Industrial Strength Sunscreen Presentation

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Learn about the Truth on Sunscreen Products and How and Why to use them.

Transcript of Industrial Strength Sunscreen Presentation

  • 1.Industrial Strength Sunscreen

2. Then 1920s Sunburns were just a part of life. Any product available was claiming to make your skin Brown. 1930s Tanning is now fashionable. The first sun protection products are on the market. Sunburns still a problem. 1940s A New Concept Tanning without burning!!! Sunburns continue to be an issue. More products out to soothe a sunburn rather than prevent. 1950s Getting a better tan quickly is important. First self tanning products emerge. Sun lamps advertised. Sunburns, sunburns, sunburns!!! 3. Now. 1960s Finally Tanning without burning. Still the desire for a better tan. Sprays start to become popular. Sunburns unstoppable. 1970s Tanning still popular but the first links found between the sun and skin aging. SPF makes its day beau. 1980s First water resistant products. Tanning still popular but less emphasis. 1990s A lot of mixed information and tanning remains popular. Education about skin cancer becomes prevalent. Fake tan products are produced. 2000s Greater emphasis on sun protection. Skin Cancer Kills more people annually than any Importance of UVA protection. other cancer. 4. UV radiation is part of the light spectrum that reaches the earth from the sun. It has wavelengths shorter than visible light, making it invisible to the naked eye. These wavelengths are classified as UVA, UVB, or UVC. UVC is absorbed by the ozone layer and does not reach the earth. Both UVA and UVB, however, penetrate the atmosphere and play an important role in conditions such as premature skin aging, eye damage (including cataracts), and skin cancers. UVA & UVB Rays can weaken your immune system making it difficult to fight off Skin Cancers.Light Spectrum 5. UVB Rays causes skin reddening andsunburn, tends to damage the skins more superficial epidermal top layers, in other words a SUNBURN.UVB = A SUNBURN It plays a key role in the development of skin cancer, darkening of the skin, and photo aging (wrinkles & crow feet). The most significant amount of UVB Sun Rays hits the earth between the hours of 10 AM and 4 PM. UVB rays can burn and damage your skin both in the summer and winter. UVB Rays do not significantly penetrate glass, while UVA Rayspenetrate vehicle glass windows. Truckers call this a left handed tan.Sun Damaged Skin Cells 6. UVA rays account for up to 95% of the UVA radiation that reaches the Earth surface will penetrate the epidermal layer of your skin. UVA Rays are strong enough to bounce off the surface of concrete, water and snow causing skin damage, UVB Rays can not.UVC = Weak Sun Ray UVB = Moderate Sun Ray UVA = Strongest Sun Ray Cells that are damaged by continual UVA exposure cant repair themselves fast enough leading to the development of skin cancer. 2 Types of UVA wavelengths Short & Long and are accountable for 35% of skin cancers. Short wave UVA is 5 times more cancerous Long wave UVA has oxygen free radicals. 85% of UVA rays passes through glass. 7. A skin growth that increases in size and appears pearly, translucent or multicolored. A spot or sore that does not heal within three weeks. A mole, birthmark, beauty mark or any brown spot that: Changes color Increases in size or thickness Changes texture Has an irregular outline Is bigger than 6mm or inch (Size of a pencil eraser)Unexpected spots Skin cancer can occur even in spots that are not usually exposed to sun. Some of those areas are: Scalp Soles of feet Palms Fingernails or toenails Back of legs Upper and inner thigh area 8. Basal Cell CarcinomaNON-MELANOMA CANCERBasal Cell Carcinoma This is the most common form of skin cancer, affecting over a million Americans every year. Seldom spreads to other parts of the body but this form of skin cancer can be extremely damaging and disfiguring. What it looks like? A reddish patch or irritated skin. Shiny bump that is pearly or translucent. An elevated pink growth. Sometimes even looking like a scar but with poorly defined borders.Do you know someone who has skin cancer?Treatment The procedure is called Curettage or Electrodessication. Scraping away most of the affected area and then removing the remaining bad cells with a hot cauterizing pen. Literally cutting the cells out with the aid of a local anesthetic. 