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  • Fisheries | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/index.html[12/14/2017 7:42:27 PM]

    Conserving America's FisheriesFisheries, Midwest Region

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    Field Focus

    Neosho National Fish Hatchery

    The big news here in Neosho: theyrealmost done! That would refer to ourthree trout production ponds that havebeen undergoing renovation sinceMay.... Read More

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    Fish Tails

    "Fish Tails refers to articles that are submitted byfield staff that do not appear as a feature in the currentedition of Fish Lines. These articles provide examplesof the diverse work that the Service's Midwest FisheriesProgram and partners perform on behalf of our aquaticresources and for the benefit of the American public.

    Field Notes

    "Field Notes is an online searchable database thatshowcases hundreds of employee-written summariesof field activities and accomplishments of the U.S. Fishand Wildlife Service from across the nation.

    Last updated: December 14, 2017

    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Home Page | Department of the Interior | USA.gov | About the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service | Accessibility | Privacy |Notices | Disclaimer | FOIA

    Valley StewardshipNetwork

    Cisco in Northern LakeHuron Tagged

    Restoration Efforts forBrook Trout

    Double Benefit

    Aquatic Invasive SpeciesProgram

    Valley Stewardship NetworkFishers and Farmers Partnership is working with Valley StewardshipNetwork (VSN) on constructing...Read More

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/lists/listinfo/midwestfisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/neosho/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/fieldfocus.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/library/R3-Fishlines/current_edition.pdfhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines-2017.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines-2016.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines-2015.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines-2014.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines-2013.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines-2012.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines-2011.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines-2010.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines-2009.htmlmailto:[email protected]:[email protected]://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/fishtails.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/FieldNotes/https://www.fws.gov/http://www.doi.gov/http://www.usa.gov/https://www.fws.gov/help/about_us.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/help/accessibility.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/help/policies.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/help/notices.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/help/disclaimer.htmlhttp://www.doi.gov/foia/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/index.html#fragment-1https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/index.html#fragment-1https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/index.html#fragment-1https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/index.html#fragment-1

  • Fisheries | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature1.html[12/14/2017 7:43:19 PM]

    Conserving America's FisheriesFisheries, Midwest Region

    Credit: Winona County Minnesota Planning Department

    Viroqua, WI Fishers and Farmers Partnership isworking with Valley Stewardship Network (VSN) onconstructing farmer-led demonstration sites in theKickapoo Watershed, similar tothe STRIPS (Science-based Trials of RowcropsIntegrated with Prairie Strips) model in Iowa. Thisconservation practice was developed by Iowa StateUniversity, USDA, and Neal Smith National WildlifeRefuge Staff near Prairie City, IA. The Iowa STRIPSTeam recently celebrated their 10-year anniversaryof planting the first STRIPS on the Neal SmithNational Wildlife Refuge.

    What are STRIPS?STRIPS are an easily-integrated and low-costmanagement option that, when 10% of fields areplanted in STRIPS, the fields are reported to: reducesediment transport by 90-95%; reduce phosphoroustransport by 90%; reduce nitrogen transport by 85%and reduce annual surface water flow by 40%. Thisconservation practice has been shown to outperformothers used to reduce sediment such as perennial

    grass buffers, contours, and terraces. This new VSN project cost-effectively addresses the need to control streambank erosionin order to improve fish habitat as well as improves floodplain connectivity, soil health, wildlife, pollinators and biodiversity. Moreinformation about STRIPS can be found at: A Landowners Guide to Prairie Conservation Strips An excellent overview ofthe STRIPS program was featured recently on Wisconsin Public Radio and can be heard at: https://www.wpr.org/node/1178701

    The tallgrass prairie is a grassland ecosystem composed of a diverse assemblage of grasses, flowers, and animals. Thecharacteristic feature of the tallgrass prairie is its abundant array of grasses and flowers, with some that can grow over six feettall with dense roots that can reach over 15 feet below the soil surface. This abundant forage sustained the large plant eatinganimals like buffalo and elk prior to European settlement, and the dense roots provided the rich soils that made the Midwestideal for cultivation. The tallgrass prairie once extended north to south from Canada into Texas, and east to west from Indiana toeastern Nebraska. Much of SW Wisconsin was historically prairie and savannah. Today in Wisconsin, less than 0.1% of thetallgrass prairie remains intact. Integrating tallgrass prairie back into our agricultural ecosystems has great potential forsupporting birds, pollinators, and other wildlife, as well as improving water quality.

