HKG15-904: Scrum and Kanban 101

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  • Amro Hassaan, Tools Analyst, PMO.Scrum and Kanban 101

  • What is Waterfall?Waterfall

  • The Agile Processes

    Scrum Crystal Clear

    Agile Unified ProcessKanbanLean


  • The Agile Manifesto

    Processes and Tools

    Responding to Change

    Contract NegotiationCustomer Collaboration

    Comprehensive DocumentationWorking Software

    Following a Plan

    Individuals and Interactions

  • Intro to Scrum

    What is Scrum?A lightweight adaptive framework for managing complex development projects Roles Events Artifacts Simple set of rules

  • Product Owner

  • Scrum Master & Team

    A Scrum Master is a servant leader who facilitates the development process, removes blocking issues and ensures the team is adhering to the process.

    A Team is a self-organizing, cross-functional team that undertakes the responsibility of delivering the work.

  • KanbanWhat is Kanban?A work management approach focused on enhancing production flow by increasing the visibility of the workflow, and by limiting the amount of work in progress (WIP). Pioneered by Taiichi Ohno (Toyota) Underpins Just In Time approach (JIT) Focused on speed, predictability, continuous improvement. Reduces Muda or waste, time item sits idle (not worked on). kan (visual) - ban (card) Kanban process. kanban card.

  • Properties of the Kanban method Visualize workflow Limit work in process (WIP) Measure and manage flow Make process policies explicit Recognize improvement opportunities

    Cycle Time Time spent working on an item from start to completely done.Lead Time Total time a request or an item spends in the process from start to end.CT = work time LT = idle time + work time Value Stream Mapping

  • Implementing Kanban

    10 234

    Cycle Time

  • Limiting Work In Progress/Process (WIP)

    A fundamental concept in Kanban! Why? Reduces multi-tasking. Increases focus by limiting context switching. Improves performance (reduces Cycle time). Reduces the average Lead Time. Help identify bottlenecks. Increases team collaboration. Very experimental (you improve WIP estimation through

    observing performance and adjusting)

  • Comparison of approachesAttribute Scrum Kanban

    Cadence Time box iterations Continuous Flow

    Key Metrics Velocity Cycle Time

    Defining Characteristics

    3 roles,3 events,4 artifacts

    -Visualize WF-Limit WIP

    -No clearly defined roles

    Key Artifact Burn-down diagram Cumulative Flow diagram

    Team Scalability Hierarchy of small teams Support for larger team

  • Comparison of approachesAttribute Scrum KanbanIncrements Smaller increments Feedback to increase ROI

    Mitigate risk Maximize Learning process

    Retrospective At the end of each sprint Daily

    Management Inclusion

    Sprint is black box and management get visibility at the

    end of the sprint

    Daily visibility and inclusion allows management to

    see/understand bottlenecks and level of scope-creep is