French Revolution Overview

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Transcript of French Revolution Overview

  • 1. The French Revolution

2. Causes of the Revolution 1789

  • Economic Crisis
  • Three Estates (societal break down)
  • Social Inequality
  • Influence of the Enlightenment & American Revolution
  • Louis XVI

3. Economic Crisis

  • Heavy Taxes
  • Crop Failures food riots
  • Support of Americans in their Revolution
  • DEBT! Half of budget went to interest!

4. The Three Estates

  • 1 stEstate = Clergy (1%) of population
  • 2 ndEstate = Noble
  • (2%) of population
  • 3 rdEstate = Bourgeoisie, (middle class) workers, peasants. (97%)

5. Social Inequality

  • 1 stand 2 ndEstates were extremely Privileged
  • only ones to hold important positions
  • Exempt from taxes
  • 97% of population paying half of income to taxes (3 rd )

6. Influence from America and the Enlightenment

  • It is right to take up arms against Tyranny
  • No taxation without Representation
  • All men should have liberal freedoms
  • A Republic is superior to a monarchy

7. Louis XVI

  • Preferred personal interests to court interest-delegated authority.
  • Weak leader
  • Incapable of strong decisive actions
  • Ignored economic woes until too late.

8. Marie Antoinette

  • Married Louis when she was 14 (he was 15
  • Austrian Royalty
  • Very unpopular
  • Known as Madame Deficit

9. Estates- General MeetingMay 1789

  • France was almost bankrupt
  • Louis called for Estates General Meeting (first time in 175 years)
  • It is an assembly of Reps from all three estates
  • 2 ndEstate (nobles) forced Louis to call for the meeting

10. Revolution Dawns

  • Two privileged estates always out voted the third.
  • Third Estate tired and want change no matter what
  • Third Estate had more representatives than the first or second combined but had less power.

11. The National Assembly is formed: June 1789

  • Third Estate Reps vote to establish and call themselves The National Assembly to form a Republic.
  • They proclaimed the end to absolute monarchy!
  • Tennis Court Oath
  • 1 stDeliberate act of Rebellion and Revolution.

12. Louis reaction to the National Assembly:

  • Tries to make peace before full-scale rebellion
  • Yields to demands of National Assembly
  • Louis felt scared and ordered his Swiss Body Guards to Paris.
  • Reaction?

13. The Storming of the Bastille July 1789 14. The storming of the BastilleJuly 1789

  • Paris peasants here of Louis decision to send his mercenary soldiers.
  • They fear that they will be killed.
  • The peasants and bourgeoisie storm the Bastille, a local Prison, to arm themselves.
  • The mob grows as open rebellion takes over the entire city and then spills into the country side.

15. 16.