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1 HYDROGEN ENERGY STORAGE: CLEAN FUEL & RENEWABLE HEAT FUTUREBUILD, SHEFFIELD CITY HALL | NOVEMBER 2014

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    HYDROGEN ENERGY STORAGE: CLEAN FUEL &

    RENEWABLE HEAT FUTUREBUILD, SHEFFIELD CITY HALL | NOVEMBER 2014

    http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CAcQjRw&url=http://www.flinn-garlick-saws.co.uk/acatalog/Made_in_Sheffield.html&ei=0x1ZVIzPMYPeauLkgqAN&bvm=bv.78677474,d.d2s&psig=AFQjCNFuAVxBaUbtGUsgAvv5NzVmgRahPA&ust=1415212851660720

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    Contents: Introduction to ITM Power

    Energy Storage

    Reference Plant - Thga Group Project

    Clean Fuel Projects

    Summary

    HYDROGEN ENERGY STORAGE: CLEAN FUEL &

    RENEWABLE HEAT FUTUREBUILD, SHEFFIELD CITY HALL | NOVEMBER 2014

    http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CAcQjRw&url=http://www.flinn-garlick-saws.co.uk/acatalog/Made_in_Sheffield.html&ei=0x1ZVIzPMYPeauLkgqAN&bvm=bv.78677474,d.d2s&psig=AFQjCNFuAVxBaUbtGUsgAvv5NzVmgRahPA&ust=1415212851660720

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    ITM Power | History First AIM listed fuel cell & hydrogen company

    2004 IPO | 10m | ITM.L

    2006 Secondary Fundraising | 30m

    2011 Established ITM Power GMBH

    2012 -2014 Expansion | 17m

    2012 Established ITM Power Inc.

    Two facilities in Sheffield | 70 staff

    Manufacturing business model

    Expansion in USA and Germany

    HYDROGEN ENERGY STORAGE: CLEAN FUEL &

    RENEWABLE HEAT FUTUREBUILD, SHEFFIELD CITY HALL | NOVEMBER 2014

    http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CAcQjRw&url=http://www.flinn-garlick-saws.co.uk/acatalog/Made_in_Sheffield.html&ei=0x1ZVIzPMYPeauLkgqAN&bvm=bv.78677474,d.d2s&psig=AFQjCNFuAVxBaUbtGUsgAvv5NzVmgRahPA&ust=1415212851660720

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    INTRODUCTION

    HYDROGEN ENERGY

    SYSTEMS FOR

    ENERGY STORAGE

    AND CLEAN FUEL

    PRODUCTION

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    GROWING WIND GENERATION

    20% of peak capacity (55GW) in Winter

    20% of peak capacity (40GW) in Summer

    ENERGY STORAGE: THE NEED

    HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS

    Evidence of grid balancing problems from Germany, Denmark and Spain

    Problems start at 20% capacity; UK hit this threshold at the end of 2013

    Energy Storage is a Market Pull

    Source: ITM Power plc, data from BWEA

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    THE NEED: GRID BALANCING

    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

    BALANCING SUPPLY AND DEMAND:

    A total of 725m paid for balancing services in 2010-11

    Estimates in 2020 are: circa 1.9bn - 5.9bn pa

    Tariffs already operational in the UK

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    RAPID RESPONSE

    HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS

    RAPID RESPONSE ELECTROLYSER

    ITM Electrolyser

    Clean Fuel

    Energy Storage Wind Power

    Grid

    Available in 1MW modules | Responds in 1sec | Self pressurises to 80bar

    http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=wind+turbines&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=KzXd5siJNeIKuM&tbnid=h-hYyflhIfoGuM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http://strabanechronicle.com/2012/11/wind-turbines-blamed-for-aghyaran-television-disruption/wind-farms/&ei=SvMGUfDmD6Wx0AWozoHoCg&bvm=bv.41524429,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNEDAWRGfxmJ8_6TXGstnq7lfotaSQ&ust=1359496394568348

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    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

    360KW POWER-TO-GAS MODULE

    WHATS UNIQUE ABOUT ITM ELECTROLYSERS?

    Rapid response | Self pressurising

    1 sec response time

    80bar self pressurising

    1MW units

    http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CAcQjRw&url=http://www.flinn-garlick-saws.co.uk/acatalog/Made_in_Sheffield.html&ei=0x1ZVIzPMYPeauLkgqAN&bvm=bv.78677474,d.d2s&psig=AFQjCNFuAVxBaUbtGUsgAvv5NzVmgRahPA&ust=1415212851660720

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    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

    WHY POWER-TO-GAS?

    POWER-TO-GAS RATIONALE

    Electricity cannot be stored easily | Hydrogen can be stored easily in the gas grid

    Source: ITM Power plc

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    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

    ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES

    ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES

    Power-to-gas is efficient | long term | low energy cost

    Source: ITM Power plc

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    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

    EU POWER-TO-GAS ENERGY STORAGE

    EU Hydrogen Limits for Injection into the HP Gas Grid

    Covered by a range of local laws and EU Directives Note: interpretation of these rules is complex

    Limit falls to 2% if there is a

    CNG station downstream

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    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

    WHERE DOES THE GAS GO?