9. Squamous Cell Carcinoma More than 250,000 new cases diagnosed every year. SCC may occur on any part of the body but are most common in areas frequently exposed to the sun, such as the rim of the ear, lower lip, face, bald scalp, neck, hands, arms and legs.NON-MELANOMA CANCERWhat it looks like? A scaly red patch with irregular borders. Sometimes looking like a wart or an elevated bumpy part of the skin. Treatment The procedure is called Curettage or Electrodessication. Scraping away most of the affected area and then removing the remaining bad cells with a hot cauterizing pen. Literally cutting the cells out with the use of a local anesthetic.Do you know someone who has skin cancer? 10. Melanoma Treatment Melanoma must be surgically removed. If caught early just the outermost layer of skin is removed and produces almost a 100% cure rate. If left untreated the melanoma can reach deeper to the blood vessels or lymphatic channel and spread throughout the whole body.The most serious form of skin cancer is Melanoma. Over 9,000 people die every year from the disease. A cancerous growth that invades the skin and can potentially grow deep into the skin if not treated quickly. The biggest problem with Melanoma is if it is left untreated it can metastasize and spread to the lymph nodes. From there it can transport all around the body most commonly effected is the brain, liver and bones.What it looks like? Usually a brown or black color. Can arise from a pre-existing mole so look for the following: Asymmetry of a mole. Border irregularity. Abnormally large in size, roughly the size of a pencil eraser is much to large for a regular mole. Spots or moles on your skin that seem to be changing in size, shape or color. 11. Avoid Tanning Beds at all costs! Just 6 uses at a tanning bed increases your chance of getting skin cancer by 73%. Use a Zinc Oxide Sunscreen whenever you Shellac your nails in a salon. Examine your skin head-to-toe every month. Pay attention to your body, the earlier an infection is treated the less harm it will cause. See your dermatologist or physician every year for a professional skin exam. Cover up with UV protective clothing, wear broad-brimmed hats, and UVblocking sunglasses. Use a Zinc Oxide Sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher. DO YOU KNOW SOMEONE WHO HAS OR HAD SKIN CANCER? 12. General Facts Each year there are more new cases of skin cancer than the combined incidence of cancers of the breast, prostate, lung and colon. Treatment of nonmelanoma skin cancers increased by nearly 77 percent between 1992 and 2006. Over the past three decades, more people have had skin cancer than all other cancers combined. One in five Americans will develop skin cancer in the course of a lifetime. Between 40 and 50 percent of Americans who live to age 65 will have either BCC or SCC at least once. Actinic keratosis is the most common precancer; it affects more than 58 million Americans. Approximately 65 percent of all squamous cell carcinomas and 36 percent of all basal cell carcinomas arise in lesions that previously were diagnosed as actinic keratoses. About 90 percent of nonmelanoma skin cancers are associated with exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun.Melanoma and Non-melanoma The overall 5-year survival rate for patients whose melanoma is detected early, before the tumor has spread to regional lymph nodes or other organs, is about 98 percent in the US. The survival rate falls to 62 percent when the disease reaches the lymph nodes, and 15 