Field Work Sher Zada( DOST foundation)

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Transcript of Field Work Sher Zada( DOST foundation)

FIELD WORK REPORTThe Role Of Dost Welfare Foundation in Rehabilitation of Drug Addicts

Sher Zada M.A Sociology (Final) Session 2010-12

Institute Of Social Work, Sociology and Gender Studies (ISSG) University of Peshawar1

APPROVAL SHEET Submitted for approval to

Dr.Anwar Alam; __________________________________ The Supervisor

Prof.Dr Johar Ali; _________________________________ Director ISSG

External Examiner; ________________________________

Institute of Social work, Sociology and Gender studies (ISSG) University of Peshawari

TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER CONTENTS List of tables Acknowledgment PAGE NO iv v 1 1 1 2 3 5 5 7 7 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 12 14 15 15

1

INTRODUCTION1.1 Drug 1.2 Definitions of drug 1.3 History of drug 1.4 Drugs in Pakistan 1.5 Drug abuse and Drug addiction 1.6 Drug types 1.7 Reasons of Drug addictions 1.8 Treatment Approaches

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ORGANIZATIONAL PROFILE2.1 History 2.2 Mission 2.3 Areas of focus 2.4 Partners 2.5 The working staff at DOST Foundation 2.6 Team and services 2.7 Dost programs for the rehabilitation of drug addicts 2.8 Drop-in center and outreach services for street drug addicts in Peshawar 2.9 faith-based drug demand reduction services in FATA regions of Pakistan 2.10 drug demand reduction services and strengthening local community organizations in Afghanistan 2.11 community-based drug demand reduction center, Khazana 2.12 HIV awareness and voluntary counseling testing Services for drugs addicts 2.13 fieldwork and internship program for University students and graduates 2.14 Training programs for national and international government organization and NGOs 2.15 Programs utilized for the rehabilitation of drug addicted patients 2.16 Treatment procedures for the resident drug addicts at Dost foundation TCsii

16 17 17 18 19 20

2.17 Components of morning meeting

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FIELD WORK DESIGN3.1 Tile 3.2 Scope 3.3 Purpose 3.4 Objectives 3.5 Universe 3.6 Methodology 3.7 Tools 3.8 Duration of the study

23 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 26 26 26 28 28 29 30

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CASE HISTORY4.1 Case histories at Shahi Bala 4.2 Case histories at Guloona Koor at Haji camp

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CONCLUSION OF THE FIELD WORK REPORT5.1 conclusion 5.2 Recommendations /Suggestions

BIBLIOGRAPHY

iii

LIST OF TABLES NO1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

CONTENTS OF THE TABLE Summary for Sakoon Kor-I Summary for Sakoon Kor-II Summary for Sakoon Kor-III Summary for Sakoon Kor-IV Summary of achievements drop-in center and outreach services for street Drug addicts in Peshawar Summary of achievements faith-based drug demand reduction services in FATA regions of Pakistan Summary of achievements drug demand reduction services and strengthening local community organizations in Afghanistan Summary of achievements community-based drug demand reduction center, Khazana Summary of achievements HIV awareness and voluntary counseling testing Services for drugs addicts Summary of achievements fieldwork and internship program for University students and graduates Summary of achievements Training program for national and International government organizations and NGOs

PAGE NO.13 13 13 14 14 15 16 16 17 18 18

iv

ACKNOWLEDGMENT First of all I am very thankful to Allah Almighty who bestowed me with the opportunity to do my master degree in sociology at university of Peshawar, and enabled me to successfully complete my field work report. Though it was really a tough job, but as Dr. Anwar Alam supervised and guided me at every stage, I am. Very thankful to him who arranged this field work activity for exploring our theoretical knowledge into practical form. I am very thankful to Dr.Johar Ali Director of Institute of Social Work, Sociology and Gender studies (ISSG).I present my gratitude to Mr.Shams-ud-Din VRC at Shahi Bala who briefed about DOST programs and gave me visits of the treatment center. I also recognize the welcoming attitude of Mr.Azmat Ullah Focal person at Guloona Kor Haji camp who guided me about the field work procedures. I appreciate the cooperation from my group members who give me a funny company while visiting the field sites. Specially I am very thankful to Atta-ur-Rehman,Noor Ahmen,Sahir Ullah and Zahid Akrm who guided me when I got any difficulty. I am very thankful for the support of my parents that are looking for my bright future.