    GAS USAGE IN THE UK (DUKES 2013)

    Source: Dukes 2013

    Where does the gas go?

    906 TWh of natural gas consumed in the UK in 2011

    52% was used to provide heat

    34% burned in power stations to make electricity

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    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

    ELECTRIFY HEAT?

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    DECC: UK HEAT STRATEGY

    The Future of Heating: Meeting the challenge

    70% of UK heat comes from natural gas

    Low penetration of renewable heat in the UK

    RHI launched Nov. 2011

    12% of heating from renewables by 2020

    57 TWh hydrogen

    Circa 18,600 MW Electrolysis

    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

    DECC: UK HEAT STRATEGY

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    0%

    5%

    10%

    15%

    20%

    25%

    30%

    35%

    0.0%

    0.5%

    1.0%

    1.5%

    2.0%

    2.5%

    3.0%

    3.5%

    0 2 4 6 8 10 12

    Frac

    tio

    n w

    ind

    ou

    tpu

    t cu

    rtai

    led

    Hyd

    roge

    n f

    ract

    ion

    (vo

    l%)

    Excess wind (TWh pa)

    725 TWh p.a. natural gas consumption, 30 GW wind capacity (2020)

    Hydrogen fraction

    Curtailment

    HYDROGEN FRACTION VS EXCESS WIND LEVELS

    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

    Capturing 2.8 TWh pa of excess wind (ie 4% of 2020 output)

    Requiring 978MW of electrolysis at 30% utilisation

    Results in average national hydrogen content of 0.5%, reducing carbon footprint by 0.2%

    Source: ITM Power plc

    POWER-TO-GAS IN THE UK

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    P2G: ELEMENTS OF VALUE

    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

    Value to the Power Grid

    Avoided wind curtailment

    Avoided infrastructure upgrades

    Reduced reserve power

    Reduce CO2 from open cycle GTs

    Absorbing reactive power

    Value to the Gas Grid

    Decarbonising gas

    Providing renewable heat

    Reducing GHG emissions from gas transportation

    Value to the UK Economy

    Reducing fuel imports

    Improved energy security

    Creating jobs in manufacturing

    Value to the power grid

    Value to the gas grid

    Value to the economy

    P2G: ELEMENTS OF VALUE

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    CPUC Sets the energy storage mandate for the power sector

    Energy storage target of 1,325 megawatts

    3 major CA utilities by 2020

    Optimization of the grid, including peak reduction

    Integration of renewable energy

    Reduction of GHG emissions to 80% below 1990 levels by 2050

    This decision represents an important first step in encouraging

    the storage market and supporting grid reliability, Commissioner Carla J. Peterman, the lead Commissioner for this proceeding.

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY STORAGE

    1.3GW ENERGY STORAGE MANDATE IN CALIFORNIA

    HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS

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    REFERENCE PLANT

    REFERENCE PLANT | GERMANY | UK | USA

    A major barrier to entry has been overcome

    NRE has been invested

    Products have been standardised

    Compliance in UK | EU | USA

    Power-to-Gas and Refuelling Stations

    HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS

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    THGA GROUP

    ENERGY

    STORAGE

    PROJECT

    SCHEDULE

    DOCUMENTATION

    SIGN OFF

    PROMOTION

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    FIRST P2G SALE: THGA GROUP

    Won competitive tender on cost, price & performance

    One of the worlds largest utility groupings

    18,200 employees

    5.7m customers (electricity, 3.6m, gas 2.1m)

    Sales of 21.3bn

    Plant to be located at Mainova AG in Frankfurt

    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

    360KW POWER-TO-GAS MODULE

    Source: Thga-Gruppe

    http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=thuga+group+logo&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=yRJ28Y4zPgsO2M&tbnid=w2pPoA4GQrvBdM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http://fuelcellsworks.com/news/2013/03/13/itm-power-announces-first-sale-of-%E2%80%98power-to-gas%E2%80%99-plant-in-germany/&ei=MV5IUcq2C-em0AXo0oCYBA&bvm=bv.43828540,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNGOKLAiYMobCiAc_QozWDt3d6i7ew&ust=1363783517985673

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    A challenging time frame

    Discussions April 2011

    Competitive tender process

    Order March 2013

    On site in September 2013

    CE marked by December 2013

    TUV permit by December 2013

    Hydrogen injection planned for 2013

    THE SCHEDULE

    THE SCHEDULE

    HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS

    Build

    Procurement

    Manufacture

    Control system design

    CE Mark

    PED

    EMC

    Machinery

    ATEX

    Commission

    Loop checks

    Acceptance

    Performance

    Permit

    Documentation

    Audit

    Certificate

    http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=lYCAe6AOx6dzUM&tbnid=6BK4i23cBlE6FM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:T%C3%9CV_Hessen_logo.jpeg&ei=pPmJUqG0OtHAtAaQzIGACw&bvm=bv.56643336,d.Yms&psig=AFQjCNGjnr5QLEE5OjVj-JLgNtYRyprriQ&ust=1384860411212626

