GSS Session VI Mr A K Sacheti
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- 1. Rajasthan Mission on Skill and Livelihoods Rajasthan Mission
on Skill and Livelihoods (A Govt. of Rajasthan Initiative) EMI
Campus, J-8A, Jhalana Institutional Area, Jaipur- 302004
Phone:+91-141-5103246/47,2705817Fax :+91-141-5103246 E-Mail
:[email_address] Website : www.rajasthanlivelihoods.org A
Non-formal ModelofSkill Training for Unemployed YouthAs Practiced
in Rajasthan A. K. Sacheti, Project Advisor
- Commencement of RMoL skill training programmes by ITIs: It was apprised to the PS-L&E that ITIs are delaying in commencing RMoL skill training programmes. The PS-L&E directed RMoL to issue letter duly signed by him to the Director, Technical Education and all Dy. Directors to conduct RMoL skill training courses on time.
- Lack of Institutions in 5 districts under Devnarayan Yojana: It was apprised by RMoL that as against the target of training of 4000 youth set by the government in five districts, RMoL has trained only 1840 youth due to lack of training Institutions. The PS-L&E directed to utilise the existing school premises in consultation with the office of the Principal Secretary, Primary and Secondary Education.
2. 3. Technical Training Institutions & Intake Capacity S. No Type of Institutions Number of Institutions Intake Capacity 1 Polytechnics 71 16150 2 Industrial Training Institutes 134 20032 3 Industrial Training Centers 712 80792 Total 917 1,16,974 4. RMoL-ITS SKILL TRAINING PARTNERS GOVERNMENT OF RAJASTHAN RMoL ITI ITC KVK RUDSETI JSS Poly. PI NGO GEC Corporates Mobile Industry 5. Processfor Launch of Skill Training
- Identification of Courses- Meeting with Industrialists, Knowledgeable persons, CII, ASSOCHEM, FICCI, Sectorspecificindustries and Vacancies through daily News Papers.
- Preparation of list of courses with duration
- Preparation of courses contents and IM
- Costing of Training programme
- Developing criteria for evaluation of training proposals
- Organization of orientation programmes for training providers
- Invitingand sanctioningof proposals fromtraining partners approved for the purpose
6. 7. 8. SkillMapping of the State DemandRajasthan will have an incremental human resource requirement of 5 to 5.2 million persons by 2015.S.No.Key sectors Current Employment (2006-07) (in 000) Employmentby 2015(in 000) Incremental HR Requirement till 2015 (in 000) 1 Construction 500 3188 2688 2 Textile 860 1689 829 3 Healthcare 142 473 331 4 Tourism and Hospitality 170 440 270 5 Food Processing 22 254 232 6 Auto Mechanics 75 280 205 7 Jem and Jewellary 50 188 138 8 Handicrafts 700 837 137 9 Auto and Engineering 37 129 92 10 Banking and Financial Services 76 151 75 11 IT and ICT 6 48 42 12 Mines and Minerals 460 499 39 13 Retail 140 173 33 Total 3238 8349 5111 9. Industry Sector-wise Number of Courses Offered S.N Sector No S.N Sector No S.N. Sector No 1 Auto. Repair 13 12 IT & ICT 6 21 Wood Work 1 2 Business&Commerce 5 13 Medical & Nursing 8 22 Media 2 3 Beauty Culture & hair dressing 4 14 Plastic Processing 4 23 Food Proces. & Preservation 3. 4 Carpet 8 15 Printing 5 24 Agri. & Hort 12 5 Electrical 6 16 Prod. & Manufa. 6 25 AnimalHusb. 5 6 Electronics 16 17 Refrigera. & AC 4 26 Handicraft 1 7 Fabrication 5 18 Retail 3 27 Courier & Logis. 3 8 Garment Making 11 19 Paint 3 28 Textile 2 9 Gem & Jewelery 3 20 Construction 10 29 Travel & Tourism 4 10 Hospitality 13 21 Security 3 30 Multi Skills 15 11 MaterialManage. 2 22 Mines& Minerals 1 33 Renewable Energy 3 34 Miscellaneous -2 10. Courses their Duration & Number S.No Training Duration Number ofCourses 1 40 days/240 hours 68 2 50 days/300 hours 43 3 60 days/360 hours 23 4 70 days/420 hours 17 5 80 days/480 hours 29 6 90 days/540 hours 12 Total Courses 192 11. Guideline Document & Its Contents
- 1 General Information& Guidelines
- 2 BannerFormat 1a
- 3-Format for CompletionReport 2a
- 4-Formatfor Applicationforma3
- 5- Format forDetails of Trainees a4
- 6- Format forTraining Coordinator & Othersa5
- 7- Format forDaily Topics Covered with Name of Trainer a6
- 8- Format for Evaluationof Tr.Prog.
