Environment protection act 1986

Click here to load reader

  • date post

    11-Feb-2017
  • Category

    Environment

  • view

    1.352
  • download

    181

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Environment protection act 1986

  • The Environment (Protection) Act 1986**Sagar SavaleMr. Sagar Kishor savale[Department of Pharmaceutics] [email protected] Department of Pharmacy (Pharmaceutics) | Sagar savale

    Sagar Savale

  • INTODUCTION OBJECTIVESDEFINATIONSSOURCES AND CAUSES FOR THE POLLUTION STATE BOARDCENTRAL BOARDOFFICERS POWERS OF THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT

    **Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

    *

  • RULES TO REGULATE ENVIRONMENT POLLUTIONPREVENTION, CONTROL, AND ABATEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTIONENVIRONMENTAL LABORATORIESQUALIFICATIONS OF GOVERNMENT ANALYSTFUNCTIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL LABORATORIES PENALTYCONCLUSIONREFRENSES**Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • An Act to provide for the protection and improvement of environment and formatters connected therewith. Whereas the decisions were taken at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held at Stockholm in June, 1972, in which India participated, to take appropriate steps for the protection and improvement of human environment. The Environment (Protection) Act 1986 was introduced after the Bhopal gas tragedy during Rajiv Gandhi was the Prime Minister of our country.**Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • To protect the forests and wildlife in the country.To improve the quality of life by protection of environment.To co-ordinate the activities of the various regulatory agencies already in existence.To appoint environment officers to check environmental pollution.Establishing environmental laboratories.

    **Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • Environment- Environment it includes water, air and land and the inter relationship which exists between water, air and land and human being, other living creatures, plants, micro organisms and property.Environment pollutant- It means any solid, liquid or gaseous substance present in such concentration as may be injurious to environment pollutant.**Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • Hazardous substance - It means any substance or preparation which, by reason of its chemical or physico-chemical properties or handling, is liable to cause harm to human beings, other living creatures, plant, micro-organism, property or the environment.Environment pollution - It means the presence of any environmental pollutant in the environment. It includes all extraneous materials that are harmful to human being ,animals and plants life.**Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • SOURCES AND CAUSES FOR THE POLLUTION

    Combustion Construction Mining Agriculture Chemical plants Coal-firedpower plants Oil refineries Petrochemicalplants,Nuclear waste Large livestock farms (dairy cows, pigs, poultry, etc.) PVCfactories Plastics factories and other heavy industry are increasingly

    significant in the pollution equation.**Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • Chairman Representative of the State Govt. (not exceeding five)Representative of local bodies (not exceeding five)Representative of companies or corporations owned, controlled or managed by the State Govt. (two)Representative have interests of agriculture, fishery or industry or trade etc. (not exceeding three)Member Secretary: (Full time possessing qualifications, knowledge and experience of scientific, engineering or management aspects of pollution control.)**Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • Chairman Representative of the Central Govt. (not exceeding five)Representative of State Govt. (not exceeding five)Representative of companies or corporations owned, controlled or managed by the Central Govt. (two)Representative have interests of agriculture, fishery or industry or trade etc. (not exceeding three)Member Secretary (Full time possessing qualifications, knowledge and experience of scientific, engineering or management aspects of pollution control.)

    **Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • Central Government may appoint officers with such designation as it thinks fit for the purposes of this Act and may entrust to them such of the powers and functions under this Act as it may deem fit.**Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • Laying down standards for the quality of environment in its various aspects.Planning and execution of a nation-wide programme for the prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution.Laying down standards for emission or discharge of environmental pollutants from various sources.Restriction of areas.Laying down procedures and safeguards for the handling of hazardous substances.**Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • Examination of such manufacturing processes, materials and substances which are likely to cause environmental pollution.Inspection of any premises, plant, equipment, machinery, manufacturing or other processes, materials or substances.Establishment or recognition of environmental laboratories and institutes.Collection and dissemination of information in respect of matters relating to environmental pollution.Preparation of manuals or guides relating to the prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution.**Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules in respect of all or any of the matters referred to in section 3.The standards of quality of air, water or soil for various areas and purposes.The maximum allowable limits of concentration of various environmental pollutants (including noise) for different areas.**Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • c) The procedures and safeguards for the handling of hazardous substances.d) The prohibition and restrictions on the handling of hazardous substances in different areas.e) The prohibition and restriction on the location of industries and the carrying on process and operations in different areas.f) The procedures and safeguards for the prevention of accidents which may cause environmental pollution and for providing for remedial measures for such accidents**Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • Persons carrying on industry operation, etc., not to allow emission or discharge of environmental pollutants in excess of the standards.Persons handling hazardous substances to comply with procedural safeguardsFurnishing of information to authorities and agencies in certain casesPowers of entry and inspectionPower to take sample and procedure to be followed in connection therewithEnvironmental laboratories

    **Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • Central Laboratory, Maharashtra Pollution Control Broad, CIDCO Bhawan, 5th Floor, South Wing, Belapur -C.B.D. Navi Mumbai - 400 614.Central Laboratory, Maharashtra Pollution Control Board, Army & Navy Building, Ground Floor, 148, M.G.Road, Fort, Mumbai - 400 023.Environmental Survey Laboratory, Nuclear Power Corporation, Tarapur Atomic Power Station, P.O. TAPP. District Thane 401 504 Environmental Survey Laboratory, Health Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085.Chemical Laboratory, Indian Beauro of Mines, Ore Dressing Division, New Secretariat Building, Civil Lines, Nagpur 440 001

    **Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • Graduate in science from a recognized university with five years experience in a laboratory engaged in environmental investigations, testing or analysis; orPost-graduate in science or a graduate in engineering or a graduate in medicine or equivalent with two years experience in a laboratory engaged in environmental investigations, testing or analysis; orPost-graduate in environmental science from a recognized university with two years experience in a laboratory engaged in environmental investigations, testing or analysis.**Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • To evolve standardized methods for sampling and analysis of various types of environmental pollutants.To analyze samples sent by the Central Government or the officers empowered under sub-section (1) of section 11.To carry out such investigations as may be directed by the Central Government to lay down standards for the quality of environment and discharge of environmental pollutants, to monitor and to enforce the standards laid down.To send periodical reports regarding its activities to the Central Government.To carry out such other functions as may be entrusted to it by the Central Government from time to time.**Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • Whoever fails to comply with or contravenes any of the provisions of this Act, or the rules made or orders or directions issued thereunder, shall, in respect of each such failure or contravention, be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years with fine which may extend to one lakh rupees, or with both, and in case the failure or contravention continues, with additional fine which may extend to five thousand rupees for every day during which such failure or contravention continues after the conviction for the first such failure or contravention.

    If the failure or contravention referred to in sub-section (1) continues beyond a period of one year after the date of conviction, the offender shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years.**Sagar Savale

    Sagar Savale

  • 2. Offences by companiesWhere any offence under this Act has been committed by a company, every person who, at the time the offence was committed, was directly in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the conduct of the business of the company, as well as the company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly

    Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1),