Grammar puzzles and games

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by Karen Kellaher New York * Toronto * London * Auckland * Sydney Mexico City * New Delhi * Hong Kong S C H O L A S T I C B P ROFESSIONAL OOKS Grammar Puzz l e s & Ga m e s Kids Can’t Resist! 40 Super-Cool Crosswords, Codes, Mazes & More That Teach the Essential Rules of Grammar Grammar Puzzles & Games Kids Can't Resist! © Karen Kellaher, Scholastic Teaching Resources

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Transcript of Grammar puzzles and games

  • by Karen Kellaher

    New York * Toronto * London * Auckland * Sydney

    Mexico City * New Delhi * Hong Kong

    S C H O L A S T I C

    BPROFESSIONAL OOKS

    GrammarPuzzles & GamesKids Cant Resist!40 Super-Cool Crosswords, Codes, Mazes & More

    That Teach the Essential Rules of Grammar

    Gram

    mar P

    uzzle

    s & G

    ames

    Kids

    Can

    't Resi

    st!

    Kare

    n Kell

    aher,

    Scho

    lastic

    Tea

    ching

    Reso

    urces

  • Scholastic Inc. grants teachers permission to photocopy the activity sheets from this book for classroom use. No other part

    of this publication may be reproduced in whole or in part, or stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by

    any means, electronic, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without written permission of the publisher. For permission,

    write to Scholastic Inc., 555 Broadway, New York, NY 10012.

    Edited by Sylvia Charlesworth

    Cover design by Jaime Lucero

    Cover illustration by Mike Moran

    Interior design by Grafica, Inc.

    Interior illustration by Mike Moran

    ISBN: 0-439-07756-7

    Copyright 2000 by Karen Kellaher.

    All rights reserved.

    Printed in the U.S.A.

    DedicationTo Colin

    for all your love and support

    And special thanks to Mr. Ed Miller,who made grammar fun for me

    Gram

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  • Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

    Word Search PuzzlesNoun Hunt (common nouns) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

    Find the Verb (predicate of sentence). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

    Verbs Help Out (helping verbs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

    Good, Better, Best (comparing adjectives) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

    Noun Substitutes (pronouns) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

    Contraction Action (contractions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

    For Short (abbreviations). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

    Snail (Wraparound) PuzzlesSingle Minded (singular and plural nouns) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

    In the Past (past tense verbs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

    Pick a Preposition (prepositions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

    Create a Word (compound words) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

    Which One (Won) Is It? (homonyms) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

    Do They Agree? (subject/verb agreement) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

    Crossword PuzzlesMake It Two! (plural nouns). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

    Invisible Nouns (abstract nouns) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

    Wheres the Action? (action verbs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

    Pronoun Magic (pronouns) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

    Awesome Adverbs (adverbs). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

    Its Only Proper (proper adjectives) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

    Subject Search (subject of sentence) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

    Contents

    Gram

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  • Partner Stories Food Fight! (common nouns) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

    The Strangest Field Trip Ever (proper nouns) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

    Alien Adventure (present and past tense verbs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

    I See the Future! (future tense verbs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

    Say It With Adjectives (adjectives) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

    A Parts-of-Speech Circus (parts of speech review) . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

    Crack-the-Code StoriesA Pet Adventure (adverbs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

    Prepositions Show Position (prepositions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

    A Conjunctions Function (conjunctions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

    Hew, Wow! (interjections). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

    To Be or Not To Be (the verb to be) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

    Riddle Bubble TestsA Capital Idea (using capital letters) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40

    Whose Is It? (possessive nouns). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

    The Genuine Articles (a, an, and the) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

    Using Contractions (contractions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

    Be Agreeable (subject/verb agreement) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

    Is It a Sentence? (sentences and fragments) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

    Be a Comma Cop! (comma placement). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

    Sentence Enders (punctuation) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

    Quotation Location (quotation marks) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

    Answer Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

    Contents

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  • 5TTTThere is something about games and puzzles thatmotivates even the most reluctant learner. We seethis clearly when we look at our own habits: As

    adults, few of us would jump at the chance to take a teston world history, literature, science, or geography.However, we rush to answer questions in these subjectareas when theyre part of a trivia board game, TV quizshow, or Sunday newspaper crossword puzzle. Why? Ibelieve its because the idea of a game or puzzle lends anexciting context to learning, and we achieve a real sense ofaccomplishment when we get the answers right.

    Children are no exception. When subject matter ispart of a game or puzzle, students are more motivated to learn, to remember, and to apply thematerial. Thats the thinking behind Grammar Puzzles & Games Kids Cant Resist!

    Why Use Grammar Games?At Scholastic we recognize that grammar is not the easiest topic to teach. Too often, grammarseems like a collection of rules that must be memorized. Students have a hard time seeing itsrelevance to real life. And teachers sometimes have a difficult time changing students from thecomfortablebut incorrectgrammar habits which the kids are used to using. It is our hopethat Grammar Puzzles & Games Kids Cant Resist! will make the teaching of grammar a little biteasier and a lot more fun. Youll find crossword puzzles, word searches, code games, partnerstories, and more. These are entertaining activities that children already love to do, so consideryour battle half won!

    Some of the special features of this book include:

    GGrraammmmaarr ffaasstt ffaaccttss wwiitthh eevveerryy aaccttiivviittyy.. These reminders review the specific grammarconcept the children need for each activityright there on the reproducible. For example,when students are working with helping verbs, theyll find a list of helping verbs right thereon the page. When they are working with proper nouns, theyll find a helpful reminder toalways use a capital letter. That means your students will not have to look elsewhere forpertinent information.

    OOppppoorrttuunniittiieess ffoorr bbootthh iinnddeeppeennddeenntt aanndd ccoollllaabboorraattiivvee lleeaarrnniinngg.. Some of the activitiessuch as crosswords and word searchesare designed for students to complete individually.Otherssuch as the partner storiesare meant to be tackled in pairs or teams.

    Introduction

    Gram

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  • 6 SSppeecciiaall aatttteennttiioonn ttoo ttyyppiiccaall pprroobblleemm aarreeaass.. As veteran teachers know, some grammarrules are more troublesome than others. For example, many children have a hard timeforming contractions, forming the past tense of irregular verbs, and choosing thehomonym that makes sense in a sentence. This book addresses these tough topics clearlyand decisively.

    How to Use the BookYou may use the reproducible activities in any order.Here are some suggestions for making the most ofthem:

    11.. Use each reproducible as an immediate follow-upto a grammar lesson to assess what studentshave learned. Because the activities include verysimple instructions and grammar rulereminders, you can easily assign the activities ashomework. I can assure you that your studentswont mind digging into these assignments!

    22.. Use the reproducibles as part of a Grammar Learning Center where the focus changeseach week. For example, while you are teaching about nouns, you may want to copy allof the activities that focus on nouns and store the activities in a designated spot in theclassroom. Send students to the Grammar Learning Center when they finish work early,when you are working with small groups, or any other time individual students are look-ing for something to do. Invite students to make colorful posters of important grammarrules and use them to decorate your Learning Center.

    33.. Consider having students check their own work. (Use the answer key on page 58 to postthe answers on the board.) Then work with each student to highlight and focus on anyproblem areas.

    44.. After students have completed the puzzles for a given grammar topic, invite them to cre-ate their own puzzles for classmates to work on. Younger students will enjoy makingword search puzzles and simple crosswords on graph paper. Older students may want totry crafting their own riddle bubble tests and partner stories. (In either case, take a peekat the student-made activities before students exchange them. This will help avoid frus-tration in the event that a student-created puzzle is incorrect or incomplete.)

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  • 7About the Puzzle Formats: A Special Note to TeachersEach of the puzzles in this book includes easy-to-follow directions.The puzzles are broken down as follows:

    WWoorrdd SSeeaarrcchheessStudents hunt for their answers in a letter grid. Answers may goacross, down, or on the diagonal.

    SSnnaaiillssIn these puzzles, the answers wrap around in the shape of a snail.The last letter of one answer is the first letter of the next.

    CCrroosssswwoorrddssThese crosswords are designed simply with elementary students inmind. All of the clues and answers relate to grammar. There are nofiller words.

    PPaarrttnneerr SSttoorriieessPairs of students work together to complete a story using specificparts of speech. When theyre done, they have a hilariously funnystory to share with the class. These activities can be used over andover with new, exciting results each time.

    CCrraacckk--tthhee--CCooddee CClloozzee GGaammeessStudents complete a short story by filling in the missing part ofspeech. Then they use their answers to decode a secret message!

