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Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd WCDMA RAN HSPA Evolution Feature Parameter Description Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Trademarks and Permissions and other Huawei trademarks are the property of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders. Notice The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the commercial contract made between Huawei and the customer. All or partial products, services and features described in this document may not be within the purchased scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise agreed by the contract, all statements, information, and recommendations in this document are provided “AS IS” without warranties, guarantees or representations of any kind, either express or implied. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

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Page 1: HSPA Evolution.pdf

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential

Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

WCDMA RAN

HSPA Evolution Feature Parameter Description

Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2010. All rights reserved.

No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written

consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions

and other Huawei trademarks are the property of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All other trademarks

and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice

The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the commercial contract made between

Huawei and the customer. All or partial products, services and features described in this document may not be

within the purchased scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise agreed by the contract, all statements,

information, and recommendations in this document are provided “AS IS” without warranties, guarantees or

representations of any kind, either express or implied.

The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the

preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and

recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.

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WCDMA RAN

HSPA Evolution Contents

Issue 02 (2010-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential

Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

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Contents

1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 1-1

1.1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................ 1-1

1.2 Intended Audience......................................................................................................................... 1-1

1.3 Change History .............................................................................................................................. 1-1

2 Overview of HSPA and HSPA+ .............................................................................................. 2-1

3 HSPA Introduced in RAN10.0 ................................................................................................. 3-1

3.1 F-DPCH ......................................................................................................................................... 3-1

3.1.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 3-1

3.1.2 Basic Principle ...................................................................................................................... 3-1

3.2 SRB over HSDPA .......................................................................................................................... 3-3

3.2.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 3-3

3.2.2 Basic Principle ...................................................................................................................... 3-4

3.2.3 Radio Bearers ....................................................................................................................... 3-4

3.3 SRB over HSUPA .......................................................................................................................... 3-4

3.3.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 3-4

3.3.2 Basic Principle ...................................................................................................................... 3-5

3.3.3 Radio Bearers ....................................................................................................................... 3-5

3.4 IMS Signaling over HSPA.............................................................................................................. 3-5

3.4.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 3-5

3.4.2 Basic Principle ...................................................................................................................... 3-6

3.4.3 Radio Bearers ....................................................................................................................... 3-6

3.4.4 Scheduling ............................................................................................................................ 3-6

3.5 HSDPA over Iur ............................................................................................................................. 3-7

3.5.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 3-7

3.5.2 Basic Principle ...................................................................................................................... 3-7

3.6 HSUPA over Iur ............................................................................................................................. 3-8

3.6.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 3-8

3.6.2 Basic Principle ...................................................................................................................... 3-8

3.7 HSUPA 2ms TTI ............................................................................................................................ 3-9

3.8 HS-DPCCH Preamble Support ..................................................................................................... 3-9

3.8.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 3-9

3.8.2 Basic Principle ...................................................................................................................... 3-9

4 HSPA+ Introduced in RAN 11.0 ............................................................................................. 4-1

4.1 Overview ....................................................................................................................................... 4-1

4.2 Downlink Enhanced L2 ................................................................................................................. 4-2

4.2.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 4-2

4.2.2 Basic Principle ...................................................................................................................... 4-2

4.2.3 Radio Bearers ....................................................................................................................... 4-3

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4.3 Downlink MIMO ............................................................................................................................. 4-4

4.4 Downlink 64QAM........................................................................................................................... 4-4

4.4.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 4-4

4.4.2 Basic Principle ...................................................................................................................... 4-5

4.4.3 Downlink 64QAM Selection .................................................................................................. 4-6

4.5 Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH Operation ................................................................................ 4-8

4.5.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 4-8

4.5.2 Basic Principle ...................................................................................................................... 4-8

4.5.3 Radio Bearers ....................................................................................................................... 4-9

4.5.4 State Transition ................................................................................................................... 4-10

4.5.5 Power Control ..................................................................................................................... 4-11

4.5.6 Scheduling .......................................................................................................................... 4-12

4.5.7 Flow Control ....................................................................................................................... 4-12

4.6 CPC DTX-DRX ............................................................................................................................ 4-13

4.6.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................. 4-13

4.6.2 Basic Principle .................................................................................................................... 4-13

4.6.3 Radio Bearers ..................................................................................................................... 4-14

4.6.4 Transmission Pattern .......................................................................................................... 4-15

4.7 CPC HS-SCCH Less Operation .................................................................................................. 4-16

4.7.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................. 4-16

4.7.2 Basic Principle .................................................................................................................... 4-17

4.7.3 Radio Bearers ..................................................................................................................... 4-18

5 HSPA+ Introduced in RAN12.0 .............................................................................................. 5-1

5.1 Overview ....................................................................................................................................... 5-1

5.2 Downlink MIMO with 64QAM ........................................................................................................ 5-2

5.2.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 5-2

5.2.2 Basic Principle ...................................................................................................................... 5-2

5.2.3 Radio Bearer Scheme .......................................................................................................... 5-3

5.2.4 Scheduling Method ............................................................................................................... 5-4

5.3 DC-HSDPA .................................................................................................................................... 5-4

5.4 Uplink Enhanced L2 ...................................................................................................................... 5-4

5.4.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 5-5

5.4.2 Basic Principle ...................................................................................................................... 5-5

5.4.3 Radio Bearer Scheme .......................................................................................................... 5-6

5.5 Uplink 16QAM ............................................................................................................................... 5-6

5.5.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 5-6

5.5.2 Basic Principle ...................................................................................................................... 5-7

5.5.3 Radio Bearer Scheme .......................................................................................................... 5-8

5.5.4 Scheduling Method ............................................................................................................... 5-9

6 Parameters.................................................................................................................................. 6-1

7 Counters ...................................................................................................................................... 7-1

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8 Glossary ...................................................................................................................................... 8-1

9 Appendix ..................................................................................................................................... 9-1

9.1 HS-DSCH Category ...................................................................................................................... 9-1

9.2 E-DCH Category ........................................................................................................................... 9-2

9.3 Improved CE Mapping for E-DCH ................................................................................................. 9-3

9.4 HSPA and HSPA+ Specifications .................................................................................................. 9-3

10 Reference Documents ......................................................................................................... 10-1

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WCDMA RAN

HSPA Evolution 1 Introduction

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1 Introduction

1.1 Scope

This document describes the HSPA evolution features introduced in RAN10.0 and later versions. The features included in versions earlier than RAN10.0 are not described in this document.

1.2 Intended Audience

This document is intended for:

Personnel who are familiar with WCDMA basics

Personnel who need to understand HSPA+

Personnel who work with Huawei products

1.3 Change History

This section provides information on the changes in different document versions.

There are two types of changes, which are defined as follows:

Feature change: refers to the change in the HSPA+ feature.

Editorial change: refers to the change in wording or the addition of the information that was not described in the earlier version.

Document Issues

The document issues are as follows:

02 (2010-06-20)

01 (2010-03-30)

Draft (2009-12-05)

02 (2010-06-20)

This is the document for the second commercial release of RAN12.0.

Compared with issue 01 (2010-03-30) of RAN12.0, this issue optimizes the description.

Change Type Change Description Parameter Change

Feature change The description of downlink enhanced L2 is optimized. For details, see 4.2 “Downlink Enhanced L2.”

None

The information about MIMO is optimized, and the information about performance Improvement in MIMO+HSDPA scenario is added. And the section about MIMO in this document is transferred to the MIMO Feature Parameter Description.

None.

Editorial change None. None.

01 (2010-03-30)

This is the document for the first commercial release of RAN12.0.

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1 Introduction

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Compared with issue Draft (2009-12-05) of RAN12.0, this issue optimizes the description.

Draft (2009-12-05)

This is the draft of the document for RAN12.0.

Compared with issue 02 (2009-06-30) of RAN11.0, this issue incorporates the changes described in the following table.

Change Type Change Description Parameter Change

Feature change The information about the HSPA+ in RAN12.0 is added. For details, see 5 "HSPA+ Introduced in RAN12.0."

The parameters added are as follows:

MIMOor64QAMSwitch

MIMO64QAMorDCHSDPASwitch

RlcPduMaxSizeForUlL2Enhance

RlcPduMinSizeForUlL2Enhance

Editorial change The organization of the document is optimized. The description of the requirements of each HSPA+ technology for the original system is added.

None.

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WCDMA RAN

HSPA Evolution 2 Overview of HSPA and HSPA+

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2 Overview of HSPA and HSPA+

3GPP introduces a series of new features to enhance HSPA (including HSDPA and HSUPA). All the enhanced HSPA features of release 7 and beyond are collectively termed HSPA+. With regard to network performance, HSPA+ helps to reduce service delay, increase peak data rates, improve spectral efficiency, increase system capacity, and reduce UE power consumption.

HSPA+ technologies are enhanced accordingly with the evolution of 3GPP releases. Figure 2-1 shows the development of HSPA and HSPA+ technologies.

Figure 2-1 Development of 3GPP HSPA and HSPA+ technologies

Table 2-1 lists the HSPA and HSPA+ technologies implemented in Huawei RAN. The features provided in versions earlier than RAN10.0 are described in HSDPA Feature Parameter Description and HSUPA Feature Parameter Description.

Table 2-1 HSPA and HSPA+ technologies implemented in Huawei RAN

3GPP Version HSPA and HSPA+ Technology RAN Version

Release 5 HSDPA over Iur RAN10.0

Release 6 HSUPA Over Iur RAN10.0

SRB over HSDPA RAN10.0

SRB over HSUPA RAN10.0

F-DPCH RAN10.0

Release 7 Downlink enhanced L2 RAN 11.0

2x2 MIMO RAN 11.0

Downlink 64QAM RAN 11.0

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2 Overview of HSPA and HSPA+

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3GPP Version HSPA and HSPA+ Technology RAN Version

Downlink enhanced CELL_FACH operation RAN 11.0

Continuous packet connectivity (CPC) RAN 11.0

Uplink 16QAM RAN 12.0

Release 8 Uplink enhanced L2 RAN 12.0

Downlink MIMO+64QAM RAN 12.0

DC-HSDPA RAN 12.0

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HSPA Evolution 3 HSPA Introduced in RAN10.0

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3 HSPA Introduced in RAN10.0

3.1 F-DPCH

3.1.1 Overview

F-DPCH is a fractional dedicated physical channel in the downlink. It carries only transmit power control (TPC) commands for associated UEs.

The F-DPCH can help to save the downlink code resource used by the associated dedicated physical channel (A-DPCH). Up to 10 UEs can share one F-DPCH and the F-DPCH uses a single channelization code.

Table 3-1 lists the requirements of the F-DPCH.

Table 3-1 Requirements of the F-DPCH

Item Requirement

CN None

RNC The RNC needs to support the F-DPCH and the bearer scheme of signaling radio bearer (SRB) over HSDPA.

If a UE is configured with an F-DPCH, the RNC needs to configure all the radio bearers (RBs) of this UE on the high-speed downlink shared channel (HS-DSCH) but does not need to configure any dedicated channel (DCH) for this UE.

The RNC needs to support the open-loop power control and outer-loop power control of the F-DPCH.

NodeB The NodeB needs to support the F-DPCH and inner-loop power control.

UE The UE needs to support the F-DPCH and the bearer scheme of SRB over HSDPA.

3.1.2 Basic Principle

In 3GPP Release 5, each HSDPA UE must have an A-DPCH to carry the TPC command and SRBs. In Release 6, the F-DPCH is introduced to save the code resource.

F-DPCH Frame Format

Figure 3-1 shows the frame format of the F-DPCH. If a UE is configured with an F-DPCH, all the RBs of this UE are mapped onto the HS-DSCH instead of the dedicated physical data channel (DPDCH). The F-DPCH carries only the TPC command because the pilot and transport format combination indicator (TFCI) are no more required.

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Figure 3-1 Frame format of the F-DPCH

The number of bits in each TX OFF period and the number of NTPC bits are listed in Table 3-2 . Each slot format corresponds to a set of TX OFF periods within an F-DPCH slot. Slot format 0 is the legacy of 3GPP Release 6, and other nine slot formats are introduced in Release 7.

Table 3-2 F-DPCH Frame Format

Slot Format

Channel Bit Rate

(kbps)

Channel Symbol Rate

(ksps)

SF Bits per Slot

NOFF1

(bits/slot)

NTPC

(bits/slot)

NOFF2

(bits/slot)

0 3 1.5 256 20 2 2 16

1 3 1.5 256 20 4 2 14

2 3 1.5 256 20 6 2 12

3 3 1.5 256 20 8 2 10

4 3 1.5 256 20 10 2 8

5 3 1.5 256 20 12 2 6

6 3 1.5 256 20 14 2 4

7 3 1.5 256 20 16 2 2

8 3 1.5 256 20 18 2 0

9 3 1.5 256 20 0 2 18

F-DPCH Multiplexing

The F-DPCH is specified by a single channelization code and can be shared by up to 10 UEs through time division multiplexing, as shown in Figure 3-2. The original timing is retained. Therefore, there is no need to adjust the timing for inner-loop power control.

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Figure 3-2 F-DPCH multiplexing

If the uplink DPCCH is not transmitted in some slots, the NodeB cannot estimate the uplink signal-to-interference ratio (SIR). Therefore, the NodeB does not transmit a TPC command in the downlink, and the UE cannot receive any TPC command on the F-DPCH.

The F-DPCH is not used if the services of a UE need to be mapped onto the DPCH or if all the downlink services and signaling of a UE cannot be mapped onto the HS-DSCH.

In 3GPP Release 6, the F-DPCH TPCs sent from different cells to a UE must have the same offset timing. In Release 7, however, these TPCs can have different timings with the introduction of the enhanced F-DPCH with slot formats of 1 to 9. For these slot formats, RRC signaling is handled separately. To support the enhanced F-DPCH, the HspaEnhSwitch parameter needs to be set to E_F_DPCH_ON.

When a UE configured with an F-DPCH is admitted to a cell, the RNC dynamically allocates a symbol on the F-DPCH. Here, a symbol corresponds to a TPC command. If the RNC cannot find the proper symbol, it dynamically allocates a new F-DPCH channelization code for the UE.

The F-DPCH power is controlled through open-loop power control and closed-loop power control. For details, see the Power Control Feature Parameter Description.

To support the F-DPCH, the NodeB protocol version (NodeBProtclVer) needs to be set to Release 6 or later.

