FINAL REPORT - JICA 2005-06-02آ  Padma Bridge in The People's Republic of BANGLADESH NIPPON KOEI...

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Transcript of FINAL REPORT - JICA 2005-06-02آ  Padma Bridge in The People's Republic of BANGLADESH NIPPON KOEI...

  • The Feasibility Study of

    Padma Bridge in

    The People's Republic of BANGLADESH

    NIPPON KOEI CO., LTD.

    in association with CONSTRUCTION PROJECT CONSULTANTS, INC.

    FINAL REPORT

    MARCH, 2005

    JAPAN INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AGENCY (JICA)

    JAMUNA MULTIPURPOSE BRIDGE AUTHORITY (JMBA)

    No.

    S D

    J R

    05-017

    Volume 7

    ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL/RESETTLEMENT STUDIES

  • THE FEASIBILITY STUDY OF PADMA BRIDGE FINAL REPORT (VOLUME VII) MARCH 2005

    CONTENTS OF FINAL REPORT

    VOLUME I EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    VOLUME II MAIN REPORT

    VOLUME III SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND TRANSPORT STUDIES APPENDIX-1: ECONOMIC FEATURE OF BANGLADESH APPENDIX-2: TRANSPORT STUDIES

    VOLUME IV TOPOGRAPHIC SURVEY AND GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION APPENDIX-3: TOPOGRAPHIC AND BATHYMETRIC SURVEYS APPENDIX-4: GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION

    VOLUME V RIVER STUDIES APPENDIX-5: RIVER AND RIVER MORPHOLOGY APPENDIX-6: HYDROLOGY AND HYDRAULICS APPENDIX-7: RIVER ENGINEERING

    VOLUME VI HIGHWAY, BRIDGE AND OTHER ENGINEERING STUDIES APPENDIX-8: BRIDGE ENGINEERING APPENDIX-9: HIGHWAY ENGINEERING APPENDIX-10: RAILWAY PROVISION

    VOLUME VII ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL/RESETTLEMENT STUDIES APPENDIX-11: ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES APPENDIX-12: SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND RESETTLEMENT

    FRAMEWORK

    VOLUME VIII DRAWINGS OF PRELIMINARY FACILITY DESIGN

    VOLUME IX SUPPORTING STUDIES (Provided by electric files. Original copies are kept by JMBA and JICA

    Tokyo.)

  • THE FEASIBILITY STUDY OF PADMA BRIDGE FINAL REPORT (VOLUME VII) MARCH 2005

    i

    The Feasibility Study of Padma Bridge Final Report

    (Vol. 4 Topographic Survey and Geotechnical Investigation)

    Table of Contents

    Appendix 11 Environmental Studies ...........................................................................A11-1 Chapter 1 Environmental Considerations for Initial Screening............................A11-1

    1.1 Introduction .................................................................................................................A11-1

    1.1.1 Steps of the Environmental Study .....................................................................A11-1

    1.1.2 Time Frame of the Environmental Study ..........................................................A11-1

    1.1.3 Approaches to the Environmental Studies.........................................................A11-3

    1.2 Environmental Laws and Guidelines...........................................................................A11-3

    1.2.1 Environmental laws of Bangladesh ...................................................................A11-3

    1.2.2 Guidelines to be followed..................................................................................A11-6

    1.3 Reconnaissance survey................................................................................................A11-8

    1.4 Initial Evaluation of Four Alternatives ......................................................................A11-14

    Chapter 2 Initial Environmental Examinations (IEE) .........................................A11-16 2.1 Introduction ...............................................................................................................A11-16

    2.2 Scope, Approach & Methodology .............................................................................A11-16

    2.2.1 Scope of IEE....................................................................................................A11-16

    2.2.2 Approach of the Study.....................................................................................A11-16

    2.2.3 Methodology ...................................................................................................A11-27

    2.3 Project Description (Sites and Activities)..................................................................A11-27

    2.3.1 Bridge Sites .....................................................................................................A11-27

    2.3.2 Environmental Impact Study Area ..................................................................A11-31

    2.3.3 Project Activities .............................................................................................A11-31

    2.4 Natural Environment .................................................................................................A11-33

    2.4.1 Meteorology ....................................................................................................A11-33

    2.4.2 Topography and Geology ................................................................................A11-34

    2.4.3 Hydrology........................................................................................................A11-37

    2.4.4 Landscape........................................................................................................A11-43

    2.5 Ecological Environment ............................................................................................A11-43

    2.5.1 Flora and Fauna ...............................................................................................A11-43

    2.5.2 Environmentally Protected and Sensitive Areas..............................................A11-45

    2.6 Environmental Pollution............................................................................................A11-47

    2.6.1 Water Pollution................................................................................................A11-47

  • THE FEASIBILITY STUDY OF PADMA BRIDGE FINAL REPORT (VOLUME VII) MARCH 2005

    ii

    2.6.2 Other Pollutions...............................................................................................A11-47

    2.7 Social Environmental ................................................................................................A11-47

    2.7.1 Socioeconomic condition ................................................................................A11-47

    2.7.2 Social Infrastructures.......................................................................................A11-49

    2.7.3 Water Rights ....................................................................................................A11-51

    2.8 Screening...................................................................................................................A11-51

    2.8.1 Screening Process............................................................................................A11-51

    2.8.2 Impact Analysis ...............................................................................................A11-51

    2.8.3 Impact Rating ..................................................................................................A11-54

    2.8.4 Grading Matrix ................................................................................................A11-57

    2.8.5 Comparison between Two Sites ......................................................................A11-57

    Chapter 3 Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) ...........................................A11-59 3.1 Introduction ...............................................................................................................A11-59

    3.2 Scope & Approach.....................................................................................................A11-59

    3.2.1 Scope of EIA ...................................................................................................A11-59

    3.2.2 Approach of EIA .............................................................................................A11-59

    3.3 EIA Study Area and Project Component ...................................................................A11-60

    3.3.1 Proposed Main Bridge Site..............................................................................A11-60

    3.3.2 Bridge Connecting Approach Road.................................................................A11-60

    3.3.3 River Training Works Area..............................................................................A11-60

    3.3.4 Project Activities .............................................................................................A11-61

    3.4 Environmental Investigation of Similar Projects ......................................................A11-61

    3.4.1 Review of Padma Bridge pre-feasibility .........................................................A11-61

    3.4.2 Environmental experiences of Jamuna Bridge ................................................A11-62

    3.4.3 Environmental experiences of Paksey Bridge .................................................A11-65

    3.4.4 Environmental experiences of Bhairab Bridge................................................A11-67

    3.4.5 Environmental Experiences of Rupsa Bridge..................................................A11-68

    3.4.6 Summary and Conclusions ..............................................................................A11-68

    3.5 Methodology .............................................................................................................A11-69

    3.5.1 General ............................................................................................................A11-69

    3.5.2 Baseline Data Collection .................................................................................A11-69

    3.5.3 Conducting EIA....................................