    RRiiddddllee BBuubbbbllee TTeessttssStudents fill in the bubble next to the sentence that uses correctgrammar. Then students use their lettered answers to unravel thepunch line to an amusing riddle. These riddle tests are not onlyfun; theyre also great practice for state and national standardizedtests (students get into the habit of filling in the circle next to thecorrect answer).

    Enjoy!

    15

    For ShortMatch each abbreviation to the full word it stands for. Then

    hunt for each full word in the word search puzzle.

    SKILL: Common Abbreviations

    FAST FACTAn abbreviation is ashortened version of aword or phrase. Someabbreviations use peri-ods, but others do not. 1.

    Dr.

    _____a.

    October

    2.Mr.

    _____b.

    Avenue

    3.St.

    _____c.

    Doctor

    4.TV

    _____d.

    Saturday

    5.Jan.

    _____e.

    miles per hour

    6.PA

    _____f.

    television

    7.Ave.

    _____g.

    California

    8.Sat.

    _____h.

    Mister

    9.Oct.

    _____i.

    Street

    10.mph

    _____j.

    United States

    11.U.S.

    _____k.

    Pennsylvania

    12.CA

    _____l.

    January

    ABBREVIATION

    FULL WORD

    W E M Q N I A D J R T R E V

    P U A T E L E V I S I O N E

    E X N D O C T O R A F O P O

    N B E I M P H J A T D C G S

    N G K O T A T R L U N T S T

    S Q M I L E S P E R H O U R

    Y H I F E S D Y B D P B R E

    L C S R A I R S E A O E H E

    V K T L B A D G T Y F R I T

    A S E A U N I P Q A Z U K L

    N E R N H O F J E S T M C E

    I C A L I F O R N I A E R B

    A X D A V E N U E M A B S C

    D J A N U A R Y R W Q B I B

    16

    Single Mind

    ed

    Look at the p

    lural noun un

    derlined in ea

    ch sentence,

    and

    write the sin

    gular form of

    the noun on

    the line. The

    n

    write the sin

    gular noun in

    the puzzle gr

    id. The last le

    tter

    of one answe

    r will be the f

    irst letter of

    the next ans

    wer.

    Some answe

    rs will go aro

    und corners.

    SKILL: Sin

    gular and Plu

    ral Nouns

    1. There a

    re nine pla

    netsin ou

    r solar sys

    tem.

    __________

    __________

    2. Cars a

    nd trucks

    lined the s

    treet.

    __________

    __________

    3. I cant

    find my h

    ouse keys

    anywhere!

    __________

    __________

    4. Many h

    omes have

    back yard

    s.

    __________

    __________

    5. There a

    re ditches

    on both sid

    es of the r

    oad.

    __________

    __________

    6. Its fun

    to ride a

    bike over

    the hills in

    this neigh

    borhood.

    __________

    __________

    7. Plants

    have chem

    icals in th

    eir leaves

    to help th

    em make f

    ood.

    __________

    __________

    8. Gracie

    la is just u

    nder five f

    eet tall.

    __________

    __________

    9. Our cla

    ss has gon

    e on three

    field trips

    this school

    year.

    __________

    __________

    10.I sav

    e pennies

    in a jar in

    my bedroo

    m.

    __________

    __________

    11.Does

    your fami

    ly eat yam

    s at Thank

    sgiving?

    __________

    __________

    12.Fifty

    men, wom

    en, and ch

    ildren were

    left homel

    ess by the

    storm.

    __________

    __________

    13.I hav

    e a pocket

    full of nick

    els.

    __________

    __________

    14.Brigh

    t lights fill

    ed the sky

    .

    __________

    __________

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    8

    9

    11

    12

    13

    1014

    FAST FACT

    Some nouns

    add -s to bec

    ome

    plural. Other

    s add -es. Ot

    her

    nouns chang

    e completely

    when

    they become

    plural, and s

    till others

    do not chang

    e at all!

    22

    Make It Two!Write the plural

    of each singularnoun on the line

    provided. Thenwrite the pluralsin the crossword

    puzzle grid.

    SKILL: Plural Nouns

    FAST FACTSome nouns add -s tobecome plural. Othersadd -es. Other nounschange completelywhen they become plur-al, and still others do

    not change at all!ACROSS3. one banana; many __________________

    5. one president; many __________________

    8. one subject; many __________________

    9. one itch; many __________________

    11. one disk; many __________________

    14. one tomato; many __________________

    17. one television; many __________________

    DOWN1. one plant; many

    __________________

    2. one waitress; many __________________

    4. one foot; many__________________

    6. one deer; many __________________

    7. one note; many __________________

    10. one child; many __________________

    12. one cookie; many __________________

    13. one person; many __________________

    15. one key; many __________________

    16. one mouse; many __________________

    12

    8

    9

    10

    11

    17 15

    16

    12

    14

    13

    3

    5

    6

    7

    4

    33

    Say It With

    Adjectives!

    Work with a p

    artner on thi

    s

    activity. One

    partner will

    be the

    Clue Giver. Th

    e other partn

    er

    will be the W

    ord Giver.

    1. The Clue G

    iver asks the

    Word

    Giver for a w

    ord to fill in

    each

    blank. Fill in

    all the blank

    s

    before readin

    g the story.

    2. The Clue G

    iver reads th

    e

    story out loud

    .

    FAST FACT

    Adjectives ar

    e words

    that describe

    nouns or

    pronouns. For

    example:

    beautiful, slop

    py, blue,

    broken.

    One _____

    __________

    __________

    spring afte

    rnoon, a __

    __________

    __________

    ___ studen

    t

    named ___

    __________

    __________

    __ was pla

    ying bask

    etball. The

    student w

    as wearing

    the latest

    fashion: _

    __________

    __________

    ____ pants

    , a very __

    __________

    __________

    ___ shirt.

    The studen

    t threw the

    ball towar

    d the bask

    et, but it b

    ounced in

    to the woo

    ds. I gues

    s Ill

    have to ch

    ase it. Th

    e student

    ran to ge

    t the bask

    etball but

    it was now

    here in sig

    ht. Instead

    ,

    there was

    a ________

    __________

    _______ ,

    __________

    __________

    _____ bott

    le with a

    __________

    __________

    _____ lid p

    ropped ben

    eath a tree

    .

    The studen

    t opened t

    he bottle c

    autiously.

    Out popp

    ed a _____

    __________

    __________

    genie

    wearing a

    strange __

    __________

    __________

    ___ outfit!

    Finally! s

    aid the gen

    ie as he gl

    anced at th

    e ________

    __________

    _______ wa

    tch on his

    wrist. Its

    about tim

    e someone

    let me out

    of this bo

    ttle. I only

    have time

    for one. S

    o make it

    snappy.

    The studen

    t thought.

    What wou

    ld be the b

    est wish?

    To be a ___

    __________

    __________

    ____

    superstar

    ? To have

    some reall

    y ________

    __________

    __________

    toys? Fin

    ally, the s

    tudent tho

    ught

    of the perfe

    ct wish an

    d told the g

    enie.

    Whatever

    , said the

    genie as

    he snappe

    d his finge

    rs. And ju

    st like tha

    t, the wish

    came

    true. The

    student be

    came a ___

    __________

    __________

    ____, ____

    __________

    __________

    ____

    __________

    __________

    _, and nev

    er forgot th

    at _______

    __________

    ______ day

    in the fore

    st.

    adjective

    noun/first na

    me

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    noun

    SKILL: Ad

    jectives

    39

    To Be or Not to Be?This story is missingsome of its verbs! Fill inthe blanks in the storywith verbs from the boxbelow. All of the verbsare forms of the verbto be. When you arefinished, put the num-bered letters in the cor-rect order and get thesecret message.

    Ladies and Gentlemen,It __ __ quite an honor to stand before you this evening and accept this award. I am

    thrilled to __ __ named the Inventor of the Year. Believe it or not, just a few years ago I __

    __ __ a poor, unknown inventor with plenty of ideas but no money to make them happen.

    Today, I __ __ a big success, all thanks to my famous Two-In-One Dental Floss and Fishing

    Line. If it __ __ __ __ not for this amazing device, I might still be dreaming away in my

    basement workshop. As I accept my award, Id like to thank some special people in my life. They __ __ __

    my parents and my fifth-grade science teacher, Mrs. C. A. Labrat. To all three of them, I say,

    Thanks for __ __ __ __ __ there for me! And to all of you in the audience, I say

    that I have never __ __ __ __ happier or more proud than I am tonight.