3.2 SRB over HSDPA

3.2.1 Overview

SRB over HSDPA (WRFD-010652 SRB over HSDPA) is a feature that enables downlink SRBs to be carried on HSDPA.

The SRB over HSDPA feature has the following benefits, compared with SRB over DCH:

Provides higher signaling rates and thereby shortening call processing delay

Reduces the consumption of code and transmission resources

Lightens the cell load

The requirements of SRB over HSDPA are listed in Table 3-3.

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Table 3-3 Requirements of SRB over HSDPA

Item Requirement

CN None

RNC The RNC needs to control the bearer scheme of SRB over HSDPA.

If the SRBs of a UE need to be carried on HSDPA, the RNC must configure an F-DPCH for the UE.

NodeB The NodeB needs to preferentially schedule the SRBs that are carried on HSDPA.

UE The UE needs to support the F-DPCH and SRB over HSDPA.

3.2.2 Basic Principle

SRB over HSDPA is introduced in 3GPP Release 6. After this feature is enabled, all downlink RBs of a UE are carried on HSDPA, and the A-DPCH is replaced with the F-DPCH.

SRB over HSDPA saves the code resource. When the code resource is limited prior to the power resource, the cell capacity gets affected. In this case, SRBs should be established over HSDPA rather than over DCH.

SRB over HSDPA can be applied during the RRC connection setup procedure or other procedures such as mobility management.

The application of SRB over HSDPA or over DCH is configurable. In addition, whether SRB over HSDPA is applied during RRC connection setup can be configured. For details about SRB bearer schemes, see the Radio Bearers Feature Parameter Description.

SRB over DCH can be modified to SRB over HSDPA under some conditions, for example, if the target cell for a handover supports HSDPA but the source cell does not. SRB over HSDPA can also be modified to SRB over DCH if the source cell supports HSDPA but the target cell does not.

3.2.3 Radio Bearers

During the setup of an RRC connection, SRBs can be carried on the HS-DSCH if the following conditions are met:

The SrbChlTypeRrcEffectFlag parameter is set to TRUE.

The SrbChlType parameter is set to HSDPA or HSPA.

During the setup of a traffic radio bearer (TRB), SBRs that were not carried on the HS-DSCH before can be carried on the HS-DSCH through reconfiguration if the following conditions are met:

The channel types selected by all the TRBs are HS-DSCH.

The SrbChlType parameter is set to HSDPA or HSPA.

3.3 SRB over HSUPA

3.3.1 Overview

SRB over HSUPA (WRFD-010636 SRB over HSUPA) is a feature that enables uplink SRBs to be carried on HSUPA.

The SRB over HSUPA feature has the following benefits, compared with SRB over DCH:

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Provides higher signaling rates and thereby shortening call processing delay

Reduces the transmission resource consumption

The requirements of SRB over HSUPA are listed in Table 3-4.

Table 3-4 Requirements of SRB over HSUPA

Item Requirement

CN None

RNC The RNC needs to control the bearer scheme of SRB over HSUPA.

NodeB The NodeB needs to use a non-scheduling mode for SRB over HSUPA.

UE The UE needs to support SRB over HSUPA.

3.3.2 Basic Principle

SRB over HSUPA is introduced in 3GPP Release 6. After this feature is enabled, all uplink RBs of a UE are carried on HSUPA, and the A-DPCH is replaced with the F-DPCH.

SRB over HSUPA provides higher transmission rates and improves transmission resource efficiency. Therefore, it is more appropriate to map SRBs onto HSUPA rather than onto DCH.

SRB over HSUPA can be applied during the RRC connection setup procedure or other procedures such as mobility management.

The application of SRB over HSUPA or over DCH is configurable. In addition, whether SRB over HSUPA is applied during RRC connection setup can be configured. For details about the SRB bearer schemes, see the Radio Bearers Feature Parameter Description.

SRB over DCH can be modified to SRB over HSUPA under some conditions, for example, if the target cell for a handover supports HSUPA but the source cell does not. SRB over HSUPA can also be modified SRB over DCH if the source cell supports HSUPA but the target cell does not.

3.3.3 Radio Bearers

During the setup of an RRC connection, SRBs can be carried on the E-DCH if the following conditions are met:

The SrbChlTypeRrcEffectFlag parameter is set to TRUE.

The SrbChlType parameter is set to HSUPA or HSPA.

During the setup of a TRB, SBRs that were not carried on the E-DCH before can be carried on the E-DCH if the following conditions are met:

The channel types selected by all the TRBs are E-DCH.

The SrbChlType parameter is set to HSUPA or HSPA.

3.4 IMS Signaling over HSPA

3.4.1 Overview

IMS Signaling over HSPA (WRFD-010618 IMS Signaling over HSPA) is a feature that enables IMS signaling to be carried on HSPA.

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IMS signaling over HSPA can shorten the setup delay of IMS services like VoIP to save network resources for the operator.

The requirements of IMS signaling over HSPA are listed in the following table.

Table 3-5 Requirements of IMS signaling over HSPA

Item Requirement

CN The CN needs to support the signaling indication over Iu interface.

RNC The RNC needs to provide the bearer scheme of IMS Signaling over HSPA.

NodeB None

UE The UE needs to support the IMS Signaling over HSPA.

3.4.2 Basic Principle

This feature is introduced in 3GPP R5.

The IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) is an open and standardized architectural framework for delivering Internet Protocol (IP) multimedia services to mobile users. With this feature, operators provide network-controlled multimedia services by combining voice and data in a single packet switched network.

IMS uses Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) as the key control protocol, and implements service management in the UTRAN. Such SIP signaling is indicated by the CN in the RAB Assignment Request message. The RAB should be an interactive QoS class service. With F-DPCH, the signaling RB can be carried on HSPA, which improves the performance for IMS service.

The type of channels carrying IMS signaling is configurable separately on the downlink and uplink at cell level. That is, when HSPA is chosen as the bearer with high priority, maximum IMS signaling will be set up on it. If the setup is not successful, for example, due to admission control, a periodical timer will be started to trigger the reconfiguration of the HSPA procedure.

3.4.3 Radio Bearers

The IMS signaling can be carried on the DCH, HS-DSCH, or E-DCH.

In the downlink, if ImsChlType is set to HSDPA or HSPA, the IMS signaling is carried on the HS-DSCH. Otherwise, the IMS signaling is carried on the DCH.

In the uplink, if ImsChlType is set to HSPA, the IMS signaling is carried on the E-DCH. Otherwise, the IMS signaling is carried on the DCH.

3.4.4 Scheduling

In the downlink, HSDPA scheduler schedules IMS signaling preferentially.

In the uplink, HSUPA provide the options for scheduling IMS signaling. You can set the scheduling mode through the UlIMSTransModeOnHsupa parameter.

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3.5 HSDPA over Iur

3.5.1 Overview

HSDPA over Iur (WRFD-010651 HSDPA over Iur) is a feature that enables HSDPA services to be carried on the Iur interface.

The HSDPA over Iur feature provides continuous HSDPA services for UEs moving between RNCs.

The requirements of HSDPA over Iur are listed in Table 3-6.

Table 3-6 Requirements of HSDPA over Iur

Item Requirement

CN None

RNC The RNC needs to support HSDPA over Iur.

NodeB None

UE None

3.5.2 Basic Principle

HSDPA over Iur is introduced in 3GPP Release 5. This feature can be applied when the HSDPA serving cell is under the drifting RNC (DRNC).

HSDPA over Iur provides the following functions:

HSDPA service management over Iur

HSDPA service management over Iur involves HSDPA service setup, modification, release, and state transition over the Iur interface.

The HSDPA service of a UE can be set up, modified, or released over the Iur interface if one of the following conditions is met:

− The UE is in CELL_DCH state and a DRNC cell is in the active set.

− The UE is in CELL_FACH state and camps on a DRNC cell.

Whether the Iur interface supports HSDPA services can be set through the IurHsdpaSuppInd parameter.

HSDPA mobility management over Iur

HSDPA mobility management over Iur involves hard handover, cell update due to radio link failure, and serving cell change over the Iur interface.

HSDPA static relocation

When the Iur interface is congested, HSDPA static relocation function can be triggered, if the HSDPA service is carried on the Iur interface and the radio links are provided only by the target RNC.

HSDPA service pre-emption at the DRNC

When a new HSDPA service cannot be admitted to the network, the controlling RNC (CRNC) may trigger a pre-emption of other HSDPA services that have lower priorities. If the CRNC is the DRNC, it sends a RADIO LINK PREEMPTION REQUIRED INDICATION message to the serving RNC (SRNC), and then the SRNC releases the HSDPA services specified in the message.

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3.6 HSUPA over Iur

3.6.1 Overview

HSUPA over Iur (WRFD-010635 HSUPA over Iur) is a feature that enables HSUPA services to be carried on the Iur interface.

The HSUPA over Iur feature provides continuous HSUPA services for UEs moving between the RNCs.

The requirements of HSUPA over Iur are listed in Table 3-7.

Table 3-7 Requirements of HSUPA over Iur

Item Requirement

CN None

RNC The RNC needs to support HSUPA over Iur.

NodeB None

UE None

3.6.2 Basic Principle

HSUPA over Iur is introduced in 3GPP Release 6. This feature can be applied when the DRNC cell is in the E-DCH active set.

HSUPA over Iur provides the following functions:

HSUPA service management over Iur

HSUPA service management over Iur involves HSUPA service setup, modification, release, and dynamic channel configuration control (DCCC).

The HSUPA service of a UE can be set up, modified, or released over the Iur interface if one of the following conditions is met:

− The UE is in CELL_DCH state and a DRNC cell is in the E-DCH active set.

− The UE is in CELL_FACH state and camps on a DRNC cell.

Whether the Iur interface supports HSUPA can be set through the parameter IurHsupaSuppInd.

HSUPA mobility management over Iur

HSUPA mobility management over Iur includes soft handover, hard handover, cell update due to radio link failure, and serving cell change over the Iur interface.

HSUPA static relocation

When the Iur interface is congested, HSUPA static relocation can be triggered, if the HSUPA service is carried on the Iur interface and the radio links are provided only by the target RNC.

HSUPA service pre-emption at the DRNC

When a new HSUPA service cannot be admitted to the network, the CRNC may trigger a pre-emption of other HSUPA services that have lower priorities. If the CRNC is the DRNC, it sends a RADIO LINK PREEMPTION REQUIRED INDICATION message to the SRNC, and then the SRNC releases the HSUPA services specified in the message.

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3.7 HSUPA 2ms TTI

The 2ms TTI of HSUPA (WRFD-01061403 HSUPA 2ms TTI) enables a single user to obtain a higher UL throughput and to experience shorter delay.

HSUPA has the followingace advantages if a shorter TTI is used on the Uu interface::

Faster data scheduling

Higher UL peak data rate

Lower latency

There are two Transmission Time Intervals (TTIs) defined in the 3GPP protocol for HSUPA. 10 ms TTI is mandatory for all HSUPA capable UEs while 2 ms TTI is optional. Switching between the two TTIs is performed by UTRAN through L3 signaling.

For details of radio bearer scheme of 2ms TTI, see Radio Bearers Feature Parameter Description.

For details of handover between 2ms cells and 10ms cells, see Handover Feature Parameter Description.

3.8 HS-DPCCH Preamble Support

3.8.1 Overview

High-speed dedicated physical control channel (HS-DPCCH) preamble is a feature that enables the transmission of a special preamble subframe before an ACK/NACK subframe on the HS-DPCCH.

The HS-DPCCH preamble feature has the following advantages:

Improves transmission reliability

Enables the NodeB to distinguish between DTX subframe and ACK/NACK subframe without requiring high ACK/NACK transmit power

The requirements of HS-DPCCH preamble are listed in Table 3-8.

Table 3-8 Requirements of HS-DPCCH preamble

Item Requirement

CN None

RNC The RNC supports HS-DPCCH preamble.

NodeB The NodeB supports HS-DPCCH preamble.

UE The UE supports HS-DPCCH preamble.

3.8.2 Basic Principle

The HS-DPCCH carries uplink feedback signaling related to downlink HS-DSCH transmission. The signaling consists of Hybrid-ARQ Acknowledgement (HARQ-ACK) and Channel-Quality Indication (CQI).

Before the HS-DPCCH preamble feature was introduced, a UE replies with an ACK/NACK if the UE detects a high-speed shared control channel (HS-SCCH). If the UE does not detect any HS-SCCH, it replies with a DTX subframe. To reduce the probability that the NodeB decodes the DTX subframe as an ACK/NACK subframe by mistake, the UE should increase the ACK/NACK transmit power.

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The HS-DPCCH preamble feature provides an enhanced way to reduce decoding errors. A special preamble is sent before an ACK/NACK on the HS-DPCCH. In this way, the probability of mis-decoding is reduced, because a decoding error can occur only when the NodeB decodes at least two successive timeslots erroneously. As a result, the same performance of the HARQ-ACK field detection function is maintained with lower power.

Figure 3-3 HS-DPCCH preamble

To enable this feature, activate the corresponding license without the need of setting the parameters.

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4 HSPA+ Introduced in RAN 11.0

4.1 Overview

HSPA+ (also known as HSPA evolution) is introduced in 3GPP Release 7. It is an enhancement of HSPA, which is introduced in 3GPP Release 6. Compared with HSPA, HSPA+ enhances both uplink and downlink transmission capabilities.

Figure 4-1 shows the HSPA+ features in RAN11.0 and the relations among these features.

Figure 4-1 Features in RAN11.0 and the relations among these features

The HSPA+ features in RAN11.0 are described in Table 4-1.

Table 4-1 HSPA+ features in RAN11.0

Feature Name Description

Downlink

enhanced L2

Downlink enhanced L2 allows flexible PDU sizes at the RLC layer and segmentation at the MAC layer on the Uu interface. The feature prevents L2 from becoming the bottleneck of Uu rate increasing by multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and 64QAM.

Downlink

MIMO

Downlink MIMO increases transmission rates through spatial multiplexing and improves channel qualities through space diversity. The network side can dynamically select single-stream transmission or dual-stream transmission based on channel conditions. The peak rate at the MAC layer can reach 28 Mbit/s.

Downlink

64QAM

Downlink 64QAM allows the use of 64QAM in HSDPA to increase the number of bits per symbol and thus to obtain higher transmission rates. The peak rate at the MAC layer can reach 21 Mbit/s.

