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Transcript of Fifth Schedule
Workshop on the Revised Fifth Schedule
Facilitator: Tahmeen Ahmad, ACA
IntroductionThe Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan vide its S.R.O. 859(1)/2007 dated August 21, 2007 has revised the Fifth Schedule. Consequently, the fifth schedule is in line with the Accounting Standards for MSEs and SSEs.
Background of change
SMEs are more than 75% of the total entities operating in Pakistan Significant growth in SMEs in last two decades Concept of SMEs introduced in Tax and other regulations International Financial Reporting Standards designed primarily for multinationals and public listed entities Differing users of the financial statements Differing level of public accountability New and revised IAS/IFRS have added complexities to preparation of financial statements. Lack of adequate technical expertise and resources due to smaller size Current framework available only for listed corporate entities
The Fifth Schedule- an analysis of the changes
The MSEsIs an entity that:Is not listed ; In not in the process of listing; Does not hold assets in a fiduciary capacity for a broad group of outsiders, Is not a public utility or similar entity that provides an essential public service; or Is not economically significant Is not an SSE
Economically significant entityThe criteria for economically significant would be as follows: Turnover in excess of Rs. 1 billion, excluding other income Number of employees in excess of 750 Total borrowings (excluding normal trade credit and accrued liabilities) in excess of Rs, 500 million (Any two of the above)
Illustrative example I
XYZ corporation- which standards should apply
MSE standards in Brief
Comprises of 17 Standards dealing with accounting for the regularly encountered transactions by this size of entities and a general framework Two topics added to (ISAR basic document) as these topics being relevant to most MSEs in Pakistan
Investments Employee benefits
The Framework covers objectives of financial statements, underlying assumptions, qualitative characteristics, elements, recognition and measurement criteria.
MSE standards in Brief-(contd.)1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
Presentation of Financial Statements (IAS 1) Cash Flow Statements (IAS 7) Property, Plant and Equipment (IAS 16) Leases (IAS 17) Intangible Assets (IAS 38) Inventories (IAS 2) Government Grants and Other Government Assistance (IAS 20) Provisions (IAS 37*) Revenue (IAS 18)
MSE standards in Brief-(contd.)10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.
Borrowing Costs (IAS 23) Income Taxes (IAS 12) Accounting policies, changes in accounting estimates and errors (IAS 8) The effect of changes in Foreign Exchange rates (IAS 21) Events after Balance Sheet Date (IAS 10) Related-Party Disclosures (IAS 24) Investments* Employee Benefits( IAS 19*)
MSE standards in Brief-(contd.)Topics not covered by these standards
Share based payment, (IFRS 2) Business combinations, (IFRS 3) Insurance contracts, (IFRS 4) Non-Current assets held for sale and discontinued operations (IFRS 5) Construction contracts, (IAS 11) Segment reporting( IAS 14) Consolidated and separate financial statements, (IAS 27) Investments in associates, ( IAS 28) Financial reporting for hyperinflationary economies, (IAS 29) Interests in joint venture, (IAS 31) Financial instruments (disclosure and recognition), (IFRS 7, 39) Impairment of assets, (IAS 36) Investment property (IAS 40)
The SSEsSmall Sized entities are those entities that: have paid up capital plus undistributed reserves (total equity after taking into account any dividend proposed for the year) not exceeding twenty five million rupees; and have annual turnover not exceeding two hundred million rupees, excluding other income. (both of the above)
SSE standards in Brief-(contd.)
Requires entities to prepare financial statements at least annually The minimum set of primary financial statements to include: (a) A balance sheet; (b) An income statement; and (c) Explanatory notes. Entities may wish to include other statements e.g. Cash Flow Statement Use of going-concern and a simplified accrual basis of accounting Separate classification of current and non-current assets and current and non-current liabilities Disclosure of the movement in owners equity during the financial year
SSE standards in Brief-(contd.)