percent when the disease metastasizes to distant organs. One person dies of melanoma every hour (every 57 minutes). Melanoma is the most common form of cancer for young adults 25-29 years old and the second most common form of cancer for young people 15-29 years old. A persons risk for melanoma doubles if he or she has had more than five sunburns. One or more blistering sunburns in childhood or adolescence more than double a persons chances of developing melanoma later in life. 13. Melanoma and Non-melanoma continued In adults 65 or older, melanoma treatment costs total about $249 million annually. About 40 percent of the annual cost for melanoma goes to treating stage IV (advanced) cancers, though they account for only three percent of melanomas. The estimated cost of treating melanoma in 2010 was $2.36 billion. The number of nonmelanoma skin cancers in the Medicare population went up an average of 4.2 percent every year between 1992 and 2006. In 2004, the total direct cost associated with the treatment for nonmelanoma skin cancer was $1.4 billion.Tanning More than 170,000 cases of non-melanoma skin cancer in the US each year are associated with indoor tanning. One indoor UV tanning session increases users risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma by 67 percent and basal cell carcinoma by 29 percent. The risk of basal cell carcinoma is increased by 73 percent if one tans six times per year. Indoor tanners have a 69 percent increased risk of early-onset basal cell carcinoma. Approximately 25 percent of early-onset basal cell carcinomas could be avoided if individuals have never tanned indoors. More than 90 percent of the visible changes commonly attributed to skin aging are caused by the sun. Daily sunscreen use by adults under age 55 can reduce skin aging. People who use sunscreen daily show 24 percent less skin aging than those who do not use sunscreen daily. Contrary to popular belief, 80 percent of a persons lifetime sun exposure is not acquired before age 18; only about 23 percent of lifetime exposure occurs by age 18. 14. The sun protection factor of a sunscreen is a laboratory measure of the effectiveness of sunscreen the higher the SPF, the more protection a sunscreen offers against UVB (the ultraviolet radiation that causes Sunburn). SPF vs UVB ProtectionYou simply have to multiply the SPF number X 10 to get the projected time frame before burning. This is only an estimate created by the sunscreen manufacturers.100.00% 98.00%SPF 50+ SPF 3096.00% SPF 20The difference in protection between an SPF 30 and SPF 50 is 1%.% of ProtectionSPF 15 = 2 Hours (UVB Protection) SPF 30 = 5 Hours (UVB Protection)94.00% SPF 15 92.00% 90.00% 88.00% 86.00% 84.00%The Skin Cancer Foundation maintains that SPFs of 15 or higher are necessary for adequate protection82.00% 80.00% 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 SPF 15. Korea FDA & ISO 24444/3Russia ISO 24444/3/2 Canada FDA & ISO 24444EU ISO 24444/3/2Japan FDA & ISO 24444/3USA FDA India ISO 24444South America FDAAustralia/New Zealand ISO 24444ISO 24442 International Standards Org. Sunscreen Standard for determining UVA Protection, tested on human skin.ISO 24443 International Standards Org. Sunscreen Standard for determining UVA Protection, machine test. ISO 24444 International Standards Org. Sunscreen Standard for determining SPF (Sun Protection Factor). FDA New Monograph for Sunscreen Standards including Full Broad Spectrum and Water Resistance up to 80 minutes. 16. Doctor Oz said he recommended using physical sunscreen with active ingredients like zinc oxide. Physical sunscreen does not pose a health danger because this type of sunscreen is not absorbed into the skin. Chemical sunscreen is the type that penetrates the skin.In an article written by Arthur W. Perry, MD, FACS he wrote this about sunscreens To be effective, chemical sunscreens need to be rubbed into their skin 20 minutes before sun exposure. They do a pretty good job at blocking UV light, but they actually get used up as the sun shines on them. In fact, some sunscreens lose as much as 90% of their effectiveness in just an hour, so they need to be reapplied often. This is not the case with zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, the two mineral, or physical, sunscreens. These two work very differently they sit on the surface of the skin and physically block UV light.. 