Impact of the Enlightenment Enlightened Absolutism, War of Austrian Succession, Seven Years War.

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Transcript of Impact of the Enlightenment Enlightened Absolutism, War of Austrian Succession, Seven Years War.

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Impact of the Enlightenment Enlightened Absolutism, War of Austrian Succession, Seven Years War Slide 2 Enlightened Absolutism Rulers tried to govern using Enlightenment principles while maintaining royal powers Monarchs allowed religious toleration, freedom of speech and press, rights of private property They obey laws and enforce laws fairly Slide 3 Enlightened Monarchs Frederick the Great Maria Theresa Joseph II Catherine the Great Slide 4 Map of Europe 1700s Slide 5 Frederick the Great Monarch of Prussia (1712-1786) Well versed in Enlightenment ideals Abolished use of torture, granted limited freedom of speech and press, granted some religious toleration Kept system of serfdom Slide 6 Maria Theresa Austrian Monarch 1740 Not open to calls for reform Did improve conditions for serfs Supported a strong monarchy and their right to rule Slide 7 Joseph II Austrian Monarch Son of Maria Teresa Believed need to sweep away anything that stood in way of reason Abolished serfdom, eliminated slavery, enacted religious toleration Most everything he did, failed and was overturned upon his death Slide 8 Catherine the Great Monarch of Russia (1762-1796) Seemed to favor reform early Did not enact any Enlightenment reforms Expanded serfdom to new territories Slide 9 War of Austrian Succession 1740-1748 War that set up Seven Years War Frederick II of Prussia did not recognize Maria Theresa as Austrian ruler He tried to take over Silesia Alliances formed France & Prussia vs Austria & Enland War ended with Prussia keeping control of Silesia Slide 10 Seven Years War (Europe) 1756-1763 Major rivalry between Britain and France Alliances Britain & Prussia vs France, Austria, & Russia War was fought over control of European territories War ends in stalemate Austria recognizes Silesia as Prussian Slide 11 Seven Years War (India) Known as Great War for Empire Britain defeats France in India Britain maintains control over India Slide 12 Seven Years War (N America) Fought between Britain and France over control of N America British defeat France France turns over Canada, Spanish turn over Florida Britain becomes worlds leading colonial power