Filipino oppression presentation

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  • 2.
  • 3. Philippine Islands 7,100 islands with land area of 115,707 square miles 92 million Filipinos in the Philippines 7th most populated Asian country 12th most populated country in the world 12 million Filipinos overseas Multiple ethnicities are found throughout the islandFilipinos in the United States 1.1% of US population 3.4 million people second-largest self-reported Asian ancestry group
  • 4. List of U.S. Metropolitan Areas with large FilipinoAmerican populations (from 2010 Census): Filipino American % Filipino Rank City Population American Los Angeles-Long Beach- 1 Riverside, California CSA 606,657 2.8 San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, 2 California CSA 463,458 5.1 3 New York, New York CSA 232,980 0.9 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, 4 California MSA 182,248 4.7 5 Honolulu, Hawaii MSA 158,624 14.9 6 Chicago, Illinois CSA 131,388 1.1 7 Seattle, Washington MSA 118,538 1.9 8 Las Vegas, Nevada CSA 108,668 4.4 Washington, District of Columbia 9 (DC-MD-VA) CSA 99,901 0.9 10 Sacramento, California CSA 77,262 2.2
  • 5. Brief History In 1521, arrival of Ferdinand Magellan marked the era of Spanish interest and eventual colonization In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy Lopz de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Phillip II of Spain In 1565, Miguel Lpez de Legazpi arrived in Philippines and consolidated Spanish rule in the islands, which remained a colony of Spain for more than 300 years 1898-The islands were ceded by Spain to the United States for US$20 million in the 1898 Treaty of Paris 1942-1945-Japan occupied Philippines On July 4, 1946, the Philippines finally attained its independence
  • 6. Four official waves The FIRST Wave: Galleon Era (1565-1905)of Filipino migration Manila Acapulco Galleon Trade (1565-1815)to the United States From Open Borders to 50-Per Year The Second Wave: Soldiers and War Brides (1906-1934) Filipinos Call For Action Filipinas Call to Duty Open borders to 100-Per Year The Third Wave: Professional and Their Families (Naval Era-1965) Open borders to 2000/yr The Fourth Wave: Immigration Act of 1965-present) Open borders to 20,000/year
  • 7. Immigration to US -First Wave 1565 to 1815, during the Manila- Acapulco Galleon Trade, Filipinos were forced to work as sailors and navigators on board Spanish Galleons. 1587- First documented Filipino arrives to Morro Bay, CA, fifty years before the first English settlement of Jamestown was established. 1763- Filipinos made their first permanent settlement in the bayous and marshes of Louisiana. 1781-Antonio Miranda Rodriguez Poblador, a Filipino, along with 44 other individuals was sent by the Spanish government from Mexico to establish what is now known as the city of Los Angeles.
  • 8. Manila Bayou of Louisiana clip
  • 9. The White Mans Burden-1899
  • 10. 1904 St. Louis World Fair
  • 11. Second Wave- 1906-19342 types of immigrants1. Laborers Hawaiian Sugar Plant Association recruits young men to work in sugar cane fields in Hawaii Alaskan fishing men Alaskeros Domestic workers in big cities, including San Francisco Shipyards (Mare Island, Vallejo and Hunters Point, San Francisco)2. Pensionados Students sponsored under 1903 Pensionado Act
  • 12. Historical Oppression
  • 13. Third Wave: Naval Era-1965 Join Navy War Brides Act Professionals (nurses, medical professionals) Strikes at SFSU International Hotel, San FranciscoFourth Wave: The 4th wave of Filipino Immigration began after the passing of the Immigration Act of 1965 and continues to the present day. This allowed the entry of as many as 20,000 immigrants annually
  • 14. Continued Immigration Journey The Visa Priority Date Evading the Three-and Ten-Year Bar The Continuing Push for Immigration Reforms The Guest Worker Program or its Equivalent The Different Perspective A Century of Service
  • 15. Current OppressionDiscriminationRacismInternalized OppressionStereotypesTerminology
  • 16. Filipino Community Mural at SFSU
  • 17. TerminologyMestizo/mestizaMulato/aSakadaPinoyPinoy pinayFil-AmRice rocketsFOBFlip
  • 18. Filipinos are lazy, dumb, unnationalist Filipinos eat dogsStereotypes All Filipinos do karaoke Filipinos are all sellouts and will do anything to become part of the elite The women are promiscuous A lot of Filipino men are gay or transvestites
  • 19. Psychological Impact Suicide Depression Alcohol Abuse Substance Abuse Race related stress Work related stress
  • 20. Psychological and Filipino American adolescents have one ofMental Health the highest rates of suicidal ideations andPrevalence attempts in the United States (Presidents Advisory Commision on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, 2001) Filipina American adolescents have highest rate of suicide ideations among all racial and ethnic groups (Wolf, 1997) Filipina American adolescents have a higher depression rate than other Asian American female adolescents (Kim & Chun, 1993) Filipino American adults have higher depression rates than White Americans (Kuo, 1984) 98-99% of Filipino Americans reported experiencing daily and lifetime racism (Alvarez, Juang, & Liang, 2006)
  • 21. Psychological Impact of Oppression-Geriatric population Veterans of World War II denied benefits until 2009- Obama signs The American Recovery Act and Reinvestment of 2009
  • 22. Psychological Impact of Oppression:Within group diversity Gay and Lesbian community Tomboys and Baklas (Nadal & Corpus, 2012)Domains and Themes from collective focus groups 1. Religious influence on sexual and gender identity 2. Family influence on gender and sexual identity 3. Experiences with race 4. Process of negotiating multiple identities 5. Variant experiences between Filipino subgroups Distinct from other Asian-Americans
  • 23. 3 primary cultural characteristics thatdecipher Filipino-Americans from otherAsian-Americans1. Stronger affiliation with Latino values over Eastern Asian values2. Equally patriarchal and matriarchal society3. Phenotypic appearances
  • 24. Median Household Income Educational Attainment: 2004The American Community (Percent of Population 25 and Older)AsiansHousehold Income Ethnicity High SchoolEthnicity 2004 2009 BachelorsIndians $60,600 $88,538 Grad Rate or moreFilipinos $39,700 $75,146 Asian Indians 90.2% 67.9% Filipinos 90.8%Chinese $52,000 $69,037 47.9%Japanese $48,400 $64,197 Chinese