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    Technical file runs to 5 boxes

    Compliance Documentation

    Datasheets: Equipment

    Datasheets: Valves

    Datasheets: Instrumentation

    Datasheets: Electrical control equipment

    Control & Electrical document I02201- DDI-001

    THE DOCUMENTATION

    THE DOCUMENTATION

    HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS

    http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=lYCAe6AOx6dzUM&tbnid=6BK4i23cBlE6FM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:T%C3%9CV_Hessen_logo.jpeg&ei=pPmJUqG0OtHAtAaQzIGACw&bvm=bv.56643336,d.Yms&psig=AFQjCNGjnr5QLEE5OjVj-JLgNtYRyprriQ&ust=1384860411212626

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    LOAD FOLLOWING

    PERFORMANCE

    HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS

    Rapid response Electrolysis

    Set Point vs Actual (blue)

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    P2G PLANT & VISITOR CENTRE

    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

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    UK REFUELLING STATIONS

    UK REFUELLING STATIONS

    EcoIsland (TSB)

    1x80kg | 1x15kg

    1.5m

    HyFive (EU)

    3x80kg

    3.0m

    OLEV 11m Call

    6x80kg

    Tender

    H2Mobility

    65x80kg

    Tender

    H2Mobility

    1,000 Stations

    Tender

    Development of a UK Infrastructure Business

    Grant funded Capex and Opex

    Maintenance contract with each award

    OLEV 11m announced | OLEV 60m call in early 2015

    HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS

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    Hydrogen Energy Storage Smart Grid

    2.4m TSB consortium grant

    Installation of 80kg/day & 15kg/day refuellers

    Sites in Sheffield & IoW

    Fleet of 20 vehicles (HICE and FC)

    Hydrogen energy storage system

    Balancing supply and demand

    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

    UK INFRASTRUCTURE ROLL-OUT

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    CALIFORNIA REFUELLING STATIONS

    CALIFORNIA REFUELLING STATIONS

    2013 PON

    Hyundai Chino

    Won $1.3m

    2014 PON

    Riverside

    Won $2.1m Bid

    2015 PON

    10x100kg

    Tender

    8 More PONs

    80x100kg

    Annual Tender

    California Hydrogen Infrastructure Deployment

    Fund of $200m for 100 hydrogen stations with up to $20m a year for 10yrs

    2012: ITM Power Inc. established in California

    2013: ITM Power Inc. wins H2 station award with 2 North American partners at Hyundai, Chino

    2014: ITM Power Inc. wins H2 station award with 2 North American partners at the City of Riverside

    HYDROGEN ENERGY SYSTEMS

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    CALIFORNIA REFUELLING STATIONS

    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

    FIRST STATION LED BY H2FRONTIER

    100% Renewable

    Located at Hyundai, Chino, LA

    Sale worth $1.4m

    Operational in 2015

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    CALIFORNIA REFUELLING STATIONS

    ENERGY STORAGE | CLEAN FUEL

    RIVERSIDE LED BY ITM POWER

    33% Renewable & Expandable

    Located at Riverside CA

    Existing alternative fuels

    Grant worth $2.125m

    Operational in October 2015

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    Summary:

    Renewable power needs energy storage

    Power-to-Gas is at the required scale

    Power-to-Gas energy storage provides renewable heat

    Fuel cell cars have arrived look outside

    Fuel cell cars need clean fuel

    Strong developing pipeline of commercial sales and funded projects

    HYDROGEN ENERGY STORAGE: CLEAN FUEL &

    RENEWABLE HEAT FUTUREBUILD, SHEFFIELD CITY HALL | NOVEMBER 2014

    http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CAcQjRw&url=http://www.flinn-garlick-saws.co.uk/acatalog/Made_in_Sheffield.html&ei=0x1ZVIzPMYPeauLkgqAN&bvm=bv.78677474,d.d2s&psig=AFQjCNFuAVxBaUbtGUsgAvv5NzVmgRahPA&ust=1415212851660720

  • 31

    HYDROGEN ENERGY STORAGE: CLEAN FUEL &

    RENEWABLE HEAT FUTUREBUILD, SHEFFIELD CITY HALL | NOVEMBER 2014

    http://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CAcQjRw&url=http://www.flinn-garlick-saws.co.uk/acatalog/Made_in_Sheffield.html&ei=0x1ZVIzPMYPeauLkgqAN&bvm=bv.78677474,d.d2s&psig=AFQjCNFuAVxBaUbtGUsgAvv5NzVmgRahPA&ust=1415212851660720