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Transcript of French revolution
- 1.The French Revolution
The Loss of Blood Begins! 2. French Revolution
- You will learn
- How the ideas of the Enlightenment led to Revolutions in America and France.
- Learning Objective
- Students will list the causes of the French Revolution.
3. Warm Up #1:Ch 3 Section 1 French Society Divided
- Which group made up the 1 stEstate? (p.108)
- Which group made up the 2 ndEstate?(p.108)
- Which group made up the 3 rdEstate? (p.108)
- Which two Estates did not have to pay taxes? (p.108-109)
- Who targeted and criticized the Church during the Enlightenment? (.109)
- Which estate did thebourgeoisiebelong to? (p.109)
- What was thebourgeoisie? (p.109)
- What groups were a part of the bourgeoisie? (p.109)
4. Spreads to the rest of Europe Spreads to 13 American Colonies Enlightenment Starts in Great Britain AmericanRevolution Britain vs American Colonies FrenchRevolution The People vs Monarchy Who does thegovernment getits Power from?PEOPLE 1776-1781 1789-1799 5. France American Revolution French Revolution Britain
- The French helped the American
- Colonists win the American
- But the Americans did
- not help the French during
- The French Revolution
6. France 7. France 8. Paving the way! Just as the Scientific Revolution paved the way for theEnlightenment Enlightenment ideas paved the way for the French Revolution. Revolution 9. American Revolution French Revolution Enlightenment Ideas Government Gets power from People Popular SovereigntyPeople have natural Rights Life, Liberty, Property People have the right to Overthrow a govt. who doesNot protect their rights Speech Separation of Powers Elections Legislative, Executive Judicial Checks and Balances religion press Democracy Republic 10. Causes of the French Revolution Inequalities among classes: Third Estate ready to revolt! Soaring National debt = deficit spending Enlightenment Ideas : *Natural Rightsand equality! Louis XVIfailed economic reform Locke: Natural Rights=life liberty and property. Voltaire:Battled corruption,injustice and inequality. American Revolution Formation of the National Assembly StormingtheBastille SoaringFood Prices: Bread riots Bad Harvest Hungerand Poverty Causes of the French Revolution Tennis Court Oath Estates-General 11. The French Revolution Section 1: On the Eve of Revolution French Society Divided Before the French Revolution, France operated under a social system in which there were three classes of people. The highest was made up of the clergy, the next was composed of the nobility and the lowest was for everyone else. Members of this lowest class, called the Third Estate, paid all of the taxes. 12. 13. The Third Estate *They paid all of the taxes 14. French Society 1 stEstateClergy 2 ndEstate:Nobles Third Estate:Everyone else AtlanticOcean Mediterranean Sea Spain GreatBritain English Channel France 1700s
Seine R. Pyrenees Mts.Alps 15. Estates (Social Classes) in France Third Estate 16. Europe What is the significance/importance of this cartoon? It shows how the king, 1 stEstate, and the 2 ndEstate abused, used and depended onthe 3 rdEstate 17. Direct Causes of theFrench Revolution
- 1.Inequalitiesbetween the1st, 2nd, 3rd estates or three social classes.
- 2. MonarchyDeficit Spending
- France suffered from soaring debt during the lavish reigns of Louis XIV, Louis XV, and Louis XVI. Finally, Louis XVI was forced to summon the Estates-General in hopes of ending the debt crisis.
- 3. Hunger and Poverty Bad Harvests =majorityof people were broke and hungry>>>>Leads to Bread Riots and nobles fear of taxes.
- 4.R eform fails!Estates-General dead-locked and can not agree on issue of voting.
18. Indirect Causes ofthe French Revolution
- Enlightenment ideas ofJohn Locke:
- *It is the electedgovernment's responsibility to protect the peoples natural rightsand if it does not fill this obligation or violates the peoples natural rights, then the people have the right to overthrow that government.
- American Revolution ideas oflibertyandequality.
- *( U.S. Constitution was signed 2 yrs before, in 1787)
19. No more divine right!
- *Many members of theThird Estatewere inspired by
- Enlightenment ideas.
- a) They wanted representation in government.
- b) They no longer believed monarchs had divine right =
- belief that their rulers power comes from God!
- c) They were inspired by the American Revolution
The Enlightenment of the Third Estate 20. The French Monarchy: 1775 - 1793 Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette 21. King Louis XVI
- This king was spoiled and weak.
- He led France deeply into debt through his severedeficit spending =(spending more $dinero$ than you have).
- He had to call on theEstates- Generalto help fix some problems, but his reforms failed.
- Last time it was called into session was 1614!
King Louis XVI calls the Estates-General 23. Estates-General
- The King told the Estates General to make a list of all their problems
- * 3 rdEstatesmain problem is representation .
- Largest group with only one vote in the Estates General
- 3 rdestate wanted each persons vote to count
- The 1st and 2nd estates did note want to hear what the 3rd estate had to say or compromise on voting fairly.
- To protest the unfair voting the Third Estate tells the king to get lost and they make their own government calling themselves theNational Assembly.
24. Estates General King Louis XVI called all three Estates together to vote on how to fix the issues France was facing. 25. Frances Population Frances EstatesRepresentatives First estate: clergy Second estate: nobles Third Estate: everyone else 1 vote 1 vote 1 vote 1% 2% 97% 26. Estates - General
- Made up of the 3 Estates
- Unfair for 3 rdEstate
- Because the 1 stand 2 ndEstates out vote the 3 rd
1 vote 1 vote 1 vote First estate: clergy Second estate: nobles Third Estate: everyone else 27. The Estates-General Fails!
- The Estates-General could not agree on a fair way to vote, so members of the Third Estate finally declared themselves as the newNational Assembly,the new government of France that would represent the majority of the people.They were joined by some reform-minded clergy and nobles as well.
- Tennis Court Oath =Then they met at a near by indoor tennis court and they swore never to separate until they created a constitution.
28. Tennis Court Oath I promise to 29. The Tennis Court Oath The National Assembly promised never to give up, until they had created a lasting Constitution! 30. Storming the Bastille July 14, 1789 *The Third Estate acted on a rumor that the king was planning a military coup against the National Assembly. *The Third Estate attacks the Bastille, because it has gunpowder and weapons they need to fight the Revolution. 31. The Bastille 32. The Great Fear:Peasant Revolt (July 20, 1789) *Rumors that the King and the nobles were sending their military to attack peasants, pillage their land and put down the revolt. 33. The French Revolution Unfolds
- Inflamed byfamine(starvation) and fear peasants unleashed their fury on the nobles who were trying to regain power.
- Factionsor dissenting groups (people with different ideas) fought for control of the government.
- The Declaration of Rights of Manwas issued by the new National Assembly.
34. The Third Estate Awakens They proclaimed themselves theNational Assemblyof France. 35. Marie Antoinette
- Although people were starving and the country was broke, the royal family showed off their wealth and continued to spend money.
- QueenMarie Antoinette: lived a life of great pleasure and extravagance.
- *The angry women marched on to the King and Queens palace in Versailles, Paris, demanding Bread!
36. Bread was a main part of the French diet! 37. Bread riots
- People were hungry; the country was broke.
- Marie Antoinette said, let them eat cake!
- This picture is from an all-woman bread riot.
38. What is the significance/importance of this cartoon? It shows how the other European rulersfeared the spread of the French Revolution Catherine of Russian, the Pope, King Leopold, and King George III The Revolution is portrayed as the Bubonic Plague (diseased Rats) with the main killing machine, (guillotine) as the tail Guillotine FrenchRats The French Plague *Textbook p.118 Monarchs from other European countries 39.