17. There are two types of formulations used in manufacturing sunscreens: Physical & Chemical. Physical active ingredients create a barrier at the surface of your skin reflecting both the UVB & UVA Rays. Chemical active ingredients require there be a chemical reaction within your skin in order to provide protection (Wait 20 minutes before going into the sun). Zinc Oxide as shown in the diagram is the best physical protection for your skin. 18. Clear Zinc Oxide acts like tiny little mirrors reflecting the UVB & UVA Rays off your skin. Clear Zinc Oxide is the best protection against UVB & UVA Rays.Do you know of someone who has skin cancer? Creates a physical barrier between your skin and the UVB & UVA Rays. 19. Most ingredients only protect against UVB rays but its the UVA rays you need to protect against as well. One of the most commonly used ingredient is Avobenzone, which begins to break down after 1 hour of sun exposure. Some ingredients protect against just UVB rays and not against UVA rays. Others protect against both but not completely. Only 1 ingredient protects against both UVB and UVA completely, CLEAR ZINC OXIDE.ZINC OXIDE # 1 20. No Sunscreen with SPF higher than SPF 50. No more claiming Water Proof or Sweat Proof. Any sunscreen under SPF 15 CAN NOT claim skin cancer protection. SPF 15 to SPF 50 can claim Skin Cancer prevention. There is no such thing as all day protection. FDA states that it does not consider Sunscreen Wipes, Towelettes, Powders, Body Washes, and Shampoos currently eligible for review under the OTC monograph process. If used as directed with other sun protection measures (see Directions) decreases the risk of skin cancer and early skin aging cause by the sun. 21. Spray Sunscreens Contains over 70% denatured alcohol a Poison used as a propellant. Causes dizziness, headaches, watering of eyes, irritation of respiratory tract and convulsions.Ingredients such as Avobenzone, Homosalate, Oxybenzone and Octisalate can cause respiratory irritation and difficulty breathing if inhaled through spray sunscreens.KILLS golf course grass. So what is it doing to your lungs? 22. Tattoos UVA Ray damages tattoos as well by damaging the skin cells and causing the color to fade. UVA Ray is the dominant ray and causes cumulative damage over time to the melanin, or pigment of the skin, also effecting skin cells colored by Tattooing. Using a Zinc Oxide Sunscreen can prevent the UV Rays from destroying the color of a tattoo because its a physical block that reflects the UVA Rays before they fade the color of your tattoo.Suns UVA Rays fade the coloring of Tattoos 23. In 1977 Bob Marley was found to have malignant melanoma in a football wound on his right big toe. Marley refused treatment, which at that time would be amputation for fear it would effect his dancing and his Rastafarian belief that the body is to be whole. Eventually the melanoma spread to his brain, lung, liver and stomach and he died in 1981 at the age of 36. 24. I have darker skin so I dont need sunscreen. False, the darker your skin the harder it is to tell if you are burning leading you to stay in the sun longer. If I put sunscreen on once a day it is enough. NO, FDA recommends you should reapply every 2 hours. Its cloudy out, I dont need to worry about wearing sunscreen. Wrong, up to 80% of the suns UV rays can pass through clouds. A little dab of sunscreen works just as well as a palm full. Minimum amount of sunscreen needed to apply is 1 ounce (a shot glass full). The sunscreen I use says it is Water Proof & Sweat Proof so I am protected right? Nothing is waterproof or sweat proof. The FDA has denounced the ability to claim water proof and sweat proof. 