    Partners Working TogetherValley Stewardship Network is currently working with Fishers and Farmers, Sand County Foundation, North Central RegionSustainable Agriculture Research & Education (SARE) program, The Pasture Project and the Wallace Center at WinrockInternational, along with local farmers and landowners to establish prairie strips and similar prairie plantings adjacent to cropfields in the Kickapoo and surrounding watersheds. The new Fishers and Farmers Funding significantly increases the amount ofprairie seed and management cost support available to local farmers in order to establish prairie conservation strips on farms.Please contact John Delaney or Shelly Gradwell-Brenneman at VSN (608) 637-3615 if you are interested in participating in thisproject.

    In communities across the Upper Mississippi River Basin, Fishers & Farmers Partnership believes neighbors influenceneighbors and healthy fish, streams, and farms can be the norm. To achieve this goal, our partnership supports farmers andother watershed leaders with clear information, programs, technical assistance and seed funding to connect people, encourageshared work, strengthen local leaders, and develop more water quality and fish habitat projects on the ground.

    Valley Stewardship Network is celebrating 17 years of land and water stewardship in the Kickapoo Valley and adjacentwatersheds. Best known for its water quality programs, VSN also offers outreach and education programs to help farmers,landowners, residents and visitors understand and support our local ecology for the health of our communities. Moreat www.valleystewardshipnetwork.org

    Valley Stewardship Network Receives Fishers & Farmers Funding for Prairie STRIPS in Southwest Wisconsin

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/index.htmlhttp://valleystewardshipnetwork.org/http://valleystewardshipnetwork.org/https://www.nrem.iastate.edu/research/STRIPS/https://www.extension.iastate.edu/alternativeag/info/Landowners%20Guide%20to%20Prairie%20Conservation%20Strips.pdfhttps://www.extension.iastate.edu/alternativeag/info/Landowners%20Guide%20to%20Prairie%20Conservation%20Strips.pdfhttps://www.wpr.org/node/1178701http://fishersandfarmers.org/working-together-locally-a-community-investment-for-farms-streams-economic-stability/http://fishersandfarmers.org/working-together-locally-a-community-investment-for-farms-streams-economic-stability/http://fishersandfarmers.org/our-work/http://fishersandfarmers.org/our-work/http://www.valleystewardshipnetwork.org/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature2.html

  • Fisheries | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature1.html[12/14/2017 7:43:19 PM]

    Reprinted from http://fishersandfarmers.org/

    Last updated: December 14, 2017

    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Home Page | Department of the Interior | USA.gov | About the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service | Accessibility | Privacy |Notices | Disclaimer | FOIA

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  • Fisheries | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature2.html[12/14/2017 7:43:43 PM]

    Conserving America's FisheriesFisheries, Midwest Region

    Alpena FWCO Technician Steve Nimcheski holding a cisco caught in the Les Cheneaux Islands. Credit: USFWS

    USGS staff heading out with USFWS team to collect cisco from Les Cheneaux Islands, Lake Huron. Credit: Chris Holbrook

    Alpena Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office(FWCO) Biologist Chris Olds and a team comprisedof technicians from Alpena FWCO and Jordan RiverNational Fish Hatchery collected eggs from Cisco,aka Lake Herring, for hatchery production andbroodstock. Operations took place in the LesCheneaux Islands area of Northern Lake Huron,Michigan in mid-November 2017.

    On the second night of sampling Alpena FWCOinvited U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) staff from theHammond Bay Biological Station to tag cisco with asurgically implanted acoustic telemetry tag. BothU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and USGSwanted to explore the feasibility of implanting thesefish while they were congregated during thespawning period.

    The goal of the pilot project was to determine howthe stress of handling and tagging would affectsurvival. Cisco are notorious for being delicate andeasily stressed, however, the team was able tosuccessfully tag six cisco which appeared to make aquick and full recovery. Efforts are underway to expand the project next year, which will enable researchers to better understandthe fishs habitat usage and movement patterns. This was the third year Alpena FWCO collected these fish in the Les CheneauxIslands in Lake Huron.

