Energy MLPs. 2 Table of Contents I. What is an MLP? II. Comparison to Income Trusts, REITs and...

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Transcript of Energy MLPs. 2 Table of Contents I. What is an MLP? II. Comparison to Income Trusts, REITs and...

  • Energy MLPs

    Data source: Alerian website www.alerian.com

  • *Table of ContentsWhat is an MLP?

    Comparison to Income Trusts, REITs and Utilities

    Fundamental Risks to MLPs

    Energy MLPs

    Toll - Road Business Models

    Alerian MLP IndexTM

    MLPs vs. Comparable Market Indices

    Alerian MLP Infrastructure IndexTM

    Investing in the Alerian MLP Infrastructure Index

    Alerian MLP Infrastructure Index - Historical Performance

    CIBC Contacts

  • *What is an MLP? Master Limited Partnerships (MLPs)The current form of master limited partnerships (MLP) was created by US Congress in 1986.

    A master limited partnership (MLP) is generally a limited partnership interest that is traded on a public exchange, and whose operations are managed by a general partner, the latter typically only has a 2% economic stake.

    An interest in an MLP is referred to as a unit rather than a share.

    MLPs typically pay out the bulk of their operating cash flow on a quarterly basis in the form of distributions (not dividends) to their limited and general partners.

    As such, MLPs are relatively high-yielding securities whose primary objective is to grow cash distributions over time.

    A MLP must derive most (~90%) of itscash flows from real estate, natural resources and commodities.

  • *Comparison to Income Trusts, REITs and Utilities MLPs vs. Income TrustsBoth are not taxed at the entity level and have historically had a high level of retail ownership.The definition of an MLP in the U.S. tax code is very narrow whereas, the types of companies that were eligible for the Income Trust structure was quite broad, which encouraged abuse.

    MLPs vs. REITSBoth yield-oriented equities that experienced rapid and substantial growth as retail investments.The revenue of REITs is generally tied to the health of the overall economy and therein heavily exposed to downturns in the business cycle whereas the revenue of MLPs is generally tied to energy demand and federally mandated tariff increases, which reduces their exposure to downturns in the business cycle.

    MLPs vs. UtilitiesBoth sectors benefit from inelastic demand and are closely regulated by the government.Utilities are regulated at the local level, which tends to be more political with greater self-interest whereas interstate pipeline MLPs are regulated by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), which has historically shown a willingness to reassess the cost structure to support MLPs.

  • *Fundamental Risks to MLPs Regulatory RiskThe Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (regulates energy infrastructure assets) increasing the cost of capital, for example by lowering pipeline tariffs or create regulations which adversely affect a pipeline owned by an MLP. Demand Destruction Stagnation in energy demand (higher commodity prices, emission concern, alternative energy source, economic downturn, weather) reduce volumes = lower cash generatedSupply side disruptionsReduction in Middle Eastern supply, foreign embargos, terrorismWeather, e.g. hurricanes.Capacity issues in instances where refinery source is less diversified.Financial RiskInterest rate yield oriented nature of MLPs effectively creates duration risk.Short term volatility as retail investors use only sentiment of equity and commodity markets without considering the impact on future cash flows to make decisions to hold/sell MLPs.Environmental AccidentsImpact future cash flows as MLPs have low deductibles to cover any product spills.Terrorism Most MLPs do not carry any form of terrorism insurance (only carry business interruption insurance, typically effective after 30 days).

  • *Data source: Alerian, Bloomberg as of 17 September 2013Energy MLPs Based in the U.S., these limited partnerships are engaged in the transportation, storage, processing, exploration, and production of minerals and natural resources.

    By confining their operations to these specific activities, they are able to trade on public securities exchanges without entity-level taxation.

    Business models geared towards generating predictable cash flows based on:long-lived, high-value physical assets.Producer Price Index (PPI) revenue indexing, which provide predictable growth and a built-in inflation hedge.substantial barriers to entry, which generate attractive organized investment opportunities.strong operating leverage through hard assets that magnify inelastic demand.

    103 energy MLPs currently;3/4 of them trade on the NYSE.The majority of the residual MLPs trades on the NASDAQ.All listed MLPs are regulated by the Securities Exchange Commission and must comply with Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

    Data source: Alerian, Bloomberg as of 17 September 2013

  • *Toll-Road Business Models Typically toll-road business models

    Receive a specified tariff for hauling a product over a certain distance.

