IMCI CHART BOOKLET 2011_1.pdf

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  • South Africa 2011

    SICK YOUNG INFANT (BIRTH UP TO 2 MONTHS)

    Assess, Classify and Identify Treatment Possible Bacterial Infection and Jaundice ....................................... 31 Diarrhoea ......................................................................................... 32 HIV infection ................................................................................... 33 Feeding and Growth in Breastfed Infants ........................................ 34 Feeding and Growth in non-Breastfed Infants ................................. 35 Special Risk Factors ........................................................................ 36 Immunisation Status ........................................................................ 36 Other Problems ............................................................................... 36 Mothers Health ............................................................................... 36

    Treat the Young Infant and Counsel the Mother Erythromycin .................................................................................... 37 Ceftriaxone ....................................................................................... 37 Diarrhoea ......................................................................................... 38 Fluid replacement ..................................................................... 17 18 Immunize Every Sick Young Infant .................................................. 38 Local Infections at Home ................................................................. 38 Correct Positioning and Attachment for Breastfeeding .................... 39 Replacement (formula) feeds ........................................................... 40 General home care ......................................................................... 41 When to Return ................................................................................ 41

    Give Follow-up Care Local Bacterial Infection ................................................................... 41 Thrush .............................................................................................. 41 Feeding Problem .............................................................................. 41 Poor Growth ..................................................................................... 41

    Provide Anti-retroviral Therapy (ART)

    Initiating ART in Children.................................................................43 Eligibility criteria: Who should receive ART? ................................... 44 WHO Clinical Staging ...................................................................... 44 ART: Starting regime for children less than 3 years old ................... 45 ART: Starting regime for children 3 years or older .......................... 46 Follow-up care for children on ART ................................................. 47 Give Nevirapine to all HIV EXPOSED newborns ............................. 49 ART regime for children who are stable on Stavudine ..................... 50

    Recording Forms.......................................................................ANNEXURE A Growth Monitoring Charts........................................................ANNEXURE B

    +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

    SICK CHILD AGE 2 MONTHS UP TO 5 YEARS Extra Fluid for Diarrhoea and Continue Feeding

    Plan A: Treat for Diarrhoea at Home ........................ 17 Plan B: Treat for Some Dehydration with ORS ........ 17 Plan C: Treat Severe Dehydration Quickly .............. 18

    Counsel the Mother Counselling skills ...................................................... 20 Feeding assessment ................................................ 20 Feeding Recommendations in sickness and health . 21 Feeding advice for child with persistent diarrhoea ... 21 Iron-rich foods .......................................................... 21 Vitamin A and C rich foods ...................................... 21 Feeding Recommendations in HIV positive mother..22 Feeding Problems .................................................... 23 Increase fluid during illness ...................................... 24 When to return ......................................................... 25 Mothers health ......................................................... 25 Mother HIV infected .................................................. 25

    Follow-up Care Pneumonia ............................................................... 26 Wheeze .................................................................... 26 Diarrhoea.................................................................. 26 Persistent Diarrhoea ................................................ 26 Dysentery ................................................................. 26 Malaria or Suspected Malaria .................................. 27 Feverother cause .................................................. 27 Ear infection ............................................................. 27 Not Growing Well ..................................................... 28 Feeding problem .................................................... . 28 Anaemia ................................................................... 28 HIV infection not on ART .......................................... 29 Possible HIV infection .............................................. 29 HIV exposed ............................................................. 29 Suspected Symptomatic HIV infection ..................... 29 Possible TB .............................................................. 30 TB (on treatment) ..................................................... 30 TB exposure or infection (on treatment) ................... 30 Palliative Care for Suspected Symptomatic HIV ...... 30

    INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF CHILDHOOD ILLNESS

    Assess, Classify and Identify Treatment General Danger Signs ................................................. 2 Cough or difficult breathing .......................................... 2 Wheezing ..................................................................... 2 Diarrhoea ..................................................................... 3 Fever ............................................................................ 4 Measles ........................................................................ 5 Ear problem ................................................................. 6 Malnutrition and Anaemia ............................................ 7 HIV infection ................................................................. 8 TB ................................................................................. 9 Immunization status ..................................................... 9 Other problems ............................................................ 9

    Oral Drugs Amoxicillin .................................................................. 10 Ciprofloxacin .............................................................. 10 Cotrimoxazole ............................................................ 10 Erythromycin .............................................................. 10 Antimalarials ............................................................... 11 Prednisone for Recurrent Wheeze ............................. 11 Salbutamol for Wheeze .............................................. 11 INH Preventive therapy .............................................. 12 Treat for TB ................................................................ 12 Antiretroviral Drugs .................................................... 12 Zinc ............................................................................ 13 Iron ............................................................................. 13 Paracetamol ............................................................... 13 Mebendazole .............................................................. 19 Vitamin A .................................................................... 19

    Treatment for Local Infections

    Dry the Ear by wicking and give eardrops ................. 14 Mouth Ulcers.....14 Thrush ........................................................................ 14 Soothe the Throat, relieve the cough ......................... 14 Eye Infection (measles).............................................. 14

    Treatments in Clinic Only Ceftriaxone ................................................................. 15 Diazepam ................................................................... 15 Salbutamol for wheeze & severe classification .......... 15 Nebulised adrenaline ................................................. 15 Prednisone for stridor or recurrent wheeze ................ 15 Prevent low blood sugar ............................................. 16 Treat low blood sugar ................................................. 16 Oxygen...16

    South Africa Department of Health

    World Health Organization Division of Child Health and Development (CHD) unicef

    Assess, Classify and Identify Treatment Possible Bacterial Infection and Jaundice ....................................... 30 Diarrhoea ......................................................................................... 31 HIV infection ................................................................................... 32 Feeding and Growth in Breastfed Infants ........................................ 33 Feeding and Growth in non-Breastfed Infants