    Now use the numbered letters to decode the message:

    __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __!

    2 6 3 4 1 7 7 8 5

    isam

    arewas

    werebe

    beingbeen

    FAST FACTThe verb to be is themost frequently usedverb in the English lan-guage. Eight differentwords are part of theverb to be.

    SKILL: The Verb To Be

    1

    2

    3

    4

    56

    7

    8

    44

    The Genuine

    Articles:

    A, An, and T

    he

    Look at each

    set of sente

    nces. Fill in th

    e circle next

    to the senten

    ce that uses

    the words a

    , an, and the

    properly. Wh

    en you are fi

    nished, use t

    he letters of

    your answers

    to solve the

    riddle at the

    end.

    1.nn A.

    I always c

    arry umbr

    ella in my

    backpack

    .

    nn B.I alw

    ays carry

    a umbrella

    in my bac

    kpack.

    nn C. I al

    ways carr

    y an umbr

    ella in my

    backpack

    .

    nn D. I al

    ways carr

    y an a um

    brella in m

    y backpac

    k.

    2.nn E.

    My birthd

    ay is an la

    st day of M

    ay.

    nn F.My b

    irthday is

    a last day

    of May.

    nn G. My

    birthday i

    s last day

    of May.

    nn H.My b

    irthday is

    the last da

    y of May.

    3.nn I.

    France is

    a country

    in Europe.

    nn J.Fran

    ce is an co

    untry in E

    urope.

    nn K.Fran

    ce is coun

    try in Euro

    pe.

    nn L.Fran

    ce is the c

    ountry in E

    urope.

    4.nn M

    . Marcus p

    acked sand

    wich and a

    n apple for

    lunch.

    nn N. Ma

    rcus pack

    ed a sand

    wich and a

    apple for

    lunch.

    nn O. Ma

    rcus pack

    ed a sand

    wich and a

    n apple for

    lunch.

    nn P.Marc

    us packed

    an sandwi

    ch and a a

    pple for lu

    nch.

    5.nn Q

    . My ballo

    on rose in

    to an sky.

    nn R.My b

    alloon rose

    into a the

    sky.

    nn S.My b

    alloon rose

    into sky.

    nn T.My b

    alloon rose

    into the s

    ky.

    6.nn U.

    Our car go

    t the flat t

    ire on high

    way.

    nn V.Our c

    ar got a fla

    t tire on th

    e highway

    .

    nn W. Our

    car got an

    flat tire on

    the highwa

    y.

    nn X.Our c

    ar got flat

    tire on a

    highway.

    FAST FACT

    The words a

    , an, and

    the often com

    e before

    nouns. Use t

    he in front

    of a specific n

    oun. For

    example: Thi

    s is the

    bike I want.

    Use a and

    an in front o

    f non-spe-

    cific nouns.

    Use a in

    front of noun

    s that

    start with con

    sonants

    and an in fro

    nt of

    nouns that s

    tart with

    vowels. For e

    xample:

    Id rather hav

    e a bike

    than an auto

    mobile.

    SKILL: Art

    icles

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  • 9Noun HuntRead the clues to name the nouns in each list. Then find the nouns inthe word search puzzle.

    SKILL: Common Nouns

    FAST FACTA noun is a person,place, or thing. Forexample: sister, park,insect.B S H E A C K G T R B A

    A C L O U D A F E E M SP H D G N B I D A S O GP O F O T N T A C T T ML 0 H A C H A F H A H EE L O B T E B M E U E GS L M G Q H L W R R R BT E E N A G E R T A P UO I A K L K Y R V N C ZR B I C Y C L E A T I RE M R B C S I N G E R SB A I R P O R T M J Z N

    PEOPLE1. An adult who teaches in a classroom ________________________

    2. Your parents (two words) ________________________

    and ________________________

    3. A person between the ages of 13 and 19 ________________________

    4. A person who sings ________________________

    5. Your mothers sister is your ________________________

    PLACES 6. A place where you buy things ________________________

    7. A place where you go to learn ________________________

    8. A place where you go to eat ________________________

    9. The place where you live ________________________

    10. A place where planes take off and land ________________________

    THINGS 11. A vehicle with two wheels ________________________

    12. Something you use to carry groceries ________________________

    13. A fruit thats often red and is used to make pies and juice ________________________

    14. Something you use at dinner time that comes with chairs ________________________

    15. Something fluffy that floats in the sky ________________________

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  • 10

    Find the VerbRead each sentence and underline the verb. Then findeach verb in the word search puzzle.

    SKILL: Simple Predicate of a Sentence

    FAST FACTSome verbs, like runsand thinks, describeaction. Other verbs, likeis and was, describe astate of being.

    B P H D M A K H A S C IL A E C A U G H T A O LM I S B D G I C E L I NE N S N E S A O F O H VP T U T Z G V S L V S RI E B R E O I A H E I EY D J W O N U N M S R PB R O K E M S G S T B CR F S H A R E D B I H TL E R V I S I T S D E RC W A O Q J A O G E Y HX H R D E A B L E W O E

    1. The play begins at six oclock.

    2. Lucas visits his grandmother at least once a week.

    3. The snake caught its prey under a boulder.

    4. I read an exciting novel last week.

    5. Rebecca painted a picture of a beautiful sunset.

    6. My cat is three years old.

    7. Our school basketball team just won the state championship.

    8. Megan loves pizza with pepperoni.

    9. The two brothers shared a seat on the school bus.

    10. We sang the national anthem at school today.

    11. A rabbit made its nest in our front yard.

    12. During the storm, winds blew at speeds of 50 miles per hour.

    13. Jared listens to many kinds of music.

    14. Anne broke her arm last winter.

    15. That film has terrific special effects.

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  • 1 1

    Verbs Help OutRead each sentence and locate the helping verb. When you arefinished, find your answers in the word search puzzle.

    SKILL: Helping Verbs

    FAST FACTHelping verbs help the main verbdescribe the action. There are 23helping verbs. They are:

    1. Our neighbors were playing loud music last night. __________________

    2. You should say thank you to Uncle Roy for the gift. __________________

    3. I can see the park from my bedroom window. __________________

    4. My train is leaving in ten minutes. __________________

    5. I am planning to join the swim team. __________________

    6. I knew that you owned a dog, but I did not know that you owned a fish. __________________

    7. Yes, I do like to work with clay. __________________

    8. I have started my homework. __________________

    9. My cousins are visiting for the weekend. __________________

    10. Julia has written a poem for class. __________________

    11. I was walking to school when I saw an injured bird. __________________

    12. I might win the contest. __________________

    13. Tina had just fallen asleep when the telephone rang. __________________

    amarebebeenbeingcan

    coulddiddodoeshadhas

    haveismaymightmustshall

    shouldwaswerewillwould

    HELPING VERB

    A F M I G H T E B P A R ED O I H B M C L D I O E GC L Q W E R E R S J S U AS E O N E T A K H C D I DH A D T N P V B O S F W TD U T G Q O M N U U R H EA B N J W Y W A L I M A SV A I D C H A R D L Q S EC M K T F K S N L G C O SL R S X A M U H D I D N TP U A O S B V U N P Z B IM S I H A V E J E R A H IB W T O E D S V P T Y O F

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  • 12

    Good, Better, BestRead each sentence. On the line, write the positive, compar-ative, or superlative form of the missing adjective. Then findeach of your answers in the word search puzzle.

    SKILL: Comparing Adjectives

    FAST FACTA positive adjective letsyou describe one ormore things: A puppy isnice; puppies are nice.A comparative adjectivelets you compare two ormore things: Barbara isnicer than Gerard;Gerard is nicer than allthe other boys in ourclass.A superlative adjectivelets you describe onlyone thing: MountEverest is the tallestmountain in the world;Remo is the friendliestperson in school.

    1. Nora was fast, but Caitlyn was ____________________.

    2. Snowball is ____________________ than the other kittens

    in the litter.

    3. Kevin is _____________________.

    4. January is the _____________________ month of the year.

    5. I filled the _____________________ glass I could find with water.

    6. Someone must have turned up the volume, because the

    music suddenly got _____________________.

    7. The _____________________ clouds were a sign that the storm

    was on its way.

    8. Todays math assignment is _____________________ than

    yesterdays.

