Horseworld Staunton Lane, Whitchurch Bath and North-East · PDF file Horseworld, Staunton...

Click here to load reader

  • date post

    19-Mar-2020
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    1
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Horseworld Staunton Lane, Whitchurch Bath and North-East · PDF file Horseworld, Staunton...

  • Horseworld Staunton Lane, Whitchurch

    Bath and North-East Somerset

    Archaeological Evaluation

    August 2013

    for

    on behalf of

    CgMs Consulting Ltd.

    Horseworld

    CA Project: 4455 CA Report: 13486

  • Horseworld

    Staunton Lane, Whitchurch Bath and North-East Somerset

    Archaeological Evaluation

    CA Project: 4455 CA Report: 13486

    prepared by Tim Havard, Project Officer

    date 9 August 2013

    checked by Richard Greatorex, Principal Fieldwork Manager

    date 12 August 2013

    approved by Simon Cox, Head of Fieldwork

    signed

    date 29 August 2013

    issue 01

    This report is confidential to the client. Cotswold Archaeology accepts no responsibility or liability to any third party to whom this report, or any part of it, is made known. Any such party relies upon this report entirely

    at their own risk. No part of this report may be reproduced by any means without permission.

    © Cotswold Archaeology

    Cirencester Milton Keynes Andover

    Building 11 Unit 4 Office 49

    Kemble Enterprise Park Cromwell Business Centre Basepoint Business Centre

    Kemble, Cirencester Howard Way, Newport Pagnell Caxton Close, Andover

    Gloucestershire, GL7 6BQ MK16 9QS Hampshire, SP10 3FG t. 01285 771022 t. 01908 218320 t. 01264 326549 f. 01285 771033

    e. [email protected]

  • © Cotswold Archaeology

    1

    Horseworld, Staunton Lane, Whitchurch, Bath and North-East Somerset: Archaeological Evaluation

    CONTENTS

    SUMMARY ..................................................................................................................... 2

    1. INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................ 3

    2. RESULTS (FIGS 2-6) ......................................................................................... 5

    3. DISCUSSION ..................................................................................................... 11

    4. CA PROJECT TEAM .......................................................................................... 11

    5. REFERENCES ................................................................................................... 12

    APPENDIX A: CONTEXT DESCRIPTIONS .................................................................... 13

    APPENDIX B: THE FINDS .............................................................................................. 16

    APPENDIX C: LEVELS OF PRINCIPAL DEPOSITS AND STRUCTURES ..................... 18

    APPENDIX D: OASIS REPORT FORM .......................................................................... 19

    LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

    Fig. 1 Site location plan (1:25,000)

    Fig. 2 Trench location plan showing archaeological features and geophysical survey

    results (1:2000)

    Fig. 3 Trenches 5-8 showing archaeological features and geophysical survey results

    (1:500)

    Fig. 4 Trenches 2, 3 and 5; sections (1:20) and photographs

    Fig. 5 Trench 6; section (1:20) and photographs

    Fig. 6 Trenches 7 and 8; sections (1:20) and photographs

  • © Cotswold Archaeology

    2

    Horseworld, Staunton Lane, Whitchurch, Bath and North-East Somerset: Archaeological Evaluation

    SUMMARY

    Project Name: Horseworld

    Location: Staunton Lane, Whitchurch, Bath and North-East Somerset

    NGR: ST 62221 67532

    Type: Evaluation

    Date: 22-29 July 2013

    Location of Archive: Roman Baths and Pump Room Museum Accession Number: BATRM 2013.22

    Site Code: HOS 13

    An archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Cotswold Archaeology in July 2013 at

    Horseworld, Staunton Lane, Whitchurch, Bath and North-East Somerset. Thirteen trenches

    were excavated.

    The evaluation identified ditches forming small paddocks or enclosures of a Late Iron

    Age/Early Roman probable farmstead. In addition two metalled trackways (aligned at a right

    angle to one another) and a posthole of similar date were identified.

    Two other ditches (undated) were also recorded.

  • © Cotswold Archaeology

    3

    Horseworld, Staunton Lane, Whitchurch, Bath and North-East Somerset: Archaeological Evaluation

    1. INTRODUCTION

    1.1 In July 2013 Cotswold Archaeology (CA) carried out an archaeological evaluation for

    CgMs Consulting Ltd at Horseworld, Whitchurch, Bath and North-East Somerset

    (centred on NGR: ST 62221 67532; Fig. 1). The evaluation was undertaken to

    inform a planning application made for a new visitor centre complex at HorseWorld.