The face of the income statement to include line items that present the following amounts: (a) revenue; (b) the results of operating activities; (c) finance costs; (d) tax expense; (e) net profit or loss for the period Property, plant and equipment to be measured at cost less accumulated depreciation (no revaluation option) All leases to be accounted for as operating leases (in line with tax treatment) Basic revenue recognition criteria in line with IAS 18. Inventory accounting basic principles in line with IAS 2. General impairment guidelines
Summary of changes
Medium and Small Sized companies directed to follow the Standards for MSEs & SSEs, as applicable. Fifth schedule is to apply to all unlisted companies unless otherwise specified. SSE disclosure requirements excludes some MSE requirements
Summary of changes (contd.)
Disclosure requirement of Redeemable capital has been withdrawn. Several liabilities clubbed under the head Non-current Liabilities. The clause regarding exchange gain/loss capitalization removed Following terminologies changed:
Fixed Assets with Non-current assets Tangible assets with Property, Plant & Equipment
Summary of changes (contd.)MSE disclosure of Long Term Investment (& Short Term Investment) : (a) held to maturity investments (b) available for sale investments (c) market value of listed securities and book value of unlisted securities as per their latest available financial statements.
Summary of changes (contd.)
The heading of Deferred cost removed Clause regarding valuation of Inventories removed Current and Long term portion of Murabaha to be classified separately The line Proposed Dividend removed from the Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss account. New provisions for MSEs:
Disclosure of amount of interest on borrowings from related parties. Details of remuneration to directors and CEO.
Illustrative example 2SA company ICAP TR 5 and the SRO 859 of SECP
Definitions & Terminologies-New
Capital Reserve Economically Significant Company Medium-sized Company Related party Revenue reserves Small-sized Company
Definitions & TerminologiesExclusions
Accounting Policies Finance Lease Financial Statements Fund Liability Operating Lease Prior Period Items Provision Reserve Unusual Items
Definition & TerminologiesRevised
Fixed Assets with Non-current assets Tangible assets with Property, Plant & Equipment. Loan and advances to subsidiary, associated undertaking, directors, CE and managing agents has been replaced by loans and advances to related parties Debentures and Long-term loans, Liabilities against assets subject to Finance Lease, Deferred Liabilities and Long term Deposits with Non-current Liabilities. Marketable securities with short term financial assets.
New General DisclosuresGeneral nature of any credit facilities available to the company under contract Penalties imposed by any law to be disclosed.
Excluded DisclosuresNon compliance with fundamental accounting assumptions Basis of translation Material items that cannot be accurately quantified Corresponding figures Additional information Immaterial items.
CHANGES IN BALANCE SHEET DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS
Non Current Assets-New disclosures
New line items in Tangible Assets: office
equipment development of property
New line items in Intangible Assets: brand
names computer software licenses and franchise
Non Current Assets-Disclosure excluded
Disclosure of movements in cost and written down value of property, plant and equipment In case of revaluation of assets disclosure of revalued amounts, cost, valuer details, etc. Exchange gain / loss adjusted in value of non current assets Lump sum depreciation provided before the commencement of the ordinance to be allocated among sub heads Assets subject to finance lease to be disclosed separately.
Long Term Investments- New disclosuresFor MSEs only: (a) held to maturity investments, (b) available for sale investments, and (c) market value of listed securities and book value of unlisted securities as per their latest available financial statements.
Illustrative example 1a
C company- disclosure of Long term investments
Long Term InvestmentsExcluded DisclosuresDetailed separate disclosure in balance sheet excluded- two categories only included ie investment in related parties and other investments. Provision for diminution in value of investments, if any. Separate disclosure of investments against each specific fund.
Illustrative example 3SSE Treatment of investment in associates; and Treatment of deferred taxation
Long term Loans and advancesSeparate disclosure of loans and advances due after 3 years excluded. Terms and conditions, securities obtained and any other material information shall be disclosed
Deferred costsDisclosure excluded
Basis of valuation for stores, spares, loose tools and stock in trade. Requirement of debts considered good for which company has no security other than directors personal security. Bills receivable. Separate disclosure of cash in hand & cash in transit and amounts held in special accounts under the Ordinance.