25. Which of the following about tanning beds is true? A. They help protect you by giving you a base tan? B. Can be damaging but much less so than lying in the sun? C. They are listed as a carcinogen by the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. D. As long as they dont deliver UVA rays they are safe?The darker your skin the less damaging the sun? A. True? B. False?Whats the difference between UVB and UVA rays? A. I dont know. B. Both are damaging, UVA damages deeper layers of skin? C. UVA rays are damaging: UVB rays harmlessly cause you to burn? D. UVA rays arent damaging: UVB rays cause you to burn?How long should one 8oz bottle of SPF 15 sunscreen last? A. One weeklong outdoor vacation? B. A long weekend at the beach? C. An entire summer of weekends outside? D. One day at the beach?If your makeup contains sunscreen do you need to wear additional SPF on your face? A. Yes? B. No? C. Only if youll be outdoors for the entire day?When is the sun damaging to skin? A. All day, every day? B. When youre outside for more than an hour? C. If you burn? D. Only when its sunny? What is a UV index rating? A. The amount of heat UV rays are expected to generate in a day? B. The time it takes UV rays to burn the skin? C. Amount of UV radiation expected to hit the earth? D. Amount of natural protection in your skin?What does it mean when a sunscreen is waterproof? A. No such thing as Water Proof B. You can get in and out of the water many times and still be protected? C. You can get in and out of water once and still be protected? D. You are protected for as long as you are in water? Answers: A, C, B, B, C, B, A, A 26. Industrial Sunscreen is in partnership with the Arizona Cancer Centers Skin Cancer Institute. Sponsoring the Protect Your Skin Program where companies can purchase a gallon of Industrial Sunscreen, 2 dispensers, and 2 informational plaques seen here. 15% of sales goes back to Cancer Research. Programs like these help to educate the public about how important sunscreen is in preventing skin cancer. Skin Cancer PreventionPartner 27. Elephants cover themselves with a layer of dust to bock UV Rays.Flamingos feathers act like clothing to protect them from the Suns Rays.A Tiger finds rest in the shade to get out of the Sun.Capybara covers itself in thick mud preventing UV Rays to penetrate its thin skin. 28. Making Strides Breast Cancer Walk Hopekids Walk Pat Tillman 5K Relay for Life Baja 500 Truck Race Phoenix 5K 29. Industrial Strength Sunscreen Broad Spectrum 30+ Sunscreen formulated for the outside worker.Continual protection in the summer and winter.Formulated with Zinc Oxide, best physical protection.Available in all sizes. New Airless Pump Technology.Greaseless.Ultra High UVA Protection.Adheres to new FDA Monograph.Dermatologist Recommended.Made In the USAA Safe Tan is an Oxymoron. 30. Bubba TestedFor samples call Bubba 888-860-7424 31. Sun Protection by SPF Determination (FDA) 80 Minute Water ResistanceDefinition:FDA regulation and determination of the SPF (Sun Protection Factor) pre-exposure and post exposure after immersion in water. This test is on humans using 10 participants of varying skin pigmentation. Water resistance test claims can be 0 minutes, 40 minutes, or 80 minutes. The sunscreen has to meet the same SPF value as claimed on label before and after immersion. 