French Monarchs. House of Capet – descended from the first French king...

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Transcript of French Monarchs. House of Capet – descended from the first French king...

  • Slide 1
  • French Monarchs
  • Slide 2
  • House of Capet descended from the first French king Hugh Capet House of Capet descended from the first French king Hugh Capet Philip III 1245-1285 r. 1270-1285 Philip III 1245-1285 r. 1270-1285 ***children: Philip IV ***children: Philip IV Charles, Count of Valois Charles, Count of Valois
  • Slide 3
  • Philip IV "the Fair" 1268-1314 r. 1285-1314 Philip IV "the Fair" 1268-1314 r. 1285-1314 ***children:Louis X ***children:Louis X Philip V Philip V Charles IV Charles IV Isabella "She Wolf of France" married Edward II of England Isabella "She Wolf of France" married Edward II of England had issue who were claimants to the French throne had issue who were claimants to the French throne 100 YEARS WAR 100 YEARS WAR Problems with papacy Problems with papacy
  • Slide 4
  • Louis X 1289-1316 r. 1314-1316 Louis X 1289-1316 r. 1314-1316 ***children:John I infant ***children:John I infant John I 1316-1316 r. 1316 John I 1316-1316 r. 1316 ***no children throne passed to uncle ***no children throne passed to uncle Philip V 1293-1321 r. 1316-1322 son of Philip IV Philip V 1293-1321 r. 1316-1322 son of Philip IV ***only daughters Salic Law throne passed to his brother ***only daughters Salic Law throne passed to his brother Charles IV 1294-1328 r. 1322-1328 son of Philip IV Charles IV 1294-1328 r. 1322-1328 son of Philip IV ***no surviving sons throne was to go to Edward III of England ***no surviving sons throne was to go to Edward III of England son of his sister Isabella BUT!!!! French barons refused to son of his sister Isabella BUT!!!! French barons refused to acknowledge an English king in France they ignored the natural line of succession and asked Charles IVs cousin to rule as king acknowledge an English king in France they ignored the natural line of succession and asked Charles IVs cousin to rule as king
  • Slide 5
  • Philip VI 1293- 1350 r. 1328- 1350 start of the Valois branch of the House of Capet Philip VI 1293- 1350 r. 1328- 1350 start of the Valois branch of the House of Capet son of Charles, Count of Valois grandson of Philip III son of Charles, Count of Valois grandson of Philip III ***children: John II ***children: John II
  • Slide 6
  • SUCCESSION CRISIS throne should have gone to cousin Edward III of England the origin of the Hundred Years War John II 1319-1364 r. 1350-1364 John II 1319-1364 r. 1350-1364 ***children: Charles V ***children: Charles V Captured 1356 in the Battle of Poitiers against, Edward, the Black Prince son of Edward III of England taken as a captive to London ransomed as part of the Peace of Bretigny 1360 but John died in London as a prisoner Captured 1356 in the Battle of Poitiers against, Edward, the Black Prince son of Edward III of England taken as a captive to London ransomed as part of the Peace of Bretigny 1360 but John died in London as a prisoner
  • Slide 7
  • Charles V 1338-1380 r. 1364-1380 Charles V 1338-1380 r. 1364-1380 **children: Charles VI **children: Charles VI Recovered much of the French territory lost in the Peace of Bretigny Recovered much of the French territory lost in the Peace of Bretigny
  • Slide 8
  • Charles VI 1368-1422 r. 1380-1422 Charles VI 1368-1422 r. 1380-1422 ***children: Katherine married 1. Henry V of England ***children: Katherine married 1. Henry V of England 2. Owen Tudor 2. Owen Tudor Charles VII Charles VII Had mental problems his maternal uncle the Duke of Burgundy tried to rule as regent for a time this led in part to the Burgundy-Valois turmoil for the next century Had mental problems his maternal uncle the Duke of Burgundy tried to rule as regent for a time this led in part to the Burgundy-Valois turmoil for the next century Agreed to 1420 Treaty of Troyes Agreed to 1420 Treaty of Troyes
  • Slide 9
  • Charles VII 1403- 1461 r. 1422-1461 Charles VII 1403- 1461 r. 1422-1461 ***children: Louis XI ***children: Louis XI Dauphin disinherited by the Treaty of Troyes later disinherited his nephew Henry VI of England and was crowned Charles VII Dauphin disinherited by the Treaty of Troyes later disinherited his nephew Henry VI of England and was crowned Charles VII Used Joan of Arc to help restore power Used Joan of Arc to help restore power
  • Slide 10
