Icm Lecture

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licensing lecture at Chalmers

Transcript of Icm Lecture

  • 1.Open / Free Licensing Mathias Klang

2. ATT-NC-SA

  • NO ENDORSEMENT AND NO DEROGATORY USE - The Digital Revolution material is provided to allow you to get creative with content, not for campaigning, fundraising or to defame others. Dont use it for illegal, offensive or fundraising purposes.

3. AN INFRASTRUCTURE OF SHARING 4. WHERE THE TROUBLE BEGAN

  • Or the danger of good intentions

5. WHEREAS PRINTERS, BOOKSELLERS, AND OTHER PERSONS, HAVE OF LATE FREQUENTLY TAKEN THE LIBERTY OF PRINTING, REPRINTING, AND PUBLISHING, OR CAUSING TO BE PRINTED, REPRINTED, AND PUBLISHED BOOKS, AND OTHER WRITINGS, WITHOUT THE CONSENT OF THE AUTHORS OR PROPRIETORS OF SUCH BOOKS AND WRITINGS, TO THEIR VERY GREAT DETRIMENT, AND TOO OFTEN TO THE RUIN OF THEM AND THEIR FAMILIES: FOR PREVENTING THEREFORE SUCH PRACTICES FOR THE FUTURE, AND FOR THE ENCOURAGEMENT OF LEARNED MEN TO COMPOSE AND WRITE USEFUL BOOKS;

  • Statute of Anne 1710

6. LAGEN DEN 10 AUGUSTI 1877 OM GANDERTT TILL SKRIFT

  • gandertt till skrift: litterr gandertt. Drmed menas rtt fr en skrifts frfattare eller dennes rttsinnehafvare att, med andras uteslutande, lta genom tryck (fven fotokemiskt) mngfaldiga sin skrift, ehvad den frut blifvit offentliggjord eller frefinnes endast i handskrift.

7. 8. THE ARCHDEACON GAZED AT THE GIGANTIC EDIFICE FOR SOME TIME IN SILENCE, THEN EXTENDING HIS RIGHT HAND, WITH A SIGH, TOWARDS THE PRINTED BOOK WHICH LAY OPEN ON THE TABLE, AND HIS LEFT TOWARDS NOTRE-DAME, AND TURNING A SAD GLANCE FROM THE BOOK TO THE CHURCH,--"ALAS," HE SAID, "THIS WILL KILL THAT."

  • The Hunchback of Notre Dame

9. 10. ESTABLISHMENT OF A UNIONTHE COUNTRIES TO WHICH THIS CONVENTION APPLIES CONSTITUTE A UNION FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE RIGHTS OF AUTHORS IN THEIR LITERARY AND ARTISTIC WORKS.

  • Berne Convention 1886

11. Det upphovsrttsliga systemet Lag (1960) om upphovsrtt till litterraoch konstnrliga verk UPPHOVSRTTEN Ekonomisk rtt Ideell rtt Exemplarframstllning Tillgngliggrande Spridningsrtt Visningsrtt Framfrandertt Rtt till namnangivelse Skydd fr krnkande ndring Skydd fr krnkande anvndning verfring till allmnheten 12. THE ROAD TO HELL IS PAVED WITH GOOD INTENTIONS 13. LIFE IS ORGANIZED AROUND TECHNOLOGY

  • and it always has been.

14. COPYING COSTZERO 15. WE HAVE ALTERNATIVES

  • Can this be happiness, this terrifying freedom?Caligula(Albert Camus)

16. IF IT AINT BROKE THEN DONT FIX IT IF IT IS BROKEN THEN DONT FIX IT 17. 18. Starting this Thanksgiving I am going to write a complete Unixcompatible software system called GNU (for Gnus Not Unix), and give it away free to everyone who can use it. September 1983 19. STALLMAN FORKED THE FUNDAMENTAL IDEAS OF CREATION AND PROVED EMPIRICALLY THAT SHARING WORKS

  • SO WHY IS IT THAT EVERYONE STILL CANNOT BELIEVE IT?

20. What does this mean? Free Infrastructure 21. Free software is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of free as in free speech, not as in free beer. 22. COPYLEFT

  • Viral or Vaccination?

23. 24. COPYLEFT IS NOTOPPOSITE ORANTI-COPYRIGHT

  • Copyleft is a general method for making a program or other work free, and requiring all modified and extended versions of the program to be free as well

25. WHY NOT JUST USE PUBLIC DOMAIN?

  • -- Public domain grants FULL freedom
  • -- Including converting the program, after changes, into proprietary software.
  • -- Including denying the same freedoms to others.

26. PROPRIETARY BUT FREE (NO COST?) SEMI FREEFREE THE LICENSES 27. WHAT IS FREE?

  • 0. The freedom to run the program, for any purpose.
  • 1. The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs (source code).
  • 2. The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor.
  • 3. The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public (source code).