    USFWS and USGSCisco in Northern Lake Huron Successfully Tagged

    BY CHRIS OLDS, ALPENA FWCO

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries

  • Fisheries | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature3.html[12/14/2017 7:44:08 PM]

    Conserving America's FisheriesFisheries, Midwest Region

    An adult brook trout attempting to navigate a culvert with shallow, fast flowing water, presenting a "velocity barrier ". Credit: Andy Stevens, USFWS

    Fish Biologist Andrew Stevens conducting an electrofishing survey below a severely perched culvert on a tributary to City Creek, Mellen, Wisconsin. Credit: LandenVancleve

    A bottomless arch culvert with a natural bottom in the Eastern Huron

    River Watershed, Michigan . This structure design is ideal for passing flows, biota, and debris. Credit: Andy Stevens, USFWS

    Aquatic connectivity remains one of the greatestthreats to native Brook Trout in the Lake Superiorbasin. Undersized or improperly designed roadcrossings can become fish passage barriers viaexcessive outlet water velocity, inadequate waterdepth, or by being perched above the stream grade.Ultimately, these barriers can deny access to criticalspawning, thermal refuge or feeding habitats. Ashland Fish and Wildlife Conservation Office(FWCO) biologists have been working with localpartnerships to prioritize restoration efforts acrossthe Wisconsin and Michigan Lake Superior basin byusing the best available data and decision supporttools. To strategically allocate where agency effortsand project dollars are spent to preserve BrookTrout, a subset of best-of-the-best sub-watershedswere selected giving emphasis to streams that 1)contain self-sustaining populations, 2) where currentfishery management regulations favor brook trout, 3)are predicted to be resilient to climate change, and4) where interests and priorities from local partnersexists.

    To maximize ecological benefit gained through National Fish Passage Programfunding, Andy Stevens has been working in priority areas to systematically rank fishpassage barriers. After completing an inventory of 250 road crossings using rapidfield assessments and ArcGIS based Lidar data, individual crossings were scoredusing the Fish Habitat Decision Support Tool (Downstream Strategies), FishVISstream temperature projection data (U.S. Geological Survey), and FishXing culvertpassage simulation software, along with in-stream fish community data.

    Of the 250 crossingsassessed, 21% were awater velocity barrierto either adults orjuveniles, 17% wereperched, 7% wereseverely undersized,and 4% hadinadequate waterdepth; 51% were fullypassable. Ultimately,these efforts havehelped inform theAshland FWCO andits partners on whichculverts to prioritize forfuture funding. Similarefforts are slated to becarried out in Michigan

    and Minnesota and this project demonstrates the value ofcombining multi-agency partnerships and the best available dataand tools to prioritize restoration efforts across large spatialscales.

    Lake Superior BasinPrioritizing Fish Passage Restoration Efforts for Brook Trout

    BY ANDREW STEVENS, ASHLAND FWCO

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature2.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature4.html

  • Fisheries | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature3.html[12/14/2017 7:44:08 PM]

    An example using Lidar data and spatial analyst tools in ArcGIS to identify apotential fish passage barrier, remotely. Credit: Matt Diebel, Wisconsin Departmentof Natural Resources

    Last updated: December 14, 2017

    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Home Page | Department of the Interior | USA.gov | About the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service | Accessibility | Privacy |Notices | Disclaimer | FOIA

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  • Fisheries | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature4.html[12/14/2017 7:44:30 PM]

    Conserving America's FisheriesFisheries, Midwest Region

    Lake sturgeon fry one month old, prior first stocking in the upper St. Louis River, Minnesota. Credit: Kaitlyn Windschitl, Ashland FWCO

    Lake sturgeon fingerling 3.5 months old, before second stocking in the upperSt. Louis River. Credit: Kaitlyn Windschitl, Ashland FWCO

    The Ontonagon River streamside rearing trailer hasbeen operated by Ashland Fish and WildlifeConservation Office in partnership with MichiganDepartment of Natural Resources, Ottawa NationalForest, Fond du Lac Band of Lake SuperiorChippewa, Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, andthe Upper Peninsula Power Company since 2013.While the main purpose for the Lake Sturgeonreared within this trailer is to restore the OntonagonRivers population, fish are also raised each year tohelp restore the Lake Sturgeon population in theupper St. Louis River. During the 2017 rearingseason, fish growth required reducing the number offish in tanks twice while working toward our goal of150 fish from 10 families (4 males to 1 female) forthe Ontonagon River. The excess Lake Sturgeonwere picked up by the Fond du Lac Band of LakeSuperior Chippewa and stocked into the upper St.Louis River, Minnesota.

