French revolution

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Transcript of French revolution

  • 1. The French Revolution
    • Watch this short video and record the following:
    • Causes of the French Revolution
    • Pros and Cons of King Louis XIV

2. French Revolution

  • What were some ofthe causes of the French Revolution?
    • War
    • Debt
    • Taxes
    • Angry people
    • Lavish lifestyle

3. 4. Setting the Stage

  • 1700s France is most advanced country in Europe
    • Center of Enlightenment
    • Large population
    • Prosperous trade
    • Often imitated
  • Success was deceiving

5. Setting the Stage contd.

  • Frances Deception
    • Bad harvests
    • High prices and taxes
    • Locke, Rousseau, Voltaire raising questions

6. Estates

  • France was divided into large social classes.

7. The Privileged Estates

    • The First Estate
      • Roman Catholic Clergy owned 10% of land
      • Contributed 2% of income to government
    • The Second Estate
      • Rich Nobles
      • Paid almost no taxes
      • Only 2% of population owned 20% of the land

8. The Third Estate

  • 97% of population
    • Bourgeoisie/ middle class
      • Bankers, factory owners, merchants, professionals
      • Well educated, supported Enlightenment Ideas
      • Some were rich, like Nobles
    • Workers of Frances cities
      • Trades people, apprentices, laborers, servants
      • Extremely poor, often went hungry and jobless
    • Peasants
      • 80% of population
      • Paid their income to King, Nobles and Church

9. 10. 11. Forces of Change

  • Enlightenment Ideas
  • Economic Troubles
  • Weak Leader

12. Enlightenment Ideas

  • Whos ideas may have helped to influence and move the French people towards revolution?

13. The American Revolution inspired the Third Estate to take action 14. Critical Thinking Questions

  • Did Frances system of estates violate the principle of equality?
  • Which group within the Third Estate would suffer most from the increase in the price of bread?
  • Why do you think Louis chose to raise taxes on the nobility?