ENGLISH 102 Thesis

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The Factors that Affect Student’s Choices In the Tertiary Course(s) they Acquire Ellen Joyce L. Sy Colegio San Agustin – Bacolod
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Transcript of ENGLISH 102 Thesis

The Factors that Affect Students Choices In the Tertiary Course(s) they Acquire Ellen Joyce L. Sy Colegio San Agustin Bacolod

THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDENTS CHOICES IN THE TERIARY COURSE(S) THEY ACQUIRE

Abstract This research was conducted to identify the factors that affect students choices in the tertiary courses they acquire. The study seeks the difference when said subjects are grouped according to gender or age. The experimental study made use of the descriptive method in research involving fifty tertiary students that represents the collegiate level scholars. It is grouped as such because there have been gender discrimination in the fields of occupational professions. There is also a saying that wisdom comes with age. But sociologists believe that as we age, the more we are distracted away from the goals and objectives we wished to achieve. In other words, we can easily become senile. Through survey method, the researcher will have found the most influential of all agents of socialization. Socialization is the process through which people learn the expectations of society. Society can be described as a group or a whole, but in this study, it can also be described as the external influence to an individual. Keywords: Tertiary, Gender, Age, Socialization

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THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDENTS CHOICES IN THE TERIARY COURSE(S) THEY ACQUIRE

Table of Contents1. ABSTRACT..1 I.

INTRODUCTION.3 I.1 I.2 I.3 I.4 I.5 Statement of the Problem5 Significance of the Study5 Objectives of the Study...5 Definition of Terms.6 Limitations of the Study..6

II. METHODOLOGY7 III. RESULTS .8 IV. DISCUSSION..10

IV.1

Related Literature..10

V. CONCLUSIONS.....12 VI. BIBLIOGRAPHY...13 VII.

REFERENCES14 VIII.1 Sample Questionnaire...14 VIII.2 Tables15

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THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDENTS CHOICES IN THE TERIARY COURSE(S) THEY ACQUIRE

VIII.2.A Over-All Results..15 VIII.2.B According to Gender...16 VIII.2.C According to Age16

Introduction There are three ingredients in the good life: learning, learning and yearning. And in true context to this quote by Christopher Morley is the evidence of our experiences wherein the learning process is unintended but continuous all the same. But once we have learned some knowledge, we yearn for more so that we can elevate ourselves. It is only natural to think that way because man is hardly content for long or we are, sometimes, rather insatiable. In this consideration, we can say that we ourselves have asked if what we yearn for is our own. If we are not influenced by external factors in the decisions we make. Society can be described as a group or a whole, but in this study, it can also be described as the external influence to an individual. Socialization is the process through which people learn the expectations of society and roles are presented for these expectations, it has been theorized before by Plato, Montaigne and Rousseau. Here are six agents of socialization. Family is one and the most important because they are the primary caretakers, they are the ones who introduce children to social expectations but this is not limited to blood relations. There are many kinds of family and they have the most influence because we follow on their footsteps, through them we choose our religion and base our social status. Another is the media the various means of mass4

THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDENTS CHOICES IN THE TERIARY COURSE(S) THEY ACQUIRE

communication which provides social images. Sports can also function with and or under media. It develops a sense of group power and awareness of gender inequalities. (Blinde et al., 1994). Mens identity was shaped because sports enforce the homophobic attitude or the fear of homosexuals. (Messner, 1992). Women excelling in sports are often stereotyped as lesbians as a form of social control to reinforce traditional gender roles. (Blinde and Taub, 1992a, 1992b) Peers are those you interact with on equal terms, learn self concept while gaining social skills and form attitudes. It is said that girls form a close knit & egalitarian group while boys tend to have hierarchical group. But a study shows 40% of boys have friendships with intimacy, in general they tend to have share more activities than feelings (Corsaro and Eder, 1990; Youniss and Smollar, 1985). While religion shapes the beliefs and values that people develop. Research on urban individuals shows as religious faith increases so does educational attainment (Brown and Gary, 1991). And schools cause direct effect as students are exposed to hierarchical bureaucratic environment. Education in society is concerned with the systematic transmission of the societys knowledge. Patterning ourselves for the standards of society has been long conformed because of our need to feel that we belong. Education not only involves reading, writing and arithmetic but also morals, values and ethics. Schools emphasize conformity to social needs like the respect for authority, punctuality and discipline. These prepare the young for entry into society, specifically organizations that values these traits. (Bowks and Gintis, 1976; Lever, 1978). Functionalists view education as a form of social control and occupational training. It is said that the more formal training the individual receives, the higher his occupational status will be. Thus, many say that education is the solution for poverty and low social standing.

