Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 1 Section 33.1 Sewing...

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Transcript of Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 1 Section 33.1 Sewing...

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Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 1 Section 33.1 Sewing Essentials Section 33.2 Sewing Methods Chapter 33 Chapter Sewing Basics 33 Slide 2 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 2 Know and learn how to use basic equipment and tools to help you complete almost any sewing project. Sewing is a step-by-step process, from choosing supplies to completing each task. Section 33.1 Sewing Essentials Slide 3 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 3 Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary bobbin serger notions selvage grain pattern guide sheet baste alter Slide 4 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 4 Sewing Equipment and Tools Basic sewing equipment includes a sewing machine, a serger, and a few other tools. Most sewing machines have the same basic parts and operate in the same way serger A machine that sews, trims, and finishes a fabric edge in one step Slide 5 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 5 Sewing Equipment and Tools There is a wide range in the complexity of functions sewing machines can perform Essential skills to learn before you use a sewing machine include: wind the bobbin, thread the machine, and choose needles. bobbin A small metal or plastic spool positioned beneath the needle on a sewing machine. Slide 6 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 6 Sewing Equipment and Tools Machine stitches include the regular, basting, reinforcement, and zigzag stitch. A serger sews, trims, and finishes an edge in one step. Slide 7 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 7 Finding Your Size and Pattern Most sewing projects start with choosing a pattern, which contains instructions and paper shapes to guide your project. Have someone help you take your measurements. Slide 8 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 8 Finding Your Size and Pattern The pattern envelope recommends fabrics, how much to buy, and any notions you may need notions The smaller supplies necessary to complete a sewing project. Slide 9 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 9 Choosing and Preparing Fabric Selvages, the finished side edge of the fabric, should line up on the cutting table. Washable fabrics should be washed and dried before using to avoid shrinkage. selvage The finished edge of fabric. Slide 10 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 10 Using a Pattern A pattern guide sheet contains specific instructions for cutting and sewing the project. Symbols and lines on the pattern indicate where to cut the fabric, the placing of buttonholes and pockets, and fold marks. pattern guide sheet A sheet in a sewing pattern that gives specific instructions for cutting and sewing the project. Slide 11 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 11 Using a Pattern Symbols and lines on the pattern indicate where to cut the fabric, the placing of buttonholes and pockets, and fold marks. Most times, you will need to alter a pattern in width or length to fit exactly your body measurement. alter Change. Slide 12 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 12 Using a Pattern Lay out the pattern and position pattern pieces on the fabric carefully before pinning them down. Use sharp shears to cut the fabric. Transfer the key construction systems on your pattern to your garment with a tracing wheel and tracing paper or special pens, tailors chalk, pins, or thread in order to sew accurately. Slide 13 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 13 It is typical to use a basic sewing machine for most sewing projects, then use hand stitching for the finishing steps. You can use basic machine- or hand-sewing skills to make repairs and alterations on clothing. Section 33.2 Sewing Methods Slide 14 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 14 Content Vocabulary Academic Vocabulary staystitching facing dart sew-through button shank button gauge refurbish Slide 15 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 15 Machine Sewing Basic sewing techniques are used for staystitching, directional stitching, seams, facings, and darts. staystitching A row of regular machine stitches through a single layer of fabric. facing A shaped piece of fabric used to finish the raw edge of a garment. dart A triangular fold used to give shape to a garment. Slide 16 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 16 Machine Sewing Staystitching is a row of regular machine stitches through a single layer of fabric. A facing is a shaped piece of fabric used to finish the raw edge of a garment. A dart is a triangular fold used to help shape a garment. Slide 17 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 17 Hand Sewing Some sewing projects require hand stitching, such as hemming. Most fasteners, such as buttons, snaps, and hooks and eyes, need to be attached by hand. Slide 18 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 18 Hand Sewing Buttons may be sew-through, with two or four holes, or a shank button, with a built-in loop for attaching. shank button A button with a built-in loop on the back. Slide 19 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 19 Repairs and Alterations With your sewing skills, you can repair simple tears, make alterations, or sew on buttons. It is best to fix garments before laundering or cleaning them Slide 20 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 20 Chapter Summary Section 33.1 Learning to sew begins with learning to use equipment and tools safely and appropriately. Two major tools are the sewing machine and the serger. Before sewing, you must choose and prepare both a pattern and fabric. Patterns can be altered to customize the fit. Sewing Essentials Slide 21 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 21 Chapter Summary Section 33.2 Basic machine sewing techniques include directional stitching, staystitching, and making seams, facings, and darts. Hand stitches are used for finishing steps, such as hems and fasteners. Sewing Methods Slide 22 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 22 Chapter Summary Section 33.2 With basic sewing skills, you can make many simple repairs. Garments can be altered to change their fit or style. Sewing Methods Slide 23 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 23 Review Start Do you remember the vocabulary terms from this chapter? Use the following slides to check your knowledge of the definitions. The slides in this section include both English and Spanish terms and definitions. Slide 24 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 24 bobbin bobina A small metal or plastic spool positioned beneath the needle on a sewing machine. Pequeo carrete de metal o plstico que se pone debajo de la aguja en una mquina de coser. Show Definition Slide 25 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 25 serger mquina fileteadora A machine that sews, trims, and finishes a fabric edge in one step Mquina que cose, recorta y termina el orillo de la tela en un solo paso. Show Definition Slide 26 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 26 notions artculos de mercera The smaller supplies necessary to complete a sewing project. Los artculos pequeos que se necesitan para terminar un proyecto de cocido. Show Definition Slide 27 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 27 selvage orillo de la tela The finished edge of fabric. El borde terminado de una tela. Show Definition Slide 28 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 28 grain veteado The directions in which the lengthwise and crosswise yarns run in a fabric. Las direcciones en que las fibras de una tela corren a lo largo y a lo ancho. Show Definition Slide 29 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 29 pattern guide sheet hoja de patrn A sheet in a sewing pattern that gives specific instructions for cutting and sewing the project. Una hoja que da instrucciones especficas para cortar y coser un proyecto de costura Show Definition Slide 30 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 30 staystitching pespunte (sobrehilado) A row of regular machine stitches through a single layer of fabric. Lnea de puntadas de mquina de coser a travs de una sola capa de tela. Show Definition Slide 31 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 31 facing revestimiento (forro) A shaped piece of fabric used to finish the raw edge of a garment. Un pedazo de tela con forma usado para Show Definition Slide 32 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 32 dart pinza A triangular fold used to give shape to a garment. Un pliegue triangular que se usa para darle forma a un vestido. Show Definition Slide 33 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 33 sew-through button botn con agujeros A button with two or four visible holes. Un botn con dos o cuatro agujeros. Show Definition Slide 34 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 34 shank button botn caa A button with a built-in loop on the back. Botn que tiene una presilla en la parte de atrs. Show Definition Slide 35 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 35 baste hilvanar Hold pieces of fabric together temporarily. Pegar temporalmente pedazos de tela. Show Definition Slide 36 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 36 alter modificar Change.Cambiar. Show Definition Slide 37 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 37 gauge calcular Measure the distance or size or something. Medir la distancia o el tamao. Show Definition Slide 38 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 38 refurbish remodelar Repair or renovate.Reparar o renovar. Show Definition Slide 39 Glencoe Managing Life Skills Chapter 33 Sewing Basics Chapter 33 Sewing Basics 39 End of Chapter 1 The Amazing World of Food End Of Chapter 33