Gamification : Playful Teaching for Generation-X/-Y/-Z

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Gamification : Playful Teaching for Generation-X/-Y/-Z/…. Alexandru Iosup Parallel and Distributed Systems Group. TUD-EEMCS Education Day ( Onderwijsdag ) April 3, 2013. Thanks from the PDS Group at TU Delft. Questions? I have one…. Q: May I help you gamify your course ?. Alexandru Iosup - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Gamification : Playful Teaching for Generation-X/-Y/-Z

Missie en Visie TU Delft

Gamification: Playful Teaching for Generation-X/-Y/-Z/

Alexandru IosupParallel and Distributed Systems Group

TUD-EEMCS Education Day (Onderwijsdag) April 3, 2013.#TUD-CH-Informatica#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13

Thanks from the PDS Group at TU Delft. Questions? I have oneAugust 31, 20112Home pagewww.pds.ewi.tudelft.nl Publicationssee PDS publication database at publications.st.ewi.tudelft.nl

Johan Pouwelse

P2P systemsFile-sharingVideo-on-demand

Henk Sips

HPC systemsMulti-coresP2P systems

Dick Epema

Grids/CloudsP2P systemsVideo-on-demande-Science

Ana Lucia Varbanescu

HPC systemsMulti-coresBig Datae-ScienceAlexandru Iosup

Grids/CloudsP2P systemsBig DataOnline gaming

VENIVENIVENIQ: May I help you gamify your course?#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13What Is This Talk About?A Games-Based Teaching Technique

Q: What would you learn about Van Gogh from a Museum poster? #TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13What is This Talk Also About?My Personal Curiosity*

* A Magical New Adventure#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13

Gaming is challenge and reward, tension and catharsis Game universes populated with all levels of skillGame universes populated with all personalitiesGaming used to be about youths, now all generationsGamification* in Higher Education = Rich Challenge* Making courses similar to game universesTake-Home Message#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13AgendaWhat is this talks about?Why fix it if it aint broken?What is Gamification? Any other definition? Any related technique?How can Gamification help?Reality check: how to use Gamification in practice? Is it worth it?Whats next (to study) in Gamification?Conclusion

= A play in 7 acts, 3 set pieces, and 75 minutes#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13Why Fix It If It Aint Broken?Well, its broken bad (at least grammar)

New generation of studentsAttention spanIs higher education needed?A technical education?!

New wave of studentsInternational means multi-culturalGaming may be the unifying factor for the student nation

Its not you, its me

New ambition of TU Delftslagingspercentage too low, but cannot select students find ways to motivate them!

#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13Exercise 1 (10 minutes, open discussion)Think about own experienceConvince your partner before proposing an answerTell everyone the answer

Q: What are the major issues of current higher education?#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13The New GenerationAttention spanMacro: competition with Internet, TV, , other work (14+ hours common)Micro: skills and rewards acquired from Internet, TV,

Is studying for higher education needed?Inflation of diplomas: MOOCs, diploma-in-21-days, spec coursesInflation of requirements: a nurse may need credentials for writingGeneral image of higher education has been declining (Diederik Stapel)

A technical education?Cultuur van zesjes (Zijlstra), 60>50% no difference if using games. >30% significant improvement when using games.Hays (2005)>100Game design must match learning objectives.Vogel et al.(2006)>30Games can help improve cognitive skills vs traditional.Sitzman(2011)>60Playing improves confidence.Vs traditional, better retention, declarative and procedural knoweldge

#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13

Research on Different Player TypesRichard Bartles Players who suit MUDs

AchieversSolve the challenge

ExplorersSee whats there

SocializersThere for others

KillersWin against othershttp://blog.kennethjhong.com/2012/08/whats-big-deal-about-bartles-player.html Positive influenceNegative influenceNeed to keep each type in class Achievers and Socializers cancel each other Explorers, in particular, need Killers #TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13AgendaWhat is this talks about?Why fix it if it aint broken?What is Gamification? Any other definition? Any related technique?How can Gamification help?Reality check: How to use Gamification in practice? Is it worth it?Whats next (to study) in Gamification?Conclusion

#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13Gamification at TU Delft, since at least 2007B.Sc. CoursesTI1400 Computer Organization (2 years + ongoing)(previously, was consistently rated lower than others, considered tough and boring course)IN3305 Bachelorseminarium (5 years, evolving form)

M.Sc. CoursesIN4392 Cloud Computing (1 year, ongoing, pair teaching)IN4391 Distributed Computing Systems (ongoing)Q: Is gamification useful?Q: How to gamify a course?#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13Start With the Perfect StudentExplain students what is expected to learn and do