    9. David has an _____________________ bedtime than I do.

    10. Tina is my _____________________ friend.

    (comparative of fast )

    (comparative of cute)

    (positive of smart)

    (comparative of loud)

    (comparative of hard)

    (comparative of early)

    (superlative of cold)

    (superlative of close)

    (superlative of tall )

    (positive of dark)

    A H S D Y B R O C U P EL M C M N E L O U D E RH B E O A K C G T N D IA D A L N R J M E A B SR T R F A S T E R C P AD A L O V H E K F O N ZE A I A E T Y I D L E HR I E O C L O S E S T BP S R T A L L E S T E DU B A Y R C O L D E S T

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  • 13

    Noun SubstitutesRead each sentence and fill in each blank with a pronoun from the lists.When you are finished, find your answers in the word search puzzle.

    SKILL: Personal and Possessive Pronouns

    FAST FACTPronouns take the place of nouns Here are some:

    Pronouns can be possessive, just like nouns:

    1. _________________ am happy to meet you, I said.

    2. Ryan has a doctors appointment after school, so _________________ will miss practice.

    3. She baked the cake for so long, _________________ was as hard as a rock!

    4. Frank and Erin said _________________ would be back in one hour.

    5. I just saw a man run down the street. Did you see _______________?

    6. The fourth graders invited _________________ to their holiday party, so we will invite them to

    _________________.

    7. Mary, do _________________ walk to school or ride the bus?

    8. Elizabeth hopes _________________ will get the lead in the school play.

    9. Our family is very busy, but _________________ always try to eat dinner together.

    10. I reminded Derek that _________________ owes me a dollar.

    11. When I saw Aunt Sue get off the train, I hugged _________________ and offered to carry her bags.

    12. The children were misbehaving, so Mrs. Nelson asked _________________ to quiet down.

    13. I know thats _________________ lunch because it has my name on it.

    14. A kitten must stay with _________________ mother for several weeks.

    15. The twins invited all of _________________ friends to the birthday party.

    Iyouheshe

    itwemethey

    himherusthem

    whowhat

    her/hershisits

    minemyour/ours

    their/theirswhoseyour/yours

    A O U R S M C L B H E D AI B H C N P S A H X I T DO M R E D T G F M E N H GE L Y A I K C O W B L E IJ Q H O S I R E Q J G M LH E D S H E V C A S R K OK U T E G W T N I T S E RR X S P R C H B E H L M UD F M I A F E M K E T S ZB H E R E Y I D F Y H I MP H M A L U R A Q S Z R MT R U J O T B R E C P E TN U F Y I G C M Y D A H Q

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  • 14

    Contraction ActionSKILL: Contractions

    FAST FACTA contraction is formedby putting two wordstogether and leaving outsome letters. An apos-trophe takes the placeof the missing letters.

    Read each sentence, paying special attention to the contraction.On the line, write the word that completes each contraction.Then find each of your answers in the word search puzzle.

    A N E A R E H B M I SH F X I J O E A G D RK A U N L A C N V U AD Q D T E S F I T E QA H B N O T G E I T UC I N W Z E R A S L IO S E F V G U J G I PL I Y A T V E H A G WG N H M F S W I L L EP A E U C O N B D P DU M C H S K E A I R O

    1. I couldnt make it to the dance recital on Wednesday.

    couldnt = could + _____________________

    2. Peter shouldve called if he were going to be late.

    shouldve = should + _____________________

    3. Im the oldest child in my family.

    Im = I + _____________________

    4. Maura was tired because shed been working in the garden all day.

    shed = she + _____________________

    5. Edward says hell be over in ten minutes.

    hell = he + _____________________

    6. Youre my best friend.

    Youre = You + _____________________

    7. Hes afraid of spiders.

    Hes = He + _____________________

    8. Twas the night before Christmas.

    Twas = _____________________ + was

    9. Lets go out to dinner tonight.

    Lets = Let + _____________________

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  • 15

    For ShortMatch each abbreviation to the full word it stands for. Thenhunt for each full word in the word search puzzle.

    SKILL: Common Abbreviations

    FAST FACTAn abbreviation is ashortened version of aword or phrase. Someabbreviations use peri-ods, but others do not.

    ABBREVIATION FULL WORD

    W E M Q N I A D J R T R E VP U A T E L E V I S I O N EE X N D O C T O R A F O P ON B E I M P H J A T D C G SN G K O T A T R L U N T S TS Q M I L E S P E R H O U RY H I F E S D Y B D P B R EL C S R A I R S E A O E H EV K T L B A D G T Y F R I TA S E A U N I P Q A Z U K LN E R N H O F J E S T M C EI C A L I F O R N I A E R BA X D A V E N U E M A B S CD J A N U A R Y R W Q B I B

    1. Dr. _____ a. October

    2. Mr. _____ b. Avenue

    3. St. _____ c. Doctor

    4. TV _____ d. Saturday

    5. Jan. _____ e. miles per hour

    6. PA _____ f. television

    7. Ave. _____ g. California

    8. Sat. _____ h. Mister

    9. Oct. _____ i. Street

    10. mph _____ j. United States

    11. U.S. _____ k. Pennsylvania

    12. CA _____ l. January

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  • 16

    Single MindedLook at the plural noun underlined in each sentence, andwrite the singular form of the noun on the line. Thenwrite the singular noun in the puzzle grid. The last letterof one answer will be the first letter of the next answer.Some answers will go around corners.

    SKILL: Singular and Plural Nouns

    1. There are nine planets in our solar system. ____________________

    2. Cars and trucks lined the street. ____________________

    3. I cant find my house keys anywhere! ____________________

    4. Many homes have back yards. ____________________

    5. There are ditches on both sides of the road. ____________________

    6. Its fun to ride a bike over the hills in this neighborhood. ____________________

    7. Plants have chemicals in their leaves to help them make food. ____________________

    8. Graciela is just under five feet tall. ____________________

    9. Our class has gone on three field trips this school year. ____________________

    10. I save pennies in a jar in my bedroom. ____________________

    11. Does your family eat yams at Thanksgiving? ____________________

    12. Fifty men, women, and children were left homeless by the storm. ____________________

    13. I have a pocket full of nickels. ____________________

    14. Bright lights filled the sky. ____________________

    1 2

    3

    4

    56

    7

    8 9

    1112

    13 1014

    FAST FACTSome nouns add -s to becomeplural. Others add -es. Othernouns change completely whenthey become plural, and still othersdo not change at all!

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  • 17

    In the PastRewrite each sentence in the past tense. Then write each past-tenseverb in the snail puzzle. The last letter of one answer will be the firstletter of the next answer. Some answers will go around corners.

    SKILL: Verbs/Past Tense

    FAST FACTThe past tense is used to describe something that hap-pened before now. Many verbs form the past tense byadding -ed or -d. But other verbs form the past tensein unusual ways and should be memorized.

    1. I sleep in a bed.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________

    2. She turns the key.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________

    3. We decide what to eat for lunch.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________

    4. Stephan draws a picture.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________

    5. I win the spelling bee!

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________

    6. Rachel nods her head in agreement.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________

    7. They drive to school every day.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________

    8. The nurse examines the patient.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________

    9. Everyone dances to that song.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________

    10. I dare you to watch the scary movie.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________

    11. We do the dishes.

    _______________________________________________________________________________________________

    1 2

    3

    45

    6

    7

    8

    9

    11

    10

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  • 18

    Pick a PrepositionRead each sentence below, and choose a prepositionfrom the box to fill in the blank. Then write the prepo-sitions in the snail puzzle. In the puzzle, the last letterof one answer is the first letter of the next answer.Some answers will go around corners.

    SKILL: Prepositions

    FAST FACTPrepositions usually tell where something is, wheresomething is going, or when something is happening. Some common prepositions are:

    about after withnear throughout tobelow because despitewithout beside insteadin over onexcept toward onto

    1. South America is located _________________________ the Equator.

    2. You cannot bake a cake _________________________ flour.

    3. The sprinter ran _________________________ the finish line.

    4. We played outside for a while _________________________ the cold weather.

    5. I like all vegetables _________________________ for lima beans.

    6. Basketball is popular _________________________ the entire United States.

    7. Hannah sent a thank-you note _________________________ her grandmother.

    8. Will you help me load the heavy box _________________________ the truck?

    9. Anthony lives _________________________ North Birchfield Avenue.

    10. The twins live _________________________ the school, so they do not ride the schoolbus.

    1 2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    9

    8

    10

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  • 19

    Create-a-WordRead each clue below and figure out the compound word that isbeing described. Then write the compound words in the snail puzzle.The last letter of one answer will be the first letter of the nextanswer. Some answers go around corners.

