 89LP 83 LP 93LP 87LP 85 LP 104 LP 102 LP 95 LP 101 LP 90 LP 94 LP 96LP 91 LP 89LP 83 LP 82 LP 88 LP 93 LP 86LP 84 LP 87 Channels Plus self healing adv.routing Range extended by mesh hopping 16available & auto assigned g
  • Antenna Selection: Range Tests Rangetests: Transmit power Range[meters]/Averagedof5measurements Dipole Whip Chip U FLTransmit power Dipole Antenna Whip Antenna Chip Antenna U.FL Antenna 7dBm=0.2mW 328.5 227.5 120.7 197.0 1dBm = 0 8mW 515 7 231 2 121 7 221 91dBm=0.8mW 515.7 231.2 121.7 221.9 +3dBm=2mW 665.1 441.1 102.0 304.7
  • Interference field tests Coexistence WiFi / ZigBee Interference FieldTests W C S i Relativedecreasing baud rate[%] 0Hops 2Hop 4Hops 6Hops Baudratewithout 100% 48% 29% 23%Worst CaseScenario WLANactivity 100% 48% 29% 23% Baudratewith100% WLANactivity 30% 24% 17% Interference Consideration NormalCaseSituation
  • WirelessSecurity Protection against unauthorized access a comparison of the mostProtectionagainstunauthorizedaccess acomparisonofthemost commonapproaches FIPS140 2 IPSecVPN WPA2 PSK Smart Energy 1.x ZigBee 1.x
  • SystemSecurity S it i i d t t t i t i d tt k d t d t i t itSecurityisrequiredtoprotectagainstmisuseandattack,andtoensuredataintegrity Cryptographic security functions can beCryptographicsecurityfunctionscanbe groupedinto3maincategories: Encryption of packets prevents snooping by an Encryption ofpacket