Explain how to get a 10, butnot how to get a 6

Coarse and detailed explanation of expectations

Coarse and detailed time allocation

Q: What is the problem with this student?Q: When to explain coarse elements? How about detailed?#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13The Scoring System for TI14001. Course Points2. Access Tokens3. Brownie Points10,000 for straight 10+300 correct exam Q+500 entry quiz+50 activity inLab/Lecture/Tutorial+1,000 lab bonus #2+500 lab bonus #1+25 correct end-lecture quizBonus LabassignmentsAdvanced topics(GPUs, clouds)Discuss w LecturerStart with 1Propose Exam QsRec. letterI will bake brownies for you!(but not forceyou to eat them)+1,000 team self-study

Q: What is unusual about this scoring system?#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13The Scoring System for TI14001. Course Points2. Access Tokens3. Brownie Points10,000 for straight 10+300 correct exam Q+500 entry quiz+50 activity inLab/Lecture/Tutorial+1,000 lab bonus #2+500 lab bonus #1+25 correct end-lecture quizBonus LabassignmentsAdvanced topics(GPUs, clouds)Discuss w LecturerStart with 1Propose Exam QsRec. letterI will bake brownies for you!(but not forceyou to eat them)+1,000 team self-study

Q: Why this complicated system?Gamification = more tracks of advancement +keeps top students involved in the classroomA1:Decoupling grading schemes = responding to cultuur van zesjes>65% success rate at first exam for 2 years now.Extra (bonus) points for Lab, Lectures, and Tutorial, through extra assignments, lecture participation and end-lecture quizzes, and team-/self-study, respectively. A2:#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13Detailed Time Allocation1. Digital Logic4h1/2h-10hLectureTutorialLabSelf-Study2. Data Repr./Processing4h1/2h-10h3. ISAs/Assembler6h2h16+8h20h4. Basic Processing Unit4h2h-10h5. I/O + OS Principles2h1h-10h6. Memory + Performance2h1h-10h7. Pipelining + Perf.2h2h-10h8. Programming Principles2h--5h9. Parallelism/Distribution2h1h-10hTotal28h14h16+8h95h#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13Other ElementsToo many to list here

OnboardingEntry quizStory every lecture

Social LearningIn-class teamsSelf-study as team effortKeep Killers in classInvolve Killers and Explorers in self-study

Different player typesLadders, ranking, end-lecture quiz: only for KillersContent unlocking: Explorers and Achievers

#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13Exercise 3 (10 minutes work + 5 minutes talk)Groups of 4Convince your team before writing down an answerDiscussion (talk) at end

Q: What game elements could you use in your own course?MechanicsExplore, do, learn, socialize, compete+DynamicsOnboarding, player stats, badges, unlocked content, social engagement, others+Game Contentpuzzles, challenges, extra-projects, culture#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13Theres No Free Lunch in Comp.Sci.(My Personal XP)Gamification takes time and energyOne week to consider gamification elements +One day per lecture for adaptation +Continuous adaptation +End-lecture quiz +Explaining a new system to students +The nitty-gritty details

Gamification takes moral strength (did I say that?!)A new system has to conquer inertiaAn untested new system has to conquer doubtSupport from TUD at most limitedOn the positive side, I really enjoyed the open and inquisitive attitude of the Dutch student

#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13Exit Quiz (started Q3 20122013)(Yes-No-Dont care questions) (>90% 75-90% 50-75%)

I understand how this course was gamified

Gamification made me more motivated

Gamification made me think more carefully about what I like to do (where I can get bonus points)

I enjoyed the interactive part of the lectures

I enjoyed the exercises at the end of the lectures#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13TestimonialsAlex Iosup is teh baws! :) His lectures on Collegerama would be awesome. [Collegerama lectures now available]

Lectures were nice, different in a good way from other teachers.

I really like the rewards [during lectures]

I just would like to say that the extra lectures are a great concept to reward the motivated students. Thank you for inviting me, it was a great lecture.

Keep it going, keep mihai :D#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13Is This Playful (or) Education?

Two thirds of our students pass after their first try. Exam in 2012 more difficult than exam in 2011.Self-study work in 2012 more extensive than in 2011.We keep top students in the classroom.We get requests for Honors Track.etc.Q: Is gamification useful for you?#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13AgendaWhat is this talks about?Why fix it if it aint broken?What is Gamification? Any other definition? Any related technique?How can Gamification help?Reality check: how to use Gamification in practice? Is it worth it?Whats next (to study) in Gamification?Conclusion

#TUD Onderwijsdag/EducationDay13Whats Next to Study in Gamification?MacroDoes gamification lead to sustained improvement at TUD?Which gamification element is responsible for the largest improvement at TUD?Which type of learning goal gains most from gamification, at TUD?Which type of student gains most from gamification?Which l