    SKILL: Compound Words

    FAST FACTA compound word is aword that is made up oftwo or more smallerwords. For example:notebook, newspaper,thunderstorm.

    CLUES1. A mark your foot leaves in snow or mud. ________________________

    2. These fall from your eyes when you are sad. ________________________

    3. At night we have moonlight; in the day we have ________________________

    4. A natural disaster that makes the ground shake. ________________________

    5. The skin that closes over your eye. ________________________

    6. You turn this to open a door. ________________________

    7. A sport played with a bat and ball. ________________________

    8. All the years that a person lives. ________________________

    9. The hard covering around an egg. ________________________

    10. A house that warns ships of danger. ________________________

    11. A piece of jewelry you wear on your ear. ________________________

    1 2

    34

    5 6

    7

    8

    9

    11

    10

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  • 20

    Which One(Won) Is It?

    Read each of the sentences below, and underline thehomonym that makes sense in each one. Then write thecorrect homonyms in the snail puzzle. The last letter ofone answer will be the first letter of the next answer.Some answers will go around corners.

    SKILL: Homonyms

    FAST FACTHomonyms are wordsthat sound alike buthave different spellingsand meanings. Forexample: peace/pieceand bare/bear.

    1. My (aunt, ant) is coming to visit for a few weeks.

    2. Jack likes to play soccer (to, too, two).

    3. We will eat lunch in about (one, won) hour.

    4. Rosas brother is (ate, eight) years old.

    5. Nigel (threw, through) the ball to first base.

    6. Room 16 is having a spelling test next (weak, week).

    7. I dont (know, no) where I left my backpack.

    8. How much does your puppy (way, weigh)?

    9. The frightened campers (herd, heard) a noise in the forest.

    10. The (dear, deer) drank from the cool stream.

    11. The principals office is the third door on the (right, write).

    12. (There, Theyre, Their) favorite movie is showing tonight at 8 p.m.

    13. The audience filled 100 (rose, rows) of seats.

    14. Loris arm was (sore, soar) after her softball game.

    1 2 3

    511

    67

    8 14

    9 4

    10

    12

    13

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  • 21

    Do They Agree?Read each of the sentences below, and underline theverb that agrees with the subject. Then write the correctverbs in the snail puzzle. The last letter of one answerwill be the first letter of the next answer. Some answerswill go around corners.

    SKILL: Subject/Verb Agreement

    FAST FACTIf the subject of a sen-tence is singular, theverb must also be sin-gular. If the subject isplural, the verb must beplural. Heres a secret,though: While a nounthat ends in -s is usual-ly plural, a verb thatends in -s is usuallysingular!

    1. Bears (has, have) a powerful sense of smell.

    2. We (eat, eats) out about twice a month.

    3. He always (try, tries) to do his homework before dinner.

    4. On the island, the sun (shine, shines) almost every day.

    5. The recipe (says, say) to cook the muffins for 25 minutes.

    6. They (swim, swims) in the lake every afternoon.

    7. I (make, makes) the best lemonade in town!

    8. Ralph (earn, earns) money by mowing his neighbors lawn.

    9. The kids often (swing, swings) at the playground.

    10. My house plants (grows, grow) an inch every month.

    11. Henry (were, was) in charge of the class party.

    12. At lunch time, Rita always (sit, sits) near the windows.

    13. They (switch, switches) seats every week.

    14. Christopher (has, have) on a striped sweater today.

    1 2 3

    11

    6 5

    7 14

    98

    4

    10

    12

    13

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  • 22

    Make It Two!Write the pluralof each singularnoun on the lineprovided. Thenwrite the pluralsin the crosswordpuzzle grid.

    SKILL: Plural Nouns

    FAST FACTSome nouns add -s tobecome plural. Othersadd -es. Other nounschange completelywhen they become plur-al, and still others donot change at all!

    ACROSS3. one banana; many __________________

    5. one president; many __________________

    8. one subject; many __________________

    9. one itch; many __________________

    11. one disk; many __________________

    14. one tomato; many __________________

    17. one television; many __________________

    DOWN1. one plant; many __________________

    2. one waitress; many __________________

    4. one foot; many __________________

    6. one deer; many __________________

    7. one note; many __________________

    10. one child; many __________________

    12. one cookie; many __________________

    13. one person; many __________________

    15. one key; many __________________

    16. one mouse; many __________________

    1

    2

    8

    9 10

    11

    17

    15 16

    12

    14

    13

    3

    5 6 7

    4

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  • 23

    Invisible NounsUse a noun from the box to fill in the blank in each sentence.Then write your answers in the crossword puzzle.

    SKILL: Abstract Nouns

    FAST FACTSome nouns name ideas or feelingsthat you cannot see, hear, smell, ortouch. Some examples are happi-ness, wonder, and justice. Thesenouns are called abstract nouns.

    ACROSS4. Madison has ____________________ that

    the future will be bright.

    6. Jack has ____________________ in his

    ability to play soccer.

    8. The students had great

    ____________________ for their teacher.

    9. For the sake of ____________________,

    Marianne gave each child the same number of

    cookies.

    11. Carolines main ____________________

    after the hurricane was the safety of her

    neighbors.

    12. Josh treats everyone with

    ____________________, so he has many friends.

    13. When Grandpa saw what the burglars

    had done to the house, he was filled with

    _______________ .

    DOWN1. Felicia was filled with

    ____________________ when her dog died.

    2. My parents fell in ____________________

    when they were in college.

    3. The United States government is a

    ____________________ .

    5. In the spring, flowers fill the world with

    ____________________ .

    6. It takes ____________________ to give a

    speech in front of the whole class.

    7. Albert Einstein had ____________________,

    but he did not do well in school.

    10. The kids know that ____________________

    is important. They always take turns with

    their toys.

    lovesadnessbeautydemocracysharinghopeconfidence

    respectangerfairnessconcerncourageintelligencekindness

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  • 24

    Wheres the Action?

    Read each sentence andfill in the blank with anaction verb from thebox. Write the verb inthe crossword puzzle.

    SKILL: Action Verbs

    FAST FACTAn action verbdescribes activity thathappened in the past, ishappening now, or willhappen in the future.

    ACROSS2. Jeanette __________________________ as she

    thought of the exciting day ahead of her.

    6. Jack __________________________ the home-

    work assignment in his notebook.

    7. During the earthquake, the whole house

    __________________________ .

    9. Alexis __________________________ at

    Courtneys joke.

    10. Our basketball team ________________________

    the state championship!

    11. I am so hungry, I could

    __________________________ ten pizzas!

    13. Chris __________________________ all the way

    to the top of the tree.

    17. The lion __________________________ loudly,

    surprising the zoo visitors.

    18. Victor __________________________ Fire! as

    soon as he saw the flames.

    DOWN1. Samantha __________________________ her

    team to victory.

    3. I am pleased to ______________________ you,

    Jacob said.

    4. The teacher __________________________ the

    writing on the chalk board.

    5. Dont __________________________ the boat; it

    may tip over!

    6. Gregory __________________________ the dog

    around the block.

    8. I __________________________ the envelope as

    soon as I saw it.

    12. Lets __________________________ a kite today.

    14. In honor of your birthday, Aunt Rose

    __________________________ a cake.

    15. My book bag weighs at least 15 pounds. It is

    too heavy to __________________________!

    16. Lucas __________________________ his favorite

    tie on school picture day.

    flywalkedwonopenedsmiledclimbederasedledcarryrock

    woreshookmeetlaughedwroteyelledbakedroaredeat

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  • 25

    Pronoun MagicUse a pronoun from the box to fill in the blank in each sentence. Youmay use some pronouns more than once. Then write the pronouns inthe crossword puzzle.

    ACROSS2. Look at that flower! ___________________ is

    beautiful.4. This letter is addressed to my neighbors. It

    must be ___________________ .6. Joanna cant wait for the class trip. It will

    be ___________________ first visit to a muse-um.

    7. George helped me with the science home-work. I helped ___________________ with themath problems.

    9. Will you join ___________________ for awalk? I would enjoy your company.

    10. If you dont hurry, ___________________ aregoing to be late for school.

    12. Can you find ___________________ way homefrom here?

    16. Our school has two playgrounds. Everyoneworks to keep ___________________ clean.

    19. Brian forgot ___________________ lunchtoday.

    22. Is this backpack ___________________? It hasyour initials on it.

    24. The Smiths took ___________________ newpuppy for a walk.

    25. ___________________ jacket is this?

