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Transcript of GRAFIKA GAME - mahas/dossier/grafgame_01.pdf · GRAFIKA GAME Aditya Wikan Mahastama...

GRAFIKA GAME

Aditya Wikan Mahastamamahas@ukdw.ac.id

UNIV KRISTEN DUTA WACANA GASAL 1112

1

Pengantar Grafika Game

Term coined by William Fetter, Boeing (1960)http://web.cs.wpi.edu/~matt/courses/cs563/talks/history.html

Computer Graphics are graphics created using computers and, more generally,

the representation and manipulation of image data

by a computer

Secara umum: apapun yang dicitrakan dengankomputer, dan citra yang dimanipulasi dengan

komputer

GRAFIKA KOMPUTER

COMPUTER

GRAPHICS

Computer

Graphics

Digital Image

Processing

Computer

Vision

COMPUTER

GRAPHICS

Computer

Graphics

Digital Image

Processing

Computer

VisionData Visualization

CGI

Pattern Generator

Image Preprocessing

Image Manipulation

Image Effects

Pattern Recognition

COMPUTER

GRAPHICS

Computer

Graphics

Digital Image

Processing

Computer

VisionDATA IMAGE

IMAGE IMAGE

IMAGE DATA

Digital Image Processing:

Input: pixels, output: pixels.

Manipulate existing images to achieve desired

visual results (image correction, visual effects,

transparency, image stitching)

Computer Vision:

Input: pixels, output: data.

Read images, manipulate if necessary and

interprets it (segmentation, thinning, edge

detection, isolation, properties extraction)

Computer Graphics:

Input: data, output: pixels.

Create, plot and manipulate images using data to

render analytic visual result (image primitives,

transformations, fractals, 2D and 3D planar

projection)

Menyajikan informasi dalam bentuk yang mudahdipahami

GUNA GRAFIKA KOMPUTER

Memodelkan suatu kondisi secara visual untukmempermudah analisis

Memodelkan suatu kondisi secara visual untukmempermudah analisis

Menciptakan hal-hal yang mustahil, secara visual

Principles of Light and ColoursColour Models and Colour Rendering Modes

Principles of Computer GraphicsPicture Elements (pixel)

Computer Graphics Coordinate System

Bitmap and Vector

2D and 3D Graphics Primitives ProjectionVertices, Lines, Curves

Their derivatives: Rectangle, Ellipse, Arc, Polygons

Graphics Primitives ManipulationFilling, Clipping, Intersection, Transparency

2D TransformationTranslation, Reflection, Scaling, Rotation, Shearing

Composite Transformation

SCOPE OF COMPUTER GRAPHICS

Principles of Animated ObjectsSprites, Frames and Tracks

Principles of Physics in Animation

Transformation in 3-Dimensional Space Pattern Generation Ray Tracing Lights and Shading Texture Mapping Volume Rendering 3D Modeling 3D Animation

Can you draw this if you cant even draw a single line?

If this, just use a pencil

Teori dan latihan Contoh implementasi dalam program

PROSES PERKULIAHAN

Memahami prinsip-prinsip grafika dalam komputer Mengetahui bagaimana sebenarnya komputer

menggambar sesuatu

Dapat mengimplementasikan prinsip-prinsip grafikake dalam program

TUJUAN MATAKULIAH

MY HOPES

Silakan lihat demo program