Downlink enhanced CELL_FACH operation

Downlink enhanced CELL_FACH operation allows the use of HSDPA technologies for the UEs in CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, and URA_PCH states. The purpose is to increase the peak rates in these states, reduce the signaling transmission delay during service setup or state transition, and improve user experience.

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Feature Name Description

CPC Continuous packet connectivity (CPC) allows uplink and downlink transmissions at regular intervals. CPC reduces the transmit power and thus prolongs the UE battery life because the UE does not have to monitor and transmit overhead channels in each TTl. The reduction in the transmit power also helps to increase the uplink capacity by decreasing the total interference. This improvement is significant when users such as VoIP users transmit data discontinuously.

The CPC feature consists of DTX-DTX, and HS-SCCH Less Operation.

The impacts of the introduction of HSPA+ in RAN11.0 on power control are as follows:

HS-DPCCH power control is not changed. For details, see the Power Control Feature Parameter Description.

HS-SCCH power control in enhanced CELL_FACH state is introduced. For details, see 4.5.5 "Power Control."

For details of the HSPA+ handover, see Handover Feature Parameter Description.

4.2 Downlink Enhanced L2

This section describes the feature WRFD-010685 Downlink Enhanced L2.

4.2.1 Overview

HSPA+ features such as downlink MIMO and downlink 64QAM increase downlink rates on the Uu interface. The original downlink L2 function cannot adapt to such high rates. To prevent L2 from becoming the bottleneck of the network, 3GPP introduces enhancements to L2, including flexible PDU sizes at the RLC layer and segmentation at the MAC layer.

This section mainly describes the basic principle and the radio bearer scheme of downlink enhanced L2.

4.2.2 Basic Principle

L2 initially used fixed RLC PDU sizes. The typical fixed sizes are 336 bits and 656 bits. They cannot meet the requirement of high-speed transmission for larger RLC PDU sizes or the requirement of edge coverage for smaller RLC PDU sizes. The reasons are as follows:

A small fixed RLC PDU size, together with a limited RLC sending window size, limits the maximum transmission rate at the RLC layer. Figure 4-2 shows a typical example, in which the maximum bit rate (MBR) at the RLC layer is limited to 13.4 Mbit/s. This rate is lower than the peak rates achieved by downlink 64QAM (21 Mbit/s) and downlink MIMO (28 Mbit/s).

Figure 4-2 MBR limited by a fixed PDU size

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A large fixed RLC PDU size limits the cell coverage because the RLC PDU cannot be segmented under the RLC layer.

The enhancements to L2 in the downlink are as follows:

Enhancing the RLC entity to support flexible RLC PDU sizes

Adding a MAC entity, that is, the MAC-ehs, for data segmentation at the MAC layer and for multiplexing the queues of different priorities

Figure 4-3 shows the impact of downlink enhanced L2.

Figure 4-3 Impact of downlink enhanced L2

After the introduction of flexible RLC PDU sizes, the RLC layer will not segment higher-layer packets whose sizes are smaller than the maximum RLC PDU size. The RLC layer can flexibly adapt to variations in traffic volume and reduce the overhead of the RLC PDU header. The Length Indicator field in an RLC PDU indicates the size of the PDU. This field may consist of 7 or 15 bits. 7 bits are used to transmit a small amount of data; 15 bits are used to transmit large amount of data. For details, see section "Length Indicator (LI)" in 3GPP TS 25.331.

After the RLC PDU reaches the MAC layer, the MAC-ehs in the NodeB determines whether to segment this PDU into smaller PDUs based on instantaneous radio conditions. When the channel conditions of the UE are poor (for example, on the cell edge) and the Uu interface fails to transmit an entire RLC PDU, the MAC-ehs can segment the RLC PDU into smaller PDUs for transmission at lower rates to ensure service continuity.

For each cell, there is one MAC-ehs entity in the NodeB. For details about the MAC-ehs entity, see section "MAC-ehs entity UTRAN Side" in 3GPP TS 25.321.

4.2.3 Radio Bearers

The RNC determines whether to select downlink enhanced L2 for the UE based on the radio bearer scheme and the capabilities of both the cell and the UE.

Downlink enhanced L2 is not selected for the signaling radio bearer (SRB) during the RRC connection setup procedure. The SRB is reconfigured with downlink enhanced L2 if the SRB selects the HS-DSCH

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as the transport channel and the downlink enhanced L2 feature is applied to the traffic radio bearer (TRB). Downlink enhanced L2 can be applied to the SRB even after the TRB is released.

During the service setup procedure, downlink enhanced L2 can be selected if the following conditions are met:

Downlink enhanced L2 is supported by both the network and the UE, and it is activated.

To activate downlink enhanced L2, select DL_L2ENHANCED of the HspaPlusSwitch parameter.

The service type is PS streaming service or PS BE service.

The downlink HS-DSCH and uplink E-DCH/DCH are selected as the transport channels.

When downlink enhanced L2 is selected for the UE, the maximum size of downlink PDUs can be specified by the MacPduMaxSizeForDlL2Enhance parameter.

4.3 Downlink MIMO

This section describes the WRFD-010684 2×2 MIMO feature.

HSPA+ uses 2x2 downlink MIMO to increase the single-user throughput and to improve the system performance.

Downlink MIMO increases transmission rates through spatial multiplexing and improves channel qualities through space diversity. The peak rate at the MAC layer can reach 28 Mbit/s.

Simulation results show that downlink MIMO achieves a relatively low gain in the macro-cell scenario and a relatively high gain in the micro-cell or indoor scenario. Therefore, downlink MIMO is recommended in the micro-cell scenario and the indoor scenario, where the cell should be well isolated from other cells. When the UE uses the Type3 receiver, downlink MIMO can achieve a high gain even in the macro-cell scenario. This type of UE has the equalization reception and interference cancellation functions.

Downlink MIMO is an optional feature. A prerequisite for using it is that HSDPA and downlink enhanced L2 are activated.

For details, see the MIMO Feature Parameter Description.

4.4 Downlink 64QAM

This section describes the WRFD-010683 Downlink 64QAM feature.

4.4.1 Overview

HSPA+ introduces 64QAM in the downlink. Downlink 64QAM is a new higher-order modulation scheme. Theoretically, downlink 64QAM can provide a peak rate of 21 Mbit/s for a single UE. It enables the UEs with favorable channel conditions to download data at higher rates. It also improves user experience, and increases the competitiveness of the telecom operator.

Downlink 64QAM is an optional feature. A prerequisite for using downlink 64QAM is that HSDPA and downlink enhanced L2 are activated.

Downlink 64QAM needs support from the CN, RAN, and UE. The requirements of 64QAM are listed in Table 4-2.

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Table 4-2 Requirements of downlink 64QAM

Item Requirement

CN The CN of 3GPP Release 6 supports 8 Mbit/s in the uplink and 16 Mbit/s in the downlink. To support the peak rate of 21 Mbit/s in downlink 64QAM mode, the CN needs to support 3GPP Release 7.

RNC 64QAM depends on downlink enhanced L2, which requires the RNC to support flexible RLC PDU sizes.

The RNC also needs to control the use of 64QAM during RB setup, reconfiguration, and handover.

NodeB The NodeB needs to select a modulation scheme (64QAM or non-64QAM) for every TTI through TFRC selection.

UE The UE needs to support HS-DSCH category 13, 14, 17, 18, 19, or 20.

4.4.2 Basic Principle

High-order modulation significantly increases the data rates of UEs with favorable channel conditions (that is, with high SNRs). Thus, UEs with low SNRs (for example, on the cell edge) can be allocated more resources. As a result, this feature increases the data rates and improves the experience of all users in the cell.

AMC introduced in the HSDPA enables adaptation of modulation and coding to varying radio conditions.

Figure 4-4 shows the modulation schemes for HSPA+.

Figure 4-4 Modulation schemes for HSPA+

As shown in Figure 4-4, the data capacity (unit: bits/symbol) of 16QAM is 2 times that of QPSK. The data capacity of 64QAM is 1.5 times that of 16QAM. Therefore, 64QAM can provide higher transmission rates on the Uu interface.

Using the 64QAM mode in the downlink of HSPA+ enables each symbol to carry six bits.

In RAN11.0, a UE cannot use MIMO and 64QAM simultaneously. When both of them are supported, the parameter MIMOor64QAMSwitch specifies whether to use MIMO or 64QAM .

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4.4.3 Downlink 64QAM Selection

Overview

Figure 4-5 shows the process of downlink 64QAM selection.

Figure 4-5 Process of downlink 64QAM selection

As shown in Figure 4-5, downlink 64QAM selection is determined by the RNC, NodeB, and UE. The selection process is as follows:

2. Based on the traffic class and radio bearer scheme, the RNC determines whether to configure downlink 64QAM for the UE. If the RNC determines to configure downlink 64QAM, it instructs the NodeB to allocate resources for the UE.

3. Based on the CQI, power resource, and code resource, the TFRC selection function of the NodeB determines whether to use downlink 64QAM and notifies the UE of the result through the HS-SCCH in each TTI.

For details about TFRC selection, see the HSDPA Feature Parameter Description. This section mainly describes the changes in TFRC selection for downlink 64QAM.

4. The UE uses downlink 64QAM if the NodeB determines to use downlink 64QAM and the UE supports downlink 64QAM.

In other words, the RNC determines whether the UE can be configured with downlink 64QAM and the NodeB determines when the UE can use downlink 64QAM.

Radio Bearers

During the service setup procedure, the RNC configures downlink 64QAM for the UE according to the radio bearer scheme. Downlink 64QAM can be selected if the following conditions are met.

Downlink 64QAM and downlink enhanced L2 are supported by the network and the UE, and both of them are activated.

To activate downlink 64QAM, select 64QAM of the HspaPlusSwitch parameter, and CFG_HSDPA_64QAM_SWITCH of the CfgSwitch parameter.

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To activate downlink enhanced L2, select DL_L2ENHANCED of the HspaPlusSwitch parameter.

The service type is PS streaming service or PS BE service.

The downlink HS-DSCH and uplink E-DCH/DCH are selected as the transport channels.

The MIMOor64QAMSwitch parameter is set to 64QAM, or MIMO is not activated.

In the case of combined services, if one of the combined services meets the conditions of applying the downlink 64QAM, the combined services is configured with downlink 64QAM.

TFRC Selection

The TFRC selection function of the NodeB MAC-ehs can dynamically select QPSK, 16QAM, or 64QAM for transmission based on the channel conditions and available transmission resources on the Uu interface. For the UEs with favorable channel conditions, the TFRC selection function applies 64QAM to increase the data rates. For the UEs with unfavorable channel conditions, the TFRC selection function applies QPSK or 16QAM to implement lower-speed transmission and to ensure the transmission quality.

The CQI, available power, and number of HS-PDSCH codes have impacts on modulation scheme selection.

After a service is set up on the HS-DSCH, the UE has to monitor the HS-SCCHs in each TTI and report CQIs periodically even if there is no data on the HS-DSCH.

The data of the UE is scheduled or handled by TFRC only after the NodeB receives the CQIs from the UE.

For details about TFRC selection, see the HSDPA Feature Parameter Description.

Modulation Information Transmission Through HS-SCCH

Downlink 64QAM uses HS-SCCH type 1 to transmit HSDPA control information, including the modulation scheme. The HS-SCCH format in downlink 64QAM is similar to that before downlink 64QAM is introduced. The only difference is that the meaning of the modulation scheme field is changed.

Before the introduction of 64QAM, the modulation scheme (QPSK or 16QAM) is indicated by the Modulation Scheme Information field of the HS-SCCH.

After the introduction of 64QAM, the modulation scheme (QPSK or QAM) is also indicated by the Modulation Scheme Information field. If QAM is selected, the modulation scheme (16QAM or 64QAM) is further indicated by the last bit of the Channelization Code-Set Information field. For details, see section "Coding for HS-SCCH type 1" in 3GPP TS 25.212.

Table 4-3 lists the HS-SCCH changes for 64QAM.

Table 4-3 HS-SCCH changes for 64QAM

HS-SCCH Part 1 "Modulation Scheme" Field Last Bit of "Channelization Code-Set" Field

Before the introduction of 64QAM

0: QPSK Not used

1: 16QAM

After the introduction of 64QAM

0: QPSK Not used

1: QAM 0: 16QAM

1: 64QAM

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4.5 Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH Operation

This section describes the WRFD-010688 Downlink Enhanced CELL-FACH Operation feature.

4.5.1 Overview

A UE in connected mode can be in CELL_DCH, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, or URA_PCH state. HSPA significantly increases the uplink and downlink peak rates when the UE is in CELL_DCH state. The purpose of Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH Operation is to allow the use of HSDPA in CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, and URA_PCH states. The enhancements include flexible allocation of resources, increased data rates, and reduced transmission delays. RAN11.0 does not support HSDPA when UEs are in CELL_PCH or URA_PCH state.

Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation is an optional feature. It is dependent on HSDPA and downlink enhanced L2.

Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation needs support from the CN, RAN, and UE. The requirements of Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation are listed in Table 4-4.

Table 4-4 Requirements of Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH Operation

Item Requirement

CN There is no special requirement for the CN.

RNC Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation depends on downlink enhanced L2.

HSPA+ requires two new states: CELL_DCH (CPC) state and enhanced CELL_FACH state. The RNC needs to implement the state transitions between the two new states and the four legacy states (namely, CELL_DCH (non-CPC), CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, and URA_PCH).

The RNC needs to supplement the power control scheme for the HS-SCCH in enhanced CELL_FACH state.

The RNC needs to provide a radio bearer scheme for this HSPA+ feature.

NodeB The NodeB needs to consider the data priorities of UEs in enhanced CELL_FACH state during HSDPA scheduling.

The NodeB needs to perform flow control to ensure that the bandwidths of UEs in enhanced CELL_FACH state are within a specified range.

UE There is no special requirement for the UE.

4.5.2 Basic Principle

Figure 4-6 shows the impact of Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation.

Figure 4-6 Impact of Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation

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In versions earlier than RAN11.0, the data and signaling of the UE in CELL_FACH state are carried on the FACH. The resources of the channel cannot be allocated flexibly and the transmission rates are limited.

In RAN11.0, the data and signaling (originally carried on the DTCH, DCCH, BCCH, and CCCH) of the UE in enhanced CELL_FACH state can be carried on the HS-DSCH. No dedicated physical connection is set up between the UE and the network. Therefore, no HSDPA CQI or HARQ information that is carried on the HS-DPCCH is reported in the uplink.