28. Open Source

  • Solution to the freedom discussion?
  • Code available for
    • Studied
    • Changed
    • Improved

29. What makes an OS License?

  • Open Source Definition 10 requirements (Version 1.9)
  • Approved by Open Source Initiative Board of Directors
  • Use of the Open Source TM

30. 1. FreeRedistribution

  • Not restrict any party from selling or giving away the software
  • Not require a royalty or other fee for such sale.

31. 2. Source Code

  • The program must include source code
  • Must allow distribution in source code
    • or there must be a well-publicized means of obtaining the source code
  • Deliberately obfuscated source code is not allowed.

32. 3. DERIVED WORKS

  • The license must allow modifications and derived works, and must allow them to be distributed under the same terms as the license of the original software.

33. 4. Integrity of The Author's Source Code

  • The license may restrict source-code from being distributed in modified form only if the license allows the distribution of "patch files" with the source code for the purpose of modifying the program at build time. The license must explicitly permit distribution of software built from modified source code. The license may require derived works to carry a different name or version number from the original software.

34. 5. NO DISCRIMINATION AGAINST PERSONS OR GROUPS

  • The license must not discriminate against any person or group of persons.

35. 6. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor

  • The license must not restrict anyone from making use of the program in a specific field of endeavor.
  • For example, it may not restrict the program from being used in a business, or from being used for genetic research.

36. 7. DISTRIBUTION OF LICENSE

  • The rights attached to the program must apply to all to whom the program is redistributed without the need for execution of an additional license by those parties.

37. 8. LICENSE MUST NOT BE SPECIFIC TO A PRODUCT

  • The rights attached to the program must not depend on the program's being part of a particular software distribution.

38. 9. License Must Not Restrict Other Software

  • The license must not place restrictions on other software that is distributed along with the licensed software.
  • For example, the license must not insist that all other programs distributed on the same medium must be open-source software.

39. 10. LICENSE MUST BE TECHNOLOGY-NEUTRAL 40. 72 OSI licenses Microsoft Reciprocal License (Ms-RL) MIT license MITRE Collaborative Virtual Workspace License (CVW License) Motosoto License Mozilla Public License 1.0 (MPL) Mozilla Public License 1.1 (MPL) Multics License NASA Open Source Agreement 1.3 NTP License Naumen Public License Nethack General Public License Nokia Open Source License Non-Profit Open Software License 3.0 (Non-Profit OSL 3.0) OCLC Research Public License 2.0 Open Group Test Suite License Open Software License 3.0 (OSL 3.0) PHP License Python license (CNRI Python License) Python Software Foundation License Qt Public License (QPL) RealNetworks Public Source License V1.0 Reciprocal Public License Reciprocal Public License 1.5 (RPL1.5) Ricoh Source Code Public License Simple Public License 2.0 Sleepycat License Sun Industry Standards Source License (SISSL) Sun Public License Sybase Open Watcom Public License 1.0 University of Illinois/NCSA Open Source License Vovida Software License v. 1.0 W3C License wxWindows Library License X.Net License Zope Public License zlib/libpng license Academic Free License 3.0 (AFL 3.0) Affero GNU Public License Adaptive Public License Apache Software License Apache License, 2.0 Apple Public Source License Artistic license Artistic license 2.0 Attribution Assurance Licenses New and Simplified BSD licenses Boost Software License (BSL1.0) Computer Associates Trusted Open Source License 1.1 Common Development and Distribution License Common Public Attribution License 1.0 (CPAL) Common Public License 1.0 CUA Office Public License Version 1.0 EU DataGrid Software License Eclipse Public License Educational Community License, Version 2.0 Eiffel Forum License Eiffel Forum License V2.0 Entessa Public License Fair License Frameworx License GNU General Public License (GPL) GNU General Public License version 3.0 (GPLv3) GNU Library or "Lesser" General Public License (LGPL) GNU Library or "Lesser" General Public License version 3.0 (LGPLv3) Historical Permission Notice and Disclaimer IBM Public License Intel Open Source License ISC License Jabber Open Source License Lucent Public License (Plan9) Lucent Public License Version 1.02 Microsoft Public License (Ms-PL) 41. Finding the right fit Restrictive Permissive

  • GPL
  • Linux kernel
  • Ingres
  • MySQL
  • R
  • BSD, MIT, Apache
  • FreeBSD
  • Subversion
  • Ruby on Rails
  • LGPL
  • JBoss
  • OpenOffice
  • GFDL
  • Wikipedia
  • Citizendium
  • MPL/GPL/LGPL
  • Firefox
  • Thunderbird
  • Bugzil