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GCSE: Fractions & Percentages Dr J Frost Last modified: 24 th August 2013

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GCSE: Fractions & Percentages. Dr J Frost ([email protected]) . Last modified: 24 th August 2013. Fractions Recap. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. Fractions Recap. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. Multiplication/Division of Decimals. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?. Exercises. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

### Transcript of GCSE: Fractions & Percentages

GCSE: Fractions & Percentages

Dr J Frost ([email protected])

Fractions Recap

2× 43=83

57 ÷43=

1528

57 ÷6=

542

154 ×

1210=

92

275 =5 25

? ?

? ?

? ?

Fractions Recap

2 13+312=5 56

7 23−114=6

512

1 14 −219=−

3136 2 13 ÷3

49=

2131

5÷2 14=2 29 10 12×134=18 38

? ?

? ?

? ?

Multiplication/Division of Decimals

3.2×0.21=0.672?

3.11×0.007=0.02177?

0.11×0.22=0.0242?

4.71÷0.03=157?

20÷0.4=50?

1.5÷0.08=18.75?

Exercises

Edexcel GCSE Mathematics Textbook

Page 93 – Exercise 7AQ6, 10

Manipulation of decimals

58

What would be the effect on the result of multiplying the numerator by 10?

What would be the effect on the result of multiplying the denominator by 10?

Manipulation of decimals

Given that , find:

34.6×2.550.34 =259.51

2 2.595×0.3425.5 =0.0346

?

?

Manipulation of decimals

Given that , find:

172×452.4 =32251

2 17.2×4.5240 =0.3225

17.2×45240 =3.2253

4 1.72×0.450.24 =3.225

? ?

? ?

Manipulation of decimals

Given that , find:

12×601.44 =5001

2 1.44×5012 =6

144×512 =603

4 0.12×614.4 =0.05

? ?

? ?

Exercises

Edexcel GCSE Mathematics Textbook

Page 96 – Exercise 7BQ5, 7, 11, 12, 13

Converting between decimals and fractions

0.024= 241000=

6250

3 .15=3 15100=3320

?

?

25=0.4

Converting between decimals and fractions

316=0.1875

732=0.21875

? ?

?611=0. 5̇ 4̇

?

537 =7. 5̇ 7142 8̇

1115=0.7 3̇

? ?

When will it not be a recurring decimal?

It the fraction in its simplest form only has prime factors of 2 and 5 in its denominator.?

Exercises

Edexcel GCSE Mathematics Textbook

Page 99 – Exercise 7CQ7, 8 (but no calculator!)

Converting recurring decimals to fractions

𝑥=0.5454545454…100 𝑥=54.5454545454…

99 𝑥=54

𝑥=5499=

611

Converting recurring decimals to fractions

0.5 4̇0 1̇=53969990=26984995

0.3 4̇=3190?

?

3.0 8̇ 6̇=3 43495?

Exercises

Edexcel GCSE Mathematics Textbook

Page 101 – Exercise 7DQ1-15

GCSE: Percentages

Dr J Frost ([email protected])

Overview

27% of 420(using a calculator and without using a calculator)

The cost of car originally worth £15,000 but after losing 15% of its value.

The value of saving account BEFORE it increased by 35% to £16,000

The value of an ISA with a principal of £1000, after accruing 5 years of interest at 3% p.a.

1

2

3

4

The Key to Percentages

It’s all about identifying a decimal multiplier!

original value multiplier new value

What would you multiply by in order to:

Find 20% of the value.

Increase value by 37%.

Decrease value by 10%.

Increase value by 101%.

?

?

?

?

Decrease value by 25%, then by 25% again. ?

Questions (use multipliers and a calculator)

The cost of a t-shirt bought in for £14 and sold for a 28% profit.

The value of a car after one year, if it was bought for £15000 and lost 17% of its value.

Homer Simpson’s sperm count, if it starts at 25,000,000, and he loses 46% due to radiation exposure from the Nuclear Plant.

The value of your Apple shares, which were initially worth \$35,000, and increased by 3%.

??

?

?

WITHOUT a calculator

35% of £6410%: £6.4010%: £6.4010%: £6.405%: £3.20_

£22.40

(Or just use decimal multiplication to find )

Exercises

Find the value of my shares if they were worth £25,000 yesterday and increased in value by 3%.