    DOWN1. Mike and Rob went to the park because

    ___________________ wanted to play ball.3. The students have recess after

    ___________________ eat lunch.5. Amanda loves space, so ___________________

    wants to become an astronaut.8. That pen belongs to me. It is _____________ .11. A cat followed Bob and me home. It stayed

    behind ______________ the whole way!13. The blue car belongs to our family. The van

    is ___________________, too.17. Mrs. Miller remembers every solo

    ___________________ daughter sang.18. I was in a rush, so I asked the waiter to

    bring ___________________ food quickly.20. Many nutrients of an apple are in

    ___________________ peel.21. My mom knows me well.

    ___________________ can tell when Ive had abad day.

    23. My friends and I love to ride bikes. It is___________________ favorite activity.

    25. My brother and I hope ___________________both make the soccer team.

    1

    10 11 12 13

    16

    19 20

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    25

    21 22 23

    17 18

    4 5

    7 8 9

    6

    2 3

    SKILL: Personal and Possessive Pronouns

    FAST FACTPronouns take the place of nouns:

    Pronouns can be possessive, just like nouns:

    Iyouheshe

    itwemethey

    himherusthem

    myhisour/oursmineher/hers

    their/theirsyour/yoursitswhose

    My ball! Mine!

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  • 26

    Awesome AdverbsRead eachsentence andfill in theblank with anadverb fromthe box. Thenwrite youranswers inthe crosswordpuzzle.

    SKILL: Adverbs

    FAST FACTAn adverb can describea verb, adjective, oranother adverb. Adverbsoften answer the ques-tions how, when, where,and to what extent.Manybut not alladverbs end in -ly.

    ACROSS1. Hillary ate her soup

    __________________________.

    4. Natasha hit the ball

    _________________________ and ran to first base.

    6. David brushed the canvas

    ______________________ with yellow paint.

    8. All of the students did very

    __________________________ on the reading test.

    9. The twins couldnt believe their birthday

    had ___________________ arrived.

    11. I will sit here; you can sit

    _______________________.

    DOWN1. Bryan __________________________ agreed

    to join the game.

    2. The crickets chirped

    ________________________ outside the window.

    3. The tired children walked home from

    school ____________________ .

    5. The cat hissed __________________________

    when the dog walked by.

    7. When I heard the announcer begin to

    name the winners, I looked up

    _______________________________ .

    9. Tricia runs __________________________

    enough to make the track and field team.

    10. Kyle has _____________________________

    experienced a snowfall before.

    loudlyhardangrily

    happilywellhopefully

    slowlylightlynever

    hungrilytherefinally

    fast

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  • 27

    Its Only ProperUse a proper adjective from the box to fill in the blank in each sen-tence. Then write the answers in the puzzle.

    SKILL: Proper Adjectives

    ACROSS1. We took an _________________________ train

    across the country.

    3. Polar bears and snowshoe rabbits are both

    _____________________ animals.

    7. The ______________________ Lakes are locat-

    ed between the United States and Canada.

    8. Anthony bought a pair of blue

    ________________________ sneakers.

    10. No one lives at the

    __________________________ Pole all year long.

    11. Japan is an ____________________________

    country.

    12. Sara enjoys watching

    __________________________ movies.

    DOWN2. They went swimming in the

    __________________________ Ocean.

    3. The ________________________ flag has stars

    and stripes.

    4. The ________________________ New Year is

    celebrated with parades and fireworks.

    5. Mike received many

    __________________________ presents from his

    friends.

    6. The _________________________ Islands are

    part of the United States.

    9. An ___________________________ person is

    someone from Ireland.

    HawaiianChristmas

    AsianArctic

    AmtrakDisney

    AtlanticSouth

    NikeGreat

    IrishAmerican

    Chinese

    FAST FACTA proper adjective is anadjective that formsfrom a proper noun. Forexample, a king fromEngland is an Englishking. A proper adjectiveuses a capital letter.

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  • 28

    Subject SearchRead each sentence and underline the word that is the simple subject.Write the word in the crossword puzzle.

    SKILL: Subject of Sentence

    FAST FACTThe simple subject isthe noun or pronounthat tells what or whomthe sentence is about.

    ACROSS1. They knew that they were going to be

    late for the meeting.

    2. Teachers have exciting jobs.

    4. She owns several rare books.

    5. The local newspaper ran an article

    about helping the environment.

    7. My new shoes gave me painful blisters.

    8. The tall brown mare guarded her new-

    born foal.

    9. The hot sun scorched the farmers

    crops.

    11. Mrs. Edwards store closes at 7:30

    p.m. on weeknights.

    12. It is almost summer time.

    13. Cheese is a popular pizza topping.

    14. The letter arrived in yesterdays mail.

    DOWN1. Travis rode the roller coaster four

    times.

    2. The telephone rang loudly.

    3. A single star shone in the night sky.

    6. Everyone shouted Surprise! when

    Nathan walked in the front door.

    8. Beautiful music played while we

    worked on our projects.

    9. Shelly is one of my closest friends.

    10. Litter makes the park ugly.

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  • 29

    Food Fight!

    Work with a partner on thisactivity. One partner will bethe Clue Giver. The otherpartner will be the WordGiver.

    1. The Clue Giver asks theWord Giver for a word to fillin each blank. Fill in all theblanks before reading thestory.

    2. The Clue Giver reads thestory out loud.

    FAST FACTCommon nouns aregeneral names for peo-ple, places, and things.They do not use capitalletters. For example:student, home, andapple.

    One day the students in our class were having a quiet lunch in the ____________________.

    At first everything was going smoothly. The kids were enjoying fried ___________________________,

    baked ____________________________, and a variety of other tasty treats.

    Trouble started when one of the students was carrying her tray to her seat. Her stomach

    grumbled as she gazed at the ____________________________, ____________________________, and

    __________________________ on her tray. A _________________________ and _________________________

    sitting nearby both looked hungrily at the piping hot lunch. Suddenly, the student tripped on a

    _________________________ on the floor, and her tray went flying. A large ________________________

    landed on a _________________________ who was walking by. You know what that means! anoth-

    er student shouted. Food fight!

    Before long, the kids lunches were sailing through the air. A burned ___________________

    plopped down on a ___________________________. A greasy ____________________________ flew out

    the window and headed for the _________________________. The food fight continued until a

    mushy _________________________ sailed right into the teacher.

    Stop this nonsense, the teacher cried. Each one of you is behaving like a

    _________________________. Clean up this mess right now or I will send you to the

    _________________________! Needless to say, that was the end of the food fight!

    common noun/thing

    common noun/thing

    common noun/thing common noun/thing

    common noun/thing common noun/person

    common noun/person

    common noun/person

    common noun/person

    common noun/person

    common noun/thing

    common noun/thing

    common noun/thing

    common noun/thing

    common noun/place

    common noun/place

    common noun/place

    common noun/thing

    SKILL: Common Nouns

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  • 30

    The Strangest Field Trip Ever

    Work with a partner onthis activity. One partnerwill be the Clue Giver.The other partner will bethe Word Giver.

    1. The Clue Giver asksthe Word Giver for aword to fill in eachblank. Fill in all theblanks before readingthe story.

    2. The Clue Giver readsthe story out loud.

    Last night I had a very unusual dream. In my dream, ___________________________ was the

    principal of our school! One day, the principal announced that we were going on a field trip to

    ______________________. Now, I had been to ______________________ and to ______________________,

    but never there!

    Believe it or not, my dream got even crazier after that. We rode a ______________________

    all the way to our destination. Once we arrived, we met all kinds of people. I personally saw

    ______________________ and ______________________ and even got ______________________ to give

    me an autograph. I will always treasure it!

    On the way home, we talked the principal into stopping in ______________________ and

    ______________________. We tried to stop in ______________________, too, but we ran out of time.

    Even so, it was the most awesome field trip I had ever been on. Was I ever disappointed when it

    was time to wake up!

    FAST FACTProper nouns are thenames of specific peo-ple, places, and things.They always begin witha capital letter. Forexample: George, Texas,and the Statue ofLiberty.

    proper noun/person

    proper noun/person proper noun/person proper noun/person

    proper noun/place proper noun/place proper noun/place

    proper noun/place proper noun/place

    proper noun/place

    proper noun/form of transportation

    SKILL: Proper Nouns Gr

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  • 31

    Alien AdventureWork with a partner on this activity.One partner will be the Clue Giver. Theother partner will be the Word Giver.