    The first stocking event in the upper St. Louis Riveroccurred on June 26, 2017, when the Lake Sturgeonwere just over a month old and weighed less than a

    gram per fish. Approximately 6,079 fry weretransported by biologists from the Fond du Lac Bandfrom the rearing trailer in Bergland, Michigan, tostockings sites in the upper St. Louis River. This leftthe Ashland Fish and Wildlife Conservation Officewith about 300 fry per family. On September 19,2017, when the fingerling Lake Sturgeon were readyto be released, another batch was transferred tobiologists from the Fond du Lac Band. This secondbatch consisted of 205 fingerlings from 8 familiesthat ranged in length from 116 to 190 millimeters(average 158 millimeters), and weight from 6 to 29grams (average 16 grams). This second batch of fishwere all individually marked with a PIT tag prior totransfer, which will facilitate future monitoring of therestoration of Lake Sturgeon in the upper St. LouisRiver.

    Double BenefitOntonagon River Lake Sturgeon Streamside Rearing Trailer

    BY KAITLYN WINDSCHITL, ASHLAND FWCO

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature5.html

  • Fisheries | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature5.html[12/14/2017 7:44:57 PM]

    Conserving America's FisheriesFisheries, Midwest Region

    Green Bay FWCO staff members at the State of Lake Michigan conference held in Green Bay, WI on November 7-10, 2017. (Left to Right) Top row Tyler Harris,Brad Smith, Brandon Harris, and Matt Petasek; Bottom row Cari-Ann Hayer and Tony Rieth. Credit: Kevin Mann, USFWS

    Numerous staff members from the Green Bay Fishand Wildlife Conservation Office (FWCO) AquaticInvasive Species (AIS) program attended the Stateof Lake Michigan conference held at the KIConvention Center in Green Bay, Wisconsin inNovember 2017. Lake Michigan was the focus forthe first conference in a new State of the Lakeconference series hosted by the InternationalAssociation of Great Lakes Research, with the goalof facilitating interactions between researchers andmanagers on diverse topics related to issuesrelevant for a specific lake.

    Green Bay FWCO AIS staff members, Cari-AnnHayer and Brandon Harris, organized and moderateda special symposium titled Invasive SpeciesMonitoring and Management. The symposium wasa huge success drawing the most submittedabstracts for the conference. Presentation topicscovered invasive plants, benthic macroinvertebrates,and fish, as well as, ongoing AIS outreach activitiesand adaptive monitoring programs. The diverseparticipant affiliations (state, federal, private sector,and academia) in the symposium speak to theimportance AIS research and monitoring in Lake Michigan.

    In total, Green Bay FWCO AIS staff gave four oral presentations and co-authored two poster presentations with students fromthe University of Wisconsin Green Bay. Cari-Ann Hayer presented on the development of our early detection and monitoringprogram for AIS in Lake Michigan using an adaptive management framework. Bradley Smith presented on a comprehensivesurvey of invasive Asian clams at thermal discharges in Lake Michigan. Tyler Harris also presented on an Asian clam survey thatwas conducted at four thermal discharges in the lower Fox River/lower Green Bay area. Brandon Harris presented on the 2016results from the benthic macroinvertebrate portion of our early detection and monitoring program for AIS in Lake Michigan.

    Working with partners is an important part of the mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and is essential to move forwardin the fight against AIS. Conferences are a great platform to share our work and build such collaborative projects. At the State ofLake Michigan conference, Green Bay FWCO AIS staff met Mark Davis a collaborator with the Illinois Natural History Surveythat is analyzing the specific genetic form of Asian clams collected in our monitoring (For more information on Asian clams seehttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines-2017-07-20/feature1.html). The Green Bay FWCO AIS program alsostarted dialogue about additional Asian Clam monitoring in collaboration with the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

    Aquatic Invasive Species ProgramWell Represented at the State of Lake Michigan Conference

    BY BRANDON HARRIS, GREEN BAY FWCO

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature4.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines-2017-07-20/feature1.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/fieldfocus.html

