Fifa Coaching

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1General part1. Foreword12. The FIFA Family31 1General part1.Foreword by FIFA President, Joseph S. BlatterThe FIFA Family numbers around 250 million members, and includes male and female football players of all ages, coaches, coaching staff, administrators, referees and assistant referees, as well as medical staff. For all of these people, our sport represents passion, pleasure and fascination. Football is part of their everyday lives, as well as being their favourite leisure pursuit. While some of them have made football their profession, for others it is a vocation.Countless players are constantly seeking to improve their game, and therefore enlist the help of coaches to help them do so. And it is above all for instructors such as these that FIFA has produced this coaching manual. FIFA Coaching is a comprehensive and valuable tool for instructors wishing to improve their educational activities within the national associations, but it will also prove particularly suitable and rewarding for coaches who use it in their everyday work.Various texts, illustrations, graphics and photographs have been assembled by a group of experts for inclusion in FIFA Coaching over a period of several months. The result of their labours is a well-balanced, detailed, clearly structured and easily understandable manual that deals with every aspect of modern coach education in the game of football. The manual is also largely geared to the future of the game, and therefore concentrates in particular on the training and development of young players. FIFA Coaching will prove just as valuable for instructors in the womens game as it will for those working in mens football. The various chapters cover topics as wide-ranging as technical skills, tactics, physical tness, goalkeeper training, psychological and mental aspects of the game, as well as planning. This instruction manual will therefore form an important component of FIFAs instructors and coaches courses. FIFAs motto is For the Good of the Game. FIFA Coaching will undoubtedly play its part in making the beautiful game even better and even more attractive. And I am convinced that you will share this view after reading and using the manual for yourselves.3 1General partAFGAfghanistanBANBangladeshBHRBahrainBHUBhutanBRUBrunei DarussalamCAMCambodiaCHNChina PRGUMGuam HKGHong KongIDNIndonesiaINDIndiaIRNIran IRQIraqJORJordanJPNJapanKGZKyrgyzstanKORKorea RepublicKSASaudi ArabiaKUWKuwaitLAOLaosLIBLebanonMACMacaoMASMalaysia MDVMaldivesMGLMongoliaMYAMyanmarNEPNepalOMAOmanPAKPakistanPALPalestinePHIPhilippinesPRKKorea DPRQATQatarSINSingaporeSRISri LankaSYRSyriaTHAThailandTJKTajikistanTKMTurkmenistanTPEChinese TaipeiUAEUnited Arab EmiratesUZBUzbekistanVIEVietnamYEMYemenMembers (44)Associate Member to the ConfederationTLSTimor Leste (East Timor)Asia2.The FIFA Family41General partAfricaMembers (52)ALGAlgeriaANGAngolaBDIBurundiBENBeninBFABurkina FasoBOTBotswanaCGOCongoCHAChadCIVCte dIvoireCMRCameroonCODCongo DRCPVCape Verde IslandsCTACentral African RepublicDJIDjiboutiEGYEgyptEQGEquatorial GuineaERIEritreaETHEthiopiaGABGabonGAMGambiaGHAGhanaGNBGuinea-BissauGUIGuineaKENKenyaLBRLiberiaLBYLibyaLESLesothoMADMadagascarMARMoroccoMLIMaliMOZMozambiqueMRIMauritiusMTNMauritaniaMWIMalawiNAMNamibiaNGANigeriaNIGNigerRSASouth AfricaRWARwandaSENSenegalSEYSeychellesSLESierra LeoneSOMSomaliaSTPSo Tom e PrncipeSUDSudanSWZSwazilandTANTanzaniaTOGTogoTUNTunisiaUGAUgandaZAMZambiaZIMZimbabweAssociate Members to the Confederation (2)COMComoros IslandsREUReunion5 1General partNorth, Central America and CarribeanAIAAnguillaANTNetherlands AntillesARUArubaATGAntigua and BarbudaBAHBahamasBERBermudaBLZBelizeBRBBarbadosCANCanada CAYCayman IslandsCRCCosta RicaCUBCubaDMADominicaDOMDominican RepublicGRNGrenadaGUAGuatemalaGUYGuyanaHAIHaitiHONHondurasJAMJamaicaLCASt. LuciaMEXMexicoMSRMontserratNCANicaraguaPANPanamaPURPuerto RicoSKNSt. Kitts and NevisSLVEl SalvadorSURSurinamTCATurks and Caicos IslandsTRITrinidad and TobagoUSAUSAVGBBritish Virgin IslandsVINSt. Vincent /GrenadinesVIRUS Virgin IslandsMembers (35)Associate Members to the Confederation (5)GLPGuadeloupeGUFFrench GuyanaMTQMartiniqueSaint-MartinSint-Maarten61General partSouth AmericaARGArgentinaBOLBoliviaBRABrazilCHIChileCOLColombiaECUEcuadorPARParaguayPERPeruURUUruguayVENVenezuelaMembers (10)7 1General partOceaniaMembers (11)Associate Members to the Confederation (2)MNPNorthern MarianasNIUNiue IslandASAAmerican SamoaAUSAustraliaCOKCook IslandsFIJFijiNZLNew ZealandPNGPapua New GuineaSAMSamoaSOLSolomon IslandsTAHTahitiTGATongaVANVanuatuProvisional Member to the ConfederationNCLNew Caledonia81General partEuropeMembers (52)ALBAlbaniaANDAndorraARMArmeniaAUTAustriaAZEAzerbaijanBELBelgiumBIHBosnia-HerzegovinaBLRBelarusBULBulgariaCROCroatiaCYPCyprusCZECzech RepublicDENDenmarkENGEnglandESPSpainESTEstoniaFINFinlandFRAFranceFROFaroe IslandsGEOGeorgiaGERGermanyGREGreeceHUNHungaryIRLRepublic of