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  • Final

    ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT

    Addressing Campus Developmentat

    Fort George G. Meade, Maryland

    SEPTEMBER 2010

  • FINAL

    ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT ADDRESSING CAMPUS DEVELOPMENT

    AT FORT GEORGE G. MEADE, MARYLAND

    NATIONAL SECURITY AGENCY FORT GEORGE G. MEADE, MARYLAND

    SEPTEMBER 2010

  • COVER SHEET

    FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT ADDRESSING CAMPUS DEVELOPMENT

    AT FORT GEORGE G. MEADE, MARYLAND

    Proponent: U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), National Security Agency (NSA).

    Affected Location: Fort George G. Meade, Maryland.

    Report Designation: Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    Proposed Action: DOD proposes to develop a portion of Fort Meade (referred to as Site M) as an operational complex and to construct and operate consolidated facilities for Intelligence Community use.

    Abstract: DOD has considered development of Site M under three discrete phases identified for implementation over a horizon of approximately 20 years. Implementation of Phase I is being treated in this EIS as the Proposed Action. Phases II and III are being analyzed as alternative development options. Under Phase I, development would occur in the near term (approximately 2012 to 2015) on the eastern half of Site M-1, supporting 1.8 million square feet of facilities for a data center and associated administrative space. NSA would consolidate mission elements, which would enable services and support services across the campus based on function; serve the need for a more collaborative environment and optimal adjacencies, including associated infrastructure (e.g., electrical substation and generator plants providing 50 megawatts of electricity); and provide administrative functions for up to 6,500 personnel. Phase I would also include constructing a steam and chilled water plant, water storage tower, and electrical substations and generator facilities capable of supporting the entire operational complex on Site M.

    Development of Site M takes into account several factors, including mission requirements, the condition of current facilities (both on and off NSAs Exclusive Use Area at Fort Meade), space planning, anti-terrorism/force protection, land availability, utility requirements, Base Realignment and Closure actions, traffic and parking changes, and environmental impacts. Use of multi-level parking facilities will be considered in lieu of surface parking. A key factor driving the site development concept planning is the co-location of mission functions to provide a more efficient and effective work environment for mission-critical functions of the Intelligence Community.

    The analysis in this EIS considers various alternatives to the Proposed Action, including the No Action Alternative, electrical generation alternatives, pollution control alternatives, and location alternatives for the various proposed facilities.

    For additional information, contact Mr. Jeffrey Williams, Office of Occupational Health, Environmental, and Safety Services, 9800 Savage Road, Suite 6404, Fort Meade, Maryland 27055, or by telephone at 301-688-2970.

  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • Final EIS for Campus Development

    DOD, Fort Meade, Maryland September 2010 ES-1

    Executive Summary

    Introduction This Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) has been prepared to address the proposal by the Department of Defense (DOD) for implementation of campus development initiatives and the construction of associated facilities for the National Security Agency (NSA) complex at Fort George G. Meade (Fort Meade), Maryland. The National Security Agency/Central Security Service (NSA/CSS) is a cryptologic intelligence agency administered as part of the DOD. It is responsible for the collection and analysis of foreign communications and foreign signals intelligence. For NSA/CSS to continue to lead the Intelligence Community into the next 50 years with state-of-the-art technologies and productivity, its mission elements will require new facilities and infrastructure.

    This EIS has been prepared through coordination with Federal and state agencies and will support DOD decisionmaking. This EIS identifies and assesses the potential impacts associated with the Proposed Action and has been prepared to fulfill the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969.

    Purpose and Need To meet the NSAs continually evolving requirements, the DOD proposes to develop a portion of Fort Meade (referred to as Site M) as an operational complex and construct and operate consolidated facilities for Intelligence Community use. The purpose of the Proposed Action is to provide facilities that fully support the Intelligence Communitys mission. The need for the action is to consolidate multiple agencies efforts to ensure capabilities for current and future mission requirements as directed by Congress and the President.

