IDR Richard Laycock

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Transcript of IDR Richard Laycock

  • IDR RepoRt 1 & 2

    By RichaRd Laycock - c3207889 - MaRch 2

  • ContentsREPoRT 1: dESiGN aNd TEchNoLoGy

    1. a PERSoNaL PoSiTioN iNTRoducTioN..........................................................07

    2. ThE dESiGN STudio coNTExT........................................................................11

    3. ThE dESiGN ThESiS........................................................................................15

    4. TEchNicaL aNd TEchNoLoGicaL quESTioNS....................................................27

    5. FuRThER dEvELoPMENT..................................................................................33

    REPoRT 2: MaNaGEMENT aNd LaW

    1. PLaNNiNG iSSuES............................................................................................41

    2. dEvELoPMENT aPPRaiSaL ScENaRio..................................................................47

    3. PRocuREMENT & RiSk.....................................................................................53

    4. aRchiTEcTuRaL PRacTicE................................................................................57

    5. PRoFESSioNaL REFLEcTioN...............................................................................61

    aPPENdix

    1. cv................................................................................................................70

    07

    11

    15

    27

    33

    41

    47

    53

    57

    61

  • RepoRt - 1 DesIgn & teChnology

  • 1. A peRsonAl posItIon IntRoDuCtIon

    aS STudENTS oF aRchiTEcTuRE WE havE BEEN GivEN aN oPPoRTuNiTy To REThiNk SiTuaTioNS aNd REdESiGN ThE WoRLd aRouNd uS iN ThE hoPE oF iMPRovEMENT oR ENRichMENT To PEoPLES LivES.

    ThE aRchiTEcTuRaL WoRLd iS oNE oF RiGidiTy, a coNGLoMERaTioN oF TRiEd aNd TESTEd MyThoLoGiES Which FoRM PaRT oF iTS aSSEMBLy. WiThiN ThiS iNFoRMEd REaSoNiNG oF vEcToR aNd RESPoNSE ThERE LiES a FaST PacEd

    EvoLuTioN oF coMPuTaTioNaL SiMuLaTioN REady To BE uNLEaShEd.

  • ThRouGh ThE uSE oF coMPuTaTioNaL BaSEd PhySicS SoFTWaRE, ThE aRchiTEcTuRaL WoRLd WiLL BEcoME oNE oF iMPRovEd STRucTuRaL FoRMS MadE LiGhTER ThRouGh ThE uSE oF advaNcEd coMPoSiTES WiTh ThE addiTioN oF

    SELEcTivE dEPoSiTioN ModELLiNG cREaTiNG vaRyiNG dENSiTiES Much LikE ouR oWN BodiES.

  • iMaGiNE a BuiLdiNG cREaTEd iN coMPoNENTS uSiNG a 3d PRiNTER WiTh ELEMENTS oF caLciFiEd STRucTuRE RaPPEd iN SoFTER TiSSuE Which acTS iN BoTh TENSioN aNd coMPRESSioN aLL NEaTLy WRaPPEd iNSidE a WaTERPRooF SkiN.

    i WELcoME you To ThE FuTuRE oF aRchiTEcTuRE.

  • ThE dESiGN STudio coNTExT iS To chaLLENGE ThE Way WE uSE iNFoRMaTioN To PRoducE BuiLdiNG FoRMS Which RESPoNd To BoTh ENviRoNMENT coNdiTioNS aNd cREaTE aN iNTERvENTioN ThaT iMPRovES ThE ovERaLL SENSE oF

    PLacE. To cREaTE aN ENTiTy Which haS a SyMBioTic RELaTioNShiP WiTh ThE SPacE iT iNhaBiTS.

    2. the DesIgn stuDIo Context

  • aS a STudENT oF aRchiTEcTuRE PoSiTioNEd WiThiN ThE aBSTRacT MachiNES STudio i havE had ThE PRiviLEGE oF LEaRNiNG aBouT ThE MEchaNiSMS ThaT dRivE aRchiTEcTuRE. MoRE So aBouT ThE SySTEMaTic Way WE PRo-

    GRaM ThESE MEchaNiSMS To cREaTE REaL TiME FEEdBack. diGiTaL SiMuLaTioN BEcoMES ThE TooL WE uSE aS a Way oF PRocESSiNG ThE SiTE coNdiTioNS oN ThESE coMPLEx FoRMS.

  • WhaT WE TERM ScRiPTiNG WiThiN ThE FiELd oF aRchiTEcTuRE oFFERS uS ThE oPPoRTuNiTy To cREaTE ouR oWN TooLS. EMaNciPaTEd FRoM TRadiTioNaL SoFTWaRE, ScRiPTiNG GivES ThE PoWER Back To ThE dESiGNER. oNE caN MaNiPuLaTE ThE FoRM ThRouGhouT ThE dESiGN aS a STEP By STEP WhEREBy aT No PoiNT iS iT To LaTE To EdiT ThE

    dESiGN. aS a STudENT oF ThE aBSTRacT MachiNES STudio i havE BEEN iNFLuENcEd To do juST ThaT.