Find the cost of a car in a sale with 27% off, if its full price is £9000.

The polar bear population was 2500 last year. This year it dwindled by 53%. How many polar bears are there now?

1a

1b

1c

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For Q1, work out the following with a calculator, showing what multiplication you used to get the answer.

For Q2, work out the following without a calculator.

Find 35% of £12.802a

2b Find 56% of £14

Find 17.5% of £302c

?

?

?

Finding the percentage change

h𝑐 𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑔𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑙 𝑣𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑒×100

£64 as a percentage of £80:An increase from £80 to £100:A decrease from £100 to £80:An increase from £50 to £68:A decrease from £68 to £50:An increase from £78 to £100:

Formula:

??????

1

2

3

4

5

6

Compound changes

I put £1000 into an account with 3% interest p.a. How much is there in the account after 7 years?(Hint: again, it’s all about the appropriate multiplier!)

£1000×1.037=£ 1229.87?

My house is worth £250,000. However, due to the economic crisis, the value depreciates by 10% each year. How much is it worth 5 years later

£250,000×0.905=£ 147622.50?

Compound vs ‘Simple’ interest

This rarely comes up in GCSE exams, but you should appreciate the difference between compound and simple interest.

If the principal of a bond is £1000, and the interest rate 10% p.a., find the value after 5 years using:

Compound interest:Increase based on new value each year.

Simple interest:Increase based on original value each year. of £1000 is £100, so:

?

?

ExercisesEdexcel GCSE Mathematics Textbook, Page 186 – Exercise 12D Q3, 5, 6, 10

£1000 is invested for 2 years at 5% per annum compound interest.Work out the total amount in the account after 2 years.

A motorbike is worth £6500. Each year the value of the motorbike depreciates by 35%. Work out the value of the motorbike at the end of the three years.

A house is worth £175000. Its value increases by 6% each year.Work out the value of the house after:a) 3 years b) 10 years c) 25 years.Give your answers to the nearest pound.b) £208428 b) £313398 c) £751077

£500 is invested in a savings account. Compound interest is paid at a rate of 5.5% per annum. Calculate the least number of years it will take for the original investment to double in value.13 years (using the ANS button on the calculator to keep multiplying helps!)

3

5

6

10

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?

?

?

Reverse Percentages

original value multiplier new value

We’ve so far always multiplied by the multiplier in order to find the new value. But what if we wanted to find the original value before the percentage change?

original value ?

Reverse Percentages

After a bloody fight with George, Fareed lost 30% of his body’s blood. He now only had 5 pints of blood left. How much blood did he originally have?

?

To reverse or not to reverse?

Shakespeare bought 375 quills this year. This was 25% less than last year. How many did he previously buy?

Last year a performance of The Merchant of Venice took in 60 farthings. This year it took in 15% less. How much was made this year?

A cutlass with 20% VAT costs £162. What was the cost without VAT?

Mecrutio sues Romeo for 150 farthings for mortal injuries inflicted. However, after realising he’s being a bit of a douche, he decides to lower this amount by 36%. How much did he sue Romeo for?

Don’t Reverse Reverse

Don’t Reverse

Reverse

Don’t Reverse Reverse

Don’t Reverse

Reverse

More examples

My take home salary after 20% tax is £24000. What is my full salary?

After a 26% pay rise, Syed is earning £44,100. What was he earning before the pay rise?

The polar bear population dwindles by 25% for 2 years until there’s only 2250 bears left. How many bears were there?

In the series finale of ‘Breaking Wind’, ratings were up 125% from last year’s season finale. 10.5 million people watched this year. How many people watched last year?

?

?

?

?

ExercisesEdexcel GCSE Mathematics Textbook, Page 188 – Exercise 12E Q1, 3, 5, 7, 9

In a sale all the prices are reduced by 25%. The sale price of a dress is £30. Work out the normal price of the dress.

The price of a new television set is £329. This price included VAT at 17.5%. Work out the cost of the television set before VAT was added.

A holiday is advertised at a price of £403. This represents a 35% saving on the brochure price. Work out the brochure price of the holiday.

A large firm hires 3% more workers which brings its total number of workers to 12772. How many workers did the firm have before the increase?

Tasha invests some money in a bank account. Interest is paid at a rate of 8% per annum. After 1 year there is £291.60 in the account. How much money did Tasha invest.

1

3

5

7

9

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