Fundamental Rights & HR

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    &

    By:-

    Pradumn K Singh

    Dy. Commandant

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    INTRODUCTION

    THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

    1950

    Part III

    FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

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    Art.-14.Equality before law

    The state shall not deny to any personequality before the law or the equal

    protection of the laws within the

    territory of India.

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    Art.-15. Prohibition of discrimination on

    grounds of religion, race, caste, sex orplace of birth.

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    Art.-16. Equality of opportunity in

    matters of public employment

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    Art.-17.Abolition of Untouchability

    Untouchability is abolished and its

    practice in any form is forbidden. The

    enforcement of any disability arisingout of Untouchability shall be an

    offence punishable in accordance with

    law.

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    Art.-18. Abolition of titles

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    Art.-19. Protection of certain rights

    regarding freedom of speech, etc.

    e.g. All citizens shall have the right-a) to freedom of speech and expression;

    b) to assemble peaceably and without arms;

    c) to form associations or unions;d) to move freely throughout the territory India;

    e) to reside and settle in any part of the territory of

    India; {and}f) {x x x}

    g) to practice any profession, or to carry on any

    occupation, trade or business.

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    Art.-20. Protection in respect of

    conviction for offences

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    Art.-21. Protection of life and

    personal liberty

    No person shall be deprived of his life

    or personal liberty except according to

    procedure established by law.

    Art.-21 A. Right to Education

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    Art.-22. Protection against arrest and

    detention in certain cases

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    Art.-23.Prohibition of traffic in

    human beings and forcedlabour.

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    Art.-24.Prohibition of

    employment of children infactories, etc.

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    Art.-25.Freedom of conscience

    and free profession, practiceand propagation of religion

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    Art.-26.Freedom to manage

    religious affairs

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    Art.-27.Freedom as to payment

    of taxes for promotion of anyparticular religion

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    Art.-28.Freedom as to

    attendance at religious

    instruction or religious worshipin certain educational

    institutions

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    Art.-29.Protection of interests

    of minorities

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    Art.-30.Right to minorities to

    establish and administereducational institutions

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    Omitted by 44thamendment

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    Art.-32.Remedies for

    enforcement of rights conferredby this Part.

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    Art.-33.Power of Parliament to

    modify the rights conferred by

    this part in their application toforces, etc.

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    Art.-35.Legislation to give

    effect to the provisions of this

    part.

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    HUMAN RIGHTS means the

    rights relating to life, liberty,equality and dignity of the

    individual guaranteed by the

    Constitution or embodied in theInternational Covenants and

    enforceable by courts in India

    PHRA-1993

    I i l C

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    International Covenants means

    The International covenant on civiland Political Rights and the

    International covenant on

    Economic, Social and Cultural

    Rights adopted by the General

    Assembly of the United Nations onthe 16thDecember, 1966

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    UNITED NATIONS VERSION

    OF HUMAN RIGHTS Freedom from arbitrary arrest andimprisonment, torture, unfair trial,

    cruel and unusual punishment,invasion of privacy, right to food,shelter, health care, education,

    freedom of thought, speech, assembly,religion, press, movement andparticipation in government

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