Esem17 ppt 16x9

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  1. 1. Al Yaqdhan Al Atbi Sultanate of Oman
  2. 2. Summarizing the study Results Applicability of the study Conclusion
  3. 3. Recent HF guidelines and recommendations emphasized the importance of immediate diagnosis and treatment of patients presenting with AHF. (Ponikowski P, et al; 2016) A delay in initiating heart failure therapy was associated with modestly higher risk for in-hospital mortality and longer length of stay. (Wong YW et al 2013) (Maisel AS et al, 2008)
  4. 4. In patients with AHF, the efficacy of any treatment may be time-dependent. (Mebazaa A, et al; 2010) (Peacock WF, et al; 2009)
  5. 5. To determine the prognostic impact of time to treatments for AHF performed in the acute phase. Evaluated the association between time-to- diuretic treatment and clinical outcome
  6. 6. Prospective, multicenter, observational cohort study Study period: August 2014 to December 2015 Study sites: 20 participating hospitals
  7. 7. Eligible participants AHFS patients who are admitted via emergency department. The AHFS is diagnosed according to Framingham criteria. Over 20 years old. AHFS was diagnosed within 3 hours after arriving to ED and physical exam was taken by medical staff
  8. 8. Exclusion criteria were: Treatment with an IV drug before ED arrival. Previous heart transplantation. On either chronic peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis Acute myocarditis. BNP level < 100 pg/mL or N-terminal-proBNP level < 300 pg/mL at baseline. Acute coronary syndrome require emergent revascularization.
  9. 9. Early D2F: 60 minutes In-hospital mortality
  10. 10. The Get With the Guidelines-Heart Failure (GWTG-HF) risk score: Assess the risk of in-hospital mortality in patients with acute heart failure The component of the score: - Systolic BP - BUN - Sodium - Age - Heart Rate- Black race - COPD history
  11. 11. GWTG-HF risk score
  12. 12. Prospective and multicenter study No patient was lost to follow-up for in-hospital outcome. Good sample size.
  13. 13. Cohort study Type I error: GWTG-HF risk score was slightly lower in the early treatment group No data about the cause of HF exacerbation. Association between D2F time and long-term prognosis
  14. 14. Patients with AHF and prominent congestive symptoms were more likely to be treated early with IV furosemide Treatment with IV furosemide within 60 min was independently associated with better in-hospital Survival
  15. 15. This study confirms the association between in-hospital mortality and the time of initiating IV diuretics. Based on current evidence, acute heart failure therapy should be initiated as soon as the diagnosis is established.
  16. 16. IN ACUE HEART FAILURE:
  17. 17. Mebazaa A, Pang PS, Tavares M, et al. The impact of early standard therapy on dyspnoea in patients with acute heart failure: the URGENTdyspnoea study. Eur Heart J 2010;31:83241. Maisel AS, Peacock WF, McMullin N, et al. Timing of immunoreactive B-type natriuretic peptide levels and treatment delay in acute decompensated heart failure: an ADHERE (Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry) analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol 2008;52:53440. Peacock WF, Emerman C, Costanzo MR, Diercks DB, Lopatin M, Fonarow GC. Early vasoactive drugs improve heart failure outcomes. Congest Heart Fail 2009;15:25664. Ponikowski P, Voors AA, Anker SD, et al. 2016 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure. Eur J Heart Fail 2016;18:891975. GWTG-Heart Failure Risk Score - MDCalc [Internet]. [cited 2017 Dec 5]. Available from: https://www.mdcalc.com/gwtg- heart-failure-risk-score#evidence