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  • Internet Access in Korea

    2013 Asia-Pacific regional Internet Governance Forum

    September, 2013

    Internet Policy Division Ministry of Science, ICT and

    Future Planning

  • Definition of Broadband

    o “Since broadband technologies are always changing, the definition of broadband also continues to evolve...ITU Standardization Sector defines broadband as a ‘transmission capacity that is faster than primary rate ISDN at 1.5 or 2.0 Mbits’.”(ITU, 2003)

    o “Internet access that is always on and faster than the traditional dial-up access.“ (US National Broadband Plan, 2009)

    o “Internet connectivity which are capable of download speeds of at least 256 kbit/s.” (OECD, 2010)


  • ICT as of Now in Korea


    IPTV Content Industry

    4G Mobile

    10 Million, 20% (1Y+)

    ICT Trade

    156.6 Billion $



    25 Billion $

    30 Million (3Y)

    5 Million (4Y)

    National Trade



  • 4

    Internet Impact on Politics, Society, and Culture

     Organization of social movement  Encouraging voters’ participation in politics through SNS

     Tool for Spreading global culture(K-pop)  Channel for producing, distributing, and cooperating personal content

     An essential element of daily lives, such as shopping, banking  Key Method of socializing for digital native generation


  • 1982, The first internet connection between Seoul National Univ. and Kumi Electronics Institute of Technology. 1998, High-speed internet(broadband) service started 2002, Broadband subscribers exceeding 10million 2012, Smartphone users exceeding 30million

    History of Internet

    1969, ARPAnet – military network developed by the U.S. Defense Department 1992, Invention of world wide web(WWW) which can be used by the general public 1994, Expanded as the basic infrastructure of information society through commercialization

  • Overview of Korea’s Broadband (1)

  • [ OECD, 2012 ]

    UN E-Gov. Development Index

    ITU IDI, ICT Development Index



    #1 #1

    Overview of Korea’s Broadband (2)

  • Rank Country Score

    1 Korea 4.4

    2 Japan 4.3

    3 Singapore 4.2

    4 Sweden 4.1

    5 Finland 4.1

    Rank Country Score

    1 Korea 8.40

    2 Sweden 8.23

    3 Iceland 8.06

    4 Denmark 7.97

    5 Finland 7.87

    Rank Country Score

    1 Korea 0.93

    2 Netherland 0.91

    3 U.K 0.90

    4 Denmark 0.89

    5 U.S.A 0.87

    Government Broadband Index (Economist, 2011)

    E-Government Development (UN, 2012)

    ICT Development Index (ITU, 2011)

    o “Our Infrastructure used to be the best but our lead has slipped. South Korean homes now

    have greater internet access than we do”

    o “Today, more than 90% of homes in South Korea subscribe to high speed broadband,”…but

    yet 65% of households here in America.

    Barack Obama, US President. (Jan~Feb.2011)

    Overview of Korea’s Broadband (3)

  • ICT History in Korea

    2010 ~ 2000s 1990s 1980s


    Onset of Information


    Mobile Revolution

    Internet Revolution

    Smart Society

    CDMA Broadband Smart


  • Growth of the Internet in Korea

    10M Internet Users

    20M PC


    10M Broadband Households

    E-commerce W 300trillion (About USD 300 billion)

    Cyber Korea21(’99) Spread of Internet

    e-Korea Vision 2006(’02) The Global leader for Knowledge

    and Information Society

    Broadband IT Korea Vision 2007(’03)

    Consolidating the basis for achieving national income of


    30M Smartphone Subscribers

    5M IPTV


    10M Internet Banking Users

    E-commerce W 1quadrillion (About USD


    BcN (50~100Mbps) Broadband

    Convergence Network 30M

    Internet Users UBcN

    (up to 1Gbps)

  • Policy Initiatives for Broadband Development (1)

    Long-term Master Plans

    Policy Objectives

    Market Development

    Competition Policies

    Provision of Regulation

  • Year Initiative Speed Technology

    1995–2005 Korea Information Infrastructure

    2Mbps ATM, ADSL, Cable Modem 1995-1997 Phase 1

    1998-2000 Phase 2

    2001-2005 Phase 3

    2004-2010 IT839, Broadband Convergence


    50-100Mbps VDSL, FTTB, Wibro, W-CDMA, HSDPA

    2004-2005 Phase 1

    2006-2007 Phase 2

    2008-2010 Phase 3

    2009–2013 Ultra Broadband Convergence

    Network 100-1Gbps Wibro Evolution, LTE, FTTH

    Policy Initiatives for Broadband Development (2)

  • The government enacted a law which required KT to provide broadband internet service(1Mbps) to all rural areas by 2005

    Policy Initiatives for Broadband Development (3)

  • E-Government is the use of ICT to advance government

    by increasing social engagement with government processes through the provision of online information and services

    Policy Initiatives for Broadband Development (4)

  • Next Steps (1)

    선제적 해킹 예방체계 Public WiFi 건전한 인터넷

    소통사회 구현 Cloud & Big Data 개인정보 보호 강화 Giga Internet

    Provide 1Gbps wired Internet 10 times faster than 100M BcN

    Cover 90% of people in 84 cities by 2017

    Resolve the mobile information gap by the public WiFi zones

    Establish more than 10,000 zones by 2017

    Use effectively the ICT resources via network

    Promote the use of rapidly growing data

    (Seoul) (Yongin]


    (Guangju) (Changwon) (Daegu (Busan]

    (Kimpo) (Bucheon)

  • Next Steps (2)

    선제적 해킹 예방체계 Hacking Prevention

    System 건전한 인터넷

    소통사회 구현

    Sound Internet Environment

    개인정보 보호 강화 Privacy


    Provide privacy protection consulting for SMEs

    Restrict illegal collection & use of personal information online

    Establish intelligent hacking detection & blocking system

    Build information security system for Admin. agencies

    Improve web accessibility for the information minority

    Strengthen cyber ethics education

  • Enhancing Cooperation in the Region

    Joint Research over TEIN

    : Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore

    Capacity Building & Knowledge


    ICT Infrastructure Cooperation

    Policy Consultation : Philippines & Indonesia

    3rd ASEAN+CJK workshop

    Training Program

    International Organization

    Expansion of New Technology

    & Service

    ICT Certification System : Cambodia

    ICT Standardization Consultation : Lao PDR

    ITU-D Cooperation : Cambodia, Myanmar, Vietnam

    ITU Plenipotentiary Conference in 2014

  • Key Success Factors




    Lowering entry barriers for new providers

    Increased competition in price & quality

    e-government, e-learning as flagship projects

    Local community computer class

    Public & Private Partnership in R&D

    IT Fund on Pilot projects

    Early adapters

    High population density