- Towards the End By Trainees a7
- 9 Format forSummary ofEval. a8
- 10- Format forProcedure to Purchaseof Tools and Distribution 9
- 11- Format forOJT Payment Receipt
- to Enterprize a10
- 12Format for Summary of Expenses a11
- 13- Format forUtilization Certificatea12
- 14Format for Certificatea13
- 15- FormatforUsing Residential
- Facility a14
- 16- Format forParticipationin Educational
- 17- Format for Follow up Reporta16
- 18- Instruction forAccount Submission
- ( Appendix-A )
- 19- List ofMES/RMoL Courses
- ( Appendix-B )
- 20- Soft Skills and EDPCourse Contents
- ( Appendix-C )
- 21Motivating Songs
12. Features of RMoL Skill training Programme
- Eligibility : Age-16-35 years; Qualification- Varies from course to course( 5 thstandard to 12 thstandard & graduate).
- No. of Sectors : 34;
- Courses: 192;
- Duration :40(240 hrs.) to 90 (540 hrs.) days/hrs.
- Number of Trainees:25 ( Not less than 18); In some courses the number is less than 18 also. In one case, it is 30.
- Training Fee : Rs. 400/- for General Category youth and Rs.200/- for all other categories youth including women and disabled candidates.
- Assessment: By External Assessorsthrough visit during the organization of training programme
- Provision: Tool Kit, OJT, Soft Skills, EDP.
13. Budget for Skill Training Programmes S.No Non residential with EDP Budget Residential with EDP Budget Duration Rs. DurationRs. 1 40 days/240 hours 53,833 40 days/240 hours 1,07,833 2 50 days/300 hours 65,184 50 days/300 hours 1,33,584 3 60 days/360 hours 76,536 60 days/360 hours 1,57,536 4 70 days/420 hours 87,888 70 days/420 hours 1,83,288 5 80 days/480 hours 99,240 80 days/480 hours 2,07,240 6 90 days/540 hours 1,10,592 90 days/540 hours 2,32,992 14. Type of Training Institutions & Their Numbers(Up to August, 2011-12) S.No. Type of Training Institution No. of Institution 1 Government ITI 94 2 KVK-Run by universities, ICAR, NGOs 25 3 General Education Colleges 22 4 ITCs 39 5 RUDSETI + JSS 5 6 DCTC 9 7 Professional Institute 5 8 NGOs 11 9 Large Corporate House Centres 25 10 Mobile+Industry 5 Total 240 15. Year-wise Dist. Covered, Institutions Involved, Programmes Organized & Youth Trained Year No. of Districts Covered No. of Institutions Involved No. ofSkill Training Programmes Organised No. of Youths Trained 2005-06 22 39 57 1340 2006-07 32 150 283 5605 2007-0832 283 603 13983 2008-09 33 347 1018 24111 2009-10 33 264 621 14538 2010- 11 32 223 570 12540* Total 3152 72117* * Tentative figure 16. Year-wise ExpenditureIncurred on Skill Training Year Budget Utilized( Rs. in Lakhs) 2005-06 38.58 2006-07 160.30 2007-08455.95 2008-09 794.50 2009-10 800.00* 2010- 11* 500.00* *Accounts to be Settled 17. Employment Status of Youth Trained(2006-09) For 6688 Youth 18. Sector-wise Employment Pattern 19.
- Total 3152 programs
- 340 institutions involved(KVKs, ITIs, ITCs, NGOs)
- 72117 youth trained
- 26% were women
- 59% beneficiaries educatedclass10 th& below
- 64.5% beneficiary belonged to SC,ST, OBC categories
- 83% beneficiaries belonged to families havingmonthly income less than Rs. 5000/-
RMoL Skill Trainings at a Glance 20. C- Best Practices in Skill Development 21. Best Practices of RMoLSkill Development Programme
- 75% of RMoL courses have MES Course Contents of DGET, GOI. 25% courses are local specificdeveloped at the Mission level.
- Value addition to MES courses through incorporation of
- a) Entrepreneurship Development Module
- b) Soft skill Module
- c) On-the-job training
- d) Tool kit
- Ensuring availability of infrastructure (funding for dormitory accommodation in KVKs, strengthening of ITIs by way ofTools and Power Tools)
- Budgetreleased as advance in the range of 100 to 60% of the total ,based on type of institution government or private.
22. Best Practices of RMoLSkill Development Programme
- Each training programme is assessed or supervised once or twice based on duration of the course by a professional available locally.
- Employment data of trainees are collected through follow up reports.
- Guideline document is published every year with necessary changes/modification, which include funds, number of courses, duration of courses, etc.
- Data base of skill development programmes is developed and updated regularly.
- RMoLsskill development programmes are managed by a team ofexperienced professionals.
23. D- New Initiatives in Skill Training 24. Innovations in Skill Trainings
- Mobile Training Facility :Two mobile vansrunning in District- Jodhpur and DungarpurFour more mobile vans fabricated to serve in Tonk , BaranRajsamand and Barmer.
- E-Learning material : Following course materials developed in Hindi.