    Do not take title to the commodity.

    Do not have balance sheet exposure.

    Are largely agnostic to the level of commodity prices underlying commodity prices do not enter the tariff calculation.

    No significant credit risk as commodity prices increase.

  • *Data source: Alerian website www.alerian.comAlerian MLP IndexTM Alerian (www.alerian.com) is an independent company that provides MLP market intelligence, benchmarks, data sets and analytics that are used extensively by a range of stakeholders such as investment banks, stock exchanges, investment professionals, consultants, and MLPs.

    Alerian MLP Index (NYSE:AMZ) measures the composite performance of the 50 most prominent energy MLPs.

    Industry standard benchmark index for energy MLP sector.

    Calculated using a float-adjusted, capitalisation-weighted methodology.

    Total return index is available under ticker AMZX and is calculated on an end of day basis.

    Data source: Alerian website www.alerian.com

  • *Data source: Bloomberg as of 28 June 2013MLPs vs. Comparable Market Indices The S&P 500 is a capitalization-weighted index of 500 stocks designed to measure performance of the broad domestic economy. The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) is a price-weighted average of 30 blue-chip stocks that are generally the leaders in their industry. Utilities are represented by the S&P 500 Utilities Index, a composite of utility stocks in the S&P 500. Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) are represented by the Real Estate 50 Index, a supplemental benchmark to the FTSE NAREIT US Real Estate Index Series to measure the performance of larger and more frequently traded equity REITs. Performance is provided on a total return basis.

    Data source: Bloomberg as of 28 June 2013

  • *Data source: Bloomberg as of 31 July 2013MLPs vs. Comparable Market Indices Master Limited Partnerships (MLPs) are represented by the Alerian MLP Infrastructure Index (AMZI). The S&P 500 is a capitalization-weighted index of 500 stocks designed to measure performance of the broad domestic economy. The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) is a price-weighted average of 30 blue-chip stocks that are leaders in their industry. Utilities are represented by the S&P 500 Utilities Index, a composite of utility stocks in the S&P 500. Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) are represented by the Real Estate 50 Index, a supplemental benchmark to the FTSE NAREIT US Real Estate Index Series to measure the performance of more frequently traded equity REITs. Commodities are represented by the S&P Total Return World Commodity Index (SPWCITR). Non-US equities are represented by the MSCI Daily Total Return EAFE Index (NDDUEAFE). Small cap equities are represented by the Russell 2000 Index. Performance is provided on a total return basis. Annualized performance represents period from July 31, 2003 to July 31, 2013

    Data source: Bloomberg as of 31 July 2013

  • *Alerian MLP Infrastructure IndexTM Alerian MLP Infrastructure IndexTM is liquid, midstream-focused subset of the AMZ.

    Ticker NYSE:AMZI.

    Launched March 2008.

    Tracks the price return of 25 energy infrastructure assets.

    Which earn the majority of their cash flow from the transportation, storage, and processing of energy commodities.

    Calculated using a float-adjusted, capitalization-weighted methodology.

    Total return index is available under ticker AMZIX and is calculated on an end of day basis.Data source: Alerian website www.alerian.com

    Data source: Alerian website www.alerian.com

  • *Alerian MLP Infrastructure IndexTM Data source: Bloomberg as of 28 June 2013

    Data source: Bloomberg as of 28 June 2013

  • *Investing in the Infrastructure MLP Sector Thematically, investment in this sector is an investment in the build out of the U.S. energy infrastructure over the next decade.

    New infrastructure investment to keep pace with increasing population growth and shifting of North Americas traditional supply sources.

    The United States requires over U.S.$200 billion of energy infrastructure investments over the next decade to match new supplies with growing demand, providing prolific investment opportunities.

    Based on market capitalization, this sector represents about ~78% of the total MLP sector.

  • *Alerian MLP Infrastructure Index Historical Performance Data source: Bloomberg as of 28 June 2013

    Data source: Bloomberg as of 28 June 2013

  • *CIBC Contacts

    150 CheapsideLondon EC2V 6ETDealing: +44 (0)20 7234 6955Direct: +44 (0)20 7234 7230Fax: +44 (0)20 7234 6254Thomas PellequerExecutive DirectorHead of Continental Eu