How to transform sentences of english from positive to negative or interrogative

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How to Transform Sentences. Change to Negative or Interrogative Sentence Presented BY: The English Academy 91 88666 80407 [email protected] Visit us at: http://indiamart.com/english-academy/ Corporate Training Personality Development Mentoring Hand Holding

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This presentation is about how we can change a positive sentence in English to negative or interrogative. It also has a section on when we have to add s/es to the verb. Generally many persons make mistake in this area.

Transcript of How to transform sentences of english from positive to negative or interrogative

Page 1: How to transform sentences of english from positive to negative or interrogative

How to Transform Sentences.

Change to Negative or Interrogative Sentence

Presented BY:The English Academy

91 88666 [email protected]

Visit us at: http://indiamart.com/english-academy/Corporate Training │ Personality Development │ Mentoring │

Hand Holding

Page 2: How to transform sentences of english from positive to negative or interrogative

Conducted by:

Sarwan Singh

Corporate Training │ Personality Development │ Mentoring │ Hand Holding

Page 3: How to transform sentences of english from positive to negative or interrogative

Reach us at:(The English Academy)

[email protected]

http://www.facebook.com/TheEnglishAcademyBaroda

@sarwan_singh

(91)88666 80407, (91)97279 19756

http://www.linkedin.com/pub/sarwan-singh/17/722/313

http://sarwansingh6644.blogspot.in

305-Helix ComplexNr. Hotel Kansar, Sayajigunj, Vadodara-390 005, Gujarat (India)

http://writebetter-speakbetter-english.blogspot.in

[email protected]

Page 4: How to transform sentences of english from positive to negative or interrogative

There are 3 types of Sentences:

Examples:

1. Priya works in Gujarat Gas.

2. You are very intelligent.

3. I am having lunch.

4. He was working on this project yesterday.

5. He has been working since 9 am.

6. You play cricket very well.

7. We had reached Delhi safely.

1. Affirmative Sentences: (These sentences will not have no/not & will end on (.) full stop.)

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There are 3 types of Sentences:

Examples: 1. Priya is not working these days.

2. You were not present in the class yesterday.

3. There are no students in the class now.

4. Kamal doesn’t have a car.

5. I could not complete your work yesterday.

6. She didn’t bring my book that day.

7. There was no water in the lake.8. We have no light in our house today.

2. Negative Sentence: (These sentences will have no/not & will end on (.) full stop.)

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There are 3 types of Sentences:

Examples: 1. Why is Priya not working these days?

2. Why were you not present in the class yesterday?

3. Is Ram present in the office now?

4. Have you brought my book?

5. Does she like badminton?

6. Why is there no water in the jug?

7. When did he reach Surat?

8. Did Rita not come to your house yesterday?

3. Interrogative Sentence: (These sentences ask a question & they may or may not have no/not

& will end on (?) Question Mark

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Types of VerbsMain Verbs

Helping Verbs

Auxiliary Verbs Modal Auxiliary Eat Drink Sleep Read Think Drive Write Produce

Is Are Am Was Were Do Does Did Has Have Had

Can Could May Might Shall Should Will Would

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Subject

+ Verb

+ Object

Universal Formula of a Sentence in English

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Universal Formula of a Sentence in English

Subject + Verb + ObjectA sentence can be without helping verbIn this case the exact formula is: Subject + Main Verb + Object

Examples: I read newspaper. He plays cricket. You work very hard. She comes everyday.

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Universal Formula of a Sentence in English

Subject + Verb + ObjectA sentence can also have a helping verb & a main verb

Hence formula of a sentence with helping verb:

Subject + helping Verb + Main Verb + Object

Examples: I am reading newspaper. He did not arrive. You are working very hard. She will come tomorrow.

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IMPORTANT

Main Verb is compulsory in all Sentences;

Examples: You appear tired. She works very hard. I like reading. They study in Surat.

But helping verb is not compulsory.

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Universal Formula for Making Negative Sentences

Subject + Helping Verb

+ not

+ Main Verb + Object(add ‘not’ in between helping verb & main verb)

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Negative SentencesSubject + Helping Verb + not + Main Verb + Object

Examples: Priya is working these days. Priya is not working these days.

You were present in the class yesterday. You were not present in the class yesterday.

I was absent yesterday. I was not absent yesterday.

They are coming to attend this meeting. They are not coming to attend this meeting.

 

Sentences with Helping Verb

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Universal Formula for Making Negative Sentences

(without helping verb)

Subject + do/does/did + not

+ Main Verb + Object

(add ‘do/does/did + not’ before main

verb)

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Negative SentencesSubject + Helping Verb (do/does/did) + not + Main Verb + Object

Examples: Priya works in a bank these days. Priya does not work in a bank these days.

You play football very well. You do not play football very well.

I like Indian Music. I do not like Indian Music

They went to attend the meeting on Sunday. They did not go to attend the meeting on Sunday.