    Scope of the EIS The scope of the analysis in this EIS consists of evaluation of the range of actions, alternatives, and impacts to be considered in accordance with NEPA. The purpose of the EIS is to inform decisionmakers and the public of the likely environmental consequences of the Proposed Action and alternatives. At Fort Meade, meeting NSAs requirements for facilities consists of developing a portion of the installation and constructing and operating new facilities for use by NSA. These actions are similar in timing and location and would fulfill a common need for providing essential infrastructure.

    Interagency and Public Involvement Agency and public participation in the NEPA process promotes open communication between the proponent (i.e., NSA) and regulatory agencies, the public, and potential stakeholders. All persons and organizations having a potential interest in the proposed project are encouraged to participate in the public involvement process.

    DOD initiated the public scoping process for this EIS on July 2, 2009, with the publication of the Notice of Intent (NOI) to prepare an EIS (74 Federal Register [FR] 126). The purpose of conducting scoping is to provide members of the public and applicable regulatory agencies with the opportunity to submit formal comments regarding the development of the Proposed Action and possible alternatives and to assist in identifying issues relevant to the EIS. A letter was distributed on July 10, 2009, to 69 potentially interested Federal, state, and local agencies; Native American tribes; and other stakeholder groups or individuals. Announcements were also published in the Baltimore Sun and the Washington Post on July 12, 2009, notifying the public of the intent to prepare an EIS, identifying the public meeting date,

  • Final EIS for Campus Development

    DOD, Fort Meade, Maryland September 2010 ES-2

    and requesting scoping comments on the project. Subsequently, a scoping meeting was held on July 21, 2009, at the Meade Middle School on Fort Meade to provide a forum for the public and governmental and regulatory agencies to obtain information and provide scoping comments. Scoping comments were officially accepted through August 17, 2009. All scoping comments were considered during the preparation of the Draft EIS. Substantive concerns identified during scoping were (1) regional impacts on the regional transportation network systems, (2) regional impacts on fiscal and public revenue, (3) public utility capacity (e.g., water, sewer, and storm water systems) in terms of quality and quantity, (4) public safety and emergency services, and (5) potential historic resources on Site M.

    A Notice of Availability (NOA) for the Draft EIS was published in the Federal Register on June 25 and July 2, 2010. The Draft EIS was distributed to 27 Federal, state, and local agencies having jurisdiction by law or special subject matter expertise and to any person, organization, stakeholder group, or agency that expressed interest in reviewing the Draft EIS during the scoping process. In addition, 19 individuals requested copies during the public review period for the Draft EIS. A public meeting was held on July 21, 2010, at the Meade Middle School on Fort Meade to offer a forum for providing information to the public and agencies and for receiving comments. The meeting was advertised in the Baltimore Sun and the Washington Post. The public meeting was attended by 14 individuals. One verbal comment and no written comments were provided during the public meeting. Comments on the Draft EIS were accepted through August 16, 2010. In total, seven sets of comments were received during the public review period for the Draft EIS.

    Description of the Proposed Action The DOD proposes to implement a plan to develop Site M at Fort Meade as an operational complex and to construct and operate consolidated facilities for Intelligence Community use. Site M consists of approximately 227 acres in the southwestern quadrant of Rockenbach Road and Cooper Avenue. The area presently serves as portions of Fort Meades Applewood and Park golf courses. For development planning purposes, Site M is divided into two portions. The northern portion, fronting on Rockenbach Road and consisting of approximately 137 acres, is referred to as Site M-1. The southern portion, consisting of approximately 90 acres, is referred to as Site M-2.

    Development of Site M takes into account several factors, including mission requirements, the condition of current facilities (both on and off NSAs Exclusive Use Area at Fort Meade), space planning, anti-terrorism/force protection, land availability, utility requirements, Base Realignment and Closure actions, traffic and parking changes, and environmental impacts. A key factor driving the site development concept planning is the co-