The RNC sends the pilot measurement information (reported by the UE on the RACH) to the NodeB for HSDPA scheduling and resource allocation. The UE does not report whether the data is correctly received, and therefore the NodeB performs blind retransmissions of HSDPA data in the downlink to reduce the block error rate (BLER).

The cell that supports Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation needs to broadcast the HSDPA-related information that is commonly used in enhanced CELL_FACH state. To ensure the backward compatibility, the cell also needs to be configured with the FACH if some UEs in the cell do not support Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation.

Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation can be widely used on the network. It increases the data rates of the UE in enhanced CELL_FACH state, greatly reduces the state transition delay, and improves the "always-on" experience of users.

Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation is an optional feature. It is dependent on HSDPA and downlink enhanced L2.

4.5.3 Radio Bearers

During the RRC connection setup procedure, the SRB is set up in enhanced CELL_FACH state if the EFachSwitch parameter is set to ON. Otherwise, the SRB is set up in CELL_DCH or CELL_FACH state.

During the service setup procedure for PS streaming service or PS BE service, Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation can be selected if the following conditions are met:

Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation and downlink enhanced L2 are supported by the network and the UE, and both of them are activated.

To activate downlink enhanced L2, select DL_L2ENHANCED of the HspaPlusSwitch parameter.

To activate Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation,

− For the PS streaming service, select MAP_PS_STREAM_ON_E_FACH_SWITCH of the MapSwitch parameter

− For the PS BE service, select MAP_PS_BE_ON_E_FACH_SWITCH of the MapSwitch parameter

During the RRC connection setup procedure, the SRB is set up in enhanced CELL_FACH state.

The UE state transition function takes effect. For details, see the State Transition Feature Parameter Description.

The downlink HS-DSCH is selected as the transport channel.

Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation is selected when downlink FACH and uplink RACH are selected as the transport channels.

If Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation is selected for a UE, the RNC does not select other HSPA+ features for the UE.

In the case of combined services, if the services already set up for the UE are all in the enhanced CELL_FACH state, the new service can also be set up in the enhanced CELL_FACH state. Otherwise, the new service cannot be set up in the enhanced CELL_FACH state.

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4.5.4 State Transition

After the RRC connection is set up, the RNC observes the UE activity and determines whether to trigger UE state transition.

This section describes the new functions of state transition introduced in HSPA+.

HSPA+ requires two new states: CELL_DCH (CPC) state and enhanced CELL_FACH state. The CELL_DCH (CPC) state corresponds to the CELL_DCH state with CPC activated, and the enhanced CELL_FACH state corresponds to the CELL_FACH state with Downlink Enhanced CELL_FACH operation activated.

Figure 4-7 shows the new types of state transitions introduced in HSPA+.

Figure 4-7 New types of state transitions introduced in HSPA+

These state transitions are triggered by the event 4A or event 4B. The corresponding functions are the same as those for the state transitions between CELL_DCH and CELL_FACH, except that some new parameters are introduced. For details about state transition, see the State Transition Feature Parameter Description.

The only impact of the following new state transitions is that new timers to trigger event 4B are introduced:

CELL_DCH (CPC) to CELL_FACH state transition

The new timers are as follows:

− BeCpc2FStateTransTimer: BE service state transition timer (CPC_HS-DSCH to F/RACH)

− RtCpc2FStateTransTimer: real-time service state transition timer (CPC_HSPA to F/RACH)

CELL_DCH to enhanced CELL_FACH state transition

The new timers are as follows:

− BeD2EFachStateTransTimer: BE service state transition timer (DCH to E_FACH)

− BeH2EFachStateTransTimer: BE service state transition timer (HS-DSCH to E_FACH)

− RtDH2EFachStateTransTimer: real-time service state transition timer (DCH or HSPA to E_FACH)

CELL_DCH (CPC) to enhanced CELL_FACH state transition

The new timers are as follows:

− BeCpc2EFachStateTransTimer: BE service state transition timer (CPC_HS-DSCH to E_FACH)

− RtCpc2EFachStateTransTimer: real-time service state transition timer (CPC_HSPA to E_FACH)

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The only impact of the following new state transitions is that new timers and thresholds to trigger 4A are introduced:

CELL_FACH to CELL_DCH (CPC) state transition

The new thresholds are as follows:

− BeF2CpcHTvmThd: event 4A threshold for BE service state transition (F/RACH to CPC_HS-DSCH)

− RtF2CpcTvmThd: event 4A threshold for real-time service state transition (F/RACH to CPC_HSPA)

− BeF2CpcETvmThd: event 4A threshold for BE service state transition (F/RACH to CPC_E-DCH)

The new timers are as follows:

− BeF2CpcHTvmTimeToTrig: event 4A trigger time for BE service state transition (F/RACH to CPC_HS-DSCH)

− RtF2CpcTvmTimeToTrig: event 4A trigger time for real-time service state transition (F/RACH to CPC_HSPA)

− BeF2CpcETvmTimeToTrig: event 4A trigger time for real-time service state transition (F/RACH to CPC_E-DCH)

Enhanced CELL_FACH to CELL_DCH state transition

The new thresholds are as follows:

− BeEFach2DTvmThd: event 4A threshold for BE service state transition (E_FACH to DCH)

− BeEFach2HTvmThd: event 4A threshold for BE service state transition (E_FACH to HS-DSCH)

− RtEFach2DHTvmThd: event 4A threshold for real-time service state transition (E_FACH to DCH or HSPA)

The new timers are as follows:

− BeEFach2DTvmTimeToTrig: event 4A trigger time for BE service state transition (E-FACH to DCH)

− BeEFach2HTvmTimeToTrig: event 4A trigger time for BE service state transition (E_FACH to HS-DSCH)

− RtEFach2DHTvmTimeToTrig: event 4A trigger time for real-time service state transition (E_FACH to DCH/HSPA)

Enhanced CELL_FACH to CELL_DCH (CPC) state transition

The new thresholds are as follows:

− BeEFach2CpcTvmThd: event 4A threshold for BE service state transition (E_FACH to CPC_HS-DSCH)

− RtEFach2CpcTvmThd: event 4A threshold for PS real-time service state transition (E_FACH to CPC_HSPA)

The new timers are as follows:

− BeEFach2CpcTvmTimeToTrig: event 4A trigger time for BE service state transition (E_FACH to CPC_HS-DSCH)

− RtEFach2CpcTvmTimeToTrig: event 4A trigger time for real-time service state transition (E_FACH to CPC_HSPA)

The function of the state transitions between enhanced CELL_FACH and CELL_PCH is the same as that of the state transitions between CELL_FACH and CELL_PCH.

4.5.5 Power Control

When the UE is in enhanced CELL_FACH state, its data and control information can be transmitted through the HS-PDSCH and HS-SCCH. The UE in enhanced CELL_FACH state has no dedicated connection with the physical layer of the NodeB, and the UE does not report the CQI, ACK, or NACK to the NodeB. Therefore, the function of HS-SCCH power control needs to be modified.

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When the UE is in enhanced CELL_FACH state and the HS-PDSCH carries the BCCH, the HS-SCCH power is determined by the offset relative to the P-CPICH power. The offset is specified by the BcchHsscchPower parameter.

When the UE is in enhanced CELL_FACH state and the HS-PDSCH carries the user data, the power control method for the HS-SCCH can be fixed or CQI-based, corresponding to fixed transmit power control or dynamic transmit power control respectively. The method is specified by the HsScchPwrCMInEfach parameter.

− Fixed transmit power control: The HS-SCCH power is determined by the offset relative to the P-CPICH power. The offset is specified by the BcchHsscchPower parameter.

− Dynamic transmit power control: The NodeB converts the measured CPICH Ec/No into a CQI. The transmit power of the HS-SCCH can be estimated based on the CQI.

Because there is no corresponding interface for the UE to report the measured CPICH Ec/No to the NodeB, the UE obtains the measured CPICH Ec/No and reports the value to the RNC, and then the RNC assigns the measured CPICH Ec/No to the NodeB over the HS-DSCH.

4.5.6 Scheduling

Scheduling determines the users for data transmission in each TTI on the Uu interface and selects them in a certain order to provide good user experience and high system capacity.

The data of the UE in enhanced CELL_FACH state, which is carried on the BCCH, CCCH, DCCH, or DTCH, has higher scheduling priority than the data of the UE in CELL_FACH state. The data carried on the BCCH is system information, and therefore it has the highest scheduling priority during initial transmission and retransmission.

The UE in enhanced CELL_FACH state does not report ACK, NACK, or CQI in the uplink. The HARQ processes of the UE use the blind retransmission mechanism. The maximum number of retransmissions for the UE in enhanced CELL_FACH state is specified by the MaxEfachHarqRt parameter.

Note that in the current version, the UE capability of the user in enhanced CELL_FACH state is regarded as HS-DSCH category 12 during the scheduling.

For details about scheduling, see the HSDPA Feature Parameter Description.

4.5.7 Flow Control

HSPA+ flow control is used to control HSPA+ data flows on the Iub and Iur interfaces.

After the introduction of flexible RLC PDU sizes in downlink enhanced L2, both data frames and control frames in flow control are changed in frame formats. HSPA+ uses new data frames and capacity allocation control frames to enable the Iub and Iur interfaces to handle higher rates on the Uu interface.

The transmission quality and efficiency in enhanced CELL_FACH state are lower than those in CELL_DCH state. Therefore, when the UE in enhanced CELL_FACH state has large amount of data to transmit, it should be switched to the CELL_DCH state immediately. For this purpose, flow control of HSDPA UEs in enhanced CELL_FACH state is introduced in HSPA+.

The basic procedure of the flow control is described as follows:

The MAC-d in the RNC sends the data of the UEs to the MAC-c common queues within the RNC. Then, the MAC-c in the RNC sends the data to the MAC-ehs common queues at the NodeB through the Iub interface. The NodeB calculates the capacity for each of the MAC-c common queues based on the rate at the exit of each MAC-ehs common queue. In addition, the NodeB configures the highest bit rate for each MAC-c stream to avoid overflow of the MAC-c common queues in case of Iub congestion. Thus, the MAC-c ensures that the total amount of data sent by all its UEs in enhanced CELL_FACH state does

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not exceed the capacity allocated to the MAC-c common queues or the highest bit rates configured for the MAC-c common queues.

The state transition from enhanced CELL_FACH to CELL_DCH is performed by the RNC mainly based on the RLC buffer occupancy. Therefore, the bandwidth allocated to the UE in enhanced CELL_FACH state should not be too high. If the bandwidth is too high, the data in the RLC buffer cannot reach the threshold or trigger the transition to the CELL_DCH state. On the other hand, the bandwidth allocated to the UE in enhanced CELL_FACH state should not be too low. If the bandwidth is too low, the RRC signaling delay increases.

Each UE in enhanced CELL_FACH state is allocated the bandwidth specified by the BandWidthForFACH parameter. The amount of data sent to the UE cannot exceed this fixed bandwidth. In addition, differentiated services can be provided by allocating different bandwidths based on service types and user priorities.

4.6 CPC DTX-DRX

This section describes the WRFD-010686 CPC-DTX/DRX feature.

4.6.1 Overview

DTX-DRX consists of the DTX (Discontinuous Transmission of the uplink DPCCH) and the DRX (Discontinuous Reception of the downlink HS-SCCH). The feature of DTX-DRX allows a UE to discontinuously receive and transmit signal and thus reduces the uplink interference and prolongs the UE battery life.

DTX-DRX needs support from the RAN, and UE. The requirements of DTX-DRX are listed in Table 4-5.

Table 4-5 Requirements of DTX-DRX

Item Requirement

CN None

RNC The RNC also needs to control the use of DTX-DRX during RB setup, reconfiguration, and handover.

The RNC needs to support the configuration of the DTX-DRX transmission pattern.

NodeB The NodeB needs to support the HS-SCCH type 2.

The NodeB scheduler needs to determine finally whether to use this feature in transmission if a UE is configured with the feature.

UE The UE needs to support the feature.

4.6.2 Basic Principle

Uplink DTX

The uplink DTX function allows a UE to stop transmission on the uplink DPCCH when there is no data for transmission. As a result, uplink interference is reduced.

Uplink DTX is of importance for services such as VoIP and web browsing, with intermittent data transmission.

Figure 4-8 shows the impact of uplink DTX.

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Figure 4-8 Impact of uplink DTX

The basic principle of uplink DTX is that the UE automatically stops transmitting the DPCCH to reduce the interference from the DPCCH when there is no data transmitted on the E-DCH. Then, the UE regularly transmits a DPCCH burst in a UE DTX cycle to maintain power control signaling and link synchronization.

Note that if the E-DCH data is transmitted continuously, the DPCCH has to be transmitted and DTX becomes unavailable.

Downlink DRX

The UE in connected mode needs to listen to the control channel (HS-SCCH) continuously and therefore power consumption is high. If downlink DRX is used, the UE needs to receive the HS-SCCH only at some time points. Figure 4-9 shows the impact of downlink DRX.

Figure 4-9 Impact of downlink DRX

Downlink DRX depends on uplink DTX. Thus, downlink DRX can be activated only after uplink DTX is activated. Downlink DRX, together with uplink DTX, allows the UE to periodically shut down the TX and RX function in the UE, thus lowering the UE battery consumption and prolonging the UE battery life.

HS-SCCH Order

In 3GPP release 7, HS-SCCH order is introduced and carried on HS-SCCH type 1 and HS-SCCH type 3. Bit fields on HS-SCCH are fixed to a value to indicate a specific HS-SCCH order.

After the RNC configure a UE with DTX-DRX, the NodeB can activate/deactivate DTX or DRX respectively by sending HS-SCCH order to this UE.

4.6.3 Radio Bearers

CPC DTX-DRX is an optional feature. A prerequisite for using CPC is that HSDPA, HSUPA, and SRB over HSPA are activated.

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The DCH is not configured in the uplink or downlink. The E-DCH is configured in the uplink, and the HS-DSCH and F-DPCH are configured in the downlink.

Signaling and data are carried on HSPA channels. Therefore, CPC is dependent on SRB over HSDPA and SRB over HSUPA.

DTX/DRX can be selected if the following conditions are met:

DTX/DRX is supported by the network and the UE, and it is activated.

To activate DTX/DRX, select DTX_DRX of the HspaPlusSwitch parameter, and CFG_HSPA_DTX_DRX_SWITCH of the CfgSwitch parameter.

