Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 © Gi LUnione Europea nelletà dellEuro June 2010 - 1 LUnione...

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June 2010 - 1 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 © GiL’Unione Europea nell’età dell’Euro L’Unione Europea nell’età L’Unione Europea nell’età dell’Euro dell’Euro PROGRAMMI E STRUMENTI FINANZIARI DELL’UE PROGRAMMI E STRUMENTI FINANZIARI DELL’UE Il 7° Programma Quadro di Ricerca Il 7° Programma Quadro di Ricerca
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Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 1 LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro PROGRAMMI E STRUMENTI FINANZIARI DELLUE Il 7 Programma Quadro di Ricerca Slide 2 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 2 1. HISTORY : PAST EC RESEARCH POLICY 2. ANALYSIS : TOWARDS FP7 3. THE 7 TH EU RTD FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME (2007-2013) 4. THE COMPETITIVENESS and INNOVATION PROGRAMME (2007-2013) & Others THE EU RESEARCH POLICY The 7 th EU RTD Framework Programme (2007-2013) Slide 3 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 3 1. PAST EU RESEARCH POLICY Slide 4 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 4 uManhattan project, 1943 uFrom linear model to circular model: Research (R&D) -> Invention -> Innovation -> Product/Market Research (R&D) Invention Innovation Product/Market uBiggest R&D budgets in 1999 US (1999) - Private : General Motors ($ 7,9 billion), DaimlerChrysler ($ 7,1 billion) and Ford ($ 6,3 billion) FR (1999) Public : Space (14%), human sciences (11%), aeronautics (8%) and engineering (8%) Programming of research Slide 5 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 5 EU research: some key figures uAbout 2,000 new projects launched per year uAt peak activity: > 30,000 proposals > 4,000 experts per year uEU financial support : From 4.0 to 8.0 B per year uAverage of 7 organisations from 3 countries per project Slide 6 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 6 Time is ripe for a step change COLLABORATION and COOPERATION in the EU (Public Research Programmes only)* * Sources : FP7 & Joint Programming Impact Assessments Slide 7 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 7 By courtesy of Airbus Copyright CERN Copyright ESA Success through co-operation For the Public (EuroBarometer poll, 6/08) Slide 8 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 8 Success through co-operation First full sequencing of a plant genome (2000) > 150 scientists and technicians from 30 organisations (15 countries) For Researchers Two examples of world firsts Biggest campaign ever to study the ozone layer and ozone loss (2000) > 350 scientists from more than 65 organisations (20 countries) Slide 9 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 9 Success through co-operation Visit to Africa (29 August - 1 September 2005) Mbeya Medical Research Centre, Tanzania Manhia Health Research Centre, Mozambique (picture) European-Developing Countries Clinical Trials Programme (EDCTP) for Poverty-Related Diseases For Programme Managers Slide 10 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 10 2. ANALYSING EC RESEARCH POLICY Towards the 7th Research Framework Programme (2006-2013) Slide 11 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 11 Lisbon strategy Research Growth and Jobs EducationInnovation S&T contributes to the Lisbon objectives: economic growth, employment creation, environmental protection, social challenges: fight poverty, improve human health and quality of life (GSM, remote working, safe roads, etc.) Slide 12 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 12 R&D European strength & weaknesses EU-25USJapan R&D intensity (% of GDP) (3) 1.972.593.12 Share of R&D financed by industry (%) (2) 55.963.173.9 Researchers per thousand labour force (FTE) (3) 5.59.09.7 Share of world scientific publications (%) (3) 38.331.19.6 Scientific publications per million population (3) 639809569 Share of world triadic patents (%) (1) 31.534.326.9 Triadic patents per million population (1) 30.553.192.6 High-tech exports as a share of total manufacturing exports (%) (3) 19.728.526.5 Share of world high-tech exports (%) (2) 16.720.010.6 Note: (1) 2000 data (2) 2002 data (3) 2003 data Slide 13 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 13 Research and economic development P E EL I IRL EU F A B UK NL DE FI DK SE Slide 14 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 14 Research: filling the gap Total expenditure on R&D, % of GDP Barcelona Summit, 2001 Japan: 3.0 USA: 2.7 EU-15: 1.9 Objective 00 Objective 07 Achieved 07 Slide 15 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 15 EC Framework Programmes Budgets 70 Commission asked for a doubling of funding (10 B/ year), Council agreed +60%. Slide 16 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 16 Framework Programmes : significant impacts on S&T and the economy uEconomic benefits. 