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  • Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering

    7-2015

    Factors Influencing Feed Ingredient Flowability Xin Jiang Iowa State University, jiang@iastate.edu

    Kurt A. Rosentrater Iowa State University, karosent@iastate.edu

    Follow this and additional works at: http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf

    Part of the Agriculture Commons, and the Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering Commons

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  • Factors Influencing Feed Ingredient Flowability

    Abstract Animal-based food products play a significant role in the current U.S. diet. In 2003, the total meat consumption per capita was 90.5 kg/year [U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) 2005]. Since the U.S. has a high consumption of animal-based food products, the animal feed ingredients are fundamentally important. The ingredients can affect not only the quality of the animal-based food products, but also the potential human health. The U.S. is the largest producer of animal feed in the world (Gill 2004). Feed ingredients might include grains, milling byproducts, added vitamins, minerals, fats/oils, and other nutritional and energy sources. And kinds of feed ingredients are produced to use, like DDGS and soybean meal. Recently, some co- products of energy production, like DDGS are used as feed ingredient worldwide. This kind of co-product is nutrient rich and meets the requirement of animal feed nutrition. Since these food ingredients are used worldwide, they must be transported a long distance to some domestic and international market. And sometimes they are stored for a long time before be used. So during transportation and storage, ingredients often became restricted. This is a major problem that can affect the quality of ingredients. These issue most likely results from many factors, including ingredients’ moisture content, particle size, temperature and relative humidity of air or pressure. The objective of this study was to investigate potential factors affecting flowability of feeding ingredients, as well as examines the effect of three moisture content levels (10, 20 and 30% db) on the resulting physical and flow properties of feeding ingredients. Certain amounts of water were added to adjust moisture content of ingredients and Carr indices were used to quantify the flowability of each ingredient. The results showed that moisture content had significant effects on physical and flow properties. According to Carr indices, flowability generally declined with increased moisture content. Using these, the best condition can be found for transportation and storage to maintain the good quality for ingredients when they are used.

    Keywords Feeds, Moisture, Flow

    Disciplines Agriculture | Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering

    Comments This proceeding is from 2015 ASABE Annual International Meeting, Paper No. 152184759, pages 1-24 (doi: 10.13031/aim.20152184759). St. Joseph, Mich.: ASABE. Posted with permission.

    This conference proceeding is available at Iowa State University Digital Repository: http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf/454

    http://dx.doi.org/10.13031/aim.20152184759 http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf/454?utm_source=lib.dr.iastate.edu%2Fabe_eng_conf%2F454&utm_medium=PDF&utm_campaign=PDFCoverPages

  • An ASABE Meeting Presentation Paper Number: 152184759

    Factors Influencing Feed Ingredient Flowability

    Xin Jiang Iowa State University, Dept. of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, ISU, Ames, IA

    Kurt A. Rosentrater Iowa State University, Dept. of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, ISU, Ames, IA

    Written for presentation at the

    2015 ASABE Annual International Meeting Sponsored by ASABE

    New Orleans, Louisiana July 26 – 29, 2015

    Abstract. Animal-based food products play a significant role in the current U.S. diet. In 2003, the total meat consumption per capita was 90.5 kg/year [U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) 2005]. Since the U.S. has a high consumption of animal-based food products, the animal feed ingredients are fundamentally important. The ingredients can affect not only the quality of the animal-based food products, but also the potential human health. The U.S. is the largest producer of animal feed in the world (Gill 2004). Feed ingredients might include grains, milling byproducts, added vitamins, minerals, fats/oils, and other nutritional and energy sources. And kinds of feed ingredients are produced to use, like DDGS and soybean meal. Recently, some co-products of energy production, like DDGS are used as feed ingredient worldwide. This kind of co-product is nutrient rich and meets the requirement of animal feed nutrition. Since these food ingredients are used worldwide, they must be transported a long distance to some domestic and international market. And sometimes they are stored for a long time before be used. So during transportation and storage, ingredients often became restricted. This is a major problem that can affect the quality of ingredients. These issue most likely results from many factors, including ingredients’ moisture content, particle size, temperature and relative humidity of air or pressure. The objective of this study was to investigate potential factors affecting flowability of feeding ingredients, as well as examines the effect of three moisture content levels (10, 20 and 30% db) on the resulting physical and flow properties of feeding ingredients. Certain amounts of water were added to adjust moisture content of ingredients and Carr indices were used to quantify the flowability of each ingredient. The results showed that moisture content had significant effects on physical and flow properties. According to Carr indices, flowability generally declined with increased moisture content. Using these, the best condition can be found for transportation and storage to maintain the good quality for ingredients when they are used. Keywords: Feeds, Moisture, Flow

    The authors are solely responsible for the content of this meeting presentation. The presentation does not necessarily reflect the official position of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE), and its printing and distribution does not constitute an endorsement of views which may be expressed. Meeting presentations are not subject to the formal peer review process by ASABE editorial committees; therefore, they are not to be presented as refereed publications. Citation of this work should state that it is from an ASABE meeting paper. EXAMPLE: Author’s Last Name, Initials. 2015. Title of Presentation. ASABE Paper No. ---. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASABE. For information about securing permission to reprint or reproduce a meeting presentation, please contact ASABE at rutter@asabe.org or 269- 932-7004 (2950 Niles Road, St. Joseph, MI 49085-9659 USA).

  • 2015 ASABE Annual International Meeting Paper Page 1

    Introduction Animal-based food products play a significant role in the current U.S. diet. In 2003, the total

    meat consumption per capita was 90.5 kg/year [U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) 2005]. Since

    the U.S. has a high consumption of animal-based food products, the animal feed ingredients are

    fundamentally important. The ingredients can affect not only the quality of the animal-based food

    products, but also the potential human health. The U.S. is the largest producer of animal feed in the

    world (Gill 2004). Feed ingredients might include grains, milling byproducts, added vitamins, minerals,

    fats/oils, and other nutritional and energy sources. Kinds of feed ingredients are produced to use for

    feeding, like distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) and soybean meal. Recently, some co-

    pro