Hemavata Sutta

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BuddhaSiisanaNu"altaOrganization MalzasiTrans/ationCommit(n,Rangoon. ADISCOURSEON HEMAVATASUTTA AnEnglishRenderiftgby UOnPe(let Toe) Filstprinted(J1ll1publishedintheSocialist Re[JIIlJ/icof tileUnionof Burma. December1980 FirstPri nted1980 Rf'ligiouspublicationPermissionNo. 17M CoverPermissionNo.350 FirstImpression1000 CoverbyZwePress (Dhamma.dana) Thecontentsofthis boekmaybe reproduced andreprintedinpartorinwhole afterpriorintimationtothepublisher. PublisbedbyUPwintKaung(Exemption No.667) BuddhaSasanaNuggahaOrganization, 16HermitageRoad,Rangoon,Burma PrintedbyUTunShein(Perm.02138),ZwePress 172,33rdS t r e ~ t ,RaDsooD,Burma , Contents Foreword 1 1.Dateforthissutta...6 2.ConcentratedattentionisEssential 8 3.Properwayoflisteningtoasermon9 4.Thewomanwhooverheardthe twodevas00013 5.InvitationbySiWigirideva....J4 6.Arahamattribute16 7.Buddhaattribute....20 8.Hemavata'squestion(1)....21 9.Embarrassingtobe questioned24 10.SiHigiri'sanswer(I)...25 11.Veryadorable 27 12.Howmaha-karunahappened 2S 13.Followersofwrongfaith morepitiable...34 14.Q &AbetweenkingKawrabya andVenerableRathapala...34 15.Anenlightenedquestion 41 16.Abilitytoviewunpleasant thingsaspleasant 43 A HEM A VAT ASU 1TA 17.M;,bakassapaandaleper 44 3 ~ ,Thetwo. kindsused~ 18.Ishefreeofguiltoftorture 51 3 f'Theattnbutes ofSugd'NI andlassitude? 38.Hemavata'sQuestionNo 19.RudewordsoftakkadunKassapa 5239.Threekindsofm;cchudif 20.IsHeintojhana 53 40.Satagiri'sAnswerNo4 21.Satagiri'sanswerNo2 54 I 41.Alsofreeof moha ... 22ThebogusBuddhas 5542.Freeofmicchadifthisince 23:Nobodywantstobekilledor receivingassuringprediction , 56 robbed 43.Tallieswiththetheoryof 6Cmao 24.Freebymeansofsamuccheda diesandisrebornasman".. virati ... 57 44.Whendidfalsefaithsspringup? 25.Youwould'ntstealifyouhad 45.Freeof allmoha....1 sympathy ...58 r 46.Hastheeyeofknowledge.... J 26.Freedomfromsinofstealing 47'Buddhacakkhu103 throughvipassana ...59 48.Asayti-nusayanana Ic}S 27. Freedomfromsinofstealing 49.Hemavata'sQueryNo5113 throughAriyamagga 59 50. Threekindsofvijja 115 28.Onepronetokilling innota 51.Pubbenivlisanana115 63 52.Dibbacakkhnn(ina116 Sotapan .. , 53.Di bbacakkhucanseepet a 29.SamathajhCtna 67 30.Vipassantljhana 68 spirits118 ... 54.Asavakkhavanana... 120 31.Buddh:1intoJhdnawhileaudience55.Eightvijjt'i122 weres(lying"Sadhu" 71 56.Vipassanatiana123 32.BurmeseSl7dhuandCsylonesej .... 71 57.AIallomayiddhiandlddhivialza ~ 'SCidhll... fi,! 11([ 127 ... 33.Vassakara'sslander ...78 ':'8,Cefopari),anuna 127 34.Satagiri'sAnswerNo3...80 59.Matikamii t;"lthewomandevotee '''8 35.Oftwokindsofspeechtwo 60.Nomi schiefnearamind J_ arepermissible...84 rrader.... 138 B c ll.bMAVATASUTTA HEMAVATASUTTA 61.Dibbasotanema 140 83.Mustnottransgressthearea 62.FifteencaI'ana 141 ofsamtidhi...178 84.Thesixsense-basesmakeup 63.Onewithvijjacaranainmost 146 man180 sacred ... 85.Sufferinginthesix180 64.yogisherehavetheseattributs ... 150 ( 86.Hemavata'squestionnumber too ... two183 65.ThestoryofSuppabuddha 151 87.Givinginstructionsto ... 