  • Fisheries | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/fieldfocus.html[12/14/2017 7:45:26 PM]

    Conserving America's FisheriesFisheries, Midwest Region

    Phases of construction: As we near completion of the new outdoor ponds at Neosho NFH. Credit: Bruce Hallman, USFWS

    The big news here in Neosho: theyre almost done! That would refer to our three trout production pondsthat have been undergoing renovation since May.They were last used for rainbows back in April, andwere seined and drained for the last time as dirt-bottom ponds then. The last time these structureshad any significant work done was back in the late1930s, when WPA projects helped construct fourmiles of rock walls, along with their cleaning andrebuilding. So almost 80 years later, the pieces cametogether allowing us to revisit those importantcomponents of our fish production.

    After the ponds dried from their trout holding days,and after our spring flooding rains came through, theinitial steps began in earnest. Jackhammers andheavy equipment made short work of the old walls,and many piles of bottom dirt were removed. The oldponds were rather bowl-like in their appearance, butthe new design would have a flatter bottom surface.The outline was also smoothed so there were fewerirregular places were fish could hide from ourattempts at removing them.

    Workers took most of June off as we had a lot of traffic around the hatchery. We always host two big fishing derbies in June Kids Day and Senior Fishing Day. With the heat of summer upon us, work resumed with the reshaping of the pond, pouringconcrete footers, then new walls, adding decorative stones to the walls (to help commemorate our past), adding new ramps andsluices, and finally the new liners for the bottoms. The final touches were to fill in all the holes and plant grass where things weredisturbed. The grass has done a good job sprouting, despite the fall coolness when it was planted. All we are waiting on untilwater goes back in is some covers for the sluices and various other screens and plates. So as mentioned above things are justabout done with this huge project!

    Other news, we have our new water chillers working in our sturgeon building. For the first time, we are mimicking the watertemperature of the Missouri River for our captive broodstock with the hopes that as things warm up; their bodies will kick intoreproductive gear better. We currently have about 18 adult sturgeon and while they dont spawn each year, were hoping forincreased readiness for this springs target date. Also, our endangered Topeka shiner minnows are put inside for the winter,along with their breeding partner orange-spotted sunfish. Offspring production was down this year, and were hoping that someadditional attention to photoperiod exposure will get them ready for bigger 2018 production.

    We are now settling into a quiet season with outreach and visitation after a busy summer and fall. We get people from near andfar (even other countries!) that stop in for the first time to see what we are all about.

    Neosho National Fish Hatchery Fall Station Update

    BY BRUCE HALLMAN, NEOSHO NATIONAL FISH HATCHERY

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/index.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/fishtails.html

  • Fisheries | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/fieldfocus.html[12/14/2017 7:45:26 PM]

    Phases of construction: As we near completion of the new outdoor ponds at Neosho NFH. Credit: Bruce Hallman, USFWS

    So, whetheryoung or old, firstor hundredth time,we love to havepeople come feedour fish, browseour gift shop, walkthe grounds ortake a tour at thenations oldestoperating federalfish hatchery!

    Last updated: December 14, 2017

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  • Fisheries | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/fishtails.html[12/14/2017 7:45:49 PM]

    Conserving America's FisheriesFisheries, Midwest Region

    Aquatic Invasive Species Sampling in Chicago

    BY BRADLEY SMITH, GREEN BAY FWCO

    The waterways around Chicago are the highest risk areas for introduction of new Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS) into LakeMichigan. For this reason, we routinely sample the harbors and lakeshore around Chicago including Diversey, Chicago,Burnham, and Jackson harbors. Our goal is to detect new invasive species before they become abundant, giving managers timeto assess the risk posed by the species and come up with a response to the invasion.

    This year, we sent three sampling crews down to Chicago to fan out across the lakeshore and intensively sample with an arrayof fish and macroinvertebrate sampling gears. Fish sampling near shore was performed by boat electrofishing, in shallow, weedyareas we used paired fyke nets, and offshore in deeper waters, we used benthic gillnets. Each gear provided a unique snapshotof the fish community.