1 (research) at European level 4-7 (long-run, econometric models). Enterprises participating in FP benefit of: reduced commercial risk increased turnover and profitability enhanced productivity and market share uInnovative performance. Enterprises participating in FP: tend to be more innovative more likely to patent engage in innovative cooperation with other firms and universities uScientific performance: FP project up to 9 peer reviewed publications (international co- publications) uHuman resources development: Over 7000 proposals for Marie Curie in 2004, thousands of researchers in top trans-national teams, benefiting from training and knowledge sharing Slide 17 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 17 Framework Programmes : strong impact on the integration of the ERA u180 000 cooperation links (FP5): academia, industry, public research labs uBetter coordination of national research efforts (ERA-NET etc) uCounter-acting fragmentation of ERA. Average number of MS per project: 3 (FP2) 6.7 (FP6) uConcentration of research efforts through larger projects with critical mass. Average number of participants per project: 4.7 (FP2) 14 (FP6). Average EU funding per project: 1.2 M (FP2) 4.6 M (FP6) uTop-level scientists: e.g. 6 Nobel Prize winners involved in FP6 fundamental genomics projects uERA more attractive to researchers worldwide. Number of participating countries from across the world: 30 (FP2) 140 (FP5) Slide 18 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 18 Why double the FP7 budget (1) ? uTackle under-investment by exerting leverage on national and private investment Increase EU spending on R&D : 1.97% of GDP vs 2.59% (US) Help leverage business R&D (EU wide projects, solutions and market) Brings EU public R&D spending to 0.96% of GDP (close to 1% target) Encourage Member States uTackle fragmentation of research effort in the EU and enhance its efficiency and effectiveness Achieve critical mass, share knowledge and facilities Better dissemination across the EU More excellence through EU wide competition Less fragmentation through stronger coordination Slide 19 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 19 Why double the FP7 budget (2)? uWiden the scope of the FP Launch essential new initiatives Reinforce existing successful actions uHelp to meet new S&T challenges Rising costs of research mean that higher funding is needed to produce same impacts New research fields are emerging (hydrogen economy etc) uReinvigorate the Lisbon strategy Objective: to become the most dynamic knowledge-based economy Supports the integration and attractiveness of the ERA Contributes to increased competitiveness Contributes to sustainable development Slide 20 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 20 Towards the Seventh Framework Programme 2007-2013 (co-decision) 6 April 2005 23 December 2007 Slide 21 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 21 3. THE 7 TH RESEARCH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME (2006-2013) Slide 22 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 22 EU research: changing priorities Slide 23 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 23 MAIN NEW ELEMENTS COMPARED TO FP6: uDuration increased from five to seven years except for Euratom FP uAnnual budget increased significantly (5 to 7 B/year on average) uBasic research (~ 1 billion per year) uNew structure: cooperation, ideas, people, capacities uFlexible funding schemes uJoint Technology Initiatives uSimpler procedures uLogistical and administrative tasks external structures Whats new? Slide 24 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 24 FP7 2007 2013 Specific Programmes : 55 Billion Euro + Ideas Frontier Research 7.5 B 13% Capacities Research Capacity 4.1 B 7% People Marie Curie Actions 4.8 B 9% Cooperation Collaborative research 32.4 B 60% JRC non-nuclear research 1.8 B 4% Euratom direct action JRC nuclear research 4.5 B 7% Euratom indirect actions nuclear fusion and fission research Slide 25 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 25 Cooperation Collaborative Research 1.Health6.1 B - 19% 2.Food, agriculture and biotechnology1.9 B - 6% 3.Information & communication technologies9.1 B - 29% 4.Nanosciences, nanotechnologies, materials3.5 B - 11% and new production technologies 5.Energy2.4 B - 7% 6.Environment (including climate change)1.9 B - 6% 7.Transport (including aeronautics)4.2 B - 13% 8.Socio-economic sciences & the humanities0.6 B - 2% 9.Security 1.4 B - 4% 10.Space1.4 B - 4% TOTAL 32.4 B Ten themes Slide 26 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 26 More on health 1. Health uBiotechnology, generic tools and technologies for human health uTranslating research for human health uOptimising the delivery of healthcare to European citizens Slide 27 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 27 More on food 2. Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology uSustainable production and management of biological resources from land, forest, and aquatic environments uFork to farm: Food, health and well being uLife sciences and biotechnology for sustainable non- food products and processes Slide 28 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 28 More on ICT u ICT Technology Pillars u Integration of Technologies u Applications Research u Future and Emerging Technologies 3. Information and Communication Technologies Slide 29 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 29 More on NNMPT 4. Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies uNanosciences and nanotechnologies uMaterials uNew production uIntegration of technologies for industrial applications Slide 30 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 30 More on Energy 5. Energy u Renewables, clean energy, C0 2 emissions, efficiency, etc. u Nuclear fission and radiation protection (under Euratom FP) u Fusion energy research (under Euratom FP) Slide 31 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 31 More on Environment 6. Environment (inc. climate change) u Climate change, pollution and risks u Sustainable management of resources u Environmental technologies u Earth observation and assessment tools Slide 32 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 32 More on Transport 7. Transport (inc. aeronautics) u Aeronautics and air transport u Surface transport (rail, road and waterborne) u Support to the European global satellite navigation system (Galileo) Slide 33 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 33 More on SSH 8. Socio-Economic Sciences and the Humanities uGrowth, employment and competitiveness in a knowledge society uCombining economic, social and environmental objectives in a European perspective uMajor trends in society and their implications uEurope in the world uThe citizen in the European Union uSocio-economic and scientific indicators uForesight activities Slide 34 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 34 More on Security & Space 9. Security uProtection against terrorism and crime uSecurity of infrastructures and utilities uBorder security uRestoring security in case of crisis uSecurity systems integration and interoperability uSecurity and society uSecurity research Coordination and structuring Slide 35 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 35 More on Security & Space 10. Space uSpace-based applications at the service of the European society uExploration of space uRTD for strengthening space foundations Slide 36 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 36 Cooperation Collaborative Research (2) uCollaborative research Collaborative projects; Networks of Excellence; Coordination/support actions uJoint Technology Initiatives uCoordination of non-Community research programmes (ERA-NET; ERA-NET+; Article 169) uInternational Cooperation Slide 37 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 37 Joint Technology Initiatives Other possible themes to be identified later More on Technology Platforms and JTIs Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Aeronautics and Air Transport Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (to ESA) Embedded Computing Systems Innovative Medicines Nanoelectronics Slide 38 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 38 Coordination of non-Community research programmes uCoordination of national and regional programmes actions will use the tools: ERA-NET ERA-NET PLUS Article 169 May cover subjects beyond the ten themes uCoordination with European programmes Addresses principally intergovernmental structures such as EUREKA, COST, EIROFORUM, etc. More on Coordination Slide 39 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 39 Ideas Frontier Research (1) uFrontier Research is a key driver to innovation and economic performance uEstablish European Research Council (ERC) the first pan-European funding agency for Frontier Research uSupport investigator-driven frontier research over all areas of research uEuropean added-value through competition at European level Slide 40 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 40 Ideas Frontier Research (2) uBudget ~ 1bn p.a. (2007-2013 ~ 7.46) uAutonomous scientific governance (Scientific Council) uSupport projects of individual teams uExcellence as sole criterion uSimple, user-friendly Slide 41 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 41 Ideas Frontier Research (3) uERC Launch Strategy provides for two streams of funding activities starting in 2007: ERC Starting Independent Researcher Grant scheme (ERC Starting Grant) ERC Advanced Investigator Researcher Grant scheme (ERC Advanced Grant) u300 Starting Grants in 2008 over 6000 proposals ! More on Ideas Slide 42 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 42 More on Marie Curie Actions * Open to third-country nationals People Marie Curie Actions uInitial training of researchers Marie Curie Networks* uLife-long training