66.AboutladyKiili ...155 Malukyaputtabhikkhii 67.Hemavata'squestionNo 1160 ...187 .. , 68.Buddha'sanswer(l) 160 88.Discardingtaf).hiioccuring 70.Wherethesixare theretakais .. , 160 onthesight...188 71.Onlythe sixareincompany ....164 89.Thecurrentofkama:Desire...193 72.Theeye,thesenseofseeing 90.The current of bhava,existence ...194 andthesight165 91.Thecurre'ntofdiuhi,false 73.Theear,thesenseofhearing beliefs 195 andthesound ...166 92.The current of Qvijjii, ignorance ...197 74.Thetongue,thesenseof taste 93.Firstqualificationofthe andthetaste ...167 successfulswimmer 198 75.Thebody,thesenseoftouch 94.Thesecondqualification...200 andthetouch...167 95.Thethirdqualification...201 76.Mindassociatedwithideas169 96.Don'ttalkRashlyAbout 77.Tiringoneselfisnot Ekadhammo...202 necessarilyattakilamatha...J7097.TheBuddha'sanswer(3B)206 78 .TheBuddha'sadmonition ... ...171 98.The pasthistoryof Hemavata 79.Kiimasukkhallikaand andcompany...208 attakilamathadifferentiated ...173 80,SamathaandVipassana '" 174 8l.Notransgression .. ,176 82.ATit!ha'sfalsenotions ...177 D p. NamoBuddhassa:HonourtotheFully EnlightenedOne.Homagetohim, theGreatOmniscientSageWho thenetofraysofhisGood Law. TheseraysofHisGoodLaw. Hismessagetrue.Longmaythey shedtheirf3dianceovertheworld . FOREWORD ThisbookisthetranslationbyUOn Pe, awell-knownBurmesewriter,oftheVene-rable(Aggamahapandita)MahasiSayadaw's discourseonHemavata.gutta.Accordingto tradition,Hemavatasuttabelongsto aplace betweenDhammacakkrasuttaand lakkhal)asuttainchronological0er. Althoughitisliotasfamousasthesesuttas,it isnolessvalurewasno agencyto alter ort hesituati onbecauseallbeings werepredestined,andsotheyhave theirshareofpover tyandprospenty;all beingsgott heirin. accordance withpredestination, InhIgherplanes orlowerplanesofeXIstences.Therewas nolengthyperiodofmi serythebad andthefoolishnorashortpenodforthe richandthewIse;eachbeingwasto. take hisownshareofmiseryandhappmess, 97 HEMAVATASUTTA .tasthepovertyandprosperity,andJUs roIlingballofthreadcomestoastopwhen allthethreadhasbeenuntwined,soalso thesamSllraforeachbeingwoul?comd to anendwhen11ehadJivedouthISprees-tinedperiodofexistence. Tallieswiththetheoryof"mandies andisreborn asman" ThisideaofpredestlDCHionwhichasserts thatonehasjusttoliveouthis timein sams(iraandneednotmakeanyeffortfor improvementforhewillmatureautomati-callyandgradually,goesverywellwith thoseWhodonothavetomakeanyeWort todogooddeedsandalsowiththose' Who wanttodobaddeeds.Itisquiteagood ideaforlazybonesandbad-hats.Italso seemstobeinaccordwitharecentlypro-pagatedbeliefthatsincemanhasalready attainedthestatusofman,hewiJJnotget downgradedafterhis' de ath,forhewill graduallymature , automatically;thebelief assumingtheterm,jnBurmese,lu'thelu phyit(mandies,becomesman). TheBuddhali kened MakkhaJiasahuman dragnet,foronceamangetsintothene t ofhisfaithbecannotgetoutbuthasto dieinit.TheBuddhameantbythisthat 98 HEMAVATASurrA thoseWhof avouredthisbeliefwouldnot doanygoodvolitiona lactwhichwould ena bl et hemtoattainto celestialpl anesand nibblna,andsotheywoul dfa llintohell . NowIhaveheardthattherearesome whotelltheiraudi encethatitisenough forthemmerelytoli stenwhattheypreach andthatitisnotnecessaryf oranyoneto doanymeditation.Suchpreachersshould makeanoteofthemet aphorofthedranet usedbytheBuddhafort heleadingdWhi Makkhali .NotonlyMakkna/i'sf aithbut alsothefaithsof andAji taf all intothesamecategoryof" dragnetfa iths" whichremovetheopportunityforbeingsto gotoc@iestiaJplanesofexis tenceorto attainnibbtina. Whendidfa lsefait hsspringup? Whendidthefalsef ai thsdenyingkamma anditseffectspringup?Accordingto Cakkavattisutta,t heysprangupd