Heat illness

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2. Atlanta Federal Health and Safety Council13 July, 2011
OSHA Atlanta East Area Office
3. Welcome to
OSHAs Campaign to Prevent Heat Illness in Outdoor Workers
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Heat Illness: Matter of Life or Death
Time of year
May cause heat cramps, heat rash, or more severe heat illnesses such as heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
Heat stroke can be deadly.
Early and quick action can save lives.
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Heat Exhaustion
Heat Stroke
Employers Can Prevent Heat Illness
Be aware that both Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke can be prevented
Recognize the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion and heat stroke
Know when to take action
Include frequent water breaks, ample time to rest and shade for workers
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Prevention Campaign = 3 Words
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Heat Illness Prevention Advice
Employers need to be aware of the following risk factors for workers:
Construction and
General Industry
High temperature and humidity
Direct sun exposure (no shade)
Limited air movement (no breeze)
Strenuous work tasks
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Heat Illness Prevention Advice (cont.)
Along with water, rest and shade, employers should make sure workers are acclimatized to heat environments
Especially those new to working in hot environments
This includes workers with a lack of recent exposure to hot working conditions (away for more than a week)
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Heat Illness Website Resources
Here is where
you have access
to all of
Heat Campaign
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Educational Resources Page
Publications: Fact Sheets, Posters [English/Spanish]
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Community Posters
Community posters are available in both English and Spanish
Posters communicate the message: Water. Rest. Shade. The work cant get done without them.
OSHA adds Lets make heat safety part of the job.
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Training Page
OSHAs Lesson Plan for Employers
Heat Safety Training Kit for Employers
DVD: Water, Rest, Shade: The Work Cant Get Done Without Them
Access to other valuable training materials from various sources
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OSHAs Lesson Plan for Employers
Heat Illness Prevention Training Guide: A Lesson Plan for Employers is a short, participatory, easy to follow plan for employers to prevent heat illness and provide training to their workers.
Inside the Guide
1. Health Effects of Heat
2. How to Respond to Symptoms
3. Preventing Heat Exhaustion
Additional Resources
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Employer Provided Training
Workers need to be trained to know what to do when a worker has signs of heat exhaustion:
Call supervisor
Stay with worker until help arrives
Move worker to cooler/shaded area;
Fan and mist the worker with water
Provide cool drinking water
If the worker feels confused, vomits, or faints, this may indicate heat stroke
Call 911immediately!
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Media Resources Page
Press ReleaseLabor & Trade
Labor Secretarys Public Service Announcement
Both are available in English and en Espaol
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Partnering Resources
OSHA is also partnering with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) on weather service alerts.
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The Risk of Heat Stress
Your risk of heat stress depends on many factors.
These include:
Your physical condition
The weather (temperature, humidity)
How much clothing you have on
How fast you must move or

  • How much weight you must lift

If you are near a fan or there is a breeze
If you are in the sun.
Heat emergencies
Warning signs of Heat Stroke vary but may include:

  • an extremely high body temperature (above 103F, orally)

19. red, hot, and dry skin (no sweating) 20. rapid, strong pulse 21. throbbing headache 22. dizziness, nausea 23. disorientation, confusion 24. unconsciousnessIf you see any of these signs, you may be dealing
with a LIFE-THREATENING emergency.
Call 911
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First Responder Skin Test
SKIN TURGOR(elasticity)

  • A quick check of skin turgor by pinching the skin over the back of the hand, on the abdomen, or over the front of the chest under the collarbone is a good way to check for dehydration at home.

27. Mild dehydration will cause the skin to be slightly slow in its return to normal. 28. To rehydrate, drink more fluids -- particularly water. 29. If turgor is severe, indicating moderate or severe dehydration, see your health care provider immediately.