The SRB is carried on HS-DSCH for the downlink and E-DCH for the uplink. For details, see the Radio Bearers Feature Parameter Description.

The service type is CS voice over HSPA service, PS voice service, PS streaming service, or PS BE service.

The downlink HS-DSCH and uplink E-DCH are selected as the transport channels.

4.6.4 Transmission Pattern

For details of the transmission pattern, see 3GPP 25.214.

There are two UE DTX cycles, namely cycle 1 and cycle 2. Generally, the UE uses cycle 1 for uplink DTX. If the UE has no data to transmit for a long time, the UE uses cycle 2 for uplink DTX. At the beginning of each cycle, the UE sends a DPCCH burst. One burst may consist of one, two, or five subframes.

Figure 4-10 Switching between cycle 1 and cycle 2

Figure 4-10 shows the switching between the two UE DTX cycles. The telecom operator can set cycle-related information by using the SET UDTXDRXPARA command for different services to increase the system capacity while ensuring QoS. The parameters are listed in the following table.

Parameter Description

MacDtxCycle This parameter specifies the DTX cycle at the MAC layer when the MAC layer supports UL EDCH inactivity.

InactThsForCycle2 If data is not transmitted on the EDCH for several consecutive EDCH TTIs, the interval at which two consecutive patterns are transmitted on the UL DPCCH should be changed from DtxCycle1 to DtxCycle2.

DtxLongPreamble If the interval at which two consecutive patterns are transmitted on the UL DPCCH is DtxCycle2, a certain number of timeslots should be transmitted before data is transmitted on the DPCCH.

MacInactiveThreshold This parameter specifies the period during which the EDCH is not activated.

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Parameter Description

DpcchBurst1 This parameter specifies the number of consecutive subframes that can be transmitted on the UL DPCCH during one DtxCycle1.

DpcchBurst2 This parameter specifies the number of consecutive subframes that can be transmitted on the UL DPCCH during one DtxCycle2.

The telecom operator can adjust the DRX cycles by running the SET UDTXDRXPARA command to meet the requirements of the UE. The parameters are listed in the following table.

Parameter Description

Drxvalid This parameter specifies whether the parameters related to the DRX are valid.

DrxCycle This parameter specifies the size of patterns that can be received on the HS-SCCH.

InactThsForDrxCycle This parameter specifies the number of consecutive subframes that the UE should monitor on each HS-SCCH of the HS-SCCH set immediately after the data reception on the HS-SCCH or HS-PDSCH.

CQIFbCkinInDTXDRXmode This parameter specifies the CQI feedback cycle in DTX-DRX mode.

4.7 CPC HS-SCCH Less Operation

This section describes the WRFD-010687 CPC-HS-SCCH Less operation feature.

4.7.1 Overview

In the case of HSDPA, the overhead of the HS-SCCH is relatively high for small-packet services such as VoIP, and the power consumption of the HS-SCCH may be higher than that of a traffic channel. In addition, the HS-SCCH limits the maximum number of HSDPA users that can be scheduled in each TTI. This results in increasing transmission delay and decreasing user capacity of delay-sensitive services.

The CPC HS-SCCH Less Operation feature allows the initial transmission with a small amount of data to take place without the HS-SCCH. Retransmission still requires the HS-SCCH. Thus, HS-SCCH Less Operation reduces the power consumption and occupation of the HS-SCCH during downlink transmission, allows more services to be scheduled at the same time, and improves the system capacity.

The HS-SCCH Less Operation needs support from the RAN, and UE. The requirements of HS-SCCH Less Operation are listed in Table 4-6.

Table 4-6 Requirements of HS-SCCH Less Operation

Item Requirement

CN None

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Item Requirement

RNC The RNC also needs to control the use of HS-SCCH Less Operation during RB setup, reconfiguration, and handover.

RNC needs to configure all the data and signaling to the HSPA channel. DCHs are not allowed with CPC.

NodeB The NodeB needs to support the HS-SCCH type 2.

The NodeB scheduler needs to decide finally whether to use this feature in transmission if a UE is configured with the feature.

UE The UE needs to support the feature.

4.7.2 Basic Principle

Overview

Figure 4-11 shows the principle of HS-SCCH Less Operation.

Figure 4-11 impact of HS-SCCH Less Operation

Initial transmission

For the initial transmission, the NodeB does not send the HS-SCCH to the UE. The NodeB adds the UE ID to the CRC information on the HS-DSCH and thus the UE can identify its data. Then, the UE decodes the data block on the HS-PDSCH. The UE is required to respond with ACK after receiving correct data, but it need not respond with NACK in other cases.

There is no control information during the initial transmission. Therefore, a predefined set of transport block sizes are used in the downlink, and the UE receives the data through blind detection. In the case of HS-SCCH Less Operation, four predefined transport block sizes and QPSK modulation can be used for transmission. The peak rate is limited to 742 kbit/s. The telecom operator can set the predefined transport block sizes by using the SET UHSSCCHLESSOPPARA command for different services

Retransmission

If the NodeB does not receive ACK from the UE after the initial transmission, it retransmits the data through the HS-DSCH and the control information through the HS-SCCH. Whether the retransmitted

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data is received is reported by the UE through ACK or NACK. A maximum of two retransmissions are allowed.

The RAN determines whether to use HS-SCCH Less Operation based on downlink traffic volume.

HS-PDSCH

The CRC process is changed to support the feature.

When the HS-SCCH Less Operation is applied, the NodeB does not transmit HS-SCCH. For UE to identify the transmission on HS-PDSCH, the NodeB adds the UE ID information to the CRC of HS-DSCH block.

HS-SCCH Type 2

To implement HS-SCCH Less Operation, a new HS-SCCH frame type, that is, HS-SCCH type 2, is introduced. HS-SCCH type 2 carries the information about retransmission, such as the transport block size, pointer to the previous transmission, and number of retransmissions. For details, see section "Coding for HS-SCCH type 2" in 3GPP TS 25.212.

The comparison of HS-SCCH type 1 and type 2 is listed in the following table.

Bit 1-7 8 9-14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Part 1 Part 2

HS-SCCH Type 1 CCS MS TBS HAP RV ND

HS-SCCH Type 2 CCS MS Type TBS Index Pointer ReTX Reserve

The coding method of part 1 is not changed, but the code number indicated by CCS is limited to one or two. The MS is fixed to 0, which means the modulation is fixed to QPSK.

The coding method of part 2 is changed to provide additional signaling to support HS-SCCH Less Operation.

Type field is fixed to a value so that a UE can identify the HS-SCCH type 2.

TBS index is used to indicate one of the four pre-configured TBS.

Pointer is used to indicate the previously transmitted position to assist soft combination.

ReTX is used to indicate the transmission times.

Reserve bit is not used.

4.7.3 Radio Bearers

CPC DTX-DRX is an optional feature. A prerequisite for using CPC is that HSDPA, HSUPA, and SRB over HSPA are activated.

The DCH is not configured in the uplink or downlink. The E-DCH is configured in the uplink, and the HS-DSCH and F-DPCH are configured in the downlink.

Signaling and data are carried on HSPA channels. Therefore, CPC is dependent on SRB over HSDPA and SRB over HSUPA.

HS-SCCH Less Operation can be selected if the following conditions are met:

HS-SCCH Less Operation is supported by the network and the UE, and it is activated.

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To activate HS-SCCH Less Operation, select HS_SCCH_LESS_OPERATION of the HspaPlusSwitch parameter, and CFG_HSPA_HSSCCH_LESS_OP_SWITCH of the CfgSwitch parameter.

The SRB is carried on HS-DSCH for the downlink and E-DCH for the uplink. For details, see the Radio Bearers Feature Parameter Description.

The service type is CS voice over HSPA service, PS voice service, PS streaming service, or PS BE service.

The downlink HS-DSCH and uplink E-DCH are selected as the transport channels.

HS-SCCH Less Operation and MIMO cannot be used simultaneously. MIMO takes precedence over HS-SCCH Less Operation. Therefore, HS-SCCH Less Operation cannot be selected if MIMO is selected.

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5.1 Overview

Figure 5-1 shows the dependencies among HSPA+ features in RAN12.0.

Figure 5-1 Feature dependencies

The HSPA+ features in RAN12.0 are described in Table 5-1.

Table 5-1 HSPA+ features in RAN12.0

Feature Name Feature Description

Downlink

MIMO with 64QAM

Downlink MIMO with 64QAM enables a UE to use MIMO and 64QAM simultaneously to receive HSDPA data. With this technology, the theoretical downlink peak rate can reach 42 Mbit/s.

DC-HSDPA DC-HSDPA allows a UE to set up HSDPA connections with two inter-frequency time-synchronous cells that have the same coverage. Theoretically, DC-HSDPA with 64QAM can provide a peak rate of 42 Mbit/s in the downlink.

Uplink

Enhanced L2

Uplink enhanced L2 allows flexible PDU sizes at the RLC layer and segmentation at the MAC layer on the Uu interface. The feature improves the uplink transmission efficiency.

Uplink

16QAM

Uplink 16QAM modulates 4 bits/symbol whereas the original QPSK modulates only 2 bits/symbol. As a result, it doubles the rate to 11.5 Mbit/s at the physical layer.

As shown in Table 5-1, with the 2*2MIMO+64QAM or 64QAM+DC HSDPA technologies introduced in R8 and the enhanced performance of relevant NEs, the peak downlink rate per user reaches up to 42 Mbit/s (WRFD-010689 HSPA+ Downlink 42Mbps per User).

TCP protocol is widely used in data transmission. When a file is being downloaded, the TCP acknowledgement is sent in uplink. The higher the rate of download is, the larger the bandwidth is required in uplink. If the download rate reaches up to 42Mbit/s, the rate of TCP acknowledgement in uplink is much higher than 384kbit/s, which is the highest rate supported by DCH. HSUPA bearer is

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required to provide high bandwidth in uplink to transmit TCP acknowledgement in time. Therefore, downlink 42Mbit/s per user can be supported only if HSUPA is used.

5.2 Downlink MIMO with 64QAM

This section describes the WRFD-010693 DL 64QAM+MIMO feature.

5.2.1 Overview

The MIMO and 64QAM technologies are introduced in 3GPP Release 7. A single UE, however, cannot use these two technologies simultaneously. To further increase the downlink rate, 3GPP Release 8 introduces downlink MIMO with 64QAM (also known as MIMO+64QAM). With this technology, the theoretical downlink peak rate can reach 42 Mbit/s.

Downlink MIMO with 64QAM is an optional feature, which is subject to the license.

Downlink MIMO with 64QAM needs support from the CN, RAN and UE. The requirements of downlink MIMO with 64QAM are listed in Table 5-2.

Table 5-2 Requirements of downlink MIMO with 64QAM

Item Requirement

CN The CN needs to support the downlink peak rate of 42Mbit/s provided by downlink MIMO with 64QAM.

RNC The RNC needs to support downlink enhanced L2, on which downlink MIMO with 64QAM depends.

The RNC also needs to control the use of downlink MIMO with 64QAM during RB setup, reconfiguration, and handover.

NodeB The NodeB needs to support downlink MIMO, downlink 64QAM, and downlink enhanced L2.

The TFRC selection function and scheduler of the NodeB use the new CQI mapping tables for UE categories 19 and 20.

The MIMO technology uses HS-SCCH type 3. The coding method for HS-SCCH type 3 remains unchanged but some IEs are extended.

UE The UE needs to support HS-DSCH category 19 or 20.

The following sections describe the basic principle, radio bearer scheme, and scheduling method of downlink MIMO with 64QAM.

5.2.2 Basic Principle

Overview

Downlink MIMO with 64QAM enables a UE to use MIMO and 64QAM simultaneously to receive HSDPA data, as shown in Figure 5-2. In other words, downlink 64QAM is used in downlink MIMO mode to increase the number of bits per symbol and to obtain higher transmission rates.

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Figure 5-2 Principle of downlink MIMO with 64QAM

For details, see sections 4.3 "Downlink MIMO" and 4.4 "Downlink 64QAM."

HS-SCCH Type 3 for Downlink MIMO with 64QAM

HS-SCCH type 3 indicates the modulation scheme by a 3-bit field for downlink MIMO with 64QAM, as it does for dual-stream transmission in downlink MIMO. The used values 101, 010, and 001 are described in the following table.

Modulation Scheme

Primary TB Secondary TB Number of TBs

101 64QAM Indicated by the last bit of CCS Indicated by the last bit of CCS

010 64QAM 64QAM 2

001 64QAM 16QAM 2

When the three bits are 101, the modulation scheme for the secondary transport block (TB) and the transmission mode are indicated by the last bit of Channelization-Code-Set (CCS):

If the last bit of CCS is 0, the number of TBs is 2 (that is, the transmission mode is dual-stream mode) and the modulation scheme for the secondary TB is QPSK.

If the last bit of CCS is 1, the number of TBs is 1 (that is, the transmission mode is single-stream mode).

5.2.3 Radio Bearer Scheme

As defined in 3GPP R8 specifications, a UE cannot use downlink MIMO and DC-HSDPA simultaneously. When both are supported, whether downlink MIMO with 64QAM or DC-HSDPA is used depends on the MIMO64QAMorDCHSDPASwitch parameter.

In addition, downlink MIMO with 64QAM and HS-SCCH Less Operation cannot be used simultaneously. When both are supported, downlink MIMO with 64QAM is preferred.

During the setup of a PS streaming service or PS BE service, downlink MIMO with 64QAM can be selected if the following conditions are met:

Downlink MIMO, downlink 64QAM, downlink MIMO with 64QAM, and downlink enhanced L2 are supported by both the network and the UE, and all of them are activated.

The downlink HS-DSCH and uplink E-DCH/DCH are selected as transport channels.

The parameter HspaPlusSwitch is set to 64QAM_MIMO.

The parameter CfgSwitch is set to CFG_MIMO_AND_64QAM_SWITCH.

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The parameter MIMO64QAMorDCHSDPASwitch is set to MIMO_64QAM, or DC-HSDPA is not activated.

5.2.4 Scheduling Method

The UE needs to monitor all the HS-SCCHs in the cell. The maximum number of HS-SCCHs per cell is 4. The NodeB scheduler can select any HS-SCCH for the UE.

