Health & SafetyExecutive
Crown copyright 1991
First published 1991 Reprinted 1999 (twice), 2002, 2003ISBN 0 7176 1686 X
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TYRE SERVICING 15 Car tyres 15 Split-rim wheels 16 Commmercial vehicle well-based wheels Extra large tyres 20 Tyre servicing equipment 20 Puncture repair 22
23 Fixed electrical installations 23 Portable equipment 23BATTERY CHARGING
MISCELLANEOUS MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT Abrasive wheels 24 Rolling roads and brake testing 24 Oxyacetylene equipment 25 Fuel tanks and lines 26ON THE ROAD 26 Moving vehicles and road testing of cars Attending roadside breakdowns 26 Service vehicles 26.p+
FURTHER INFORMATION SOURCES
PREFACE TO THE 2003 REPRINT
This guidance demonstrates good practice, and following be sufficient to meet the requirements of the law.
While the technical issues covered remain largely unchanged since it was first published in 1991, some of the legislation has been updated. In particular the following new legislation is relevant:
Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 Lifting Equipment and Lifting Operations Regulations 1998 Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 Control of Lead at Work Regulations 1998
Other changes of note include the occupational exposure limit for carbon monoxide, which has been reduced to 35 mg.m-3 (8 hour TWA) - see HSE guidance EH40/02 Occupational exposure limits 2002 ISBN 0 7176 2083 2 (supplied together with Supplement 2003 ISBN 0 7176 2172 3). Simplified arrangements for reporting under RIDDOR are explained in HSE leaflet Reporting incidents to the RIDDOR Incident Contact Centre-00
This booklet is intended for owners and managers
exhaust fitting premises, and also for employees and safety representatives. It describes the main risks associated with the use of machinery, equipment, substances and work practices which are found in fitting bays, and what should be done to safeguard workers in the industry. It has been produced by the Health and Safety Executive's Local Authority Unit after wide consultation with employers, trade unions and other interested organisations including the National
of tyre and
Businesses which employ five or more people should have a written statement of their policy for ensuring health and safety. This safety policy should help employers decide on priorities, detailing health and safety objectives and outlining the organisation that exists for ensuring they are met. It should also set out how the policy is to be carried out. For example, when dealing with wheel balancing machines the policy will need to detail what the dangers are in using that machine, who will use it, who will train people to use it, who will carry out the checks on the interlocks and how often this needs to be done.9u))3
Tyre Distributors' Association.10
The policy statement should be brought to the
Further Health and Safety Executive guidance is preparation which will cover other health and safety aspects in general motor vehicle repair.34
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is responsible for developing health and safety standards nationally and for inspection and enforcement in motor vehicle repair workshops. Local authorities are responsible for inspection and enforcement in motor car tyre and exhaust fitting premises.
Statutory examination of plant12 Listed in Table 1 below are the requirements for statutory examination of plant which are likely to be found in tyre and exhaust premises.
the Health and Safety Executive;
local authority environmental health departments;
STAFF TRAINING13 Many accidents occur when employees, particularly young employees, use machines, equipment or substances without proper training. No one should be expected to use dangerous equipment or substances unless they have been properly trained. Managers and supervisors will also need suitable training.
professional bodies (eg The Institution of Occupational Safety and Health);voluntary bodies (eg The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents, The British Safety Council).
Training check list The following check list shows what needs to be considered when preparing a typical training programme:15
Information and advice may be obtained from:COD
the supplier of the material, substance or equipment;training centres or colleges of further education;trade associations; trade unions;
OrganisationWill training be 'on' or 'off' the job?
Who will do the training?Who will supervise the training?
What records will be kept?
Statutory examination of plant under the Factories Act 1961Section of Factories ActTest & thorough examination prior to use
Certificate of test and examination
Periodic thorough examination
At least every 26 months (up to 4 years for solid
drawn construction) Chains, ropes & lifting tackle26Yes Yes
At least every 6 months
Except for fibre and rope slings22 27
Specifying safe working loadNoYes
Hoists & lifts
At least every 6 months At least every 14 monthsE E
Cranes & other lifting machines
Specifying safe working load
This requirement is superceded by the Pressure Systems and Transportable Gas Containers Regulations 1989. The main features of the Regulations are:(a)
a requirement to have a written scheme of examination certified or drawn up by a competent person which will set out the frequency of examinations and their type in accordance with the degree of risk. This replaces the requirement to have steam and air vessels examined at intervals specified in section 36. (The competent person is usually your insurance company engineer); andt..
they apply to the whole system as opposed to the pressure vessel only.
These provisions are subject to a long transitional period of four years. During that time users may choose to continue to comply with the Factories Act or move over to the more flexible arrangements in these Regulations.
Selecting and assessing the traineeHow is the trainee to be selected? - Selection should take account of the physical and mental demands of the job.How much does the trainee know already about safe working practices?
Immediate notification17 The employer should notify the enforcing authority (where the main activity is motor car tyre and exhaust fitting this will be the local authority) as soon as possible, normally by telephone, if:(a)
someone dies or suffers a major injury in an accident connected with their business;an employee is injured which results in him/her being admitted immediately to hospital for more than 24 hours; or
For each task prepare a list of all the points training should cover eg:What equipment or substance to use.How the equipment or substance works and what it does.(c)
there is a dangerous occurrence.
Reporting in writingThe employer should send a report to the enforcing authority (where the main activity is motor car tyre and exhaust fitting this will be the local authority)within seven daysBCDif:-0C7
What dangers are associated with its use, including accidental spillage. What safety precautions are needed and how they protect the user.How to clean equipment safely.
an employee is off work or cannot carry out their normal duties for more than three days as a result of an accident at work;any death, major injury or dangerous occurrence has previously been notified by telephone; or
What to do if equipment seems faulty.
What personal protective equipment to wear.(c)
a specified occupational disease is certified by adoctor.
Supervised workingSet the trainee to work under close supervision. Make sure the supervisor has the time and knowledge to supervise effectively. 19
Make sure the supervisor watches to see that dangerous practices do not develop.
Reports should be made on Form 2508, for accidents and dangerous occurrences (a reduced copy of Form