32. EVALUATION OF SUN PROTECTION BY SPF DETERMINATION (FDA) -WATER RESISTANT - 80 MINUTE WATER IMMERSIONTable Sponsor: AMA Lab No.: Client No.: SubjectSexF F F F F M F M F FMED/ISkinMED IMED IISTD (7%PadO/WRHrID # 62 7072 82 9684 72 7921 72 2368 78 2670 78 8873 88 7551 70 5092 50 3379 56 2212R&R Lotion N-0479 SUNSCREEN # 859 exp: 4-15(Amps)TypeJ/M2J/M23%Oxyb)ControlStaticWR126.9 127.4 128.4 128.6 128.8 125.7 127.4 127.2 126.3 128.85.7 6.0 6.0 5.7 6.7 7.9 5.8 6.3 6.0 7.3I II I I I II II III II III30.33 30.33 30.33 30.33 30.33 30.33 60.89 75.59 46.20 46.2030.33 30.33 30.33 30.33 30.33 30.33 60.89 75.59 46.20 46.2016.30 16.30 16.30 16.30 18.75 18.75 16.30 18.75 18.75 16.3015.00 18.00 15.00 15.00 15.00 18.00 15.00 18.00 18.00 15.0039.60 34.50 39.60 34.50 34.50 39.60 34.50 39.60 34.50 34.5034.50 30.00 34.50 30.00 34.50 34.50 30.00 34.50 34.50 30.0017.28 1.27 0.40 2.31 10 2.2622 0.9051 1616.2036.54 2.63 0.83 2.27 10 1.8331 1.5267 3532.70MEAN (x) STANDARD DEV (s) STD. ERROR S.E. % OF MEAN N UPPER 5% t DIST. A VALUES LABEL SPF1.55 0.49 3.02 10 2.2622 1.1082 15SPF ValuesMED: Min Erythemal Dose (UV Light Exposure) I: Intensity of light sourceST: Static SPF (pre water immersion) WR: Water Resistant SPF (post water immersion) Most important results are the last two because it demonstrates the SPF factor before water immersion is 36.54 and after 80 minutes of water immersion the SPF is 32.70. Retaining the SPF claim through water immersion.2.32 0.73 2.23 10 1.8331 1.3471 31 33. ISO 24442 In-Vivo Determination of Sunscreen UVA Protection for International StandardsDefinition:ISO stands for International Standards Organization mainly used in Europe. This test is In-Vitro, meaning it requires human test subjects, and determines the UVA Protection Factor claims. 10 participants are used in this test and exposed to varying degrees of UV radiation. 34. EVALUATION OF UVA PROTECTION FACTOR (ISO 24442) Table Sponsor: AMA Lab No.: Client No.: Expected UVA-PF:R&R Lotion N-0479 SUNSCREEN # 859 exp: 4-15 10No.SubjectDateSexRaceAgeITAoLampTypeID #SkinNo.MW/ cm2 Amps IMPPDDu I (sec)MW/ cm2 Amps IIMPPDDu II (sec)MW/ cm2 Amps S1MPPDDp S1 Std (sec)MW/ cm2 AmpsMPPDDp Product (sec)UVA-PFi S1 StdUVA-PFi ProductInitials16/19/201366 6606MH4526.7II455368.4/5.16568.1/5.16568.7/5.126067.5/5.16504.010.026/19/201348 3535FH5426.1III455367.5/5.18167.1/5.18167.9/5.140568.2/5.110135.012.536/19/201354 5054MH5430.6II1661469.0/6.06569.1/6.06569.5/6.032568.9/6.08135.012.546/19/201382 0760FC2730.2II169567.9/6.35267.3/6.35267.1/6.320867.4/6.36504.012.556/20/201370 0070FH2720.8III169567.1/6.18166.7/6.18166.3/6.132467.4/6.110134.012.566/20/201372 4803MH2625.3III1147167.8/5.98168.5/5.98168.6/5.940567.3/5.910135.012.576/20/201364 8133FH4621.9III169567.9/6.410166.8/6.410167.5/6.440467.3/6.412634.012.586/20/201378 2382FC2333.2II1661467.1/6.06567.3/6.06567.2/6.026066.9/6.06504.010.096/21/201370 3866MH4229.6II169569.0/5.55269.3/5.55268.8/5.526067.6/5.56505.012.5106/21/201376 9532FC2435.3II455368.1/7.86567.9/7.86567.1/7.826066.9/7.88134.012.5MEAN UVA-PF4.412.0STANDARD DEV (s)0.51.1STD. ERROR0.20.33.6%2.8%S.E. % OF MEAN t2.26295% CONFIDENCE INTERVAL N OF CASES MPPDD: Minimal Persistent Pigment Darkening Dose I: Intensity of light sourceThe result of 10 is the result of dividing the protected skin value by the unprotected skin value and the expected result is 1/3rd of SPF claim. Industrial Sunscreen claims SPF 30 so the expected value is 10 and the result is 10 as seen above.Tech.2.2624.0 - 4.811.3 - 12.71010 35. ISO 24444 In-Vivo Determination of the SPF (Sun Protection Factor) for International StandardsDefinition:ISO 24444 is an In-Vivo test method (again requiring 10 human test subjects) determining the SPF, or UVB protection, value of the sunscreen. This is primarily used in Europe but accepted Internationally. 36. EVALUATION OF SUN PROTECTION BY SPF DETERMINATION (ISO 24444) IN VIVO STATIC Table Sponsor: AMA Lab No.: Client No.: Expected SPF Value: No.DateR&R Lotion N-0479 SUNSCREEN # 859 exp: 4-15 30SubjectSexRaceAgeITAoSkinLampTypeNo.