The scheduling method of downlink MIMO with 64QAM is the similar to that of downlink MIMO. The difference is that the scheduler needs to use the new CQI mapping tables F, G, J, and K to perform TFRC.

Table 5-3 CQI mapping table for downlink MIMO with 64QAM

HS-DSCH Category Used CQI Mapping Table

In case of type B or single transport block type A CQI reports

In case of dual transport block type A CQI reports

19 F J

20 G K

For details about the CQI mapping table, see 3GPP TS 25.214.

5.3 DC-HSDPA

Figure 5-3 shows the basic principle of DC-HSDPA.

Figure 5-3 Basic principle of DC-HSDPA

To further increase the UE throughput, DC-HSDPA is introduced in 3GPP Release 8. Theoretically, DC-HSDPA with 64QAM can provide a peak rate of 42 Mbit/s in the downlink. This rate becomes the double of the peak rate obtained when only 64QAM is used.

DC-HSDPA allows a UE to set up HSDPA connections with two inter-frequency time-synchronous cells that have the same coverage. In the two cells, the UE can be scheduled at the same time; it can also receive different data through the two carriers at the same time. In the uplink, however, the UE sends data only through its anchor carrier.

For details, see the DC-HSDPA Feature Parameter Description.

5.4 Uplink Enhanced L2

This section describes the feature WRFD-010695 UL Layer 2 Improvement.

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5.4.1 Overview

Uplink enhanced L2 allows flexible PDU sizes at the RLC layer and segmentation at the MAC layer on the Uu interface. The feature improves the uplink transmission efficiency.

Uplink enhanced L2 is an optional feature, which is subject to the license.

Uplink enhanced L2 needs support from the CN, RAN, and UE. The requirements of uplink enhanced L2 are listed in Table 5-4.

Table 5-4 Requirements of uplink enhanced L2

Item Requirement

CN None

RNC The RNC needs to provide the bearer scheme for uplink enhanced L2.

The RNC needs to upgrade the RLC function to support flexible PDU sizes.

A new sublayer, MAC-is, is introduced to replace the MAC-es.

NodeB A new sublayer, MAC-i, is introduced to replace the MAC-e.

UE The UE needs to support E-DCH category 7.

The following sections describe the basic principle and radio bearer scheme of uplink enhanced L2.

5.4.2 Basic Principle

In RAN11.0 or earlier, the uplink RLC operates only in fixed PDU mode. In this mode, the size of PDUs never changes. Large fixed-size PDUs can support higher rates, but they lead to power limitation on the cell edge. Small fixed-size PDUs can improve network coverage, but excessive encapsulation overheads may be generated, which affects the transmission efficiency. To solve the problems caused by fixed-size PDUs, uplink enhanced L2 is introduced in RAN12.0.

Figure 5-4 Basic principle of uplink enhanced L2

The basic principle of uplink enhanced L2, as shown in Figure 5-4, is described as follows:

The RLC supports flexible AM/UM RLC PDU sizes, which meet the requirements for high-speed data transmission and improve the transmission efficiency.

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The MAC-i/is is used at the MAC layer. The MAC-i/is supports data segmentation and concatenation at the MAC layer. It can also select an appropriate PDU size based on the air interface quality to increase the network coverage on the cell edge. The UE cannot use the MAC-i/is and MAC-e/es simultaneously.

5.4.3 Radio Bearer Scheme

Uplink enhanced L2 is dependent on HSUPA.

The RNC determines whether to select uplink enhanced L2 for the UE according to the capabilities of both the cell and the UE and the radio bearer scheme.

During the RRC connection setup procedure, uplink enhanced L2 is not selected for the signaling radio bearer (SRB). If uplink enhanced L2 is selected for the traffic radio bearer (TRB), it needs to be reconfigured for the SRB. Uplink enhanced L2 is applied to the SRB even after the TRB is released.

During the service setup procedure, uplink enhanced L2 can be selected if the following conditions are met:

The service type is CS voice over HSPA service, PS voice service, PS streaming service, or PS BE service.

All the links in the active set of the E-DCH support uplink enhanced L2.

The uplink E-DCH is selected as the transport channel.

The HspaPlusSwitch parameter is set to UL_L2ENHANCED.

When uplink enhanced L2 is selected for the UE, the RLC supports flexible PDU sizes. In this case, the maximum size and minimum size of uplink PDUs must be specified on the RNC side through the following parameters respectively:

RlcPduMaxSizeForUlL2Enhance

RlcPduMinSizeForUlL2Enhance

The data in the RLC buffer can be sent even if the amount of data is smaller than the minimum size.

5.5 Uplink 16QAM

This section describes the WRFD-010694 UL 16QAM feature.

5.5.1 Overview

3GPP Release 6 introduces the HSUPA technology, which uses QPSK to increase the uplink peak rate to 5.76 Mbit/s. To further increase the peak rate of HSUPA, 3GPP Release 7 introduces uplink 16QAM. With this technology, the theoretical uplink peak rate of a single HSUPA user can reach 11.5 Mbit/s.

Uplink 16QAM is an optional feature, which is subject to the license.

Uplink 16QAM needs support from the CN, RAN, and UE. The requirements of uplink 16QAM are listed in Table 5-5.

Table 5-5 Requirements of uplink 16QAM

Item Requirement

CN The CN needs to support the uplink peak rate provided by uplink 16QAM.

RNC The RNC needs to provide the bearer scheme for uplink 16QAM.

NodeB The NodeB needs to support the modulation scheme and scheduling of uplink 16QAM.

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Item Requirement

UE The UE needs to support E-DCH category 7.

The following sections describe the basic principle, radio bearer scheme, and scheduling method of uplink 16QAM.

5.5.2 Basic Principle

Overview

Uplink 16QAM modulates 4 bits/symbol whereas the original QPSK modulates only 2 bits/symbol, as shown in Figure 5-5. As a result, uplink 16QAM doubles the rate to 11.5 Mbit/s at the physical layer.

Figure 5-5 Comparison between 16QAM and QPSK

When the channel conditions are favorable, uplink 16QAM has a high gain. It increases the uplink throughput of both the UE and the cell and reduces the uplink transmission delay. However, uplink 16QAM increases the uplink load and noise, and reduces the uplink coverage. Therefore, uplink 16QAM is applicable to micro cells and indoor coverage areas and not applicable to macro cells.

As defined in 3GPP TS 25.212, uplink 16QAM is selected only when the sum of TRB rates and SRB rate of all UE services over HSUPA is higher than 4 Mbit/s. Uplink 16QAM uses 2xSF2+2xSF4.

New E-DPDCH Slot Formats

When 16QAM is applied, 4-Pulse Amplitude Modulation (4PAM) is used on each E-DPDCH. Two new E-DPDCH slot formats 8 and 9 are introduced to support 4PAM in the case of SF4 and SF2 respectively, as described in the following table.

Slot Format #i Channel Bit Rate (kbps)

Bits/Symbol SF Bits/ Frame Bits/ Subframe Bits/Slot

0 15 1 256 150 30 10

1 30 1 128 300 60 20

2 60 1 64 600 120 40

3 120 1 32 1200 240 80

4 240 1 16 2400 480 160

5 480 1 8 4800 960 320

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Slot Format #i Channel Bit Rate (kbps)

Bits/Symbol SF Bits/ Frame Bits/ Subframe Bits/Slot

6 960 1 4 9600 1920 640

7 1920 1 2 19200 3840 1280

8 1920 2 4 19200 3840 1280

9 3840 2 2 38400 7680 2560

New E-DCH Category

A new E-DCH category 7, as listed in the following table, is introduced to support uplink 16QAM. For details about the table, see 3GPP TS 25.306.

E-DCH category

Maximum Number of E-DCH Codes Transmitted

Minimum Spreading Factor

Support for 10 ms or 2 ms TTI EDCH

Maximum Number of Bits per E-DCH TB Transmitted Within a 10 ms E-DCH TTI

Maximum Number of Bits per E-DCH TB Transmitted Within a 2 ms E-DCH TTI

Category 1 1 4 10 ms TTI only

7110 -

Category 2 2 4 10 ms and 2 ms TTIs

14484 2798

Category 3 2 4 10 ms TTI only

14484 -

Category 4 2 2 10 ms and 2 ms TTIs

20000 5772

Category 5 2 2 10 ms TTI only

20000 -

Category 6 4 2 10 ms and 2 ms TTIs

20000 11484

Category 7 4 2 10ms and 2 ms TTIs

20000 22996

When four codes are transmitted in parallel, two codes are transmitted with SF2 and the other two with SF4.

Uplink 16QAM has evolved smoothly from HSUPA and does not affect the technical architecture of HSUPA. Only some radio network functions such as radio bearers and mobility management, on the RNC and NodeB need to be upgraded to support uplink 16QAM.

5.5.3 Radio Bearer Scheme

Uplink 16QAM can be selected if the following conditions are met:

The service type is PS streaming service or PS BE service.

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All the links in the active set of the E-DCH support uplink 16QAM.

The sum of the TRB rates and SRB rate exceeds 4 Mbit/s.

When HSUPA DCCC is enabled, the TRB rates refer to the current rates.

When HSUPA DCCC is disabled, the TRB rates refer to the MBRs.

The HspaPlusSwitch parameter is set to UL_16QAM.

The CfgSwitch parameter is set to CFG_HSUPA_16QAM_SWITCH.

When fixed PDU sizes are allowed and the PDU size is set to 336 bits, the total rate cannot reach 4 Mbit/s. If a higher TRB rate is required, the PDU size must be set to 656 bits.

If uplink enhanced L2 is enabled, the PDU size is not restricted because uplink enhanced L2 supports flexible PDU sizes.

The RNC determines whether to select uplink 16QAM for the UE. The NodeB performs MAC-e/i scheduling for the UE and checks whether to allocate resources to the UE for uplink 16QAM.

The conditions for selecting uplink 16QAM for combined services are similar to those for selecting uplink 16QAM for a single service. Whether to select uplink 16QAM for combined services depends on the total rate of combined services.

5.5.4 Scheduling Method

The scheduling method of uplink 16QAM is the same as that of HSUPA except that some new tables are introduced. The NodeB needs to use these new tables during scheduling.

The new tables are as follows:

E-DCH Transport Block Size Tables 2 and 3, introduced in 3GPP TS 25.321

Scheduling Grant Table 2 (SG-table), introduced in 3GPP TS 25.321

Mapping of Absolute Grant Value, introduced in 3GPP TS 25.212

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6 Parameters

Table 6-1 Parameter description

Parameter ID

NE MML Description

BandWidthForFACH

BSC6900

SET UFACHBANDWIDTH(Optional)

Meaning: Maximum available bandwidth for each traffic class in the E-FACH state. If the actual data flow exceeds the maximum bandwidth, the traffic is buffered so that the buffer occupancy is increased. In this case, the state is changed from E-FACH to CELL-DCH. This parameter needs to be set according to the traffic class. GUI Value Range: 1~1000 Actual Value Range: 1~1000 Unit: kbit/s Default Value: None

BcchHsscchPower

BSC6900

ADD UCELLEFACH(Optional) MOD UCELLEFACH(Optional)

Meaning: When UE is in Enhanced CELL_FACH state, the data on the BCCH is also sent on the HS-PDSCH. Meanwhile, the HS-SCCH shall send signaling related to HS-PDSCH. This parameter specifies the transmission power of the HS-SCCH at the time. GUI Value Range: -350~150 Actual Value Range: -35~15, step:0.1 Unit: dB Default Value: -30

BeCpc2EFachStateTransTimer

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANSTIMER(Optional)

Meaning: Timer for state transition from CPC to E_FACH of BE services, used to check whether the UE in the CELL_DCH(with CPC) state with BE services is in the stable low activity state. GUI Value Range: 1~65535 Actual Value Range: 1~65535 Unit: s Default Value: 5

BeCpc2FStateTransTimer

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANSTIMER(Optional)

Meaning: Timer for state transition from CPC to FACH of BE services, used to check whether the UE in the CELL_DCH(with CPC) state with BE services is in the stable low activity state. GUI Value Range: 1~65535 Actual Value Range: 1~65535 Unit: s Default Value: 5

BeD2EFachStateTransTimer

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANSTIMER(Optional)

Meaning: Timer for state transition from DCH to E_FACH of BE services, used to check whether the UE in the CELL_DCH(with DCH) state with BE services is in the stable low activity state. GUI Value Range: 1~65535

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Parameter ID

NE MML Description

Actual Value Range: 1~65535 Unit: s Default Value: 5

BeEFach2CpcTvmThd

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the threshold of the traffic volume of 4A event for triggering the transition of BE services from E_FACH to CPC. GUI Value Range: D16, D32, D64, D128, D256, D512, D1024, D2k, D3k, D4k, D6k, D8k, D12k, D16k, D24k, D32k, D48k, D64k, D96k, D128k, D192k, D256k, D384k, D512k, D768k Actual Value Range: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, 2k, 3k, 4k, 6k, 8k, 12k, 16k, 24k, 32k, 48k, 64k, 96k, 128k, 192k, 256k, 384k, 512k, 768k Unit: byte Default Value: D1024

BeEFach2CpcTvmTimeToTrig

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the occurrence time of 4A event for triggering the transition of BE services from E_FACH to CPC. This parameter prevents unnecessary reports that are caused by traffic volume instability from being triggered. GUI Value Range: D0, D10, D20, D40, D60, D80, D100, D120, D160, D200, D240, D320, D640, D1280, D2560, D5000 Actual Value Range: 0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280, 2560, 5000 Unit: ms Default Value: D0

BeEFach2DTvmThd

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the threshold of the traffic volume of 4A event for triggering the transition of BE services from E_FACH to DCH. GUI Value Range: D16, D32, D64, D128, D256, D512, D1024, D2k, D3k, D4k, D6k, D8k, D12k, D16k, D24k, D32k, D48k, D64k, D96k, D128k, D192k, D256k, D384k, D512k, D768k Actual Value Range: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, 2k, 3k, 4k, 6k, 8k, 12k, 16k, 24k, 32k, 48k, 64k, 96k, 128k, 192k, 256k, 384k, 512k, 768k Unit: byte Default Value: D1024

BeEFach2DTvmTimeToTrig

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the occurrence time of 4A event for triggering the transition of BE services from E_FACH to DCH. This parameter prevents unnecessary reports that are caused by traffic volume instability from being triggered. GUI Value Range: D0, D10, D20, D40, D60, D80, D100, D120, D160, D200, D240, D320, D640, D1280, D2560, D5000 Actual Value Range: 0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280, 2560, 5000 Unit: ms Default Value: D0