  • NEW NEW yoRk iNhaBiTiNG uP-cycLEd WaSTE STREaMS. My ThESES PRojEcT BRiNGS ToGEThER a NuMBER oF iNNovaTivE MaTERiaL SEPaRaTioN TEchNoLoGiES aNd chaL-

    LENGES ThE cuRRENT SySTEMS oF hoW WE dEaL WiTh WaSTE iN ThE hoPE oF ExTRacTiNG vaLuaBLE RESouRcE FRoM ouR WaSTE To PRoducE BuiLdiNG MaTERiaLS.

    3. the DesIgn thesIs

  • BuIlDIng pRogRAmThE BuiLdiNGS iS a RESPoNSE To ThE cRiTicaL iSSuES GENERaTEd By ThE Way WaSTE iS cuR-RENTLy BEiNG dEaLT WiTh aNd SEEkS To REvoLuTioNizE ThE Way WE PRocESS WaSTE.

    WASTE

    AUTOMATED SEPARATING MACHINE

    PLASTICSBIOMASSMETALS

    INSTANT PR0FIT SOLID LIQUID

    SOLD SEPARATED

    METHANE EXTRACTED

    SEPARATED ADDITIVE

    BUILDING MATERIALS

    diaGRaM ShoWS a FLoW chaRT MaPPiNG ThE PRocEduRES iNvoLvEd iN PRocESSiNG WaSTE.

  • FACtoRy BIologICAl wAste BIo-DIgestIon

    wAste In

    soRt pRoCess

    soRteD wAste out

    methAneleAChAtesCompost

    monItoReD

    diaGRaM ShoWS a FLoW chaRT MaPPiNG ThE coNNEcTioNS diFFERENT SySTEMS NEEd

    system Flow ChARt

  • ThE ThESiS dEvELoPS a SERiES oF TEchToNic ExPLoRaTioNS Which chaNGE ThE WayS oF PRoduciNG BuiLdiNG MaTERiaLS FRoM ThE uP-cycLEd WaSTE MaTERiaL Which caN BE 3d PRiNTEd iN coMPoNENTS

  • ThE ENd RESuLT WouLd BE a SERiES oF iNTERvENTioNS ThRouGhouT NEW yoRk uSiNG oNLy WaSTE aS a FEEd. ThE coMPoNENTS WouLd BE dESiGN aNd PRiNTEd iN PaRTS aNd BRouGhT ToGEThER To FoRM ThE WhoLE.

  • ThE PRoBLEMS:-Nyc haS a PoPuLaTioN oF ovER 3.2 MiLLioN PEoPLE. ThE ToTaL voLuME oF WaSTE PRoducEd EvERy day By

    iNdividuaLS & PRivaTE coMPaNiES iS 36,000 ToNS. ThiS iS EquivaLENT To aN EMPiRE STaTE BuiLdiNG iN voLuME oF WaSTE EvERy day.

  • ThiS WaSTE iS TRaNSFERREd To oNE oF 11 LocaL MaRiNE TRaNSFER STaTioN (MTS) PoSiTioN By WaTER WhEREBy iT iS coMPRESSEd aNd SENT To LaNdFiLL. aLL LaNdFiLLS aRE ouT oF STaTE aS ThE LocaL LaNdFiLL haS REachEd

    caPaciTy.i SEE WaSTE aNd MiSuSE iN ThE FoRM oF MaTERiaLS Which i caN oNLy dEScRiBE aS NaRciSSiSTic. ThiS iS NoT By a FEW, ThiS aTTiTudE iS WidESPREad. aWay iS NEvER GoNE, iT iS SiMPLy MovEd ELSEWhERE BuT Today ELSEWhERE iS

    EvERyWhERE.

    01. MN - WEST 135Th STREET02. MN - EaST 91ST STREET 03. MN - WEST 59Th STREET04. MN - GaNSEvooRT05. Bx - SouTh BRoNx06. qN - NoRTh ShoRE07. Bk - GREENPoiNT08. Bk - haMiLToN avENuE09. Bk - SouThWEST BRookyLN10. Si - FRESh kiLLS

  • ThE cuRRENT SySTEM oF dEaLiNG WiTh WaSTE doES NoT WoRkThE GovERNMENT iS PRoPoSiNG a NEW MTS Which oPERaTES uNdER aN ouT oF daTE SySTEM

    FuRThERMoRE ThiS NEW dESiGN iS PoSiTioNEd WiTh ToTaL diSREGaRd FoR ThE PEoPLE Who LivE iN ThE viciNiTy.ThE aRchiTEcTuRaL SySTEMS iN PLacE Which dEaL WiTh WaSTE aRE ENGiNEEREd SySTEMS aNd do NoT coNSid-

    ER PEoPLE, ENviRoNMENT oR SENSE oF PLacE. ThEy REMaiN diScoNNEcTEd FRoM ThE ENviRoNMENT ThEy aiM To REMEdiaTE.

  • ThE RaMP ThaT LEadS To ThE MTS cuTS ThE a SPoRT aNd FiTNESS cENTRE GRouNdS iN TWo. So iN addi-TioN To ThE NoiSE aNd PoLLuTioN ThE ESTiMaTEd 200 TRuckS ThaT WiLL dELivER GaRBaGE To ThE MTS

    EvERy day WiLL GENERaTE, LocaLS FEaR FoR ThE chiLdRENS SaFETy.

