India as an Emerging Superpower

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Transcript of India as an Emerging Superpower

s ad e a L hi s i nd n t I i ss re og pr

Tenth largestin the world bynominal GDP. Fourth largestbypurchasing power parity(PPP). Maintaining fiscal discipline Orientation of public expenditure towards sectors in which India is faring badly such as health and education. Introduction of reforms in labor laws to generate more employment opportunities for the growing population of India. Reorganization of agricultural sector, introduction of new technology, reducing agriculture's dependence on monsoon by developing means of irrigation. Introduction of financial reforms including privatization of some public sector banks.

India accounts for about 10% of all expenditure onresearch and developmentin Asia and the number of scientific publications grew by 45% over the past five years. The effect of the technologically inclined services sector which includes theIT industry in India accounting for 40% of India's GDP and 30% of export earnings as of 2006, while employing only 25% of its workforceis summarized by Sharma (2006) in theEncyclopedia of India

Indiarankssecond worldwide in farm output. Agricultureand allied sectors likeforestry andloggingaccounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2007, employed 52% of the total workforce. India accounts for 10% of the world fruit production with first rank in the production of mangoes,papaya,bananaandsapota.

Indiahas a well-developed transport network comprising rail, road, coastal shipping, air transport etc. The total length of roads in India is over 30 lakh kms including both metalled and unmettaled roads. The national highways account for less than 2% of the total road network but carry 40% of the movement of goods and passengers. The total rail route length is about 63,000 km and of this 13,000 km is electrified. The railways carry over 11 million passengers and 11 Lakh tones of goods everyday. India has a long coastline, about 90% of sea borne trade is handled via major ports of Kandla,Mumbai, Nhava Sheva, Marmagao, Cochin, Tuticorin, Chennai, Vishakapatnam, Paradwip, Haldia,Goaand Kolkata.

The Indian Armed Forces, India's main defense organization, consists of two main branches: the Military of India and the Indian Paramilitary Forces. The Military of India maintains the third largest active duty force in the world after the People's Republic of China and the United States, while the Indian Paramilitary Forces. Combined, the total armed forces of India are 2,414,700 strong, the world's second largest defense force.

India is still desperately a poor country, india is yet a minor player in world trade, contributing less than one percent of world exports. Over the last fifty years, India's extremely heterogeneous society has been riddled with various kinds of conflicts, but the system has by and large managed these conflicts and kept them within moderate bounds.

Low Literacy - As per the 2001 India census, the national literacy is only 65.2 per cent University of Hamburg, even though the literacy rate in some states like Kerala, Mizoram and Goa is above 85% Indian Census. Literacy drive is spreading slowly to other states . At current rates India will take no less than 20 years for a literacy of 95% New Scientist.

MOVIE and filmstars also influence The young generation of our country Also MEDIA is a great source to awake the youth of our country

The rewards for India of a thriving science-based economy could be huge. The investment bank Goldman Sachs estimates that if India gets everything right it will have the third largest economy in the world by 2050, after China and the US. India is I am more than confident that we shall once again be the knowledge superpower

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