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Parameter ID

NE MML Description

BeEFach2HTvmThd

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the threshold of the traffic volume of 4A event for triggering the transition of BE services from E_FACH to HS-DSCH. GUI Value Range: D16, D32, D64, D128, D256, D512, D1024, D2k, D3k, D4k, D6k, D8k, D12k, D16k, D24k, D32k, D48k, D64k, D96k, D128k, D192k, D256k, D384k, D512k, D768k Actual Value Range: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, 2k, 3k, 4k, 6k, 8k, 12k, 16k, 24k, 32k, 48k, 64k, 96k, 128k, 192k, 256k, 384k, 512k, 768k Unit: byte Default Value: D1024

BeEFach2HTvmTimeToTrig

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the occurrence time of 4A event for triggering the transition of BE services from E_FACH to HS-DSCH. This parameter prevents unnecessary reports that are caused by traffic volume instability from being triggered. GUI Value Range: D0, D10, D20, D40, D60, D80, D100, D120, D160, D200, D240, D320, D640, D1280, D2560, D5000 Actual Value Range: 0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280, 2560, 5000 Unit: ms Default Value: D0

BeF2CpcETvmThd

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the threshold of the traffic volume of 4A event for triggering the transition of BE services from FACH to E-DCH with CPC technology. GUI Value Range: D16, D32, D64, D128, D256, D512, D1024, D2k, D3k, D4k, D6k, D8k, D12k, D16k, D24k, D32k, D48k, D64k, D96k, D128k, D192k, D256k, D384k, D512k, D768k Actual Value Range: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, 2k, 3k, 4k, 6k, 8k, 12k, 16k, 24k, 32k, 48k, 64k, 96k, 128k, 192k, 256k, 384k, 512k, 768k Unit: byte Default Value: D1024

BeF2CpcETvmTimeToTrig

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the occurrence time of 4A event for triggering the transition of BE services from FACH to E-DCH with CPC technology. This parameter prevents unnecessary reports that are caused by traffic volume instability from being triggered. GUI Value Range: D0, D10, D20, D40, D60, D80, D100, D120, D160, D200, D240, D320, D640, D1280, D2560, D5000 Actual Value Range: 0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280, 2560, 5000 Unit: ms Default Value: D0

BeF2CpcH BSC690 SET Meaning: This parameter specifies the threshold of the traffic

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Parameter ID

NE MML Description

TvmThd 0 UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

volume of 4A event for triggering the transition of BE services from FACH to HS-DSCH with CPC technology. GUI Value Range: D16, D32, D64, D128, D256, D512, D1024, D2k, D3k, D4k, D6k, D8k, D12k, D16k, D24k, D32k, D48k, D64k, D96k, D128k, D192k, D256k, D384k, D512k, D768k Actual Value Range: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, 2k, 3k, 4k, 6k, 8k, 12k, 16k, 24k, 32k, 48k, 64k, 96k, 128k, 192k, 256k, 384k, 512k, 768k Unit: byte Default Value: D1024

BeF2CpcHTvmTimeToTrig

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the occurrence time of 4A event for triggering the transition of BE services from FACH to HS-DSCH with CPC technology. This parameter prevents unnecessary reports that are caused by traffic volume instability from being triggered. GUI Value Range: D0, D10, D20, D40, D60, D80, D100, D120, D160, D200, D240, D320, D640, D1280, D2560, D5000 Actual Value Range: 0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280, 2560, 5000 Unit: ms Default Value: D0

BeH2EFachStateTransTimer

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANSTIMER(Optional)

Meaning: Timer for state transition from HSPA to E_FACH of BE services, used to check whether the UE in the CELL_DCH(with HSPA) state with BE services is in the stable low activity state. GUI Value Range: 1~65535 Actual Value Range: 1~65535 Unit: s Default Value: 5

CfgSwitch BSC6900

SET UCORRMALGOSWITCH(Optional)

Meaning: Channel configuration strategy switch. 1) CFG_DL_BLIND_DETECTION_SWITCH: When the switch is on, the DL blind transport format detection function is used for single SRB and AMR+SRB bearers. Note that the UE is only required to support the blind transport format stipulated in 3GPP 25.212 section 4.3.1. 2) CFG_HSDPA_64QAM_SWITCH: When the switch is on, 64QAM can be configured for the HSDPA service. 3) CFG_HSDPA_DC_SWITCH: When the switch is on, DC can be configured for the HSDPA service. 4) CFG_HSDPA_MIMO_SWITCH: When the switch is on, MIMO can be configured for the HSDPA service. 5) CFG_HSDPA_MIMO_WITH_64QAM_SWITCH: When the switch is on and the switches for 64QAM and MIMO are on, 64QAM+MIMO can be configured for the HSDPA service 6) CFG_HSPA_DTX_DRX_SWITCH: When the switch is on, DTX_DRX can be configured for the HSPA service. 7) CFG_HSPA_HSSCCH_LESS_OP_SWITCH: When the

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Parameter ID

NE MML Description

switch is on, HS-SCCH Less Operation can be configured for the HSPA service. 8) CFG_HSUPA_16QAM_SWITCH: When the switch is on, 16QAM can be configured for the HSUPA service. 9) CFG_IMS_SUPPORT_SWITCH: When the switch is on and the IMS license is activated, the RNC supports IMS signaling. 10) CFG_LOSSLESS_DLRLC_PDUSIZECHG_SWITCH: When the switch is on, DL lossless RLC PDU size change is supported. 11) CFG_LOSSLESS_RELOC_CFG_SWITCH: When the switch is on and the UE supports lossless relocation, the RNC configures lossless relocation for PDCP parameters if the requirements of RLC mode, discard mode, and sequential submission are met. Then, lossless relocation is used for the UE. 12) CFG_MULTI_RAB_SWITCH: When the switch is on, the RNC supports multi-RABs combinations such as 2CS, 2CS+1PS, 1CS+2PS, and 2PS. 13) CFG_PDCP_IPV6_HEAD_COMPRESS_SWITCH: When the switch is on and the PDCP header compression license is activated, the PDCP header compression algorithm for IPv6 is used at the RNC. 14) CFG_PDCP_RFC2507_HC_SWITCH: When the switch is on and the PDCP IPHC license is activated, the PDCP IPHC header compression algorithm is used for the RNC. 15) CFG_PDCP_RFC3095_HC_SWITCH: When the switch is on and the PDCP ROHC license is activated, the PDCP ROHC header compression algorithm is used for the RNC. 16) CFG_PTT_SWITCH: When this switch is on, the RNC identifies the PTT user based on the QoS attributes in the RAB assignment request message. Then, the PTT users are subject to special processing. 17) CFG_RAB_REL_RMV_HSPAPLUS_SWITCH: When this switch is on and if an RAB release is performed, the RNC decides whether to fall back a certain HSPA(HSPA+) feature based on the requirement of remaining traffic carried by the UE. That is, if an HSPA+ feature is required by the previously released RAB connection but is not required in the initial bearer policy of the remaining traffic, the RNC falls back the feature to save the transmission resources. The HSPA+ features that support the fallback are MIMO, 64QAM, MIMO+64QAM, UL 16QAM, DC-HSDPA, and UL TTI 2ms. GUI Value Range: CFG_DL_BLIND_DETECTION_SWITCH, CFG_HSDPA_64QAM_SWITCH, CFG_HSDPA_DC_SWITCH, CFG_HSDPA_MIMO_SWITCH, CFG_HSDPA_MIMO_WITH_64QAM_SWITCH, CFG_HSPA_DTX_DRX_SWITCH, CFG_HSPA_HSSCCH_LESS_OP_SWITCH, CFG_HSUPA_16QAM_SWITCH, CFG_IMS_SUPPORT_SWITCH,

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Parameter ID

NE MML Description

CFG_LOSSLESS_DLRLC_PDUSIZECHG_SWITCH, CFG_LOSSLESS_RELOC_CFG_SWITCH, CFG_MULTI_RAB_SWITCH, CFG_PDCP_IPV6_HEAD_COMPRESS_SWITCH, CFG_PDCP_RFC2507_HC_SWITCH, CFG_PDCP_RFC3095_HC_SWITCH, CFG_PTT_SWITCH, CFG_RAB_REL_RMV_HSPAPLUS_SWITCH Actual Value Range: CFG_DL_BLIND_DETECTION_SWITCH, CFG_HSDPA_64QAM_SWITCH, CFG_HSDPA_DC_SWITCH, CFG_HSDPA_MIMO_SWITCH, CFG_HSDPA_MIMO_WITH_64QAM_SWITCH, CFG_HSPA_DTX_DRX_SWITCH, CFG_HSPA_HSSCCH_LESS_OP_SWITCH, CFG_HSUPA_16QAM_SWITCH, CFG_IMS_SUPPORT_SWITCH, CFG_LOSSLESS_DLRLC_PDUSIZECHG_SWITCH, CFG_LOSSLESS_RELOC_CFG_SWITCH, CFG_MULTI_RAB_SWITCH, CFG_PDCP_IPV6_HEAD_COMPRESS_SWITCH, CFG_PDCP_RFC2507_HC_SWITCH, CFG_PDCP_RFC3095_HC_SWITCH, CFG_PTT_SWITCH, CFG_RAB_REL_RMV_HSPAPLUS_SWITCH Unit: None Default Value: None

EfachDtchGbp

BSC6900

ADD UCELLEFACH(Optional) MOD UCELLEFACH(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the maximum guaranteed power of the DTCH mapped onto the EFACH. GUI Value Range: -350~150 Actual Value Range: -35~15, step:0.1 Unit: dB Default Value: 10

HspaPlusSwitch

BSC6900

ADD UCELLALGOSWITCH(Optional) MOD UCELLALGOSWITCH(Optional)

Meaning: If 64QAM,MIMO,E_FACH,DTX_DRX, HS_SCCH_LESS_OPERATION ,64QAM+MIMO, UL16QAM,DC-HSDPA,UL L2ENHANCED and DL L2ENHANCED are selected, the corresponding function will be enabled; otherwise, disabled. GUI Value Range: 64QAM, MIMO, E_FACH, DTX_DRX, HS_SCCH_LESS_OPERATION, DL_L2ENHANCED, 64QAM_MIMO, UL_16QAM, DC_HSDPA, UL_L2ENHANCED Actual Value Range: 64QAM, MIMO, E_FACH, DTX_DRX, HS_SCCH_LESS_OPERATION, DL_L2ENHANCED, 64QAM_MIMO, UL_16QAM, DC_HSDPA, UL_L2ENHANCED Unit: None Default Value: None

MacPduMaxSizeForDl

BSC6900

SET UFRC(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the maximum size of PDUs transmitted at the MAC layer when the UE is in the

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Parameter ID

NE MML Description

L2Enhance CELL_DCH state in the downlink L2 enhanced scenario. GUI Value Range: 4~1504 Actual Value Range: 4~1504 Unit: byte Default Value: 502

MapSwitch BSC6900

SET UCORRMALGOSWITCH(Optional)

Meaning: Service mapping strategy switch. 1) MAP_HSUPA_TTI_2MS_SWITCH: When the switch is on, 2 ms TTI is supported for HSUPA. 2) MAP_INTER_RAT_PS_IN_CHANLE_LIMIT_SWITCH: When the switch is on, the PS services are transmitted on the DCH during the 2G-to-3G handover. When the switch is not on, the PS services can be transmitted on suitable channels according to the algorithm parameter configured for the RNC during the 2G-to-3G handover. 3) MAP_PS_BE_ON_E_FACH_SWITCH: When the switch is on, the PS BE services can be transmitted on the E-FACH. 4) MAP_PS_STREAM_ON_E_FACH_SWITCH: When the switch is on, the PS streaming services can be transmitted on the E-FACH. 5) MAP_PS_STREAM_ON_HSDPA_SWITCH: When the switch is on, a PS streaming service is mapped on the HS-DSCH if the DL maximum rate of the service is greater than or equal to the HSDPA threshold for streaming services. 6) MAP_PS_STREAM_ON_HSUPA_SWITCH: When the switch is on, a PS streaming service is mapped on the E-DCH if the UL maximum rate of the service is greater than or equal to the HSUPA threshold for streaming services. 7) MAP_SRB_6800_WHEN_RAB_ON_HSDSCH_SWITCH: When the switch is on, the signaling is transmitted at a rate of 6.8 kbit/s if all the downlink traffic is on the HSDPA channel. GUI Value Range: MAP_HSUPA_TTI_2MS_SWITCH, MAP_INTER_RAT_PS_IN_CHANLE_LIMIT_SWITCH, MAP_PS_BE_ON_E_FACH_SWITCH, MAP_PS_STREAM_ON_E_FACH_SWITCH, MAP_PS_STREAM_ON_HSDPA_SWITCH, MAP_PS_STREAM_ON_HSUPA_SWITCH, MAP_SRB_6800_WHEN_RAB_ON_HSDSCH_SWITCH Actual Value Range: MAP_HSUPA_TTI_2MS_SWITCH, MAP_INTER_RAT_PS_IN_CHANLE_LIMIT_SWITCH, MAP_PS_BE_ON_E_FACH_SWITCH, MAP_PS_STREAM_ON_E_FACH_SWITCH, MAP_PS_STREAM_ON_HSDPA_SWITCH, MAP_PS_STREAM_ON_HSUPA_SWITCH, MAP_SRB_6800_WHEN_RAB_ON_HSDSCH_SWITCH Unit: None Default Value: None

MIMO64QAMorDCHSDPASwitch

BSC6900

SET UFRC(Optional)

Meaning: This switch is used to configure the priority of MIMO_64QAM or DC-HSDPA. According to different protocols, the following situations may occur: MIMO and

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Parameter ID

NE MML Description

DC-HSDPA cannot be used together; both 64QAM and DC-HSDPA are supported, but cannot be used together. In this case, "MIMO64QAMorDCHSDPASwitch" is used to configure the priorities of the features. When the priority of MIMO is higher than that of DC-HSDPA, the priority of 64QAM is higher than that of DC-HSDPA. When the priority of DC-HSDPA is higher than that of MIMO, the priority of DC-HSDPA is higher than that of 64QAM. GUI Value Range: MIMO_64QAM, DC_HSDPA Actual Value Range: MIMO_64QAM, DC_HSDPA Unit: None Default Value: DC_HSDPA

