Escaleras y Andamios.ppt

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BESH -  Dedicated to Safety Exce llence End Start  Admin Core Process Scaffolds Ladders X

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Transcript of Escaleras y Andamios.ppt

What is a scaffold?What is a scaffold?
Can just anyone build or adjust aCan just anyone build or adjust a
scaffold?scaffold?
scaffold meet?scaffold meet?

What protection do you need while What protection do you need while
 working on a scaffold? working on a scaffold?
General Safety equirements !ll scaffolds are erected" modified" and!ll scaffolds are erected" modified" and
dismantled by qualified indi#iduals$ nodismantled by qualified indi#iduals$ no e%ceptionse%ceptions
'ousekeeping is just as important on scaffolds'ousekeeping is just as important on scaffolds
as it is on floors and aislewaysas it is on floors and aisleways
(ollow the scaffold tagging procedure(ollow the scaffold tagging procedure ed ) *nsafe" do not useed ) *nsafe" do not use
+ellow ) (all protection required+ellow ) (all protection required
Green ) !ll components present" noGreen ) !ll components present" no fall protection required  fall protection required
,nspect all scaffolds before,nspect all scaffolds before
each use each use
Ladders
What -o Look for in a Scaffold (ootings that are sound and rigid(ootings that are sound and rigid
Guardrails that are ./ % 0/ and 1 to 1)23. feetGuardrails that are ./ % 0/ and 1 to 1)23. feet
highhigh
Guardrail supports e#ery 24 feet on all openGuardrail supports e#ery 24 feet on all open
sidessides -oeboards that are 0/ high on all open sides-oeboards that are 0/ high on all open sides
Cross braces on metalCross braces on metal
Screens between the guardrails and toeboardsScreens between the guardrails and toeboards
Ladder or other way to get on and off theLadder or other way to get on and off the
scaffoldscaffold
5oles" legs" or other uprights that are plumb5oles" legs" or other uprights that are plumb
and securedand secured
5lanks that e%tend 6 / to 2./ o#er the end5lanks that e%tend 6 / to 2./ o#er the end
supports on wooden scaffoldssupports on wooden scaffolds
Ladders
Scaffold Safety Guidelines 7ake sure the scaffold is firmly secured87ake sure the scaffold is firmly secured8
9on:t o#erload a scaffold89on:t o#erload a scaffold8
;eep only the materials you need on a;eep only the materials you need on a
scaffold8scaffold8
;eep tools and materials away from the edge;eep tools and materials away from the edge
of a scaffold8of a scaffold8
emo#e all materials from a scaffold atemo#e all materials from a scaffold at
the end of the day8the end of the day8
;eep the area around the;eep the area around the
scaffold clear of debris8scaffold clear of debris8
5rotection equirements
<#erhead protection from falling ha=ards8<#erhead protection from falling ha=ards8
(all protection while e%posed to any(all protection while e%posed to any
unprotected fall8unprotected fall8
practicespractices
,dentifying 'a=ards,dentifying 'a=ards !lways inspect a!lways inspect a
ladder before youladder before you
use ituse it Steps and rungsSteps and rungs
are all in placeare all in place
Spreaders or otherSpreaders or other
locking de#ices arelocking de#ices are
in placein place Safety feet areSafety feet are
in place  in place
Safe *se of Ladders
Select the rightSelect the right ladder for the jobladder for the job Straight orStraight or
e%tension ladderse%tension ladders
StepladdersStepladders
before usebefore use
ungs or steps areungs or steps are in good conditionin good condition
(ree of grease and(ree of grease and
oiloil
Safe *se of Ladders
5lace ladder on le#el surface85lace ladder on le#el surface8 A%tend the ladder so thereBs at least 1 feet abo#e theA%tend the ladder so thereBs at least 1 feet abo#e the
top support8top support8
!nchor the top and either tie the bottom or ha#e!nchor the top and either tie the bottom or ha#e
someone hold it8someone hold it8
5osition ladder using 0$25osition ladder using 0$2
ratio8ratio8

5osition an e%tension ladder5osition an e%tension ladderbefore you e%tend8before you e%tend8
Ladder 5lacementLadder 5lacementX
Ladders
Safe Work 5ractices @ Ladders <nly one person on a ladder at a<nly one person on a ladder at a
time8time8 (ace the ladder while climbing up or(ace the ladder while climbing up or
down and hold the side rails withdown and hold the side rails with
both hands8both hands8 Carry tools up or down on a belt orCarry tools up or down on a belt or
 with a rope or hoist" with a rope or hoist" not innot in
your hands8  your hands8 7aintain 1)point contact7aintain 1)point contact
 while climbing the ladder$ while climbing the ladder$
. hands and one. hands and one
foot in transition8  foot in transition8

;eep your body;eep your bodycentered on the ladder8centered on the ladder8
9on:t step on the top9on:t step on the top
two stepladder steps ortwo stepladder steps or
top four ladder rungs8top four ladder rungs8
9on:t mo#e a ladder9on:t mo#e a ladder
 while you:re on it8 while you:re on it8