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THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDENTS CHOICES IN THE TERIARY COURSE(S) THEY ACQUIRE

These are some of the important points on the effects society has on an individual. The researchers aim is to divulge individuals priorities because it has determining consequence in his consideration for his tertiary education. It will also show if there is correlation between his considerations during his selection of course to be taken and those who support his decision. This is important because support subdue the fears that take individuals from their goals. Statement of the Problem This study will determine The Factors that Affect Students Choices in the Tertiary Course(s) they acquire Significance of the Study This study is significant to the researcher because she has personally experienced the pressure on this critical decision making, twice. It is also significant academically because it is based on individual and societal education found in a 3rd world or developing country which has limited number of applicable studies. And Society can benefit from this by relating later findings to their expectations and improving the agents of socialization by enriching their importance. Objectives of the Study1. Determine the Factors that Affect Students choices in the Tertiary Course(s) they

acquire?2. Determine if there is a significant difference on these factors when they are grouped

according to gender and age? Hypotheses

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THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDENTS CHOICES IN THE TERIARY COURSE(S) THEY ACQUIRE

This study will prove the following hypotheses: 1. There is no significant difference on the factors that affect students choices in the tertiary course(s) they acquire when they are grouped according to the age of the students. 2. There is no significant difference on the factors that affect students choices in the tertiary course(s) they acquire when they are grouped according to the gender of the students. Definition of Terms Factors The elements that influence and contributes to any given situation or decision. Affect The action or reaction to the factors that may cause altercations or disruptions. Students The pupils that will be going or is under an educational institution. Choices The selection, in this case, of courses available to the students. Tertiary The educational level one enters after passing secondary school standards. Courses The training modules of different professions available to students. Acquire The attainment and development of the students course(s). Limitations of the Study There are many external factors that affect students choice in the tertiary course he wishes to acquire like the name or popularity of the institution in a given field or his accessibility to such institutions from his home or the psychological tests he may have undertaken in his previous education to give the most compatible occupation to him before his decision to simply pick a course he feels suited for. So this study will limit it only to the ones discussed in the7

THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDENTS CHOICES IN THE TERIARY COURSE(S) THEY ACQUIRE

introduction. Some of these factors may also help determine his success in his tertiary course but we will only initiate this conductive research on the most influential factor so that we dont stray away from the objectives of this study.

Methodology This chapter describes the research designs, the subjects and the instrumentation used in gathering data, the procedure followed in the gathering of data as well as the data analysis technique and procedure employed. This study uses the descriptive method in research. According to Gay (1976), descriptive research involves the collection of data in order to test the hypotheses or to answer the questions concerning the current status of the subject of the study. A descriptive study determines and reports the way things are. The principal aims in employing this method are to describe the nature of a situation as it exists at the time of the study and to explore the causes of particular phenomena. (Traver, 1978) 50 Questionnaires were distributed and 50 were returned. This study used Quota sampling. This sampling identifies a set of important characteristics of a population and then the researcher selects the desired samples in a nonrandom way. It is assumed that the samples will match the population with regard to the chosen set of characteristics. (Vockell, 1983) This study also used correlation. A correlation is a

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THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDENTS CHOICES IN THE TERIARY COURSE(S) THEY ACQUIRE

statistical measure of the extent to which two variables are associated so that some factors can be used to predict others. (Spearman, 1904)

Results The Survey Questionnaire posed questions answering the hypothesis to be proven. The first question asks the enlistment of the individuals priorities to see the most influential agent of socialization in comparison to himself. In the Over-all results, their first consideration in choosing their tertiary course is Themselves (dreams, goals); second to be considered are their Families (traditions); third is their Status (class standing, life situation); fourth are their Friends (choices, peer pressure) and lastly are their Teachers & School (advice, suggestions);. It can be concluded that the influence of socialization lies second to the students ambitions. The second question asks to enlist the individuals support system, these can be themselves to show how confident and competent they are of their abilities in their chosen field and the agents of socialization that can either encourage the students or disrupt them. In the Over-all results, their main support system is their family which is factual because their education is funded mostly by their families. Second is themselves, possibly because they lack independence to live and fend for themselves. Third is their status, in most cases, poverty stricken individuals hardly finish secondary education so most of those who are able to go to9

THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDENTS CHOICES IN THE TERIARY COURSE(S) THEY ACQUIRE

college are in either the middle class or the upper class. Fourth are friends and lastly are the teachers. It is important to correlate these two because if they are positively correlated, it can be a minor achievement to the individual that may encourage him to pursue his ambitions. But his belief in himself seems to falter as his first consideration is himself but his main supporter is his family, it is negatively correlated. Therefore, schools should instill more confidence in their graduates as they finish their secondary education. But otherwise, it is positively correlated. When the results of their considerations are grouped according to gender, their top three considerations didnt change but the male considers the teachers advice more important than his friends choice which is the opposite for the females. When these results are grouped according to age, the top two considerations didnt change. But those aged below 18 considers their teachers advice before friends and their status. While those aged 18 and above considers their status before friends and their teachers advice. When the results of their support system are grouped according to gender, their top two answers dont change but males feels their friends support more than their status & teachers support and females feels their status supports them more than teachers & their friends. When these results are grouped according to age, the top three supporters dont change but those aged below 18 feels the support of their teachers more than their friends which is the opposite for those aged 18 and above. The majority also believes that there is gender equality today, in the choices of courses and the different professions available today whether grouped in gender or age. The majority also believes that there is also very little or no media influence whether grouped according to10

THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDENTS CHOICES IN THE TERIARY COURSE(S) THEY ACQUIRE

gender or age. In the over-all results there is very little or no peer pressure but males and those aged 18 & above feel there is. And yes, many believe that teachers are just as important as parents. And sociologists do believe that schools do have direct effect in regards to students but they often have the least influence on an individuals choice. Friends choices or giving in to Peer Pressure is often but not as influential like family, so it is natural for it to place as their fourth consideration and support. Thus, the students peers often pressure them into conformity but provide lesser support once they have conformed. Discussion Review of Related Literature In the 2000 Census of the Philippines it is stated that 92.6% of the population is literate, meaning that the people age 15 and over can read and write. In 1980, the Philippines placed 8 th in 150 countries that participated in world statistics in the category of Education enrollment in the tertiary level. By the year 2002 we have slipped to 9th place in the same category. Unlike the western countries the Philippines have little or no racial discriminations. What we have though, is likely a case of inferiority complex. According to the 2006 estimate, 34% of the total population is under the poverty line. This means that more than 30% of the population may be suffering from inferiority complex because they feel that they cannot surpass the standards set by the educational institutions. Teachers perceive working class or poor children less bright, less motivated and trouble makers than middle-class children. (Bowditch, 1993) This way of thinking only helps to decrease students self-esteem and consequently increases the populations unemployment rate of 7.5% (2009 est.)

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The teachers influence seems to have the least importance in the students tertiary course in decision making. Teachers are responsible for the student academically, their advice matters. According to Highet (1950), good teachers feel that It is very difficult to teach anything without kindness. Students should feel that the teacher wants to help them, wants them to improve, interested in their growth, sorry for their mistakes, and pleased by their successes and sympathetic with their inadequacies.

According to Robert Rosenthal (1968) High expectations encourages students to do better and low expectations lead to mediocre performance. He told teachers certain students were bloomers based on his tests but the testing was done randomly and had nothing to do with Rosenthals predictions. The students who were thought to be bloomers out-performed the rest on a retest at the year-end; they gained 15 IQ points over the non-bloomers. Teachers expectancy creates self-fulfilling prophecy. But this is also applicable to Parents. A study sponsored by the National Science Foundation confirmed that the greatest impact on a students performance is parental encouragement. Without it, children have difficulties over the schools purpose. Parents without interest produce students who do poorly and may drop-out eventually. The best kind of support is active and specific. Insisting on finishing homework, discussing schoolwork and praising a well-done assignment are examples of active and specific support. Parents may be insecure of their own academic achievements or abilities but it should not prevent them from speaking up to possibly misguided teachers on the childrens performance.12

THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDENTS CHOICES IN THE TERIARY COURSE(S) THEY ACQUIRE

But, as children enter adolescence, the feel social pressures beginning to war with the priority of learning. Recognition of Athletic abilities or Leadership skills can be far more important to them than good grades. Teenagers want to be treated as individuals, yet fear doing things that may set them apart from their peers. Being within ones peer groups protects them from feeling isolated or inadequate. For example, the very bright student may try to hide his academic abilities so as to not stand out from the crowd. High school graduates going to colleges have difficulties with families over their new status.

