How Web-Based Fanfiction Fosters Narrative Writing

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A presentation for the Write Like This Symposium in Reno, Nevada, Sept. 2013. Applying fanfiction to common core standards.

Transcript of How Web-Based Fanfiction Fosters Narrative Writing

How Web-Based Fanfiction Fosters Narrative Writing

How Web-Based Fanfiction Fosters Narrative WritingAshley Hennefer, M.A. candidate, Literacy StudiesCommon core objectivesREADINGCCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6-12Key Ideas & DetailsCraft & StructureIntegration of Knowledge & IdeasRange of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

WRITINGCCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.9-12Text Types & PurposesProduction & Distribution of WritingResearch to Build and Present KnowledgeRange of Writing

ObjectivesUnderstand what fanfiction is, as a writing movementLearn new terms pertaining to web-based fanfictionSee the most popular online outlets for fanfictionView many examples of fanfiction produced by teens around the worldApply concepts to projects you can do with your students (some of which you might already do)Activity: Place yourself in a fictional worldWho are you?What do you do? (Profession, hobbies)Who are your friends? Your enemies?How much do you have to change to be a part of this world?Example: Ashley in Harry Potters worldMyself24 years oldRavenclaw, Hogwarts alumniHogwarts librarian or professorteach Potions or Ancient RunesWould have my cat, Sofie, as my familiarFriends/potential colleagues with Hermione GrangerHobbies would changecouldnt play video games or dabble in electronics

What is fanfiction?Fanfiction has been hailed as 'the democratic genre' (Pugh, 2000), its proponents celebrated as 'textual poachers' (Jenkins, 1994) who radically disrupt but also reinvigorate canonical texts. (Thomas, 2007)Stories/artwork, created by fans, based on existing works of original literatureLev grossman, timeFanfiction is what literature might look like if it were reinvented from scratch after a nuclear apocalypse by a band of brilliant pop-culture junkies trapped in a sealed bunker. They don't do it for money. That's not what it's about. The writers write it and put it up online just for the satisfaction. They're fans, but they're not silent, couchbound consumers of media. The culture talks to them, and they talk back to the culture in its own language.Popular examples50 Shades of Grey - began as a Twilight fanficKirk/Spock early fanfic communitiesHarry Potter and the Methods of RationalityFanfiction as a writing movementHighly technology-drivenGlobal/collaborativeMixed-mediaCan be a part of any fandomNot divided by age/genderVery popular with teenagersFanfiction writers use multiple literaciesResearchWritingPeer-reviewEditingTraditional writing/reading skillsInterested in archetypesConcerned/critical of character accuracyFocus on plot and dialogueUnderstanding of audienceBad writing = less readersResearch saysGreat for English Language Learners (Black, 2007)Commercial texts become models (Jwa, 2012)Renews/revamps canonical texts (Thomas, 2007)Passive viewers active writers, interpreters of texts and media participants (Rust, 2003)Buffy [turned] the fans into authors and allow[ed] them to not only play with any aspect of the show, but also to influence the direction of the narrative itself. (Rust, 2003)Terms to knowFF/fic - short for fanfictionFandom - refers to a specific fan universe. Popular fandoms include Harry Potter, Supernatural, Doctor Who, Star Trek, Percy JacksonAU - alternate universeRP/RPG role-playing gameFace claim (FC) - using the appearance of an actor on which to base a characterHeadcanon - an accepted belief that may not be in the existing fictionShip - a relationshipOTP - one true pairing--the relationship a fan supports the mostSlash - refers to a relationship pairing, sometimes homosexual. Specifically refers to the / between two characters names (Harry/Hermione, Kirk/Spock)Meme - a concept created and shared rapidly on the internetTagging adding a word/phrase to blog post that helps others find your workOutlets for fanfiction: TUMBLRFeatures:RebloggingTaggingImage-centricEasy to connect withothers who share interests

Outlets for fanfiction: livejournalFeatures:TaggingLong postsImage-compatibleHighly customizable

Outlets for fanfiction (cont.)Archive of Our Own (AO3)Features: Tagging, long posts, ability to leave authors notes, post in chapters, emphasis on text, can rate/review Features: Long posts, chapters, tagged by fandom, tagged by mediumOutlets for fanfiction (Cont.)Form is as important as functionDesign serves as a motivatorDigital natives are highly visualCustomizing writing space is sacredExamples of fanfiction

Projects for studentsHave students make collages of imagesCreate a new character in an existing universeCreate a new universe for existing charactersSelect a face claim and create an origin storyLet students make a mixtape/playlist that inspires their storyResourcesFanhand: A Tumblr-based literary journal that reviews fanart Facebook & Tumblr to engage students Collective Tumblr Tumblr with examples http://ashleyhwrites.tumblr.comAuthors on Tumblr: Neil Gaiman, Travis Beacham, John Greenall active and very popular with their fansreferencesAlvermann, D. E. (2008). Why bother theorizing adolescents online literacies for classroom practice andresearch? Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 52(1), 819. Battis, J. (2009). Ryan is being beaten: incest, fanfiction and the OC. refractory, 15.Black, R. W. (2007). Fanfiction writing and the construction of space. ELearning, 4(4), 384397. Black, R. W. (2006). Language, culture, and identity in online fanfiction. ELearning, 3(2), 170. Burns, E., & Webber, C. (2009). When Harry met Bella. Library, 55(8), 2629. Chandler-Olcott, K., & Mahar, D. (2003). Adolescents anime-inspired fanfictions: an exploration ofmultiliteracies. Journal of Adolescent Adult Literacy, 46(7), 556566. Danforth, B. L. (2009). Games and writing. Library Journal, 134(17), 54.Lantagne, S. M. (2011). The better angels of our fanfiction: the need for true and logical precedent. HastingsCommunications Entertainment Law Journal CommEnt, 33(2), 159180. Moore, R. C. (2005). All shapes of hunger: teenagers and fanfiction. Voice of Youth Advocates, 28(1), 1519.Rust, L. (2003). Welcome to the house of fun: Buffy fanfiction as a hall of mirrors. Refractory, 2. Viires, P. (2002). Literature in cyberspace 1. Folklore Tartu, 29, 153174.