    1. The Clue Giver asks the Word Giverfor a word to fill in each blank. Fill inall the blanks before reading the story.

    2. The Clue Giver reads the story outloud.

    When I saw the flashing lights, I knew right away it was a

    UFO. It________________ right next to me. The doors opened, and out came ____________________

    ____________________. The creatures marched toward me and began to speak. We are from the

    planet _________________, they said. We travel around the Milky Way, stopping only to

    ________________. Tell us about yourself, Earthling.

    I ____________________ and I ____________________. I did not know what to say, My name

    is _______________________, I began. I like to ___________________________ and

    __________________________. My favorite thing to do is __________________________ and hang out

    with my good friend, __________________________.

    The creatures looked at each other and __________________________. Aha, they said.

    Earth is very different from our planet. Come, and we will show you.

    I hopped aboard the UFO and we took off. The creatures and I ____________________ and

    _______________________. They also gave me a delicious ________________________ to eat.

    Finally, we arrived. I could tell we were there when the UFO _______________________. I

    stepped outside. I watched as alien creatures ____________________ and ____________________.

    I was homesick already, without my family and my favorite _________________. Take me

    home! I told the aliens. They shrugged and put me back on the UFOby myself! Wait I cried.

    I dont know how to fly this thing!

    The doors closed, and I spied a control panel. I did not know which button to press, so I

    just ____________________. Amazingly, the UFO ____________________ and started its journey back

    to Earth. It took me ____________________ days, but I finally made it home.

    FAST FACTThe present tensedescribes an action thatis happening now. Thepast tense describes anaction that already hap-pened. Many verbs formthe past tense byadding -ed or -d.

    verb/past tense number over 2

    plural noun

    noun

    noun/thing

    noun

    number

    verb/past tense verb/past tense

    verb/present tense

    verb/present tense

    verb/present tense verb/present tense

    word givers name

    noun/persons name

    verb/past tense

    verb/past tense

    verb/past tense

    verb/past tense

    verb/past tense verb/past tense

    verb/past tense verb/past tense

    SKILL: Verbs/Present and Past Tense Gr

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  • 32

    I See the Future

    Work with a partner on this activity. One partner will be the Clue Giver.The other partner will be the Word Giver.

    1. The Clue Giver asks the Word Giver for a word to fill in each blank. Fillin all the blanks before reading the story.

    2. The Clue Giver reads the story out loud.

    What will life on Earth be like 100 years from now? Heres what I think:

    People __________________________ much less often than they do today, but they

    __________________________ at least ten times a day. Children __________________________ in

    schools and they __________________________ in their neighborhoods.

    In the United States, most people __________________________ , but in other parts of the

    world, people __________________________ . People everywhere __________________________ .

    In the future, all cars __________________________ and bikes __________________________ . It

    will be so much fun! Computers _______________________ , and machines _____________________ .

    What will I be doing 100 years from now? Thanks to medical advances, I will still be

    around. I probably _______________________ , and I definitely ________________________ . But most

    of all I _______________________ ! I can hardly wait!

    verb/future tense

    verb/future tense

    verb/future tense

    verb/future tense

    verb/future tense

    verb/future tense verb/future tense

    verb/future tense verb/future tense

    verb/future tenseverb/future tense

    verb/future tense verb/future tense

    verb/future tense

    FAST FACTTo form the futuretense, verbs add theword will. For example:He will run tomorrow.

    SKILL: Verbs/Future Tense Gr

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  • 33

    Say It WithAdjectives!

    Work with a partner on thisactivity. One partner will be theClue Giver. The other partnerwill be the Word Giver.

    1. The Clue Giver asks the WordGiver for a word to fill in eachblank. Fill in all the blanksbefore reading the story.

    2. The Clue Giver reads thestory out loud.

    FAST FACTAdjectives are wordsthat describe nouns orpronouns. For example:beautiful, sloppy, blue,broken.

    One _________________________ spring afternoon, a _________________________ student

    named _________________________ was playing basketball. The student was wearing the latest

    fashion: _________________________ pants and a very _________________________ shirt.

    The student threw the ball toward the basket, but it bounced into the woods. I guess Ill

    have to chase it. The student ran to get the basketball but it was nowhere in sight. Instead,

    there was a _________________________ , _________________________ bottle with a

    _________________________ lid propped beneath a tree.

    The student opened the bottle cautiously. Out popped a _________________________ genie

    wearing a strange _________________________ outfit!

    Finally! said the genie as he glanced at the _________________________ watch on his

    wrist. Its about time someone let me out of this bottle. I only have time for one wish. So make

    it snappy.

    The student thought. What would be the best wish? To be a ___________________________

    superstar? To have some really ____________________________ toys? Finally, the student thought

    of the perfect wish and told the genie.

    Whatever, said the genie as he snapped his fingers. And just like that, the wish came

    true. The student became a ___________________________, ____________________________

    _____________________, and never forgot that _______________________ day in the forest.

    adjective

    noun/first name

    adjective

    adjectiveadjective

    adjective adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective adjective

    adjectivenoun

    SKILL: Adjectives Gr

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  • 34

    A Parts-of-SpeechCircus

    Work with a partner on thisactivity. One partner will bethe Clue Giver. The other part-ner will be the Word Giver.

    1. The Clue Giver asks theWord Giver for a word to fill in each blank. Fill in all theblanks before reading thestory.

    2. The Clue Giver reads thestory out loud.

    Last week, the circus came to our town. It was set up near the

    old ______________________. I wasnt planning to go, but

    _______________________ and _____________________ talked me into it. They were dying to see the

    _______________________ ______________________ and the __________________________

    ________________________ .

    When we arrived, we were starving, so we got in line to buy some snacks.

    I ate the ________________________ __________________________, and my friends ate the

    _____________________ ________________________.

    Then the show began. The ringmaster _____________________ announced the first act.

    Then __________________ __________________ came out and started to _______________________

    _______________________! When the act was over, everyone began to __________________________

    _______________________ and ___________________________ ____________________________ .

    Later in the show, we saw a _______________________ _________________________ and a

    ________________________ ________________________ who could _______________________ and

    _____________________. The best part of the show was the last act, when a _____________________

    ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ on top of a ______________________!

    We ran into _______________________ and ______________________. They were carrying a

    ______________________ that they had bought as a souvenir. They said they loved the show, too!

    FAST FACTA noun is a person,place or thing (Mr. Simpson, Ohio,banana ). A verb tellsthe action in the sentence (lifts, dances,sees). An adjectivedescribes a noun (blue,nice, smart). An adverbusually describes averb (quickly, happily,wildly).

    common noun/place

    common noun/person

    common noun/person

    common noun/person common noun/person

    common noun/thing

    common noun/thing

    any common nouncommon noun/person verb/past tense adverb

    adjective

    adjective

    adjective/number plural noun

    common noun/thing

    common noun/thing

    common noun/thing

    adjective adjective

    adjective

    adverb

    adverbverb/present tense

    verb/present tense

    verb/present tense

    verb/present tense

    verb/present tense

    adverb

    adverb

    adjective

    adjective

    proper noun/person proper noun/person

    SKILL: Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs (Review)Gr

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  • 35

    A Pet AdventureThis adventure story is miss-ing its adverbs! Fill in theblanks in the story withadverbs from the box below.When you are finished, putthe numbered letters in thecorrect order and get thesecret message.

    My neighbors asked me to watch their dog, Sophie. I __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __

    needed the money, so I took the job. Sophie barked __ __ __ __ __ __ and gave me a

    big kiss. I took her by the leash and waved good-bye.

    Trouble began when she chewed off her leash and ran __ __ __ __ __ __

    down the street. When I caught her, she was licking someones ice cream cone! Then she

    __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ ran across the street. I followed

    __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ behind her.

    Sophie stopped at the park. There, she __ __ __ __ __ __ __ made some new

    friends, leaped __ __ __ __ into the air to grab their Frisbee, and greeted a man who was

    feeding the squirrels.

    We were invited to a picnic and ate __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __. Then I

    __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ realized it was time to go. We __ __ __ __ __ said

    good-bye, and got home minutes before Sophies owners. They saw her sitting

    __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ by the door and exclaimed. Sophies so good for

    you. Are you available next week?

