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MUSEUM CASE STUDY

Context: Folk museum

JANAPADA LOKA

Shri. Nagegowda was the founder of `Janapada Loka' which is one of the wonders in the 20th century history of Karnataka.

FOLK MUSEUMS

HIGHIGHTING THE CIVILIZATION

EMPHASIS PLACED ON CULTURE

SPACE FOR LARGE FIGURINES

STRONG ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING ENHANCES DISPLAY

Architect Ceejo Cyriac has devised a new low-cost display system in accordance with the standards of museum display in the world. The design highlights the objects on display and their diverse ethnographic identities.

SHOAN PHILIP

WALL SYSTEM

In traditional system permanent walls were followed, but in modern system partitions in light weight are used, like glass, plywood etc.

Two doors are provided, entrance & exit to have separate circulations for public & service

EXTERIOR

In a museum to avoid unnecessary views of public streets, it is advisable to have trees.

To separate it for the stream of traffic by a belt of trees or even by flower beds

To set back the entrance in a quite corner.

To allow space for public car park.

SERVICES

- The space required for the service depends on the activity.

PUBLIC office, rooms for meeting, library, documentations. same block.

PRIVATE services, technical plan, store rooms, workshops, electrical apparatus convenient distance from the building for safety.

ANNEXES 50% of the total space available

EXHIBITION ROOMS - LOCATION OF DOORS

Traditional permanent walls

Modern partitioned walls

To avoid disturbance of traffic, trees can be grown to achieve a good landscape architecture.

Architectural design-III MUSEUM DESIGN

SPACE MAKING

TYPES OF MUSEUMS

MUSEUM OF ART AND ARCHAEOLOGY.

OLD ARCHEOLOGIGAL AND ANTIQUE EXHIBITS

DIMENSION & HEIGHT BY NATURE OF WORK.

ARTIFICIAL LIGHTS ENHANCE THE DISPLAY OF ART.

For precious objects showcases can be provided in long rooms.

ETHNOGRAPHIC FOLK MUSEUMS

HIGHIGHTING THE CIVILIZATION

EMPHASIS PLACED ON CULTURE

SPACE FOR LARGE FIGURINES

STRONG ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING ENHANCES DISPLAY

PHYSICAL & NATURAL SCIENCES

EDUCATIONAL MUSEUM PHYSICS & BIO

SPACE FOR ANIMAL & PLANT EXHIBITS

LABS FOR PREPARATION OF EXHIBITS.

HISTORICAL AND ARCHIEVED MUSEUMS

COLLECTIONS OF OBJECTS OF OLD CIVILIZATIONS .

LARGE CANVAS SHOWING MAP.

SPACE FOR STOREROOMS THAN SHOWCASES.

ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING FOR PAPERS AND RELICAS.

3

Building should be planned in such a way that it uses maximum daylight and not artificial lighting.

Daylight may come from above or from the side-skylights will be provided, more walls pierced by windows

Lighting from above

Advantage-A free supply of light, less liable to be affected by the different aspects of various rooms in the building and by lateral obstacles

Disadvantage-excess of radiating light

Lateral lighting

Provided by ordinary windows of various shapes and sizes placed at suitable intervals or by continuous opening.

Windows at usual level are sometimes useless because the opposite walls seems to be useless because of light.

Lateral opening on the sides above allows pleasant views resisting the visitors eye and refreshing his mind

It is advisable to have a door between the two windows since it is a dark corner which breaks the attention of the viewer

It is advisable to not have an opening directly opposite the entrance since it would break the interest of painting due to lateral lighting

High placed windows-leaves all four walls free of exhibits.

Instead of lighting the whole room-frosted glass, artificial lighting

Basic Lighting Principles of museum:

A LIGHT ARTIFACTS, NOT AREAS

B BACKGROUNDS MUST BE SUBDUED

C CONTROL GLARE and CASE REFLECTIONS

Abu Dhabi Zayed National Museum

While the sun presents a huge challenge for designers working in the Middle East, it can also provide great benefits, including plenty of natural light . Throughout, the treatment of light and shade draws on a tradition of discreet, carefully positioned openings, which capture and direct the regions intense sunlight to illuminate and animate these interior spaces,