and career development Individual Fellowships Co-financing of regional/national/international programmes uIndustry-academia pathways and partnerships Industry-Academia Knowledgesharing Scheme* uInternational dimension Outgoing & Incoming International Fellowships International Cooperation Scheme Reintegration grants; Support to researcher diasporas uSpecific actions Mobility and career enhancement actions Excellence awards Slide 43 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 43 Capacities Research Capacity 1.Research infrastructures1.715 M - 43% 2.Research for the benefit of SMEs1.336 M - 33% 3.Regions of Knowledge 126 M - 3% 4.Research Potential 340 M - 8% 5.Science in Society 330 M - 8% 6.Coherent development of policies 70 M - 2% 7.Activities of International Cooperation 180 M - 5% Total 4.097 M Slide 44 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 44 JRC Research-based policy support Five policy themes for FP7 Sustainable growth Conservation and management of natural resources Citizenship External responsibility and global security Euratom programme More on the JRC Slide 45 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 45 Management Increased FP budget + No increase in Commission staff Need new structures to manage the increase Externalise part of the FP management to executive agencies for the first time More on Management Slide 46 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 46 Simplification of procedures ? uObjectives: Eliminate procedures, rules and requests with no added value Cut the number of requests to participants Avoid red tape and increase user-friendliness Reduce delays uPrinciples: Rationalisation of all procedures Communication Strike a new balance between risk and control to provide Greater trust Increased risk-taking More on Simplification Slide 47 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 47 Work Programmes uStrategy/ approach, timing and content of calls (topics, funding schemes, budgets etc.) uEvaluation criteria (S&T quality, impact, implementation) uParticular requirements for participation, evaluation, implementation Slide 48 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 48 Preparation of Work Programmes uAnnual process uFollowing consultation and expert advice: Advisory Groups European Technology Platforms Open consultations Workshops, expert meetings, etc Consultation with other Commission directorate generals uSubject to opinion by Programme Committees (Member State representatives) Slide 49 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 49 Information uEU research: http://ec.europa.eu/research uSeventh Framework Programme: http://ec.europa.eu/research/fp7 uInformation on research programmes and projects: http://www.cordis.europa.eu/ uAssistance for participation from National Contact Points: http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/get-support_en.html uRTD info magazine: http://ec.europa.eu/research/rtdinfo/ Slide 50 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 50 4. The CIP and OTHER PROGRAMMES (2006-2013) Slide 51 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 51 Competitiveness & Innovation Programme (CIP) Complementarity with FP7 uComplementary and mutually reinforcing actions uCompetitiveness and dissemination remain key elements of FP7 uDesigned to operate side by side in support of Lisbon objectives uClose coordination FP7: Dissemination of knowledge and innovation- related activities (within projects) CIP: Innovation support networks and take-up of proven technologies Slide 52 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 52 How FP7 and CIP complement each other Networks providing innovation support services (IRCs, EICs) Within projects In thematic areas Dissemination of knowledge CIPFP7-RTD Innovation clustersResearch-driven clusters Regions Risk capital (start-up and expansion) SMEs guarantee facility SMEs loan securitisation Risk Sharing Finance Facility for large European RTD projects and infrastructures (with EIB) Access to finance Actions promoting SMEs participation in FP7 Simplification Definition of thematic content Specific schemes for SMEs SMEs participation in Research Take-up of proven technologies: environmental, ICT and energy- efficiency Research, technological development and demonstration Funding of projects Slide 53 Giorgio Clarotti Medi/FP7 - 6/10 Gi LUnione Europea nellet dellEuro June 2010 - 53 Other Funding Programmes uEducation: http://ec.europa.eu/education/index_en.htm Erasmus Higher Education Leonardo Vocational training Comenius School Grundtvig Adults Jean Monnet European Integration uMedia: http://ec.europa.eu/culture/media/programme/overview/index_en.htm Development, distribution, and promotion of audiovisual productions uYouth : ec.europa.eu/youth/youth/contacts Partnerships for active citizenship, solidarity, tolerance uCulture : ec.europa.eu/culture/annexes-culture/doc1232_en.htm Artist mobility, support for cultural actions