  • My ThESiS PRojEcT iS To TakE WaSTE Which WE ThRoW aWay aNd REcycLE iT iNSidE a BuiLdiNG coNSTRucTEd ENTiRELy FRoM uP-cycLEd WaSTE STREaMS.

    My viSioN iS To cREaTE a LiFE SizE 3d PRiNTEd aRchiTEcTuRE ThaT uTiLiSES ThE TENSiLE aNd coMPRESSivE STRENGThS oF advaNcEd PoLyMER coMPoSiTE MaTERiaL To iTS advaNTaGE, MaRRiEd WiTh iTS FoRM To PRoducE

    aN aRchiTEcTuRaL STyLE ThaT ShELTERS uS FRoM ThE ELEMENTS uNTiL a TiME iT iS No LoNGER NEEdEd aT Which PoiNT iT caN BE BRokEN doWN aNd REuSEd aS aNoThER FoRM WiTh LiTTLE oR No LoSS oF MaTERiaL iN ThE PRo-

    cESS.

    WaSTE iS NoT juST SoMEThiNG WE BuRy, iT BEcoMES aN aRchiTEcTuRaL STyLE WE caN cELEBRaTE.

  • i SEE coMPoSiTE MaTERiaLS havE coME a LoNG Way SiNcE ThEiR diScovERy iN ThE 1800S hoWEvER a PRaGMaTic Way oF REcycLiNG oR EvEN REuSiNG ThESE coMPLExLy coMBiNEd ELEMENTS kNoWN aS WaSTE haS yET To EMERGE

    oN a GRaNd ScaLE.

    Today ThE FuTuRE hoLdS advaNcEd PoLyMER coMPoSiTES iN hiGh REGaRd WiTh ThE iNTRoducTioN oF MaiN-STREaM 3d PRiNTERS aNd RaPid PRoToTyPiNG MachiNES.

  • ThE TEchNiquES oF addiTivE ModELLiNG SoFTWaRE uTiLiSE SLicER PRoGRaMS Which TakE 3 diMENSioNaL oBjEcTS aNd SLicE ThEM iN To ThiN LayERS Which caN ThEN BE PRiNTEd LayER By LayER uSiNG aN aRRay oF MaTERiaLS To

    PRoducE a 3 diMENSioNaL oBjEcT.PhySicS SiMuLaTioN caN BE uSEd To TEST FoR aREaS oF ThE STRucTuRE ThaT NEEdS To BE REiNFoRcEd.

    FoRM aNd SuRFacE EquiLiBRiuM caN BE REach ThRouGh FuRThER PhySicS SiMuLaTioNS cREaTiNG a SySTEM caPa-BLE oF SuPPoRTiNG iTS oWN WEiGhT.

    4. teChnICAl & teChnologICAl QuestIons

  • ThE TEchNoLoGicaL REquiREMENTS oF ThE dESiGN uTiLiSE LaRGE ScaLE 3d PRiNTiNG Which REquiRES coMPLEx diGiTaL ModELS To BE PRoducEd Which caN ThEN BE dEcoMPoSEd iN To LayERS By ThE SoFTWaRE Which ThEN

    coMMuNicaTE To ThE MachiNE (3d PRiNTER) ThE LayER iNFoRMaTioN WiTh MaTERiaL aNd dENSiTy REquiREMENTS.

  • ThE STRucTuRaL SySTEM REquiRES coMPLEx ModELS To BE diGiTaLLy SiMuLaTEd uSiNG PhySicS BaSEd

    ModELLiNG caPaBLE oF coMPuTiNG ThE aREa oF MoST STRESS aNd EquaLLy caPaBLE oF REBuiLdiNG ThE diGiTaLSuRFacE To cREaTE a SuRFacE Which caN uLTiMaTELy REach EquiLiBRiuM.

  • FuRThER diGiTaL SiMuLaTioN TooLS WERE cREaTEd Which uNiquELy TakE aNy iNdividuaL SuRFacE aNd dividE ThE Said SuRFacE iN To a SERiES oF 3d PRiNTaBLE PaNELS - ThE 3d PaRaMETRic BRick.

  • ThE coNSTRucTioNaL SySTEMS iN PLacE aLLoW ThE PaNELS To ThEN By PoSiTioN iN PLacE aNd ThE MiNiMaL SuR-FacE caN BE coNSTRucTEd uSiNG a SiMiLaR SySTEM To iGLooS WhEREBy zERo FoRM WoRk iS REquiREd.

  • aS aN aRchiTEcT iT iS Good To uNdERSTaNd ThE MaTERiaL WiTh Which you aRE aPPLyiNG To cREaTE ThE STRuc-TuRaL SySTEMS & PRoTEcTivE WaTERPRooF SkiN. hoWEvER ThE iNvENTioN oF Such MaTERiaL iS FaR BEyoNd ThE

    LiMiTaTioN oF aN aRchiTEcT.

    5. FuRtheR Development

  • FoRTuNaTELy