French revolution

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4th ESO, Ciencias Sociales

Transcript of French revolution

  • 1. LOUIS XVI execution

2. THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION Deficit crisis French soldiers who helped came inspired Signing of the Declaration of Independence 3. Enlightenment: Liberty Equality Reason Progress John Locke (1632-1704) 4. DEFICIT CRISIS AND BAD HARVESTS Seven Yearss War Squandering Bad harvests since 1878 Tax exemptions 5. BANCKRUPTCY LUOIS XVI required moneyasked the privilegeds for pay taxes refused 6. LOUIS XVI was forced to call the Estates General(1st time since 1614): 7. Representatives from the third estate demandedthat voting by the population. Representatives of the privilegeds demandedeach estate had one vote: majority. 8. The third estate left the Estates General They met at a tennis courtThe Third Estate declared itself to be NATIONAL ASSEMBLYThe members of this meet swore not to separate until France had a CONSTITUTION 9. National assembly was threatened by the Armythe people of Paris supporting the AssemblySTORMING OF THE BASTILLE: 14 July 1789 10. Colours of ParisColours of theBourbon family 11. 1791: CONSTITUTION: France became a constitional monarch Separation of powers: Executive: KING Legislative: LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY National sovereignty Equal justicie under law Limited suffrage 12. ELECTIONS: limited suffrage: political parties: ROYALIST LA PLAINE: moderate majority REPUBLICANS: Moderates: misnamed GIRONDINS Radical: JACOBINS supported by Sans Culottes Extremist: MONTAGNARDS 13. LOUIS XVI attemped to escape.He and his family were stopped.First time: THE REPUBLIC is possible. 14. Monarchies of Europe considered intervene: EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA (Marie Antoinettes brother) Legislative Assembly preemptively declared waron Austria: april 1792 AUSTRIA vsFRANCE PRUSSIA 15. Initial battles of the war: DISASTERSANS COLOTTESLA COMMUNE RIOTS IN PARISPEOPLE OF PARIS10 august 1792 assaulted the Tuileries Palace The King took refuge in the Legislative Assembly 16. Suspend the KingLEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY just 1/3 of the deputies were Decreed the convocation of present, most of thea NATIONAL Jacobins. CONVENTION elected by universal male suffrage 17. SEPTEMBER MASSACRES 2 september 1792: Prussian army invaded France Mob Killed 1500 (Sans Culottessupported by Jacobinsprisionersand Montagnards) 18. 1ST ERUPEAN ELECTIONS WITH UNIVERSAL MALE SUFFRAGE NATIONAL CONVENTION: legislative power 19. The National Conventionproclaimed:FRENCH FIRSTREPUBLIC 20. January 1793: LOUIS XVI was executed by guillotineEuropean monarchies declared war on France 21. War went badly Price increase Sans culottes riots Counter-revolutionary activities 22. Mop and La Commune sorrounded the NationalConvention Demanded the arrest of the GirondinsThe National Convention surrendered to the threat 23. Canons aim to the National Convention 24. Jacobins controlled the Convention They created: COMMITEE OF PUBLIC SAFETY led by ROBBESPIERRE de facto executive goverment no power to the Legislative assembly really: DICTATORSHIP 25. Leve en masse Law of the Maximus: price controls Cult of reason: closed the churchs 26. Leve en masse obligatory military service. 300.000 men from all the departments of France. some departments refused to the Leve: WAR IN THE VENDE REVOLT IN LYON 27. Law of the Maximum: setting price limit trying to establishing a managed economy consequences: killing those hid food: TERROR shortage 28. CULT OF REASONwas replaced byCULT OF THE SUPREME BEING became a state religion by Robbespierre 29. Almost 200.000people werekilled: 1st: counter-revolutionary 2nd: counter-jacobins 3rd: counter-Robbespierre 30. July 1794COUP DETAT (moderates)Jacobins and Robespierre were guillotined 31. European absolutismFrenchconservative French absolutismbourgeoisie French extremism 32. Limited suffrage Separation of powers Executive: THE DIRECTORYCOUNCIL OF FIVE HUNDRED Legislative: bicameralCOUNCIL OF ANCIENTS 33. European kingdomsWARAbsolutist threatsPOWER TO THE ARMY Radical threats 34. The most famous militar was a young officer from Corsica NAPOLEON BONAPARTEVictories in Italy (1797)and Egypt (1798)Napoleon crossing the Alps, David 35. Bonaparte with the support of moderate group:End of DIRECTORYCOUP DETATStart of CONSULATE