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  • 1. Fine Art Photography

2. Photography is not art, but can bemade into art - De Zayas 1913 Reaction against photographys use by painters (i.e. Courbet) to help them paint Reaction against the documentary tradition of late 18th and 19th C move away from a Humanist or people/societal centred approach Linking the aesthetic ethos of art (fascination with form, tone, light, colour)Fine art takes inall other genres! 3. Photos began todevelop own codesas art; nomanipulation ofreality-straight-pure-form-no referenceto the subject assuch Composition is moreimportant thancontext Alfred Stieglitz;driving force behindfine art photography 4. Photographerdoes notrecord, butcreates Landscapes, aspopular themelink to higherideals StieglitzsEquivalentsseries seek idealform and weredisplayed in widewhite mounts toemphasise purity 5. Stieglitz wascommitted to thegallery as an idealGalleryscontextualised artphotographer againstthe wider history of artAn art print gainsvalue from being hungin an opposite way to adocumentary imagedthat is mass producedArt photography isoften envisaged assuch 6. The fullestrealisation of thepotential of thesubject throughthe use ofstraightphotographicmethods - PaulStrand 7. Edward Weston:Emphasis on form Body transcendsinto natural shapes No longer a humanor cultural productbut part of thewidermetaphysical(almost spiritual)world of shapeand form thatartists aspired to 8. The nude continues to be a seminal subjectfor fine art photographersRuth BernhardSylvie Blum 9. Ansel Adamskeeps finearts concernwith purityand form andmakes theordinary intosomethingunique 10. Hislandscapesfollowformalconventionsof paintingwhilst givinguniquephotographic intensity 11. John Paul Edwards & William Van Dyke were contemporaries ofAdams and Weston and together were some of the members of f.64;a group dedicated to intense scrutiny of the world through the lensand in a way that moved against earlier pictorial or painterly styles 12. Once photographed, the object transcends everyday to become art ImogenCunningham 13. Other artphotographers dofocus on culture Paul Strand: workswithin active worldof human meaning a documentersapproach? Movement (impliedsometimes) andsubject fit intolarger structure ofsociety 14. Paul Strand Wall St 1915 15. Minor White: Expressionist; A movement in the arts duringthe early part of the 20th century that emphasizedsubjective expression of the artists inner experiences 16. Aaron Siskind: Abstract expressionism Taking reference from painterly forms yet stillfocus on transforming the ordinary 17. Ernst Haas Nature and Machine 1975 Colour begins to get used in art photography B&W seen by purists as truer to intention of capturingform 18. Harry Callahan Kansas City 1981 19. Martin E Newman Coney Island 1 1953 20. Andreas Gursky 21. ed Gregory Crewdson from Beneath The Roses Contemporary fine art can include the dramatic and stagedand create a sense of narrative that does refer to society 22. Jeff Wall A Sudden Gust Of Wind Wall often recreates paintings, as such his style is very formal still 23. Philip Lorca DiCorcias hustler series alternates between informal snapshots and iconicquality staged compositions 24. Masahisa Fukases Ravens Example of how contemporary art photography can bea personal reference point 25. Summary Fine art photography began as reaction againsthow photography was used in the art world andas a reaction against the documentary ethos ofsocial engagement Focus on form (shape, pattern, line, texture etc) B&W holds elitist status (still?) Context of viewing is important Fine art can include other genres, even docu! Contemporary images often attempt to engagethe viewer more