Conclusion From the previous results, we can conclude that there is a significant difference on the factors that affect students choices in the tertiary course(s) they acquire when they are grouped according to the age of the students. But there is no significant difference on the factors that affect students choices in the tertiary course(s) they acquire when they are grouped according to the gender of the students.

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Bibliography Books: Andersen, M. L., & Taylor, H.f. (2001) Sociology: The Essentials. Connecticut, CT: Thomson Learning Inc. Guiness, A.E. (ed.) (1990) Readers Digest: ABCs of the Human Mind. New York, NY: The Readers Digest Association, Inc. Kahn, J.E. (ed.) (1991) Readers Digest: How to Write and Speak Better English. New York, NY: The Readers Digest Association, Inc.

Online References: www.readersdigest.com.ph www.starteacher.ph

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www.nationmaster.com www.answers.com/topic/socialization

References Sample QuestionnaireFebruary 24, 2010 Dear Madam/Sir: I, of the first year college students of Colegio San Agustin Bacolod, am conducting a research on The Factors that Affect Students Choice in the Tertiary Course(s) they acquire. I would like to solicit your help in this project. Kindly fill out the questionnaire with your honest opinions or views regarding this matter. Thank you very much for your cooperation. Ellen Joyce L. Sy Gender: _ _ 1. Male Female Age: _ _ Below 18 18 & Above

What were you considering in choosing your course? (arrange 1 to 5, 1 first consideration)

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THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDENTS CHOICES IN THE TERIARY COURSE(S) THEY ACQUIRE Yourself (dreams, goals) Your Family (traditions) Your Friends (choices, peer pressure) Your Teachers & School (advice, suggestions) Your Status (class standing, life situation)

_ _

_ __ 1.

Who supports you the most in your chosen course? (arrange 1 to 5, 1 first consideration) _ _ Yourself (dreams, goals) Your Family (traditions) Your Friends (choices, peer pressure) Your Teachers & School (advice, suggestions) Your Status (class standing, life situation)

_ __

2.

Do you think that there is gender equality in courses? Females are equal to Males? (1 only) _ _ Yes No

3. If you are a boy, do sports make you boyish? If you are a girl, does beautifying make you girly? (1 only)_ _ Yes No

4.

Are you easily persuaded by your peers? (1 only) _ Yes No

_

5.

Do you think that teachers are just as important as your parents? (1 only) _ Yes No

_

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TABLES

Over-All Results Considerations Yourself (dreams, goals) Family (traditions) Status (class standing, life situation) Friends (choices, peer pressure) Teachers & School (advice, suggestions) Supporters 1 Family (traditions) 2 Yourself (dreams, goals) 3 Status (class standing, life situation) 4 Friends (choices, peer pressure) 5 Teachers & School (advice, suggestions) *Gender Equality *Media Influence *Peer Pressure *Teachers as 2nd Parents 1 2 3 4 5

YES NO NO YES

According to Gender MALE 1 2 3 Yourself Family Status FEMALE Considerations 1 Yourself 2 Family 3 Status17

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4 5

Teachers & School Friends

1 Family 2 Yourself 3 Friends 4 Status 5 Teachers & School Gender Equality Media Influence Peer Pressure Teachers as 2nd Parents According to Age BELOW 18 1 2 3 4 5 Yourself Family Teachers & School Friends Status

4 Friends 5 Teachers & School Supporters 1 Family 2 Yourself 3 Status 4 Teachers & School 5 Friends YES Gender Equality NO Media Influence YES Peer Pressure YES Teachers as 2nd Parents

YES NO NO YES

1 Family 2 Yourself 3 Status 4 Teachers & School 5 Friends Gender Equality Media Influence Peer Pressure Teachers as 2nd Parents

18 & ABOVE Considerations 1 Yourself 2 Family 3 Status 4 Friends 5 Teachers & School Supporters 1 Family 2 Yourself 3 Status 4 Friends 5 Teachers & School YES Gender Equality NO Media Influence NO Peer Pressure YES Teachers as 2nd Parents

YES NO YES YES

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