    1.2 The evaluation was carried out in accordance with a detailed Written Scheme of

    Investigation (WSI) produced by CA (2013) for archaeological evaluation and

    approved by Richard Sermon, Senior Archaeological Officer, Bath and North-East

    Somerset Council. The fieldwork also followed the Standard and Guidance for

    Archaeological Field Evaluation (IfA 2009), the Management of Archaeological

    Projects (English Heritage 1991) and the Management of Research Projects in the

    Historic Environment (MORPHE): Project Manager’s Guide (English Heritage 2006). It

    was monitored by Richard Sermon, including a site visit on 25 July 2013.

    The site

    1.3 The area of proposed development encloses an area of approximately 5ha, and

    comprises a series of flat grassed paddocks lying at around 88m above Ordnance

    Datum (aOD).

    1.4 The underlying bedrock geology of the area is mapped as Rugby Limestone

    Member – Inter-bedded Limestone and Mudstone, Sedimentary Bedrock of the

    Jurassic Period (BGS 2013). These deposits were encountered in each of the

    trenches.

    Archaeological background

    1.5 Following the results of a Desk-based Assessment (CgMs 2013) and a geophysical

    survey (Stratascan 2013) and in support of a detailed planning application to the

    Local Planning Authority for development of the 5ha area, a programme of

    archaeological investigation was undertaken within the north-west and western

    sectors of the development footprint.

  • © Cotswold Archaeology

    4

    Horseworld, Staunton Lane, Whitchurch, Bath and North-East Somerset: Archaeological Evaluation

    1.7 The predominant activity on the Site is likely to be Romano-British as indicated by

    the recent geophysical survey. Other investigations in the environs of the Site have

    highlighted building material, Roman coins of the 2nd and 3rd centuries and at least

    two Roman coin hoards within a radius of 1km. The recorded evidence within the

    environs of the Site indicates that it lies within a landscape that was both settled and

    exploited in the Romano-British period. The apparent buildings indicated by the

    geophysics are likely therefore to belong to settlement of this period.

    1.8 There is limited evidence for Anglo-Saxon or later medieval activity within the vicinity

    of the Site, but the land (i.e. Whitchurch) is thought to have once been part of

    holdings belonging to Keynsham Abbey. A public footpath, known locally as the

    Priests Path, crosses through the centre of the Site leading from Whitchurch to

    Queen Charlton and delineates, in part, the historic parish boundary of Keynsham

    and Whitchurch.

    Archaeological objectives

    1.9 The objectives of the evaluation are to provide information about the archaeological

    resource within the site, including its presence/absence, character, extent, date,

    integrity, state of preservation and quality. In accordance with the Standard and

    Guidance for Archaeological Field Evaluation (IfA 2009), the evaluation has been

    designed to be minimally intrusive and minimally destructive to archaeological

    remains. The information gathered will enable the BANES Senior Archaeological

    Officer to identify and assess the particular significance of the heritage assets,

    consider the impact of the proposed development upon it, and to avoid or minimise

    conflict between the heritage asset’s conservation and any aspect of the

    development proposal, in line with the National Planning Policy Framework (DCLG

    2012).

    Methodology

    1.10 The fieldwork comprised the excavation of 13 trenches in the locations shown on the

    attached plan (Figure 2). The locations of Trenches 1, 2 and 10 were altered

    slightly in the field to avoid live services. All trenches measured 1.6m in width.

    Trenches were set out on OS National Grid (NGR) co-ordinates using Leica GPS

    and surveyed in accordance with CA Technical Manual 4 Survey Manual (2012).

  • © Cotswold Archaeology

    5

    Horseworld, Staunton Lane, Whitchurch, Bath and North-East Somerset: Archaeological Evaluation

    1.11 Trenches 1-4 were located along the proposed line of a new access road,

    Trenches 5-8 were located in the proposed new parking area whilst Trenches 9-13

    were located over the site of proposed new buildings. Excavation in Trenches 5-8

    was limited to providing dating evidence and providing information about the depth

    of archaeologically signif