LIGHTING

National history museum

SPATIAL REQUIREMENT

1. Entry, Lobby, Admission, Store

1.1 Entry Vestibule -150 sqft

1.2 Lobby/ Orientation -500 sqft

1.3 Admissions/Tickets -50 sqft

1.4 Museum Store -420 sqft

1.5 Back Storage for Museum Store -80 sqft

2. Activity/Program Areas

2.1 Exhibit Floor -4000 sqft

2.2 Art Space -700 sqft

2.3 Multi-Purpose Room

3. Administrative Areas

3.1 Reception/Waiting -80 sqft

3.2 Executive Director -200 sqft

3.3 Executive Toilet -50 sqft

3.4 Copy/Work Room/ Mail -180 sqft

3.5 Small Meeting/Planning Area -100 sqft

3.6 Filing and Storage -80 sqft

4. Exhibit Shop & Warehouse

4.1 Exhibit Shop

4.2 Design Area

4.3 Flammable Storage -60 sqft

4.4 Warehouse -1700 sqft

4.5 Exhibit Floor Supply Storage -160 sqft

STANDARDS

LOCATION

Type of place: Folklore MuseumSituated: Ramanagara, KarnatakaDistance: 53 Km from Bangalore

Area:15acres

Site plan

The structure of museum is far away from the entrance and the form does not go with the function.

The structure should have been viewed from the entrance. Should have been of monumental scale.

Storage

Open air theatre

2

1

Shops

Counter

Lake

Office

3

MUSEUM-3 sections

1 Lokamahal,

2 Chitrakuteera

3Lokamatha Mandira

Play ground

Ground

Doddamane

Model house

Storage is away from the museum gallery

According to TSS

Storage

Gallery

Analysis

Inference

The counter is located at the entrance to avoid crowd within the museum

ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE

Experiences a very favorable weather throughout the year.

The warmest month in Bangalore is April and the coldest month is January.

The climate is basically dry tropical savanna climate.

Materials-bricks,cement

ANALYSIS

Environment surrounding the museum is lush green with small huts.

INFERENCE

So the form of the building merges with the environment and climate.

ANALYSIS

To create a rural life style local materials are to be used.Clay tiles to blend with the environment.

INFERENCE

Bricks are the best and local material which suits the environment.

USER BEHAVIOUR AND REQUIREMENTS

Janapada Loka is the result of the single minded dedication of Sri H.L.Nage Gowda to protect and promote folk art and culture ofKarnataka

Lokamahal:Function:In this two-storied building are displayed puppets, life sized dolls, instruments, arms and weapons, weights and measures.

Since flat roofs required to occupy life size scuptures.

Lokamatha mandira:Here household articles like cooking vessels, implements used for farming, grain storage bins, and so on. It gives an insight into the way people innovated, the different tools and utensils to cook different dishes.

Requires less space and height 2m-5m

Normal height-2.5m is preferred since the display items are normally smaller in size

Analysis

Inference

Analysis

Inference

3m

2.5m

Statues are displayed on the lower storey

Office is located far of from the galleries

It is necessary to have an office betweeen the galleries

Open Air Theater: capacity for 800 people

Doddamane:Built in traditional Karnataka rural style architecture, this community house is the hub for workshops, seminars, and also provided lodging facility to artists.

Analysis

Inference

Inference

Analysis

Chitrakuteera:Photographs covering different aspects of folk life are displayed here. There are also photographs of the various tribes of Karnataka.

There is an aisle in the centre

Aisle in the centre should be avoided as this the best place for a view

FORM AND FUNCTION

.

It shows the culture of karnataka and a folk life.

The form tries to catch the attention of public from the folk style entrance gate The form merges with the environment in a formal style, concept of a hut. .The whole atmosphere makes the visitors feel one with the nature

Cultural context

26

Rural landscape

A massive main door 'Mahadwara'

Adorned with horns, trumpets and Harige, Nandidwajas made of brass standing on either side

6m

Though Circular in form,interior display area is in linear form. Breaks the concentration

Continuous pathway gains interest from public.

CIRCULATION

1m

0.9m

Lokamatha mandira

Space varies according to the size of he object

Implements and large clothes displayed on the wall.

Less space is used

Analysis

Inference

12

Lokamahal

According to TSS minimum circulation space 1.m

Display items are arranged into a niche.

Analysis

Inference

To provide sufficient circulation space.

CIRCULATION

3.5m

2m

5m

7m

Area =14 x 13m

Lokamatha mandir

(Plan )

(Plan )

(Plan )

13

LIGHTING

Natural Lighting from above creates a spiritual feeling on the sc