    Fish communities in the sheltered, warmer harbors tend to be dominated by sunfishes, bass, and bullheads. Sites on thelakeshore yielded species more characteristic of Lake Michigan like Yellow Perch, Alewife, Round Goby, and trout and salmon. Catches tended to be higher in the harbors because they provide more food and shelter for littoral species than the shoreline ofLake Michigan which is heavily armored by rip-rap and seawalls.

    We sampled for aquatic macroinvertebrates by three methods rock bags, D-frame nets, and modified baited minnow traps. The rock bags were left to soak for about a month, allowing invertebrates, specifically mussels and amphipods, to colonizethem. The D-frame nets were used along vegetated shores to target snails. The modified baited minnow traps typically collectmysid shrimp and crayfish, with the occasional Round Goby.

    Culture at the Museum; the art of cultivating freshwater mussels

    BY MEGAN BRADLEY, GENOA NFH

    Raising mussels is as much an art as a science. A bit of creativity coupled with an understanding of the biology of each specieshelps drive choices about where they each species ends up for the season. 2017 saw the deployment of many more cages thanusual at the docks at the Mississippi River Museum in Dubuque, Iowa because of the success producing plain pocketbookmussels there last year. This spring with lots of help from partners with the Iowa DNR, the Museum and students and facultyfrom Upper Iowa University hatchery mussel staff deployed 46 cages. They held smallmouth bass inoculated with Higgins eyePearlymussel, walleye inoculated with Black Sandshell, freshwater drum inoculated with Fragile Papershell or Butterfly andmany cages held one year old Plain Pocketbook.

    In early October 2017 we spent two days removing the cages and counting our mussels. Its an extraordinary adventureexploring life in the Ice Harbor. Each cage is occupied by inhabitants other than the native mussels; three species of freshwatersnail had taken up residence, eating biofilms off of the solid structures, baseball-sized bryozoans attached and grew, eating themicroscopic particles passing by, and then of course the bluegill that swam in to hide then grew too large to escape. There aresometimes unexpected species of freshwater mussel that appear in cages; sometimes from adjacent fish (Fragile papershell,this year) and sometimes from fish that have been naturally infected with glochidia by female Lilliput living on the harbor edges.

    The summer of 2017 was very productive for native mussel growth at the museum and more than 20,000 mussels of six specieswere brought back to the hatchery. Many of those will be released in November to restore mussel populations in Iowa andWisconsin while others will over-winter in the mussel building to be grown larger before being released.

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/fieldfocus.html

  • Fisheries | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature6.html[11/16/2017 1:23:09 PM]

    Conserving America's FisheriesFisheries, Midwest Region

    Midwest Region Fisheries Divisions

    National Fish HatcheriesThe Regions National Fish Hatcheries (NFH) focus on native species recoveryand restoration. Primary species include: lake trout, endangered pallidsturgeon, and endangered, threatened, and native mussels. Other majorprograms include coaster brook trout and lake sturgeon restoration, fulfillingtribal trust responsibilities for native aquatic species, and cost reimbursedrainbow trout production for recreational fishing. Hatcheries also providetechnical assistance to other agencies, provide fish and eggs for research, anddevelop and maintain brood stocks of various species and strains.

    Fish and Wildlife Conservation OfficesFish and Wildlife Conservation Offices (FWCO) conduct assessments of fishpopulations to guide management decisions, play a key role in targeting andimplementing native fish and habitat restoration programs; perform keymonitoring and control activities related to aquatic invasive species; survey andevaluate aquatic habitats to identify restoration/rehabilitation opportunities;work with private land owners, states, local governments and watershedorganizations to complete aquatic habitat restoration projects under theServices National Fish Passage Program, National Fish Habitat Partnerships,Partners for Fish and Wildlife and the Great Lakes Coastal Programs; providecoordination and technical assistance toward the management of interjurisdictional fisheries; maintain and operate several keyinteragency fisheries databases; provide technical expertise to other Service programs addressing contaminants, endangeredspecies, federal project review and hydro-power operation and relicensing; evaluate and manage fisheries on Service lands;and, provide technical support to 38 Native American tribal governments and treaty authorities.

    Sea Lamprey Biological StationsThe Fish and Wildlife Service is the United States Agent for sea lamprey control, with two Biological Stations assessing andmanaging sea lamprey populations throughout the Great Lakes. The Great Lakes Fishery Commission administers the SeaLamprey Management Program, with funding provided through the U.S. Department of State, U.S. Department of the Interior,and Fisheries and Oceans Canada.

