Gender inequality (1)
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Gender Inequality Gabrielle Clayson & Allison Boylan
What is Gender Inequality? The difference in the status, power and prestige women and men have in groups and societies Unequal treatment or perceptions of an individual based on their gender
Overview How does gender inequality affect women in:WorkplaceEducation Income What does the feminist perspective have to say on this topic?Possible solutions to promote equality between men and women in the work/education environment
Women in the Workplace
Women are more likely to have interactive and people oriented jobs such as teachers, social workers, nurses and receptionists where men are more likely to work as engineers and in the trades
Women in the WorkplaceA study showed that women value flexibility, autonomy, and a job with a social purpose.Women tend to value social interaction as more important than salary Women face the choice of marrying below their educational level or not marrying at all Some women choose to work part time or stay at home when their children are young.
Education LevelsA study shows that the average ratio of men to women graduating from post secondary school are 93 men to 100 women 64.8% of females have post secondary education while 63.4% of males have post secondary educationIn 2008 women accounted for three out of four graduates in education and health sciences programs
Level of IncomeIn 2009 young women aged 25-29 with full time work earned 85 cents for every dollar males made. In comparison in 2013 women made 72 cents for every dollar males made.
Level of Income 72% of Canadian part time workers are females which affects their annual income earnings Male graduates from business and management programs on average earn $46, 500 compared to $41, 700 for women
Feminist PerspectiveLiberal feminists focus on ensuring equal pay in the workforce, family-work balance and child labour concernsFeminists observe that the world bases our presumptions on what women are supposed to do rather than what women want to do For a lot of women working is not a choice but rather a necessity just like for menWe are also to be aware of how gender roles in the workplace can affect men. One problem men tend to face is getting accused if they choose to stay at home with their kids to the world this is not proper masculinity.
Solutions for the WorkplaceMake jobs more enticing so more women work in the trades and as engineers More flexible work schedules so women dont feel pressured to find childcare services for their children or having to quit their jobImproved parental leave for both men and women
Solutions for EducationHigh school programs that encourage young men to pursue a post secondary education A support team that will help men succeed in their post secondary educationDont label young people when they are in school; this is when they are most vulnerable and will hold that label for a very long time
Solutions for Income If men and women have the same education level and same job title they should be receiving equal payAllow women to have the same opportunity as men in the workplace; they should have chance to succeed just as much as men
Conclusion Women are still not treated the same as men in the work place Even though women have the same job title as men their annual earnings are not equalWomen feel pressured in deciding how to make both their jobs and family a priority We need to find a way for more women to get jobs in the trades and men to work in more interactive and people oriented jobs
References Chamie, Joseph. (March 6, 2014). Women more educated than men but still paid less. Yale Global Online. Retrieved from http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/content/women-more-educated-men-still-paid-less-men
Holmes, M.,Mooney, L.,Knox, D., &Schacht, C. (2016).Understanding social problems(5th Canadian ed.).Toronto: Nelson Education Ltd.
More women than men have post-secondary education. (June 26, 2013). The Canadian Press. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/more-women-than-men-have-post-secondary-education-1.1358656
ReferencesPinker, Susan. (March 24, 2008). Why women earn less, men are fragile and more. Today. Retrieved from http://www.today.com/id/23558979/ns/today-today_books/t/why-women-earn-less-men-are-fragile-more
The gender wage gap in Canada. (April 16, 2013). Centre for families, work and well-being. Retrieved from http://www.worklifecanada.ca/page.php?id=54&n=89
Turcotte, Martin. (November 11, 2015). Women and education. Statistics Canada. Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-503-x/2010001/article/11542-eng.htm#a12