- Household Wiring and repair of Electrical appliances
- Diesel engine and pump set repair and
- Repair & rewinding of electrical motor
25. Establishment of New Institutions
- Rajasthan Institute of Security Education
- Certified training in security education has been initiated.
- Established in 7 division HQ of Rajasthan .
- Three agency i.e.Jaipur Ex- servicemen Welfare Cooperative SocietyLtd, SIS, & CAPSIhas been conducting the trainings and more than 2332 youth have been trained and placed so far.
- Theannual target is 5880 youth to be trained and placed.
- Construction Academies
- Established in premises of ITIsof 7 divisional HQ.
- Courses in 3 Trades i.e. Plumbing & Sanitation, Masonry and electrical house wiring has been started in June, 2010 and 200 youth are undertaking training in these courses
- RMoL has been taking professional guidance from National Academy ofConstruction,Hyderabad , the Key Institution in India for transfer of knowhow in establishment and running of courses.
26. 27. Rajasthan Instituteof Security Education (RISE) 28. E- Increasing Outreach 29. Increasing the Outreach
- Establishing a variety of specialized Academies /Institutions in PPP mode
- Establishing Skill Development Centres in RIICO industrial areas in PPP mode
- Strengthening District Computer Training Centres(DCTC)
- InvolvingIndustries in Offering Industry Specific Courses in OJT Mode.
- EstablishingRajasthan Council ofVocational Education & Training (RCVET)
30. Increasing the Outreach
- Ensuring introduction of 3 shifts in all ITIs and ITCs and requesting them to run more short duration courses in second and third shifts for Unemployed youth and on-the-job trained skilled workers.
- Involving all educational and professional institutes to run short courses before and after the working hours
- Requesting general education colleges to startskill training and employment enhancement courses during , before and after the working hours and on week ends.
- F- Issues&Problems
32. Issues/Problemsin Implementation
- Non availability of qualified trainers.
- Lack of training institutions to offer diversified courses
- Reluctance on the part of industries to establishskill development centre(s) in the state.
- Majority of the Training Providers do not have Boarding & lodging infrastructure
- Training and learning materials are not available for majority of the courses.
- RMoL trained youth, willing to set up a small enterprise, have no access to loan facility.
- Themechanism to collect follow-up or tracking of trainees is not very effective.
- Developing Strategic and Implementation Framework
34. Developing Strategic and Implementation Framework- Issues/Problems
- Absence of Coordinating Ministry or Nodal Ministry for Skill Development. National Skill Development Coordination Board ( NSDCB)is not very effective in doing the Job.
- DGET is making certain interventions through national and international funding in ITIs, but new sectors, where employment opportunities exist, arenot expanding viz., hospitality, security, textile, retail, travel & tourism, Business & Commerce, Construction, etc
- Under SDI scheme, DGET has designed and developed more than 1000 modules and releasedfunds to selected Government ITIs, but, the scheme has not taken roots in many states because of cumbersome procedure laid down byDGET and requirement of state share by way of budget and/or manpower. There is no diversity of courses in ITC.
- MHRD has no scheme to offervocational- short or long duration courses in educational institutions.
- National Skill Development Corporation( NSDC) has moved fast, as far as the number is concerned, without any preparation regarding launch of skill training programmes, hence no impact on the ground.
35. Developing Strategic and Implementation Framework- Issues/Problems
- Honble Prime Minister wrote a letter to the honble Chief Ministers of the States regarding use of vacant space and off-hours of educational institutions for organizing short duration skill training programmes. But, there is no progress on this aspect because of non availability of funds. Similarly, Honble PM wrote to CM regarding setting up of State Skill Development Missions. Many states have set up SSDM, but in want of budget, no substantialnumber of skill training programmes could be organized.
- Ministry of Rural Development ( MoRD) and its lucarative funding pattern under SGSY scheme is coming in the way ofexpanding skill training programmes by states through private partners.
- The Government has not provided additional funding to various ministries for expanding or setting up new training infrastructure in PPP mode.
- Testing and Certification System for short duration skill training developed by DGET is not effective.
- Development and launch of National Vocational Qualification system is far from over.
- In absence of nodal skill development ministry, best models/practices of vocational education and training available around the world are not seeing light at a modest scale.
36. Developing Strategic and Implementation Framework- Suggestions
- Set up a Nodal Ministry for Skill Development or make MHRD or MoLE as the Nodal Ministry.
- Make massive investment on developing infrastructure-man, machine and material in existing and new institutions/centers for variety of trades/vocations/sectors throughout the country.
- Selectstate/city/area wise models / best practices of vocational education and training available throughout the world and develop strategies to launch them. If need be, hire international experts for the purpose.
- Set up trainers training institutes for variety of trades/vocations throughout the country.
- Develop standard courses ( MES Modules designed and developed by DGET under SDI scheme) and instructional materials-print and non-print.
- Develop a deliverable mechanism of competency testing and certification.
- Develop a system of number of qualifications in same sector, so that one can offer it throughout his/her life.