Sher zada

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CHAPTER NO 1 INTRODUCTION1.1 DRUG Long before the first towns were built, before written language was invented, and even before plants were cultivated for food, the basic human desires to relieve pain and prolong life fueled the search for medicines. No one knows for sure what the earliest humans did to treat their ailments, but they probably sought cures in the plants, animals, and minerals around them. (Chapter 3: Drugs From Nature, , 2011) 1.2 DEFINITIONS OF DRUG Drug is very wider term and that can be used for both medicinal and non-medicinal purposes. Drug problem or drug abuse is really a short hand for socially disapproved. (Mir, 1997) The very word drug means different things for different people. For some people, drugs are those substances, which are illegal and socially disapproved of associated with stereotypes images of junkies or solvent snuffers and not wish every day substances that ordinary people use, on other hand manly people increasingly refer to all medicinal preparations as drugs. One useful definition suggest that, drug is a substances which, when introduced to the body, alters the structure or function of the organism. (Dixon,1987). Weiss man has pointed out that drug is any substance (other than food) which by its chemical nature affects the structure or functioning of living organism. (1978). According to oxford English dictionary A substance which when swallowed, inhaled or human body induces drowsiness, sleep and insensibility according to its potency and amount taken. (Murry,1978).

1

In the sociological literature drug as a term, has become synonymous with illicit or socially concerned substance. It other words, it is not the substance itself, rather it is the use or the purpose and the methods of its use which confers upon it the little for its classification either as a drug or otherwise (such as medicine) (Ashraf 1987). (Ramzan, 2007) After all defined definitions by some authors, what is a drug? One narrow definition comes up that a drug is a substance, which may be used both in positive (for curing purposes) and negative (for intoxication purposes) ways. 1.3 HISTORY OF DRUG The more we discover about how early civilizations lived the more we find out about early drug use. It is easy to believe that drug use is a modern phenomenon starting with the hippy culture of the 1960s or alternately the earlier beat generation of the 50s and early 60s. However, this would be quite wrong. Humans have used drugs for millennium. In respect of early drug use one of the earliest records of naturally occurring drugs and their medicinal use comes from China. The scholar emperor Shen Nung who lived around 2700 BC compiled a pharmacopoeia (book of medicines) listing all the known drugs and the use that they may have. One of the remedies listed was a plant called Chang Shan, which was effective for fevers. Nearly 5000 years later American scientists used this same plant as the basis for the synthesized anti-malarial medication for the troops fighting in the pacific during World War II. Shen Nung also identified another plant called Ma Huang, which had a stimulant effect. Japanese chemists have isolated the active ingredient, which is ephedrine. So at least in China, although presumably elsewhere, there would appear to have been not only early drug use but also a relatively sophisticated knowledge of drugs and their uses as far back as 5000 years ago. The knowledge gained for this early drug use was almost certainly through trial and error. The nature of this early drug use is unclear, but it was probably not too different from the way drugs are used today. For example just as we do today, early civilizations used drugs as medicines, as part of religious ceremonies and for recreation, as well as other purposes. Historically psychoactive drugs have been important for many religions. The role of the Shaman2

(wise man/woman) has been, in some cultures, inextricably linked with the use of hallucinogenic that allowed contact to be made with spirits or deities. For example the South American Indians used the hallucinogenic properties of the distilled cactus peyote in their rituals to enter the presence of the great god Peyote. This, they believed would allow them to see and speak to the god and receive guidance for themselves and the tribe. It is believed that other shaman who reported that they turned into animals during rituals were in fact under the influence of hallucinogenic drugs. Thus drug use, for some, could be regarded as being a sacred activity. Some commentators have suggested that, quite apart from any pleasurable affects that might accrue, the use of drugs in this way brought power and status to the user as it brought both a mystique and legitimacy to their activities. This way of using drugs is not found only in the early drug use of ancient civilizations but instead some societies continue these traditions today. An obvious example would be practitioners of the increasingly popular Shamanism or some Native American religious traditions. Indeed in June 2004 the Utah Supreme Court ruled that non-American Indian members of the Native American Church can use peyote as part of their religious ceremonies. However the religious use of psychoactive substances can be found in more mainstream religions and in modern times, witness the use of alcohol in Judo/Christian religions. Across the various denominations the use of wine varies from the purel