    Fish Health CenterThe Fish Health Center provides specialized fish health evaluation and diagnostic services to federal, state and tribal hatcheriesin the region; conducts extensive monitoring and evaluation of wild fish health; examines and certifies the health of captivehatchery stocks; and, performs a wide range of special services helping to coordinate fishery program offices and partnerorganizations. The Whitney Genetics Lab serves as a leading edge genetics laboratory and conducts environmental DNA(eDNA) sample processing for early detection of invasive species.

    Whitney Genetics LabThe Whitney Genetics lab provides environmental DNA (eDNA) surveillance for the early detection of invasive Silver andBighead carp as part of the Asian Carp Regional Coordinating Committees plans to detect, monitor, and respond to the threat ofinvasive carp in the Great Lakes. The lab also provides analysis for determining the ploidy of wild-caught Black and Grass carp,two more invasive carp species.

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/fishtails.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/pop-up_oh.htmhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/pop-up_mo.htmhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/pop-up_il.htmhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/pop-up_in.htmhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/pop-up_ia.htmhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/pop-up_mi.htmhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/pop-up_wi.htmhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/pop-up_mn.htmhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature7.html

  • Fisheries | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature6.html[11/16/2017 1:23:09 PM]

    Last updated: February 13, 2017

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  • Fisheries | U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Midwest Region

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature7.html[11/16/2017 1:24:59 PM]

    Conserving America's FisheriesFisheries, Midwest Region

    Alpena Fish & WildlifeConservation Office480 W. Fletcher StreetAlpena, MI 49707Scott Koproski [email protected] 989-356-5102Area of Responsibility (MI, OH)

    Ashland Fish & WildlifeConservation Office2800 Lake Shore Drive EastAshland, WI 54806Mark Brouder [email protected] of Responsibility (MI, MN, WI)

    Carterville Fish & WildlifeConservation Office9053 Route 148, Suite AMarion, Illinois 62959Acting Mark Brouder [email protected] of Responsibility (IL, IN, OH)

    Columbia Fish & WildlifeConservation Office101 Park Deville Drive, Suite AColumbia, MO 65203Jason Goeckler [email protected] of Responsibility (IA, MO)

    Green Bay Fish & WildlifeConservation Office 2661 Scott Tower RoadNew Franken, WI 54229Mark Holey [email protected] of Responsibility (IL, IN, MI, WI)

    Ludington Biological Station229 S.Jebavy DriveLudington, MI 49431Scott Grunder [email protected]

    Marquette Biological Station3090 Wright StreetMarquette, MI 49855Kasia Mullett [email protected]

    Regional Office 5600 American Blvd WestBloomington, MN 55437Todd Turner [email protected] 612-713-5111

    Iron River National Fish Hatchery10325 Fairview RoadIron River, WI 54847Nick Starzl [email protected]

    Genoa National Fish HatcheryS 5689 State Road 35Genoa, WI 54632Doug Aloisi [email protected]2605

    Jordan River National FishHatchery6623 Turner RoadElmira, MI 49730Roger Gordon [email protected]

    Neosho National Fish Hatchery520 E Park StreetNeosho, MO 64850Roderick May [email protected] ext: 102

    Pendills/Sullivan Creek National Fish Hatchery21990 W. Trout LaneBrimley, MI 49715Curt Friez [email protected]

    Midwest Fisheries Center 555 Lester AvenueOnalaska, WI 54650Teresa Lewis [email protected]

    LaCrosse FWCOSam Finney [email protected] Fish Health CenterKen Phillips [email protected] Genetics LabEmy Monroe [email protected]

    Midwest Region Fisheries Contacts

    https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisherieshttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/feature6.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/alpena/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/alpena/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/ashland/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/ashland/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/carterville/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/carterville/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/columbiafisheries/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/columbiafisheries/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/greenbayfisheries/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/greenbayfisheries/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/Ludington/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/marquette/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/regional-office.htmlhttps://www.fws.gov/midwest/ironriver/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/genoa/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/JordanRiver/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/JordanRiver/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/neosho/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/pendillscreek/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/pendillscreek/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/lacrossefisheries/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/LaCrosseFishHealthCenter/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/WGL/https://www.fws.gov/midwest/fisheries/fishlines/index.html

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