    Now use the circled letters to decode the message:

    __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 5 1 6 7 9 12 13 2 3 8 4 4 11

    __ __ __ __ __ __ __!3 4 7 1 9 12 10

    FAST FACTAdverbs can describeverbs, adjectives, oreven other adverbs.They usually answer thequestions how, when,or where. They oftenend in the letters -ly.

    suddenlyquickly

    loudlybreathlessly

    highdesperately

    sadlyhungrily

    fearlesslyinnocently

    wildly

    SKILL: Adverbs

    1

    2

    3

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    68

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    13

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  • 36

    PrepositionsShow Position

    This story is missing its prepositions!Fill in the blanks in the story withprepositions from the box below.When you are finished, put the num-bered letters in the correct order andget the secret message.

    FAST FACTPrepositions usually tellwhere something is,where something isgoing, or when some-thing is happening.

    aboutabove

    beforeby

    exceptfrom

    ininside

    nearon

    withwithout

    to

    Last summer, I went ____ ____ Space Camp! I went for three days, ____ ____ ____ ____ a

    Monday to a Wednesday. On the first day, I got to try on a space suit just like the ones worn by

    real astronauts. It had an American flag ____ ____ the front and all kinds of special equipment

    built into it. It even had a device to control the temperature inside the suit.

    ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ this equipment, astronauts could not survive ____ ____ space.

    The next day, I got to taste astronaut food. I especially liked the freeze-dried ice cream. In

    fact, all of the kids at Space Camp (____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ for one or two) thought the

    ice cream was the best.

    Finally, I got to go ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ a special anti-gravity chamber. It was

    invented ____ ____ scientists to give astronauts an idea of what its like to be weightless in

    outer space. While I was floating inside the chamber, I imagined that I was traveling far

    ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ the Earth. Wow!

    Before I knew it, it was time to head home. But before I left, I got to meet a real-life astro-

    naut. She sat down ____ ____ ____ ____ all the campers and told us ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

    her job. She sat ____ ____ ____ ____ me, so I even got an autograph! Now I dont just think I

    want to be an astronaut. I know for sure!

    Now use the numbered letters to decode the message:

    __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 3 6 11 7 12 2 1 3 10 1 5 3

    __ __ __ __ __ __!9 3 6 13 4 8

    1

    5

    6 7

    8 9

    2 3 4

    10

    11

    12

    14

    13

    SKILL: Prepositions Gr

    amma

    r Puz

    zles &

    Gam

    es Ki

    ds C

    an't R

    esist!

    K

    aren K

    ellah

    er, Sc

    holas

    tic T

    each

    ing R

    esourc

    es

  • 37

    This story is missing its conjunc-tions! Fill in the blanks in the storywith conjunctions from the boxbelow. When you are finished, putthe numbered letters in the correctorder and get the secret message.

    FAST FACTConjunctions are linkingwords. They join words,phrases, clauses, andsentences together.

    The day we moved into our new house, the weather was rainy __ __ __ cold.

    __ __ __ __ __ I could not play outside, I decided to explore the attic. It was mostly

    empty, __ __ __ a few dusty boxes sat in the corner, belonging to the previous owners

    __ __ __ __ __ __ __ my family had not come up here yet.

    I began to look through one of the boxes filled with papers that looked old and fragile, __ __

    I was careful. I uncovered an old map and recognized our neighborhood. It showed a large X

    near the lake, at the end of our road. Hmmmm, I thought to myself. X marks the spot. For a

    chest full of gold __ __ a priceless piece of jewelry? I could hardly wait to find out!

    Luckily the next day was sunny. __ __ __ __ I finished breakfast, I set out to search

    for the spot marked on my map. __ __ __ __ __ __ I had gotten very far, I heard a

    voice say, Im Kate. You must be the new kid. I said hello. I didnt want Kate to think I was

    silly, __ __ __ I knew she might be a big help so I showed her my map. Soon both of us

    were having a great time.

    We found plenty of garbage, and may never know __ __ there is treasure by the lake, but

    I have a new pal!

    Now use the circled letters to decode the message:

    __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 8 6 10 7 1 2 3 5 6 7

    __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __!9 6 7 5 3 4 6 7 3

    andbut

    ornor

    yetso

    ifuntil

    sincebecause

    before once

    1 2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    8

    9

    10

    SKILL: Conjunctions

    A ConjunctionsFunction

    Gram

    mar P

    uzzle

    s & G

    ames

    Kids

    Can

    't Resi

    st!

    Kare

    n Kell

    aher,

    Scho

    lastic

    Tea

    ching

    Reso

    urces

  • 38

    Hey, Wow!This letter is missing its inter-jections! Fill in the blanks inthe story with interjectionsfrom the box below. When youare finished, put the numberedletters in the correct order andget the secret message.

    FAST FACTAn interjection is a wordor phrase that express-es strong feelings. It isusually punctuated withan exclamation point.

    Dear Aunt Linda,

    __ __ __ __ __ there! I just got the train set you sent for my birthday.

    __ __ __ __ __ __! I really love it. It has eight cars and a long, curving track.

    __ __ __! It has to be the nicest train set Ive ever seen.

    It took me about three hours to put the set together (with moms help). __ __ __ __!

    It sure was hard work! But when I was finally finished, I was very excited. I invited my best

    friend, Tim, over to take a look. Tim loves trains as much as I do. When he saw it, he shouted,

    __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __! Tim and I played with the trains for a while. Then

    Tims brother, Lou, came over, and we had to put the set away. Thats because Lou tried to play

    with the track and almost broke it. I said, __ __ __! Please be careful with that!

    I hear my mom calling me for dinner, so I will wrap up this letter. We are having liver and

    lima beans. __ __ __ __! I hope you are having something tastier!

    I will talk to you soon!

    Love,

    Daniel

    P.S.: __ __ __ __! I almost forgot to tell you that my first soccer game of the season will

    be this Saturday morning!

    Now use the numbered letters to decode the message:

    __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __!3 5 1 6 9 2 5 4 1 7 8

    All right Hello Thanks Wow Hey Yuck Oops Phew

    SKILL: Interjections

    1 2 3

    4 5

    6

    7 8

    9

    Gram

    mar P

    uzzle

    s & G

    ames

    Kids

    Can

    't Resi

    st!

    Kare

    n Kell

    aher,

    Scho

    lastic

    Tea

    ching

    Reso

    urces

  • 39

    To Be or Not to Be?

    This story is missingsome of its verbs! Fill inthe blanks in the storywith verbs from the boxbelow. All of the verbsare forms of the verbto be. When you arefinished, put the num-bered letters in the cor-rect order and get thesecret message.

    Ladies and Gentlemen,

    It __ __ quite an honor to stand before you this evening and accept this award. I am

    thrilled to __ __ named the Inventor of the Year. Believe it or not, just a few years ago I

    __ __ __ a poor, unknown inventor with plenty of ideas but no money to make them happen.

    Today, I __ __ a big success, all thanks to my famous Two-In-One Dental Floss and Fishing

    Line. If it __ __ __ __ not for this amazing device, I might still be dreaming away in my

    basement workshop.

    As I accept my award, Id like to thank some special people in my life. They __ __ __

    my parents and my fifth-grade science teacher, Mrs. C. A. Labrat. To all three of them, I say,

    Thanks for __ __ __ __ __ there for me! And to all of you in the audience, I say

    that I have never __ __ __ __ happier or more proud than I am tonight.

    Now use the numbered letters to decode the message:

    __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __!2 6 3 4 1 7 7 8 5

    is am are was were be being been

    FAST FACTThe verb to be is themost frequently usedverb in the English lan-guage. Eight differentwords are part of theverb to be.

    SKILL: The Verb To Be

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5 6

    7

    8

    Gram

    mar P

    uzzle

    s & G

    ames

    Kids

    Can

    't Resi

    st!

    Kare

    n Kell

    aher,

    Scho

    lastic

    Tea

    ching

    Reso

    urces

  • 40

    A Capital Idea

    Look at each set of sentences. Fill in the circle next tothe sentence that uses capital letters properly. Whenyou are finished, use the letters of your answers to solvethe riddle at the end.

    1. nn A. The Statue of Liberty is in new york, New York.

    nn B. The Statue of Liberty is in New York, New York.

    nn C. The statue of liberty is in new york, new york.nn D. the Statue of Liberty is in New York, New York.

    2. nn E. George Washington was americas first president.nn F. George Washington was Americas first president.

    nn G. George Washington Was Americas First President.

    nn H. George washington was americas first president.

    3. nn I. Many creatures live in the Pacific Ocean.

    nn J. Many creatures live in the pacific ocean.nn K. Many creatures live in the Pacific ocean.

    nn L. Many Creatures live in