HELIPORTS & HELISTOPS - CAA Incursions Excursions... · • Types of Heliports and Helistops. •...
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HELIPORTS & HELISTOPS
PRESENTER: BASIL HLATSHWAYO
The main focus will be on the following items:
• Differences between Helistops and Heliports.
• Types of Heliports and Helistops.
• Design requirements.
To provide the delegates with guidelines that must be
considered for the planning and esign of Heliports and
Helistops and further to describe the minimum
requirements for licensing and approval.
• Helistop - An area either at ground level or
elevated on a structure for the landing and take-
off of helicopters but without auxiliary facilities.
• Heliport – An area either at ground level or elevated
on a structure that is used for landing and take-off of
helicopters and includes some or all of the various
facilities such as helicopter parking bays, waiting
room, fixed fuel installations and maintenance
• Touchdown and liftoff area (TLOF)
A load-bearing, generally paved area, normally
centred in the FATO, on which the helicopter
lands and/or takes off.
• Final Approach and Takeoff area (FATO)
A defined area over which the pilot completes the
final phase of the approach to a hover or a landing
and from which the pilot initiates takeoff.
The physical requirements for Heliports and Helistops are
identical regarding the following:
• Landing and take-off areas
• Touchdown areas
• Transitional surfaces
• Approach surfaces
• Safety or peripheral areas
Types of Heliports & Helistops
• Surface/Ground level
• Elevated structure
• Commercial use
• Private use
• Public use
• Emergency use (Air Ambulances)
Restrictions can be imposed as follows:
• For emergency use only
• VFR daylight operations only
• VFR day and night operations
• Mass and/or rotor diameter of helicopter
• A restriction during certain hours of the day
Heliport Licensing Requirements
The SACAA will only license a Heliport to come into
existence if the following requirements are met:
• SA CARS Part 139
• SA CATS Part 139
• Letter of no objection from the Local Municipality
• Letter of no objection from ATNS*
• Approval from NASCOM*
• Publish for public comments
*Air Traffic & Navigation Services
*National Airspace Committee
Helistop Approval Requirements
• Approval from NASCOM (controlled airspace)
The SACAA will only approve a Helistop to come
into existence if the following requirements can be
• The minimum Helistop design standards can be
• Letter of no objection from the Local Municipality.
• Letter of no objection from ATNS.
Wind direction Indicator
• The windsock, at least one (1), shall provide the best
possible colour contrast to its background.
• To avoid presenting a hazard, the windsock shall be
located outside the safety area.
• If night operations are intended, the windsock shall
• The length of the windsock shall be 2.4m for surface
level Heliports and 1.2m for elevated structures.
Requirements for Elevated Structures
• Only performance class 1 (twin turbine)
helicopters are permitted on elevated structures.
• A safety net extending between 1.5m - 2m for fall
protection and complying to local standards and
regulations is a requirement.
• Design the safety net to have a load carrying
capability of 122 kg/square metre.
• Make sure the net does not project above the
level of the Touchdown and Liftoff area.
An emergency heliport is a facility which
accommodates helicopters that are limited to
serving traffic engaged in air ambulance operations
or other hospital-related functions.
• An emergency heliport shall be identifiable by a
letter H, white in colour and a red cross, both
positioned at the centre of the touchdown and lift-
• The white ‘H’ shall be superimposed over the red
cross and the stems of the ‘H’ shall be placed so
that they are orientated with the most desirable
direction for take-off and landing.
Helicopter facilities at
aerodromes • To facilitate the operation of helicopters at
aerodromes, provision should be made for a FATO
to be separate from aeroplane take-off, landing and
• The FATO should be so located as to:
a)provide adequate separation between aeroplane
and helicopter traffic so as to avoid conflict in take-off
and landing operations,
b) avoid areas where vortex wake generated by
landing aeroplanes is likely to affect helicopters in the
final approach phase or in a hover adjacent to a
Helicopter facilities at
c) avoid the risk of debris being ingested into the
engines of other aircraft as a result of the debris being
blown about by rotor downwash,
d) avoid the mixing of aeroplanes and helicopters on
aprons or on taxiways,
e) avoid the rotor downwash from large and heavy
helicopters affecting light aeroplanes parked on an
apron or taxiway during the approach or departure of
Cautionary Signs & Security
• Provide a Heliport with appropriate means of
keeping the operational areas clear of people,
animals and vehicles.
• Control access, depending upon the location of
the Heliport and types of potential intruders.
• Display cautionary signs at strategic positions to
warn the public of helicopter operations.
• SA CARS 139
• SA CATS 139
• ICAO Annex 14, Vol 2
• ICAO Doc 9261- AN/903
• OHS Act 85 of 1993 and supporting
Inspector: Cat Z and Heliports
Tel: 011 545 1060
Fax: 086 641 2743