Head and Neck, Eyes, Ears, Nose, & Throat. Head & Neck Review Anatomy of head History...

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Transcript of Head and Neck, Eyes, Ears, Nose, & Throat. Head & Neck Review Anatomy of head History...

  • Slide 1
  • Head and Neck, Eyes, Ears, Nose, & Throat
  • Slide 2
  • Head & Neck Review Anatomy of head History Headache Head Injury Dizziness Neck pain Lumps, swelling Surgery
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  • Head & Neck Exam Inspect and Palpate skull Inspect face Inspect and palpate neck ROM Lymph nodes know the names Trachea Thyroid gland
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  • Head & Neck Exam Abnormal findings, Goiter Graves disease Adenopathy Neck masses
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  • http://www.utdol.com/online/content/image.do?imageKey=onco_pix/lymph_8.htm&title=Lymph%20nodes%20head%20and%20neck
  • Slide 7
  • Eyes Review A&P 208 -214 Review Aging Adult changes
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  • Arcus Senilis
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  • Pterygium
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  • Eye: History Visual problems or changes Sudden loss of vision is ALWAYS an emergency Pain Strabismus, diplopia Redness, swelling Past history of ocular problems Glaucoma
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  • Eye: History Glasses or contacts Self care behaviors Medications Vision loss
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  • Eye: Physical Exam Visual acuity Test visual fields Extraocular muscle (EOM) Corneal Light reflex Diagnostic Positions of gaze Inspection of External structures General Eyebrows Eyelids and lashes (lag, ptosis, closure)
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  • Eye: Physical Exam Eyeball Conjunctiva and Sclera Lacrimal status Cornea and lens Iris & Pupil PERRLA Ocular Fundus Findings: arcus senilis, conjunctival hemorrhage, ophthalmic herpes, ptosis
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  • Ear Review A&P, pg 289 - 295 History Earache Infections Discharge Hearing Loss Environmental noise Tinnitus Vertigo Self-care
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  • Ear: Physical Exam Size and shape of Pinna Tenderness External meatus Otoscope pg 308 for normal with landmarks; 317 for serous otitis EAC TM Hearing tests Whispered voice, Weber, Rinne Romberg
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  • Nose, Mouth, Throat Review A&P, 321 - 327 History: Nose Discharge Infections/Colds Sinus Pain Trauma Epistaxis Allergies
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  • Nose, Mouth, Throat History: Mouth & Throat Sores & Lesions Sore Throat Bleeding gums Toothache Hoarseness Dysphagia Altered Taste Smoking, ETOH Self-care
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  • Nose: Physical Exam Inspect Outer Nose Nasal Cavity Sinuses Palpate or Percuss Sinuses Sinuses
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  • Mouth & Throat: Physical Exam Inspect Mouth & Throat Lips Dentition Gums Buccal Mucosa Tongue Palate Pharynx Uvula, pillars, tonsils, laryngeal wall Palpate tongue, sublingual
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  • Mouth & Throat Abnormal Herpes simplex, pg 333 Gingival hypertrophy in a phenytoin patient, 337 Oral Candidiasis (Thrush), pg 340 Enlarged tonsils, pg 347
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