French Revolution Overview
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Transcript of French Revolution Overview
- 1. The French Revolution
2. Causes of the Revolution 1789
- Economic Crisis
- Three Estates (societal break down)
- Social Inequality
- Influence of the Enlightenment & American Revolution
- Louis XVI
3. Economic Crisis
- Heavy Taxes
- Crop Failures food riots
- Support of Americans in their Revolution
- DEBT! Half of budget went to interest!
4. The Three Estates
- 1 stEstate = Clergy (1%) of population
- 2 ndEstate = Noble
- (2%) of population
- 3 rdEstate = Bourgeoisie, (middle class) workers, peasants. (97%)
5. Social Inequality
- 1 stand 2 ndEstates were extremely Privileged
- only ones to hold important positions
- Exempt from taxes
- 97% of population paying half of income to taxes (3 rd )
6. Influence from America and the Enlightenment
- It is right to take up arms against Tyranny
- No taxation without Representation
- All men should have liberal freedoms
- A Republic is superior to a monarchy
7. Louis XVI
- Preferred personal interests to court interest-delegated authority.
- Weak leader
- Incapable of strong decisive actions
- Ignored economic woes until too late.
8. Marie Antoinette
- Married Louis when she was 14 (he was 15
- Austrian Royalty
- Very unpopular
- Known as Madame Deficit
9. Estates- General MeetingMay 1789
- France was almost bankrupt
- Louis called for Estates General Meeting (first time in 175 years)
- It is an assembly of Reps from all three estates
- 2 ndEstate (nobles) forced Louis to call for the meeting
10. Revolution Dawns
- Two privileged estates always out voted the third.
- Third Estate tired and want change no matter what
- Third Estate had more representatives than the first or second combined but had less power.
11. The National Assembly is formed: June 1789
- Third Estate Reps vote to establish and call themselves The National Assembly to form a Republic.
- They proclaimed the end to absolute monarchy!
- Tennis Court Oath
- 1 stDeliberate act of Rebellion and Revolution.
12. Louis reaction to the National Assembly:
- Tries to make peace before full-scale rebellion
- Yields to demands of National Assembly
- Louis felt scared and ordered his Swiss Body Guards to Paris.
13. The Storming of the Bastille July 1789 14. The storming of the BastilleJuly 1789
- Paris peasants here of Louis decision to send his mercenary soldiers.
- They fear that they will be killed.
- The peasants and bourgeoisie storm the Bastille, a local Prison, to arm themselves.
- The mob grows as open rebellion takes over the entire city and then spills into the country side.