  • LOUIS XI 1423-1483 (r. 1461-1483) LOUIS XI 1423-1483 (r. 1461-1483) Shrewd and often vicious revived the power of the French monarchy after the victory over the English in the Hundred Years War. His chief foe was Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy who challenged his power as king. Charles was killed at the Battle of Nancy 1477 which ended Burgundian claims. He signed the Treaty of Picquigny with the English in which the English renounced claims to the French throne. He was succeeded by his thirteen year old son Charles VIII Shrewd and often vicious revived the power of the French monarchy after the victory over the English in the Hundred Years War. His chief foe was Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy who challenged his power as king. Charles was killed at the Battle of Nancy 1477 which ended Burgundian claims. He signed the Treaty of Picquigny with the English in which the English renounced claims to the French throne. He was succeeded by his thirteen year old son Charles VIII
  • Slide 11
  • ***the 1477 defeat of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy would be crucial to history*** The French monarchy was strengthened BUT sections of Burgundy and all of FLANDERS was taken by the ally of Louis XI, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor*** ***the 1477 defeat of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy would be crucial to history*** The French monarchy was strengthened BUT sections of Burgundy and all of FLANDERS was taken by the ally of Louis XI, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor***
  • Slide 12
  • Charles VIII r. 1483-1498 Charles VIII r. 1483-1498 Began French involvement in Italy through vague claim to the throne of Naples Began French involvement in Italy through vague claim to the throne of Naples Was challenged by Italian States and Ferdinand of Aragon who feared the growth of French power in Italy. This French-Spanish conflict/rivalry made it more secure for England as its largest continental neighbors fought each other. Was challenged by Italian States and Ferdinand of Aragon who feared the growth of French power in Italy. This French-Spanish conflict/rivalry made it more secure for England as its largest continental neighbors fought each other. Married Anne of Brittany Married Anne of Brittany Left no surviving children Left no surviving children Succeeded by his cousin Succeeded by his cousin
  • Slide 13
  • Louis XII r. 1498-1515 Valois-Orleans branch of the House of Capet Louis XII r. 1498-1515 Valois-Orleans branch of the House of Capet Great-grandson of Charles V of France Great-grandson of Charles V of France Married 1. Jeanne daughter of Louis XI marriage annulled by Borgia pope for political reasons Married 1. Jeanne daughter of Louis XI marriage annulled by Borgia pope for political reasons Married 2. Anne of Brittany widow of Charles VIII only daughters produced Married 2. Anne of Brittany widow of Charles VIII only daughters produced Married 3. 1514 to Mary Tudor daughter of Henry VII of England Married 3. 1514 to Mary Tudor daughter of Henry VII of England
  • Slide 14
  • Francis I r. 1515-1547 start of Valois-Angouleme branch of the House of Capet Francis I r. 1515-1547 start of Valois-Angouleme branch of the House of Capet Cousin and son-in-law of Louis XII Cousin and son-in-law of Louis XII True Renaissance scholar True Renaissance scholar Continued Italian Wars defeating Swiss at Marignano Continued Italian Wars defeating Swiss at Marignano Sworn enemy of Charles V HRE as Charles surrounded France in Germany and Spain and had resisted Frances claims in Italy Sworn enemy of Charles V HRE as Charles surrounded France in Germany and Spain and had resisted Frances claims in Italy Field of the Cloth of Gold 1520 attempt to forge union with Henry VIII of England Field of the Cloth of Gold 1520 attempt to forge union with Henry VIII of England While at first tolerant Francis began persecution of Protestants While at first tolerant Francis began persecution of Protestants Succeeded by his son: Henri II Succeeded by his son: Henri II
  • Slide 15
  • Henry II r. 1547-1559 Henry II r. 1547-1559 Married 1533 at age 14 to Catherine de Medici descendant of Lorenzo and Cosimo de Medici cousin to Clement VII who refused to grant Henry VIII his divorce from Catherine of Aragon Married 1533 at age 14 to Catherine de Medici descendant of Lorenzo and Cosimo de Medici cousin to Clement VII who refused to grant Henry VIII his divorce from Catherine of Aragon At age 15 Henry II began a life long affair with Diane de Poitiers left Catherine powerless At age 15 Henry II began a life long affair with Diane de Poitiers left Catherine powerless Began French persecution of Protestants Huguenots burning, imprisonment, etc. Began French persecution of Protestants Huguenots burning, imprisonment, etc. Continued French ventures in Italy Habsburg-Valois Wars as the French and Charles V Holy Roman Emperor sought to control the peninsula Continued French ventures in Italy Habsburg-Valois Wars as the French and Charles V Holy Roman Emperor sought to control the peninsula
  • Slide 16
  • 1556 Charles V abdicated and split his kingdom Spain and the Low Lands (Belgium and the Netherlands) to his son Philip II of Spain the HRE to his brother Ferdinand I 1556 C