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  • Draft 2/27/14Draft 2/27/14IDahoIDaho Statewide Bicycle and PedeStrian StudySePtemBer 2014

  • acknowleDgementsBIcycle peDestrIan aDvIsory commIttee (Bpac) memBers

    matt edmond-ada county Highway district Jimmy Hallyburton-Boise Bicycle Project

    George Knight-Bicycle congress, Boise State universityHeather wheeler and dave doran-community transportation association of idaho

    lori Porreca-Federal Highway administrationmitch Knothe-idaho department of commence, division of tourism

    Steve manning-idaho department of Health & welfareleo Hennessy-idaho department of Parks & recreationerik Kingston-idaho Housing and Finance association

    cynthia Gibson-idaho Pedestrian/Bike allianceJessica Harrison-idaho School Board association

    deanna Smith-idaho Smart Growth

    IDaho transportatIon Departmentted Vanegas-Project manager and Pedestrian/Bike coordinatormaureen Gresham-Former itd Pedestrian/Bicycle coordinator

    consUltantsSprinkle consulting, inc.-Bruce landis, Project manager

    Hdr

    note. throughout this study, the term pedestrian refers to walkers, runners, in-line skaters, and wheelchair users. idahoans and visitors with mobility impairments play an increasingly active role in recreation, tourism and commerce. in addition to expanding compliance with the americans with disabilities act (ada), the mobility strategies discussed in this study represent sound economic and community development investments.

    Idaho Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Studyacknowledgements

  • contentsintroduction .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 01Statewide GoalS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 05

    actiVe liFeStyle BeneFitS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 06PuBlic SuPPort For BicyclinG and walKinG .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

    oBJectiVeS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11inVeSt in actiVe tranSPortation inFraStructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11imProVe idaHoS Quality oF liFe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13inVeSt in touriSm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15reduce HealtH care coStS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19imProVe BicyclinG and walKinG SaFety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21return on inVeStment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

    BeSt PracticeS For idaHo .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25inFraStructure For actiVe liFeStyleS .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25recommended enGineerinG initiatiVeS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27recommended land uSe initiatiVeS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40recommended education and encouraGement initiatiVeS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43recommended enForcement initiatiVeS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47recommended eValuation initiatiVeS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

    aPPendiX 1: BicyclinG accommodation meaSureS and Facility Selection Guidance . . . . i

    Idaho Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Study contents

  • lIst of acronymsaashto: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials aDa: americans with disabilities act Bicycle los: Bicycle level of Service BmI: Body mass index Bpac: Bicycle Pedestrian advisory committeecDc: centers for disease control Dot: department of transportationcompass: community Planning association of Southwest idaho fhwa: Federal Highway administrationgDp: Gross domestic Producthawk: an informal name for a Pedestrian Hybrid Beaconhcm: Highway capacity manual heal: Healthy eating active livingItD: idaho transportation departmentlos: level of Servicempo: metropolitan Planning organizationmUtcD: Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devicesnacto: National Association of City Transportation Officialspedestrian los: Pedestrian level of ServicerrfB: rectangular rapid Flashing Beacontpo: transportation Planning organization

    Idaho Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian StudyIntroduction

  • this study recommends initiatives toward important goals and objectives for idahos future. this study will dramatically advance idahos economy, quality of life and public health, through focusing on infrastructure and programs for bicycling and walking throughout the state. The study identifies steps for state and local agencies as well as institutional and private sector partners to achieve statewide strategic objectives towards broadly supported economic and quality of life goals. this will benefit Idaho residents and Idaho businesses alike. its no secret that idahoans value freedom, economic independence and local common sense solutions. our state takes pride in its frugal tax policy, limiting the cost of doing business and attracting outside investment. the steps called for in this study are consistent with idahoan values. the investments outlined in this study will have tangible benefits to the statethe economic returns alone will be over 15 times the investmentin addition to numerous intangible benefits to business expansion and to the quality of life enjoyed by idahoans.residents already enjoy numerous advantages such as an open business climate, significant tourism, active lifestyles, and access to the natural beauty and splendor of the Gem State. idaho is at a cross-roads, however, for many reasons. competition in several of its key market sectors is fierce, and other states and communities are already engaged in initiatives that

    i ntroduct ionIdaho Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Study

    01

    Introduction

  • are eroding idahos position. transportation choices are limitedaffecting not only current residents but also future growth and potential for the state. and idahoans disposable income is encumbered by increasing health care costs, particularly those associated with obesity and heart disease, a burden also shared by many idaho businesses.changing the way idaho does business can make a substantial difference in important outcomes to the states Gross domestic Product (GdP) and to its residents. How idaho provides or optimizes infrastructure, and how we promote and manage the quality of life that includes access to idahos natural splendor can effect real changes in how idaho is perceived by existing residents and employers. this is particularly true for prospective investors and also talented workers, active retirees, and others who may consider relocating to idaho. this study demonstrates how strategic investments in more active transportation networks, in regional pathway systems that draw out-of-state visitors, and in targeted education and promotions will move idaho towards a better future.this study outlines broadly supported goals for idahos future. These goals are not specific to bicycle and pedestrian activity, but can certainly be furthered by improved conditions for bicyclists and pedestrians. As part of this study development process, specific performance metrics were identified that could easily and reliably describe the states existing condition relative to the goals and, perhaps more importantly, help track progress toward them. Specific objectives,

    Idaho Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Study

    02

    Introduction

  • which are the necessary steps toward meeting the goals, have also been developed. the Best Practices section identifies focused, concrete initiatives that will result in positive progress, traceable by the recommended metrics, towards meeting