uringthe era inwhich man's life-span was one thousand years.It isprobablethattil Ithater3people hadinthemlessamountof lobha, dosaand mohaandsowerenotenamouredofthis aboutkarnmaanditseffect,but sincethenpeopleweremoreandmore depraved,andbegantosubscribetothese faiths.Butthesefaithswerenot aspopulaf 99 , HEMAVATASUTTA astheyappearedtobe,forevenat timeofthe Buddhawhenthespanof mans lifehadgone toonehundred,they werenot likedbymany. Butnowasmoraldeterioration isgradu-allyincreasing,peoplearebecomingmOre andmoreimmoral,andthe falsefaithsare beginningtoflourish.Andaccordingto Cakkavatlisutta,atthetimewhenman's expectationoflifeisreducedtojustten years,moralswiUfadeoutandtheterm akusala(evildeed)willgooutofusage. Thistbeoryofrejectionof!cammais gradually gainingmore favourableattention becausepeople'slobhaisincreasingand theirhankeringaftersensualpleasuresis making acorresponding increase.Nowadays, therearesome whoareoftheopinionthat ifoneavoidsevildeedsonewillnot achieveallYusefulpurpose.Thatview leads peopletothesefalsefaiths. Freeofallmoha Theignoranceof!cammaanditseffect thatisbecomingrifenowistheresultof overwhelmingsuperimposedby moha. TheBuddharealIsedthisforHimselfand soHepreachedtothepeopleformaking effortsto thevOluweoflobhaand moha.ThedIsCIplesfOllowtheBuddha's 100 IIIEMAVAl'ASUTrA directionandtrytoreachrealisation throughmeditationalpractice andthus free themselvesfromthesefalsefaiths.They cometorealisethatthekammaofthe previousexistenceshadmadethemwhat theyareinthepresentexistence,andthe kammaofthvpresentexistence,jf nOly( t freeoftal)/za,willdeterminethestateof thenextexistence.Thus,theyconfirmtheir beliefinthetruefaith. TheBuddhawasobviously free ofmiccha ditthi,butatatimewhenthereweremany bogusBuddhas,Hemavata'squerywhether theBuddhahadovercomemoltawhich makesformicchiiditthi wasquitepertinent, andanswerwentfarbeyond because itsaidthattheBuddhahadover-come allmoha(thatis,alltheaccessories ofmoha). Hasthe eyeofk nowledge Inanswertothefourthque::.tion,Saa-girisaid,"Ourteacher,theBuddha,has thetypeofknowledgewhichseesallthe dhamma." Therearefivekindsof eyes.Theyare: (I)mamsacakkhu,theeyeofflesh,orthe ordinaryeye; (')dibbacakkhu,theeyeofabhiiiJltiI)a (higherpsychicpoweIs); 101 If14 TJEMAVATASUTTA (3)dhalllmacakkllll;theeye.of(4)samalltacakkllll,(all-seemgeye)mSIght (5)Buddhacakkhu,theeyeof theBuddha. (1)Theordinaryeyeisveryclearand canseearoundtothedistanceofone yuja1Ui. 0)Dibbacakkhll,ortheeyeofAbhififia canseeallmaterialforms,largeorsmall, nearorfar:itcanseethe abodesofdevas andBrahmas,thenetherregionssuchas niraya ' (hell),petaandasztrakayas.(ghosts andspirits);itcanalsoseetheuniverses. Thisoyecanseeanythinganywhere,any shapeorcolour;it canalsoseewherea be-ingafterdeathbasgone totakeup itsnext existence. /Tbe Buddbahadattainedthiseye It midnightof thedaywhen Hewasto attain Buddhahood.Hethensawallthe31planes ofexistenceinwhichbeingsofallsorts wereeitherenjoyingpleasuresorsuffering frommisery.WeneednotaddthatHe sawallofthehuman andanimalworlds. ( 3)Asfortheeyeof knowledge, the term referstothatgainedfrom v!passana'?1aggaandpaccavekkhana,espe- to Any.!magga.Theeye of knowledge )Sreferredtoastheeyeofdhamma ISsynonymouswithsotapannamagga ilGna. 102 HEMAVATASUTTA (4)samantacakkhuissynon)'mouswith sabbaiifiutanana.It is t heeyewhichseesall thedhamma.The BuddhJ.haddeclaredwhile givingthef