MIMOor64QAMSwitch

BSC6900

SET UFRC(Optional)

Meaning: According to the R8 protocol, MIMO and 64QAM can be used together. When the condition is not met, for example the cell does not support the features, MIMO may be not used together with 64QAM. In this case, "MIMOor64QAMSwitch" is used to determine whether MIMO or 64QAM is preferentially used. GUI Value Range: MIMO, 64QAM Actual Value Range: MIMO, 64QAM Unit: None Default Value: MIMO

RlcPduMaxSizeForUlL2Enhance

BSC6900

SET UFRC(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the maximum RLC PDU size when the UE is in CELL_DCH state and UL Layer 2 Enhanced is enabled. GUI Value Range: 4~402 Actual Value Range: 4~402 Unit: byte Default Value: 302

RlcPduMinSizeForUlL2Enhance

BSC6900

SET UFRC(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the minimum RLC PDU size when the UE is in CELL_DCH state and UL Layer 2 Enhanced is enabled. GUI Value Range: 4~402 Actual Value Range: 4~402 Unit: byte Default Value: 42

RtCpc2EFachStateTransTimer

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANSTIMER(Optional)

Meaning: Timer for state transition from CPC to E_FACH of real-time services, used to check whether the UE in the CELL_DCH(with CPC) state with real-time services is in the stable low activity state. GUI Value Range: 1~65535 Actual Value Range: 1~65535 Unit: s Default Value: 180

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Parameter ID

NE MML Description

RtCpc2FStateTransTimer

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANSTIMER(Optional)

Meaning: Timer for state transition from CPC to FACH of real-time services, used to check whether the UE in the CELL_DCH(with CPC) state with real-time services is in the stable low activity state. GUI Value Range: 1~65535 Actual Value Range: 1~65535 Unit: s Default Value: 180

RtDH2EFachStateTransTimer

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANSTIMER(Optional)

Meaning: Timer for state transition from DCH or HSPA to E_FACH of real-time services, used to check whether the UE in the CELL_DCH state with real-time services is in the stable low activity state. GUI Value Range: 1~65535 Actual Value Range: 1~65535 Unit: s Default Value: 180

RtEFach2CpcTvmThd

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the threshold of the traffic volume of 4A event for triggering the transition of real-time services from E_FACH to HSPA with CPC technology. GUI Value Range: D16, D32, D64, D128, D256, D512, D1024, D2k, D3k, D4k, D6k, D8k, D12k, D16k, D24k, D32k, D48k, D64k, D96k, D128k, D192k, D256k, D384k, D512k, D768k Actual Value Range: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, 2k, 3k, 4k, 6k, 8k, 12k, 16k, 24k, 32k, 48k, 64k, 96k, 128k, 192k, 256k, 384k, 512k, 768k Unit: byte Default Value: D1024

RtEFach2CpcTvmTimeToTrig

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the occurrence time of 4A event for triggering the transition of real-time services from E_FACH to HSPA with CPC technology. This parameter prevents unnecessary reports that are caused by traffic volume instability from being triggered. GUI Value Range: D0, D10, D20, D40, D60, D80, D100, D120, D160, D200, D240, D320, D640, D1280, D2560, D5000 Actual Value Range: 0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280, 2560, 5000 Unit: ms Default Value: D0

RtEFach2DHTvmThd

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the threshold of the traffic volume of 4A event for triggering the transition of real-time services from E_FACH to DCH or HSPA. GUI Value Range: D16, D32, D64, D128, D256, D512, D1024, D2k, D3k, D4k, D6k, D8k, D12k, D16k, D24k, D32k, D48k, D64k, D96k, D128k, D192k, D256k, D384k, D512k, D768k

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NE MML Description

Actual Value Range: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, 2k, 3k, 4k, 6k, 8k, 12k, 16k, 24k, 32k, 48k, 64k, 96k, 128k, 192k, 256k, 384k, 512k, 768k Unit: byte Default Value: D1024

RtEFach2DHTvmTimeToTrig

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the occurrence time of 4A event for triggering the transition of real-time services from E_FACH to DCH or HSPA. This parameter prevents unnecessary reports that are caused by traffic volume instability from being triggered. GUI Value Range: D0, D10, D20, D40, D60, D80, D100, D120, D160, D200, D240, D320, D640, D1280, D2560, D5000 Actual Value Range: 0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280, 2560, 5000 Unit: ms Default Value: D0

RtF2CpcTvmThd

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the threshold of the traffic volume of 4A event for triggering the transition of real-time services from FACH to HSPA with CPC technology. GUI Value Range: D16, D32, D64, D128, D256, D512, D1024, D2k, D3k, D4k, D6k, D8k, D12k, D16k, D24k, D32k, D48k, D64k, D96k, D128k, D192k, D256k, D384k, D512k, D768k Actual Value Range: 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, 2k, 3k, 4k, 6k, 8k, 12k, 16k, 24k, 32k, 48k, 64k, 96k, 128k, 192k, 256k, 384k, 512k, 768k Unit: byte Default Value: D1024

RtF2CpcTvmTimeToTrig

BSC6900

SET UUESTATETRANS(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies the occurrence time of 4A event for triggering the transition of real-time services from FACH to HSPA with CPC technology. This parameter prevents unnecessary reports that are caused by traffic volume instability from being triggered. GUI Value Range: D0, D10, D20, D40, D60, D80, D100, D120, D160, D200, D240, D320, D640, D1280, D2560, D5000 Actual Value Range: 0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 160, 200, 240, 320, 640, 1280, 2560, 5000 Unit: ms Default Value: D0

STTDInd BSC6900

ADD UAICH(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter indicates whether the SCCPCH uses STTD or not. For detailed information of this parameter, refer to 3GPP 25.346. GUI Value Range: TRUE, FALSE Actual Value Range: TRUE, FALSE Unit: None Default Value: False

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Parameter ID

NE MML Description

STTDInd BSC6900

ADD UCELLMBMSSCCPCH(Optional) MOD UCELLMBMSSCCPCH(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter indicates whether the SCCPCH uses STTD or not. For detailed information of this parameter, refer to 3GPP 25.346. GUI Value Range: TRUE, FALSE Actual Value Range: TRUE, FALSE Unit: None Default Value: False

STTDInd BSC6900

SET UMBMSSCCPCH(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter indicates whether the SCCPCH uses STTD or not. For detailed information of this parameter, refer to 3GPP 25.346. GUI Value Range: TRUE, FALSE Actual Value Range: TRUE, FALSE Unit: None Default Value: False

STTDInd BSC6900

ADD UPICH(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter indicates whether the SCCPCH uses STTD or not. For detailed information of this parameter, refer to 3GPP 25.346. GUI Value Range: TRUE, FALSE Actual Value Range: TRUE, FALSE Unit: None Default Value: False

STTDInd BSC6900

ADD USCCPCHBASIC(Optional)

Meaning: This parameter indicates whether the SCCPCH uses STTD or not. For detailed information of this parameter, refer to 3GPP 25.346. GUI Value Range: TRUE, FALSE Actual Value Range: TRUE, FALSE Unit: None Default Value: False

HsScchPwrCMInEfach

NodeB SET MACHSPARA(Optional)

Meaning: CELL FACH HS-SCCH power control method GUI Value Range: CQI(Adaptive Power Contrl Based on CQI), FIXED(Fixed Power) Actual Value Range: CQI, FIXED Unit: None Default Value: -

MaxEfachHarqRt

NodeB SET MACHSPARA(Optional)

Meaning: Maximum E_FACH retransmission times GUI Value Range: 0~10 Actual Value Range: 0~10 Unit: Times Default Value: -

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7 Counters

For details, see the BSC6900 UMTS Performance Counter Reference and NodeB Performance Counter Reference.

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8 Glossary

For the acronyms, abbreviations, terms, and definitions, see the Glossary.

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9 Appendix

9.1 HS-DSCH Category

High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) is an important feature of 3GPP Release 5 that can provide high speed service for the downlink. To provide multiple bit rate services, 18 UE categories are defined in 3GPP. Different UE categories can support different maximum codes for the HS-DSCH, which means that different maximum bit rates can be achieved.

HS-DSCH Category

Maximum Number of HS-DSCH Codes Received

Minimum Inter-TTI Interval

Maximum Number of Bits

Maximum Bit Rate

(Mbit/s)

Category 1 5 3 7298 3.649

Category 2 5 3 7298 3.649

Category 3 5 2 7298 3.649

Category 4 5 2 7298 3.649

Category 5 5 1 7298 3.649

Category 6 5 1 7298 3.649

Category 7 10 1 14411 7.2055

Category 8 10 1 14411 7.2055

Category 9 15 1 20251 10.1255

Category 10 15 1 27952 13.976

Category 11 5 2 3630 1.815

Category 12 5 1 3630 1.815

Category 13 15 1 35280 17.64

Category 14 15 1 42192 21.096

Category 15 15 1 23370 23.37

Category 16 15 1 27952 27.952

Category 17 15 1 35280 17.64

23370 23.37

Category 18 15 1 42192 21.096

27952 27.952

Category 19 15 1 35280 35.280

Category 20 15 1 42192 42.192

Category 21 15 1 23370 23.370

Category 22 15 1 27952 27.952

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HS-DSCH Category

Maximum Number of HS-DSCH Codes Received

Minimum Inter-TTI Interval

Maximum Number of Bits

Maximum Bit Rate

(Mbit/s)

Category 23 15 1 35280 35.280

Category 24 15 1 42192 42.192

Note: In the Maximum Number of Bits column, the bits refer to bits received by the HS-DSCH transport block during a TTI on the HS-DSCH.

In the table above:

UEs of category 13 and category 14 are required only to support 64QAM

UEs of category 15 and category 16 are required only to support MIMO

UEs of category 17 and category 18 support 64QAM and MIMO, but not simultaneously

UEs of category 19 and category 20 support 64QAM+MIMO

UEs of category 21 and category 22 support 16QAM+DC-HSPA

UEs of category 23 and category 24 support 64QAM+DC-HSPA

In RAN11.0, UEs of Category 13, Category 14, Category 15, Category 16, Category 17 and Category 18 are introduced.

In RAN12.0, UEs category from 19 to 24 are supported.

9.2 E-DCH Category

To provide services of multiple bit rates, seven HSUPA UE categories are defined in 3GPP specifications. The maximum number of codes over the E-DCH supported varies with the UE category. That is, different UE categories support different maximum bit rates.

For example, in the following table, UE of category 3 supports two SF4 codes and the maximum data rate can be 1.44 Mbit/s.

E-DCH

Category

Max Capability

Combination

E-DCH TTI Max. Data Rate (Mbit/s)

MAC Layer

10 ms TTI

MAC Layer

2 ms TTI

Air Interface

Category 1 1 x SF4 10 ms only 0.71 – 0.96

Category 2 2 x SF4 10 ms and 2 ms 1.44 1.40 1.92

Category 3 2 x SF4 10 ms only 1.44 – 1.92

Category 4 2 x SF2 10 ms and 2 ms 2.0 2.89 3.84

Category 5 2 x SF2 10 ms only 2.0 – 3.84

Category 6 2 x SF4 + 2 xS F2 10 ms and 2 ms 2.0 5.74 5.76

Category 7 2 x SF4 + 2 xS F2 10 ms and 2 ms 2.0 11.50 11.52

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RAN10.0 supports SF2 and 2 ms TTI.

RAN6.0 supports only SF4 and TTI of only 10 ms. Therefore, UEs of categories 2, 4, 5, and 6 can support TTI of only 10 ms in RAN6.0.

RAN10.0 supports SF2 and 2 ms TTI.

RAN12.0 supports UEs of categories 1-7 (2 ms TTI).

9.3 Improved CE Mapping for E-DCH

This feature (WRFD-010212 Improved CE Mapping for E-DCH) is available from RAN 11.0. This feature improves the uplink processing capability of the WBBPb board and enables HSUPA services to occupy less CE resources, thus improving the CE efficiency of the Node B and saving the investment cost of the operator.

With the improved uplink processing capability of the WBBPb, HSUPA services occupy less CE resources. The following table lists the information regarding the occupation of CE resources. Only the 3900 series Node B supports this feature. The 3900 series Node B must configure WBBPb/WBBPd.

Spreading Factor Former CE Mapping Improved CE Mapping

SF64 1 1

SF32 1.5 1

SF16 3 2

SF8 5 4

SF4 10 8

2SF4 20 16

2SF2 32 32

2SF2+2SF4 48 48

9.4 HSPA and HSPA+ Specifications

HSPA and HSPA+ provides the maximum rate per user and maximum HSDPA users per cell specified in the following table. These specifications are controlled by licenses.

Technology Maximum rate per user Maximum users per cell

HSDPA HSDPA 1.8Mbps per User

HSDPA 3.6Mbps per User

HSDPA 7.2Mbps per User

HSDPA 13.976Mbps per User

6 HSDPA Users per Cell

32 HSDPA Users per Cell

64 HSDPA Users per Cell

HSPA+ downlink HSPA+ Downlink 21Mbps per User

HSPA+ Downlink 28Mbps per User

HSPA+ Downlink 42Mbps per User

96 HSDPA Users per Cell

128 HSDPA Users per Cell

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Technology Maximum rate per user Maximum users per cell

HSUPA HSUPA 1.44Mbps per User

HSUPA 5.74Mbps per User

20 HSUPA Users per Cell

60 HSUPA Users per Cell

HSPA+ uplink - 96 HSUPA Users per Cell

128 HSUPA Users per Cell

You can specify the maximum number of HSDPA users in the cell or in the NodeB through the MaxHsdpaUserNum and NodeBHsdpaMaxUserNum parameters.

You can specify the the maximum number of HSUPA users in the cell or in the NodeB through the MaxHsupaUserNum and NodeBHsupaMaxUserNum parameters.

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10 Reference Documents

[1] 3GPP 25.214: Multiplexing and channel coding (FDD)

[2] 3GPP 25.321: Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol specification

[3] 3GPP 25.212: Physical layer procedures (FDD)

[4] HSDPA Feature Parameter Description

[5] HSUPA Feature Parameter Description

[6] Radio Bearers Feature Parameter Description

[7] Transmission Resource Management Feature Parameter Description

[8] Power Control Feature Parameter Description

[9] Handover Feature Parameter Description

[10] State Transition Feature Parameter Description

[11] DC-HSDPA Feature Parameter Description