IrelandISLIcelandISRIsraelITAItalyKAZKazakhstanLIELiechtensteinLTULithuaniaLUXLuxembourgLVALatviaMDAMoldovaMKDFYR Macedonia MLTMaltaNEDNetherlandsNIRNorthern IrelandNORNorwayPOLPolandPORPortugalROMRomaniaRUSRussiaSCGSerbia and MontenegroSCOScotlandSMRSan MarinoSUISwitzerlandSVKSlovakiaSVNSloveniaSWE SwedenTURTurkeyUKRUkraineWALWales2Technicaldevelopmentprogrammes1. Introduction to the FIFA technical programme12. The basis and main emphasis of the technical programme21 2Technical development programmes1.Introduction to the FIFA technical programmeThe following elements form the core of FIFAs technical programme:Training and development of and learning by young footballers INTEGRATION OFTHE PLAYER INTOTHE TEAM UNITDEVELOPMENT OF THE INDIVIDUAL SKILLS OF THE PLAYERPLANNING AND PROGRAMMING OF COACHING SESSIONS Playing style Tactical principles Coaching of thewhole team Dead-ball situations Chapter 6 Technical preparation Technical and tacticalpreparation Chapter 5 Development andphysical preparation Chapter 8 The psychologicalaspect Cognitive skills Chapter 7 Goalkeeper coaching Chapter 11 Football today Main points of emphasis in coaching Chapter 3 Planning coachingsessions Recovery andregeneration Chapter 9 The player of tomorrow Chapter 10COACHCOACHINGBasis of the educational process Chapter 422Technical development programmes2.The basis and main emphasis of the technical programmeThe basic concept of FIFAs technical development programme in recent years has been geared to the pro-motion of football and to standardisation in the training of players, not to mention the training and improve-ment of technical staff working in the game.Even though it is difcult with football training to establish a precise direction that will satisfy the member associations of the various confederations as well as the participants, the FIFA technical programmes have proved extremely successful. Indeed, these programmes have been at the root of some spectacular results achieved by certain national teams in international competitions, notably at youth level by players from Asia and Africa.JustasitisclearthatFIFAhastocontinuetopursueitsconceptionofthedevelopmentoffootball,albeit by making certain adjustments along the way to ensure that greater attention is paid to all areas of todays game, it is also logical to maintain a technical programme that meets the demands of the modern game and theexpectationsoftheassociationsasfarastraininganddevelopmentareconcerned,aswellasofthe coaches themselves, whose role is becoming increasingly important.In the recent technical reports produced by FIFA on the major international competitions and the recommen-dations issued by acknowledged expert technicians and coaches from a number of different confederations, theconsensushasbeenthatthegameoffootballcanstillimprove.Thereisroomforimprovementwith technique in the game and with players individual skills, not only as far as their quality of performance when playing the game is concerned, but also with their mental approach and their personality.Tobringthisimprovementabout,betterdevelopmentisneededforyoungplayers,adevelopmentthatis based on a truly formative philosophy, with programmes and methods that are best suited to the players age and to their level of development.Football therefore has to take in a youngsters education as well and, in the words of FIFA President Joseph S. Blatter, to become a school of life for them.AtatimewhenseveralcountriesinallofFIFAsconfederationsareseekingsolutionstoensurethatfoot-ballprogresses,andaremakingresourcesavailabletosetupbetteradaptedtrainingandcoachingstaff structures, we feel that it is important to gear our technical programme over the next few years to an educa-tional approach and to the basic training of young footballers, thereby preparing them better for tomorrows game.The ongoing training of coachesIt is not possible to imagine implementing a programme that is aimed at young footballers without such a programme placing emphasis on training and education. This obviously means that qualied coaches are required as well.Even though thousands of coaches have had the opportunity to receive instruction and improve their skills at FIFA courses in recent years, we feel that the science of coaching, with its emphasis on physical, peda-gogical and psychological aspects, is continuously progressing and breaking new ground. Moreover, in view of the current evolution of the game and of the ever increasing demands of the players, it is imperative that todays coaches and educators the true architects of the individual and collective preparation of players can be better equipped to face all the demands of their work. And to achieve this, it is our intention to provide them with this technical programme.This programme has been designed methodologically and is based on a well-established, progressive ap-proach that is geared to the preparation of young footballers. It is, however, also suitable for use by coaches of top-level teams. The programme is suitable for use with both male and female players.3 2Tec