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 106/18/2013 6/18/2013 6/19/2013 6/19/2013 6/19/2013 6/19/2013 6/20/2013 6/20/2013 6/20/2013 6/20/201362 7072 82 9684 72 7921 72 2368 78 2670 78 8873 88 7551 70 5092 50 3379 56 2212F F F F F M F M F FC C C C C C C C C C49 23 51 47 22 23 23 57 56 4862.1 62.8 58.9 57.6 58.1 51.4 46.8 36.5 32.6 36.3I II I I I II II III II III1695 16613 16614 7528 1695 11471 7528 4553 16614 11471MEDu IMEDu II(Sec)MED/ Hr & Amps II126.6/5.7 127.1/6.0 128.1/6.0 128.4/5.7 128.2/6.7 126.1/7.9 127.2/5.8 126.7/6.3 126.1/6.0 128.6/7.3MEDp(Sec)MED/ Hr & Amps P34 4 4 4 4 4 8 11 6 6126.9/5.7 127.4/6.0 128.4/6.0 128.6/5.7 128.8/6.7 125.7/7.9 127.4/5.8 127.2/6.3 126.3/6.0 128.8/7.34 4 4 4 4 4 8 11 6 6126.1/5.7 127.6/6.0 128.9/6.0 128.3/5.7 128.0/6.7 125.5/7.9 127.0/5.8 127.0/6.3 126.6/6.0 129.4/7.375 60 75 60 75 75 120 165 113 113MEAN (x) STANDARD DEV (s) STD. ERROR S.E. % OF MEAN 95% CONFIDENCE INTERVAL NP3MED/ Hr & Amps(Sec)MEDpSPF (P3)SPFTech.ProductStandardValueInitial18.8 15.0 18.8 15.0 18.8 18.8 15.0 15.0 18.8 18.837.8 37.8 37.8 33.5 33.5 37.8 33.6 37.6 33.7 33.717.3 2.0 0.6 3.5 15.9 - 18.7 10ID #MED/ Hr & Amps I35.7 2.2 0.7 2.0 34.1 - 37.3 10(Sec) 126.5/5.7 128.1/6.0 128.4/6.0 128.0/5.7 126.6/6.7 125.3/7.9 127.6/5.8 126.8/6.3 127.2/6.0 129.1/7.3151 151 151 134 134 151 269 414 202 202MED: Minimal Erythemal Dose I: Intensity of light source Technicians:KC ET JR TG= = = =Kaitlyn Callaghan, B.S. (Candidate) Erica Tavormina, B.S. Jaime Reidy, A.A. Tara Grube, B.S.MED: Minimal Erythemal Dose (UV light exposure)I: Intensity of light sourceSPF Value: Value of Industrial Sunscreens SPF 37. ISO 24444 In-Vivo Determination of the SPF (Sun Protection Factor) for International StandardsDefinition:ISO 24444 is an In-Vivo test method (again requiring 10 human test subjects) determining the SPF, or UVB protection, value of the sunscreen. This is primarily used in Europe but accepted Internationally. 38. COLIPA In-Vitro Method for Sunscreen Critical Wavelength Determination for Broad Spectrum ClaimsDefinition:This is a machine test that uses the COLIPA method to test the critical wavelength on the sunscreen sample. The critical wavelength is between 0 to 400nm and to claim broad spectrum a sunscreen must cover up to 370 nm. 39. COLIPA Sun Protection By SPF Determination 80 Minute Water ResistantDefinition:COLIPA regulation and determination of the SPF (Sun Protection Factor) pre-exposure and post exposure after immersion in water. This test is on humans using 10 participants of varying skin pigmentation. Water resistance test claims can be 0 minutes, 40 minutes or 80 minutes. The sunscreen has to meet the same SPF value as claimed on label before and after immersion. 40. EVALUATION OF SUN PROTECTION BY SPF DETERMINATION (COLIPA) - VERY WATER RESISTANT Table Sponsor: AMA Lab No.: Client No.: Subject ID #F F F F F M F M F FAge49 23 51 47 22 23 23 57 56 48MED/ Hr 126.9 127.4 128.4 128.6 128.8 125.7 127.4 127.2 126.3 128.8I (Amps) 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.7 6.7 7.9 5.8 6.3 6.0 7.3Skin TypeMEDu IMEDu IIMEDu II(Sec) 62 7072 82 9684 72 7921 72 2368 78 2670 78 8873 88 7551 70 5092 50 3379 56 2212SexR&R Lotion N-0479 SUNSCREEN # 859 exp: 4-15ST(Sec)4 4 4 4 4 4 8 11 6 64 4 4 4 4 4 8 11 6 6I II I I I II II III II IIIMEDp P2 (Sec)MEDp ST (Sec)MEDp VWR (Sec)SPF (P3)VWR (P2)W(Sec)MEDp P3 (Sec)StandardControlStaticVWRVWRR4 4 4 4 4 4 8 11 6 675 60 75 60 75 75 120 165 113 11360 60 48 60 60 48 96 132 90 90151 151 151 134 134 151 269 414 202 202134 120 134 120 134 120 269 370 202 18018.8 15.0 18.8 15.0 18.8 18.8 15.0 15.0 18.8 18.815.0 15.0 12.0 15.0 15.0 12.0 12.0 12.0 15.0 15.037.8 37.8 37.8 33.5 33.5 37.8 33.6 37.6 33.7 33.733.5 30.0 33.5 30.0 33.5 30.0 33.6 33.6 33.7 30.088.3% 78.8% 88.3% 89.2% 100.0% 78.8% 100.0% 89.1% 100.0% 88.7%17.3 2.0 0.6 3.513.8 1.5 0.5 3.635.7 2.2 0.7 2.0 1.6 4.4%32.1 1.8 0.6 1.9 1.3 4.0%90.1% 7.910101010MEAN (x) STANDARD DEV (s) STD. ERROR S.E. % OF MEAN 95% CI 95 % CI % OF MEAN 90 % Unilateral Confidence Limit (mean % VWRR -d) NI: Intensity of light sourceMED: Amount of UV exposure dosage (1 is low 12 is high)SPF ValuesW: Wet (Post immersed in water)ST: Static (Non immersed in water) WRR: Water Resistant Retention The last three results are the most important because they show that before being immersed in water Industrial Sunscreen has an SPF value of 35.7. After immersion the SPF factor is 32.1 and lastly that 90.1% of the UV light was blocked after immersion in water.%86.6% 10