Enlightened Despots

download Enlightened Despots

of 15

  • date post

    23-Feb-2016
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    64
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

description

Enlightened Despots. Were they really enlightened?. Enlightened Despots. A king or queen that rules absolutely but does incorporate one or several enlightened ideas into his/her government Philosophes that advocated a monarchy were more accepted by European rulers - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Enlightened Despots

Enlightened Despots

Were they really enlightened?Enlightened DespotsA king or queen that rules absolutely but does incorporate one or several enlightened ideas into his/her government

Philosophes that advocated a monarchy were more accepted by European rulers

Enlightened Rulers began to:Increase religious toleranceMake legal and economic reformsJustify rule by usefulness to people

Goal was to reform society from the TOP down. Enlightened DespotsCatherine the Great of Russia1762-1796German by birthMarried Peter III who mysteriously dies in prison in 1762.Corresponds with VoltaireHer reign placed tremendous power in the nobility of RussiaShe expanded Russias borders into Central Europe and to the Black SeaPromoted westernization and modernization in Russia

Frederick the Great of Prussia1740-1786Primarily interested in fine arts as a youth raised by a militant father Was forced to watch a childhood friend be executed to toughen him upIntimate friendship with VoltaireWon major wars winning military acclaim for Prussia and himself

Joseph II of Austria1780-1790HapsburgSon of Maria-Theresa Elder brother of Marie AntoinetteSkeptic of religionSought to weld the differing nationalities of Austrian German, Italian, Slav, Hungarian, and Belgians into one compact nationTended to work in haste and therefore not always effective

Were they really?...Enlightened DespotsBaroque v. ClassicalOrnate, bold style complimenting the formal, grand style of AbsolutismBaroque

Baroque Art

Baroque Furniture

Baroque Clothing

Simple, elegant style borrowing themes from the classical periods. Neo-classical

Classical Art

Classical Clothing

Classical Furniture