Sentences without Helping Verb

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 Universal Formula for Making interrogative Sentences

1. Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object2. (WH Word) + Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object

NOTE:

3. Start the sentence with helping verb.

4. If required; place WH word in front of 1 above.

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Interrogative Sentences-with Helping Verb Interrogative Sentences

Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object(WH Word)Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + Object

Examples: You were not absent from the class. Were you not absent from the class? When were you not absent from the class?

Ram is present in the office now. Is Ram present in the office now? Why is Ram present in the office now?

They are taking lunch now. Are they taking lunch now? Why are they taking lunch now?

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 Universal Formula for Making interrogative Sentences

(Sentences without helping verb)

1. Do/Does/Did + Subject + Main Verb + Object2. (WH Word) + Do/Does/Did + Subject + Main Verb + Object

NOTE:

3. Start the sentence with Do/Does/Did.

4. If required; place WH word in front of 1 above.

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Interrogative Sentences- Without Helping Verb

Interrogative SentencesDo/Does/Did (Helping Verb) + Subject + Main Verb + Object(WH Word) + Do/Does/Did (Helping Verb) + Subject + Main Verb + Object

Examples: She works in Gujarat Gas. Does she work in Gujarat Gas? Why does she work in Gujarat Gas?

Ram Stays in Vadodara. Does Ram stay in Vadodara? Where does Ram stay in Vadodara?

You played cricket in school. Did you play cricket in school? When did you play cricket in school?

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All interrogative sentences always start with either: to be (is, are, am, was, were) word or

modal auxiliary (shall, will, can, may, might, could); or

Has, have had; or

Do, does, did; or

wh word (what, when, how, where, whose, which)

Whether the interrogative sentence will start with a wh word or a helping verb is decided by answer desired.

Important Note 1

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Close Ended Questions All interrogative sentences starting with a helping verb are

called close ended questions.

Such questions usually have YES or NO as answer

Such questions are used to ask for confirmation

Important Note 2

Open Ended Questions: All interrogative sentences starting with a

why/when/how/what/when/where/what are called open ended questions.

Such questions usually need complete answer

Such questions are usually asked to get further informationWhen to use S or es with verb.pptx

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When to use s or es to verbs

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Main VerbsHelping Verbs

Auxiliary Verbs Modal Auxiliary

Eat Drink Sleep Read Think Drive Write Produce

Is Are Am Was Were Do Does Did Has Have Had

Can Could May Might Shall Should Will Would

Types of Verbs

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Various Forms of VerbsV1

Base FormV2

Past SimpleV3

Past ParticipleV4

Present Participle

V5Third

Person Singular

taste tasted tasted tasting tastes

play played played playing plays

paint painted painted painting paints

beat beat beaten beating beats

walk walked walked walking walks

become became become becoming becomes

begin began begun beginning begins

bend bent bent bending bends

go went gone going goes

Used only in Present Simple Tense

Used only in Past Simple Tense

Used in all perfect tense sentences

Used in all Continuous Tense Sentences

Used only in Present Simple Tense sentences having third person

singular subject

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Personal Pronouns

Person Words Used Used for

First Person I, We, Us, Our Person Speaking

Second Person You, Your Person Spoken to

Third Person He, She, It, They, Their

Person/place/thing spoken about

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Singular & Plural Nouns/PronounsSingular (one in

number)Plural (more than one

in number)

I We

You You

He They

She They

It They

Book Books

Boy Boys

Girl Girls

Table Tables

Bag Bags

Pen Pens

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1. It has base form of verb (play, eat, walk, talk etc.)

2. There is no helping verb in the sentence. (Present Simple Tense Sentence)

3. The subject is THIRD PERSON SINGULAR

(He, she, it, Prem, Pen, Baroda, dog etc.)

Add s/es/ies to a verb only if the sentence meets following three conditions:

Examples: He works in a bank. Rita plays guitar very well. My brother visits me every Sunday. She goes to the bank daily.

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1. Verbs ending in s, z, x, ch, sh have es added in third person singular.

Examples: Misses, buzzes, fixes, watches, pushes

2. Verbs ending in y have ies in third person singular Examples: hurries, tries, worries, flies

3. Other verbs have s added. Examples: reads, eats, plays, drops

EXCEPTIONS: goes, does

Rules to add s, es or ies

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How to Transform Sentences.

Change to Negative or Interrogative Sentence

Presented BY:The English Academy

91 88666 [email protected]

Visit us at: http://indiamart.com/english-academy/Corporate Training │ Personality Development │ Mentoring │

Hand Holding

Page 30: How to transform sentences of english from positive to negative or interrogative

Reach us at:(The English Academy)

[email protected]

http://www.facebook.com/TheEnglishAcademyBaroda

@sarwan_singh

(91)88666 80407, (91)97279 19756

http://www.linkedin.com/pub/sarwan-singh/17/722/313

http://sarwansingh6644.blogspot.in

305-Helix ComplexNr. Hotel Kansar, Sayajigunj, Vadodara-390 005, Gujarat (India)

http://writebetter-speakbetter-english.blogspot.in

[email protected]